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Encyclopedia > Vitoria

Vitoria (population: 224,965 (2004 est), is the capital city of the province of Álava and of the Comunidad Vasca Spanish autonomous region, though it is the second city of the region by population. Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Vitoria ... Álava province Álava is a province of northern Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Community. ... The Basque Country (Euskal Herria in Basque) straddles the western Pyrenees mountains that define the border between France and Spain, extending down to the coast of the Bay of Biscay. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ...


Vitoria was founded in 1181 by the King of Navarre, Sancho VI the Wise as 'Nueva Victoria' on the hill where the old settlement of Gasteiz had been. He built fortifications around the town. In 1200, Vitoria was passed to the Kingdom of Castille, taken by the troops of Alfonso VIII. The city was progressively enlarged and in 1431 was granted the title of 'City' by King Juan II of Castile. Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... This is a list of the kings of Navarre. ... Sancho VI Garces, (c. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France Births Matthew Paris, English Benedictine monk and chronicler (approximate date). ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Alfonso VIII (November 11, 1155 _ October 5, 1214), king of Castile only, and grandson of Alfonso VII, is a great name in Spanish history, for he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohades at the battle of the Navas de... Events February 21 - The trial of Joan of Arc March 3 - Eugenius IV becomes Pope May 30 - In Rouen, France, 19-year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake. ... John II (March 6, 1405 – July 20, 1454) was King of Castile from 1406 to 1454. ...


The principal episode in the later history of Vitoria is the Battle of Vitoria of the Peninsular War on 21 June 1813. The French troops were comprehensively beaten by the Duke of Wellington and French control of Spain was ended. There is a monument commemorating this battle in the main square of the city, known as the Monument to Independence - Monumento a la Independencia. The Battle of Vitoria was fought on June 21, 1813 during the Peninsular War, between 78,000 British, Portuguese and Spanish troops, with 96 guns, under the Marquis of Wellington, and 58,000 French with 153 guns under King Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jourdan. ... The Peninsular War (1808–1814) (known as War of Independence in Spain and as French Invasions in Portugal) was a major conflict during the Napoleonic Wars, fought in the Iberian Peninsula with Spanish, Portuguese, and the British forces fighting against the French. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Most Noble Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, PC, FRS (1 May 1769–14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, widely considered one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. ...


The economy of Vitoria is diverse, and many manufacturing companies have operations here, including Mercedes Benz. The city has been ranked second in standard of living among all cities in Spain, and first as to green areas and cultural places per capita.


Vitoria hosts an important International Jazz Festival every 10th to the 16th of July, and Las Fiestas de la Blanca, the energetic popular festival, is celebrated from the 4th of August to the 9th.


Vitoria is also home to two well-known sports clubs:

Deportivo Alavés, usually abbreviated to Alavés, is a Spanish Primera División football club based in Vitoria (Gasteiz) in the Basque Country. ... In typical game play, players attempt to move towards a goal through individual control of the ball, such as by dribbling (running with the ball close to their feet); by passing the ball from team-mate to team-mate; and by taking shots at the goal. ... Liga de Fútbol Profesional The Spanish football league is called La Liga. ... Baskonia (full name: Saski Baskonia SAD) is a Spanish basketball club from the Basque city of Vitoria/Gasteiz. ... Basketball is very popular in U.S. colleges. ... ACB (Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto), is the premier professional basketball league in Spain. ...

References

  • Vitoria Jazz Festival

External link

  • VITORIA-GASTEIZ in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) Information available in Spanish


 
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Car Rental Vitoria with Auto Europe (511 words)
Vitoria is a prime destination with a variety of attractions sure to satisfy all interests.
It is advised that you rent a car in Vitoria to enjoy all of which the city offers, from traditional fiestas such as the "White Virgin" to the variety of sculptures that inhabit the plazas.
The most significant historic attraction in Vitoria is the Medieval Quarter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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