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Encyclopedia > Vittorio Giannini

Vittorio Giannini (October 19, 1903November 28, 1966) was an neoromantic American composer of operas, songs, symphonies, and band works. October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... (Disambiguation: you may be looking for Neoromanticism (music) or New Romantic (British pop music)) The term neo-romanticism is synonymous with post-Romanticism or late Romanticism. ... American, when used as an adjective, can mean of the United States of America or of or relating to the Americas; when used as a noun, United States citizen, residing in the Americas, or less frequently American English. Immigrants to the United States are usually called first-generation Americans, regardless... A composer is a person who writes music. ...

Contents

Life and work

Giannini began as a violinist under the tutelage of his mother; he would go on to study violin and composition at the Milan Conservatory on scholarship, and then to take his graduate degree at the Juilliard School. He would return to Juilliard to teach, moving on to the Manhattan School of Music and the Curtis Institute of Music. His students included Alfred Reed, Anthony Iannaccone, John Corigliano, and Nancy Bloomer Deussen. Giannini was one of the founders of the North Carolina School of the Arts, in 1964, and he remained there until his death. The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a fifth apart. ... The Juilliard School is a performing arts conservatory in New York City, informally but definitively identified as simply Juilliard, and most famous for its musically-trained alumni. ... The Manhattan School of Music is a music school that offers bachelors, masters, and doctorate degrees in classical and jazz performance and composition. ... The Curtis Institute of Music is a music school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that offers courses of study leading to a performance Diploma, Bachelor of Music, Master of Music in Opera and Professional Studies Certificate in Opera. ... Alfred Reed (born January 25, 1921) is one of Americas most prolific and frequently performed composers, with more than two hundred published works for concert band, wind ensemble, orchestra, chorus, and chamber ensemble to his name. ... John Corigliano (born February 16, 1938) is an American composer of classical music. ... The North Carolina School of the Arts is an internationally recognized conservatory of the performing arts located in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Giannini's father was an opera singer, as were as his two sisters. In fact, it was his sister, Dusolina Giannini, who was a pivotal figure in the success of his operas. Dusolina was a dramatic soprano and prima donna who played such roles as Aida and Donna Anna throughout Europe, until moving to the United States to sing with the Metropolitan Opera and finally to spend her remaining years teaching. Her career was already well underway when Vittorio wished to premiere his first opera, Lucedia and it was her influence that led to its production in 1934. Four years later she would create the role of Hester Prynne in his opera from Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter (adapted by Karl Flaster). Both operas would be successful, as would most of his later operas (though two, Casanova and Christus, remain unperformed). This article is about opera as an art form. ... This article is about singers. ... Originally used in opera companies, prima donna is Italian for first lady. ... The Metropolitan Opera is located at Lincoln Center in New York, New York. ... Nathaniel Hawthorne (July 4, 1804 - May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... Salem Custom House The Scarlet Letter, published in 1850, was written by Nathaniel Hawthorne and is generally considered to be his greatest work and a classic piece of American literature. ...


His partnership with poet Karl Flaster was a fruitful one. In addition to his work on The Scarlet Letter, Flaster was the librettist for several of Giannini's operas, including Lucedia and The Harvest. Also, Flaster collaborated with Giannini on many of his most successful art songs, including "Tell Me, Oh Blue Blue Sky"; many of these songs are now staples of vocal recitalists' repertoire. Libretto can also refer to a sub-notebook PC manufactured by Toshiba. ...


Though it was his vocal and operatic writing which earned him greatest renown, Giannini also composed several symphonies, concerti, works for the wind band (for which his Symphony no. 3 was written), and wrote several solo piano and chamber works. Despite this wide range of output, most of his work is seldom performed, and little of it has been recorded. A wind band, also called concert band, symphonic band, or wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments, and string bass. ...


Musical style

Giannini was a throwback to the Romantic tradition, particularly considering that most of his American musical contemporaries were exploring the realms of neoclassicism. He rejected the academicism of much of the music of his contemporaries, stating that his works were motivated by "an unrelenting quest for the beautiful, with the humble hope that I may be privileged to achieve this goal, if only for one precious moment and share this moment with my listeners." His main influences were the composers of the late Romantic period, particulary the chromaticism of Richard Wagner; as Giannini's style developed it grew in darkness, intensity, and tonal adventurousness, exploring dissonance without succumbing to modernism. In general Giannini's works were well-received; the modernists, however, held his music in little regard, and critic Arthur Cohn described him as "a 20th century composer using well sharpened tools of the 19th century.” Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was an influential German composer, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas. ...


Giannini's works, particularly the later vocal works, are regarded as prime examples of the American neoromantic style; others of the American neoromantic school include Samuel Barber and Howard Hanson. Samuel Barber, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944 Samuel Osborne Barber (March 9, 1910 – January 23, 1981) was a United States composer of classical music best known for his Adagio for Strings. ... Howard Harold Hanson (October 28, 1896 – February 26, 1981) was a composer, conductor and educator from the United States of America. ...


Selected works

  • Stabat mater (1922), SATB and orchestra
  • "Tell Me, O Blue, Blue Sky" (1927), voice/piano
  • String Quartet (1930)
  • Suite (1931), orchestra
  • Lucedia (1934), opera, libretto K. Flaster
  • Piano Concerto (1935)
  • Symphony ‘In memoriam Theodore Roosevelt’ (1935)
  • Organ Concerto (1937)
  • Triptych (1937), soprano choir and strings
  • Requiem (1937), choir and orchestra
  • The Scarlet Letter (1938), opera, libretto Flaster after N. Hawthorne
  • Sonata no. 1 (1940), violin and piano
  • "Sing to My Heart a Song" (c. 1942), voice/piano
  • Sonata no. 2 (1944), violin and piano
  • Variations on a Cantus firmus (1947), piano
  • The Taming of the Shrew (1950), opera, libretto by Giannini and D. Fee after Shakespeare
  • Symphony no. 1 ‘Sinfonia’ (1950)
  • Divertimento no. 1 (1953), orchestra
  • Prelude and Fugue (1955), string orchestra
  • Preludium and Allegro (1958), symphonic band
  • Symphony no. 3 (1958), symphonic band
  • The Medead (1960), soprano voices and orchestra
  • The Harvest (1961), opera, libretto Flaster
  • Divertimento no. 2 (1961), orchestra
  • Antigone (1962), soprano voices and orchestra
  • Psalm cxxx (1963), bass/cello and orchestra
  • Variations and Fugue (1964), symphonic band
  • Symphony no. 5 (1965)
  • Servant of Two Masters (1966), opera, libretto B. Stambler, after C. Goldoni

External links

References and further reading

  • Walter G. Simmons, "Vittorio Giannini". Grove Music Online (subscription access) (http://www.grovemusic.com)
  • Harry Haskell and Walter G. Simmons, "Vittorio Giannini". Grove Music Online (OperaBase) (subscription access) (http://www.grovemusic.com)
  • Max de Schaunseer, "Dusolina Giannini". Grove Music Online (subscription access) (http://www.grovemusic.com)
  • Voices in the Wilderness: Six American Neo-Romantic Composers, Walter Simmons (Scarecrow Press, 2004)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vittorio Giannini - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (567 words)
Giannini began as a violinist under the tutelage of his mother; he would go on to study violin and composition at the Milan Conservatory on scholarship, and then to take his graduate degree at the Juilliard School.
Giannini was one of the founders of the North Carolina School of the Arts, in 1964, and he remained there until his death.
Giannini was a throwback to the Romantic tradition, particularly considering that most of his American musical contemporaries were exploring the realms of neoclassicism.
Classical Net Review - Giannini/Carbon/McKinley - Concertos for Double Bass (1054 words)
Giannini came into prominence during the Thirties, mainly as an opera composer.
Giannini had not only been diagnosed with a serious heart condition, but his second wife, whom he had loved practically to distraction, divorced him.
Giannini uses the tropes of the late Nineteenth Century with at least great understanding, but nothing surprises me. I hear a collective, rather than a particular take on these things.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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