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Encyclopedia > Vocal fold nodule
Vocal fold nodule
Classification & external resources
Histopathologic image of vocal fold nodule or polyp. Biopsy specimen. H & E stain.
ICD-10 J38.2
ICD-9 478.5
DiseasesDB 29628

A vocal fold nodule (or "Nodules of vocal cords") is a nodule or mass of tissue that grows on the vocal folds (vocal cords). Typically this mass will appear on the anterior one-third of the vocal fold, where contact is most forceful. Image File history File linksMetadata Laryngeal_nodule_(1). ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) is a coding of diseases and signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases, as classified by the World Health Organization (WHO). ... // J00-J99 - Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J06) Acute upper respiratory infections (J00) Acute nasopharyngitis (common cold) (J01) Acute sinusitis (J02) Acute pharyngitis (J03) Acute tonsillitis (J04) Acute laryngitis and tracheitis (J05) Acute obstructive laryngitis (croup) and epiglottitis (J050) Acute obstructive laryngitis (croup) (J051) Acute epiglottitis (J06) Acute upper... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The Disease Bold textDatabase is a free website that provides information about the relationships between medical conditions, symptoms, and medications. ... A nodule describes an aggregation of similar cells or particles in a number of scientific fields: In medicine it refers to a small aggregation of cells. ... The vocal cords, also known as vocal folds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally across the human larynx. ...

A vocal fold nodule reduces or obstructs the ability of the vocal folds to create the rapid changes in air pressure which generate human speech. Symptoms include hoarseness of speech, painful speech production, frequent vocal breaks and reduced vocal range. Females are most likely to develop nodules. Speech communication is the aural form of transferring ideas, thoughts, instructions and/or directives utilizing the speakers vocal chords and mouth to stimulate the air, thus causing waves of sound to strike the audible receptors of the hearer, resulting in a transformation back into mental images and/or symbols...

The nodules appear as symmetric swellings on both sides of the vocal folds. The cause of these formations are usually strenuous or abusive voice practices such as yelling and coughing. Persons who are often susceptible are those who use their voice constantly in a loud environment. Examples include cheerleaders, politicians, teachers, musicians and in some instances Marine Corps drill instructors.

Picture showing vocal nodule
(to lower right)


Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


The physical impact of having vocal fold nodules does not usually harm one's health, though it can impair one's speaking and singing ability. Perhaps more importantly are the psychological factors when the doctor informs the patient that he/she has nodules. Especially in those who use their voice in their profession (e.g. singers, actors, broadcasters) a nodule can sufficiently diminish the quality of their speech and singing which may necessitate a career change.


Treatment usually involves vocal training, speech therapy, and, occasionally, vocal rest. In rare cases, surgery may be required. Removal of vocal fold nodules is a relatively safe and minor surgery. While the patient is subdued under general anesthesia the use of long, thin scissors and knives are used to remove the nodules. It has been suggested that Speech-Language Pathology, Speech pathology, Phoniatrics be merged into this article or section. ...

Famous nodule sufferers

  • Bonnie Tyler, In 1977, found out that she had nodules that were so severe that she had to have surgery for their removal. After the surgery was performed, she was ordered to not speak for six weeks. One day while healing, she accidentally screamed and her voice took on a raspy quality.
  • One famous sufferer was Queen pianist and lead singer Freddie Mercury. However, in spite of the fact that he refused to have remedial surgery, he is commonly cited as one of the greatest vocalists ever.
  • Julie Andrews also suffered from vocal cord nodules, and famously lost her singing voice after surgery to remove them.
  • Whitney Houston developed nodules during her famous Bodyguard tour in 1993-1994. It is not known whether she had surgery for the nodules.
  • In October 2006 Jet guitarist and singer Nic Cester was diagnosed with the disease.
  • 2003 Australian Idol contestant, Cosima De Vito pulled out from the competition after developing throat nodules.
  • Bert McCracken, vocalist of The Used, developed a nodule in his vocal cord, and will be undergoing surgery during the summer of 2007.
  • Sonny Moore, vocalist of From First to Last, also had a nodule in his vocal cord. After surgery for its removal, he tore a vocal cord.
  • In March 2005, Blue singer Lee Ryan developed a nodule, and as a consequence had to cancel the boy band's farewell tour.
  • Joss Stone also had Nodules and was told by doctors that she had to rest her voice otherwise permanent damage could be caused.
  • Oasis lead singer Liam Gallagher is rumoured to suffer from nodules, based upon some of his live performances in recent years.
  • Natalie Dessay, a famous operatic lyric-coloratura, in 2001 underwent surgery to remove nodules and polyps on two of her vocal chords, following vocal difficulties after recovering from a cold. Although the quality of her voice now is debatable by some opera critics and fans, Natalie Dessay has made a complete recovery and continues to perform in opera.
  • Tom Keifer, lead singer of the rock band Cinderella, developed nodules as a result of his singing voice, a raspy, affected snarl. He underwent repeated surgeries for the disorder.
  • Tedd Webb, a Tampa Bay area radio personality, had his nodule condition diagnosed by a doctor who heard Webb's raspy voice over the air. The doctor phoned him at the station and soon after performed surgery to cure the condition.
  • Omarion, formerly of boy-band B2K also had surgery to remove nodules in 2005, and as a result, had to cancel a number of live shows in London.
  • Steve Augeri Of the band Journey was forced to leave the band when his nodules got so severe in the 2006 tour, that a replacement was drafted in to continue the tour.

Bonnie Tyler (real name Gaynor Hopkins born on June 8, 1951 in Skewen in Wales, United Kingdom is a pop/rock singer. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, singer Freddie Mercury and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ... Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991) was a British musician, best known as the lead singer of the British rock band Queen. ... Dame Julia Elizabeth Andrews, DBE (born Julia Elizabeth Wells[1] on 1 October 1935[2]) is a BAFTA, Emmy, Grammy and Academy Award-winning English actress, singer, author and cultural icon. ... Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born August 9, 1963) is an American pop and R&B singer, actress, film producer, and model. ... Jet is a rock band from Melbourne, Australia, whose début album Get Born, released in 2003, has so far sold over 3. ... Nic Cester (born Nicholas John Cester July 6, 1979 in Melbourne, Australia) is an Australian musician, best known for his lead vocals in the rock band Jet. ... Cosima De Vito (born November 1, 1976), also known simply as Cosima, is an Australian singer-songwriter. ... Bertram Edward McCracken (born February 25, 1982 in Orem, Utah), professionally known as Bert McCracken, is the lead singer of the American rock band The Used. ... The Used are an rock band from Orem, Utah. ... From First to Last (sometimes shortened to FFTL[1]) is an American post-hardcore band. ... The term blue may refer to any of a number of similar colours. ... Lee Ryan (born June 17, 1983 in Chatham, Kent) is a former member of the British boy band Blue and is now pursuing a solo career. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Art Alexakis (born Arthur Paul Alexakis on April 12, 1962) is the singer/guitarist and songwriter of the rock band Everclear. ... Tony Rice Tony Rice (born June 8, 1951 in Danville, Virginia) is an influential bluegrass guitarist. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music which has its own roots in Irish, Scottish and English traditional music. ... Joss Stone (born Joscelyn Eve Stoker on 11 April 1987) is an English soul, R&B, and blues singer, songwriter, and occasional actress who has sold over ten million albums worldwide and won two BRIT Awards and one Grammy Award. ... Oasis are an English rock band, formed in Manchester in 1991. ... Liam Gallagher (born William John Paul Gallagher on September 21, 1972, Burnage, Manchester, England) is an English singer and tambourine player of the band Oasis. ... The Veronicas Lisa and Jessica Origliasso The Veronicas, is a duo of twin sisters Lisa and Jessica Origliasso (born December 25, 1984 in Brisbane). ... Natalie Dessay (born in Lyon, 19 April 1965) is an important French opera soprano. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Arch Enemy is a Swedish melodic death metal band, formed in 1995 by ex-Carcass guitarist Michael Amott. ... Carl Thomas Keifer was born in Springfield, Pennsylvania, on January 26, 1961. ... Cinderella is an American hard rock (bluesy) and glam metal band most known during the 1980s and early 1990s. ... Tedd Webb (born Henry Ruiz, January 29, 1949 in Tampa, Florida) is a radio personality, photographer and author in the Tampa Bay area. ... Robert Anthony Plant (born August 20, 1948, West Bromwich, West Midlands, England) is an English rock singer and songwriter, most famous for his membership in the rock band Led Zeppelin, but also for his successful solo career. ... Led Zeppelin were an English rock band that formed in September 1968. ... Physical Graffiti is a double album by the English hard rock band Led Zeppelin. ... Justin Randall Timberlake (born January 31, 1981[1]), sometimes known as JT, is an American pop and R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


  • Benign Vocal Lesions - Nodules, Polyps, Cysts. The Center for Voice at Northwestern University. Retrieved on September 29, 2005.

is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Vocal Cord Paralysis & Medialization (8053 words)
Using a horizontal neck incision at the level of the vocal cords, the posterior border of the thyroid cartilage is exposed by transecting the strap muscles and detaching the inferior constrictor from the thyroid.
Rehabilitation of the immobile vocal fold: paralysis and/or fixation.
Rehabilitation of the Immobile Vocal Fuld: Paralysis or Fixation.
  More results at FactBites »



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