FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Vocal range

Human voices may be classified according to their vocal range — the highest and lowest pitches that they can produce. The human voice consists of sound made by a human using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, crying and screaming. ...

Voice Type (ranges)
Female ranges
Soprano
Mezzo-soprano
Contralto (Operatic) Alto (Choral)

Male ranges Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... In music, an alto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a soprano. ... This article is about opera as an art form. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about choirs, musical ensembles containing singers. ...

Falsetto
Countertenor (Alto or Mezzo)
Haute-contre
Tenor
Baritone
Bass-baritone
Bass

edit this - view history Falsetto (IPA: Italian , General American , RP ) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range. ... A countertenor is an adult male who sings in an alto or soprano range, often through use of falsetto. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A countertenor is an adult male who sings in an alto, mezzo or soprano range, often through use of falsetto, or sometimes natural head voice. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or examples of poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... A bass-baritone is a singing voice that shares certain qualities of both the baritone and the bass. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ...

Contents

Vocal range defined

The broadest definition of vocal range, given above, is simply the span from the highest to the lowest note a particular voice can produce. This broad definition, however, is quite often not the one meant when someone speaks of "vocal range." This is because some of the notes a voice can produce may not be considered "musically useful" for a particular purpose. For example, when speaking of the vocal range of a male opera singer, one usually excludes falsetto pitches, which are not used in most opera. A male doo-wop singer, on the other hand, might quite regularly deploy his falsetto pitches in performance and thus include them in determining his range. Falsetto (IPA: Italian , General American , RP ) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range. ... Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ...


For this reason, it is important to clearly define what is meant when discussing a vocal range. For example, one might say of a man that he has a two and one-half octave range in full voice and an additional one half octave in falsetto. Similarly, when discussing the range of a woman one might say that she has a "useful" two octave range with an additional major third on the bottom that is only audible with amplification. Unfortunately, there is no standardization in this nomenclature outside of classical unamplified singing. In music, an octave (sometimes abbreviated 8ve or P8) is the interval between one musical note and another with half or double its frequency. ... Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ...


Vocal range in classical music

Vocal range is generally very important in classical music. In opera and solo classical music, two considerations are paramount in determining vocal range: consistency of timbre across the vocal range, and ability to project the pitches (that is, to be heard clearly over an orchestra without amplification). Of course, if any pitch cannot be properly projected, it is not considered part of the range. See voice type. The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ...


Choral music is somewhat less stringent than opera. In contrast to opera, the large number of voices that can be deployed in each group make it somewhat less important that each individual voice be flawlessly produced and completely audible. Thus, for example, choirs can often deploy notes that are lower than those that might be deployed in an operatic performance - no single member of the choir might be able to project such a low note individually, but taken together the note might be quite audible. This article is about choirs, musical ensembles containing singers. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ...


In much choral music the vocal ranges are often divided not into the three parts per sex as they are in operatic solo music but into only two parts per gender - Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass - or into four parts per sex - Soprano I, Soprano II, Alto I, Alto II, Tenor I, Tenor II, Bass I (or baritone), Bass II. For example see the Mass in B Minor. There is therefore some ambiguity in mapping the solo baritone voice defined in the three way solo system to the four way choral system. Many high baritone soloists like Sherrill Milnes might have sung Second Tenor in a chorus, (usually not a preferred compromise) whereas other baritones such as Bryn Terfel might have sung First Bass. They would have had to choose one or the other as any baritone part is labeled in that manner. The Mass in B Minor (BWV 232) is a work of music by Johann Sebastian Bach. ... Milnes as Scarpia in Tosca Sherrill Milnes (born January 10, 1935) is an American baritone famous for his Verdi roles. ... Bryn Terfel The Welsh baritone Bryn Terfel, CBE (born November 9, 1965) is one of the best-known contemporary opera and concert singers. ...


Classification of vocal range

Common vocal ranges represented
on a musical keyboard

Typical choral ranges: The layout of a typical musical keyboard A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers on a musical instrument which cause the instrument to produce sounds. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or examples of poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ...


Male falsetto and female flageolet register can extend the vocal range of a singer higher. Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or examples of poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or examples of poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ... Falsetto (IPA: Italian , General American , RP ) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range. ... Flageolet register is the range of notes starting at E6 (E above soprano C). ...


Males who possess high ranges or can project falsetto, are referred to as countertenors and possess ranges equivalent to those of the female ranges, alto, mezzo-soprano and soprano (a male soprano is specifically referred to as sopranist). Contraltos have been known to sing Tenor (although this is strongly discouraged, especially among younger contraltos), and occasionally men will sing in the upper three ranges. A Countertenor is an adult male singer who uses the falsetto part of his voice more than usual to sing a higher range than the typical adult male voice. ... A sopranist is a male singer who sings in the soprano vocal range. ...


In addition to these general classifications, additional subdivisions are very commonly deployed in opera and other classical music for solo voice. There are a number of such detailed classification schemes, some of which are historical or country-specific. See voice type. Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ...


Induced vocal range

Where the above are largely achieved through practice and natural aptitude, adult vocal ranges can be obtained by means of physiological modification. The most notable example of this would be castrato singers, although modern examples include the lowering of the voice through Tobacco smoking. Physiology (in Greek physis = nature and logos = word) is the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms. ... A castrato is a male soprano, mezzo-soprano, or alto voice produced either by castration of the singer before puberty or one who, because of an endocrinological condition, never reaches sexual maturity. ... The cigarette is the most common method of smoking tobacco. ...


Vocal range in popular music

Vocal range in popular music is usually more generously defined than in classical. Because of the use of amplification it is possible for singers to produce musically useful pitches that are much lower than might be possible for classical singers. Similarly, consistency of timbre is much less important in popular music. Thus in many popular genres falsetto is acceptable for men, deep growling pitches can be deployed, and flageolet notes (commonly referred to as the whistle register in popular music) can be freely used by any female or male who can produce them. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The importance of vocal range varies in popular music. At one extreme, to choose a well known example, genres such as punk show little concern for technical proficiency of any sort and thus no particular concern for vocal range. Similarly, many roles in the musical theater, while requiring rather more skill, call for only vaguely determined voice types. At the other extreme, vocal range is considered extremely important by many singers and fans of some heavy metal music. There is often intense discussion among fans of precisely what a particular singer's vocal range is, and singers often show extremely wide ranges. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ...


For these various reasons, it is extremely difficult to speak of vocal range in music generally. For more information, see the articles on individual genres.


Vocal range in terms of frequency

In terms of frequency, human voices are roughly in the range of 80 Hz to 1100 Hz (that is, E2 to C6) for normal male and female voices together. The world records for high and low pitch extend well outside of this range, and can extend outside the range of human hearing. FreQuency is a music video game developed by Harmonix and published by SCEI. It was released in November 2001. ... Hearing is one of the traditional five senses, and refers to the ability to detect sound. ...


World records and extremes of vocal range

As noted above, claims of exceptionally wide vocal ranges are not uncommon among some singers. The biggest claim came from Charles Kellogg, who claimed to have a vocal range of 12.5 octaves. Kellogg could accurately imitate birdcalls, which sometimes went up into the ultrasonic range, according to Kellogg as high as 14,000 Hz (14 080Hz is A9). Some recordings of Kellogg's birdcalls still exist. However, Kellogg's claims are very hard to verify. [1]


In 2006 the Guinness Book of Records published several categories relating to extremes of "Human vocal range." It stated the following: For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Suresh Joachim, minutes away from breaking the ironing world record at 55 hours and 5 minutes, at Shoppers World, Brampton. ...


Females

  • Greatest range: Eight octaves G2-G10, Georgia Brown, Brazil Watch Here (example of E7)
  • Highest vocal note: G10 (25087Hz), Georgia Brown, Brazil
  • Guinness lists the highest demanded note in the classical repertoire as G6 in 'Popoli di Tessaglia,' a concert aria by W. A. Mozart. However, this is not a standard repertory piece. The highest note in the standard repertoire is F6 in Mozart's aria "Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen" Watch Clip" (sometimes called "The Queen of the Night's aria," though this character actually has two arias) from the opera Die Zauberflöte. It calls for four F6's, which is often cited as the highest note in classical vocal music (she sings an additional F6 during the first Act aria, "O Zittre nicht"). Several little-known works call for pitches higher than G6. For example, the soprano Mado Robin, who was known for her exceptionally high voice, sang a number of compositions created especially to exploit her highest notes, reaching C7 according to the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Opera (edited by Harold Rosenthal)

Males Georgia Brown is a Brazilian pop singer notable for her extensive vocal range. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (IPA: , baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. ... Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen (Hells vengeance boils in my heart) is the second aria of the Queen of the Night (Die Königin der Nacht) character in Mozarts opera, The Magic Flute (Die Zauberflöte). ... Die Zauberflöte (en: The Magic Flute) is an opera in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. ... O zittre nicht, mein lieber Sohn, often abbreviated to O zittre nicht, is the first aria performed by the Queen of the Night character (a famous soprano coloratura part) in Mozarts singspiel opera, The Magic Flute. ... Born at Yzeures-sur-Creuse, Touraine, on December 29, 1918. ...

  • Greatest range: Six octaves, Tim Storms, USA Watch Clip
  • Highest vocal note: C#8 Adam Lopez, Australia Watch Clip
  • Lowest vocal note: B-2 (minus 2, two octaves below the grand staff)(8 Hz), Tim Storms, USA
  • Guinness lists the lowest demanded note in the classical repertoire as a "Low D" (two Ds below Middle C) in Osmin's aria in Mozart's Die Entführung aus dem Serail. Although Osmin's note is the lowest demanded and commonly performed in the operatic repertoire, Mahler's second symphony contains an optional Bb1 in the choral section at the end of the piece: basses who cannot reach it are requested to remain silent rather than sing a Bb2. Leonard Bernstein's Candide has an optional low B (a minor third below the low D) in a bass aria of its opera house version. Some choral works and songs also call for notes lower than the low D. For example, Pavel Chesnokov's "Do not deny me in my old age" features a basso profundo soloist, sometimes reaching as low as G1, depending on the arrangement. (Video removed for violation of terms)

Tim Storms (August 28, 1972–) is a singer and composer. ... Adam Lopez Costa (referred to as Adam Lopez), (born August 26 in Brisbane, Australia) is a pop musician, opera singer, vocal coach, and session vocalist. ... In Western music, the expression middle C refers to the note C or Do located exactly between the two staves of the grand staff, quoted as C4 in note-octave notation (also known as scientific pitch notation). ... Die Entführung aus dem Serail (K. 384; in English The Abduction from the Seraglio; also known as Il Seraglio) is a opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... The Symphony No. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Candide is a comic operetta by Leonard Bernstein, based on the novella of the same name by Voltaire. ... A minor third is the smaller of two commonly occurring musical intervals that span three diatonic scale degrees. ...

See Also

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The ambitus of a Gregorian chant is the range, or the distance between the highest and lowest note. ... Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... The German Fach (pl. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vocalist - Vocal Range - Finding Your Keys! - www.vocalist.org.uk (2014 words)
When a singer or teacher talks of extending their range, they are referring to improving the top or bottom notes to the point where they are as comfortable to sing as the notes in between.
Whilst a reasonable range allows the singer to perform a wider repertoire of music and is essential for those who wish to perform operatic and classical music, there are plenty of popular vocalists who only use a small proportion or possess a limited vocal range.
An individuals vocal range may extend in each direction of their comfortable 'fach' or lack the full range of indicated notes but would still fall into the catagory due to the tone and quality of the voice.
Vocal/Agencies/Links - Music Directory : MabXMusic (612 words)
Vocal Magic is vocal enhancement software designed to help vocals blend better in....
I am a Bass Baritone vocal type, and within the past year my vocal range has started to expand into the operatic ranges.
Vocal Magic is vocal enhancement software designed to help vocals blend more professionally in a mix.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m