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Encyclopedia > Vitebsk
Ві́цебск
Ви́тебск
Vitsyebsk /Vitebsk
Skyline of Ві́цебскВи́тебскVitsyebsk /Vitebsk
Official seal of Ві́цебскВи́тебскVitsyebsk /Vitebsk
Seal
Location of Vitebsk, shown within the Vitebsk Voblast
Location of Vitebsk, shown within the Vitebsk Voblast
Coordinates: 55°11′N 30°10′E / 55.183, 30.167
Country
Subdivision
Belarus
Vitebsk
Founded 974
Government
 - Mayor
Population (2004)
 - Total 342,381
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +375-15
License plate 2
Website: [2]]

Coordinates: 55°11′N, 30°10′E Vitebsk, also known as Vitsyebsk (Belarusian: Ві́цебск, IPA: ['vʲitsʲepsk]; Yiddish: װיטעבסק; Polish: Witebsk, Russian: Ви́тебск, Vitebsk, Lithuanian: Vitebskas), is a city in Belarus, near the border with Russia and Latvia. The capital of the Vitebsk Oblast, in 2004 it had 342,381 inhabitants, making it the country's fourth largest city. It is served by Vitebsk Vostochny Airport and Vitebsk air base. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Viciebsk,_Belarus. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 727 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (966 × 797 pixels, file size: 31 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Location of Vitsebsk in Belarus and voblast Vitsebsk From german wikipedia by Benutzer:Varp Original description (in german): Karte selbst gezeichnet, varp Lage der weißrussischen... Viciebsk Province (Vitebsk Province) is a province (voblast) of Belarus with capital Viciebsk. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Events Antipope Boniface VII succeeds Pope Benedict VI. The Byzantine Empire retakes Syria including Aleppo from the Abbasids. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Yiddish (Yid. ... Administrative center Vitsebsk Largest cities Vitsebsk - 342,400 Orsha - 125,300 Navapolatsk - 101,300 Raions 21  - Cities 19  - Urban localities 26  - Villages N/A City raions 5 Area  Ranked  - Total 40,100 km²  - % of National total 19. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vitebsk Vostochny Airport (also given as Vitebsk Southeast) (ICAO: UMII) is an airport in Belarus located 12 km southeast of Vitebsk. ... Vitebsk (also Vitebsk Northeast or Andronovichi) is an air base in Belarus located 8 km northeast of Vitebsk. ...

Contents

History

View of Vitebsk in the early 19th century.
View of Vitebsk in the early 19th century.

Vitebsk developed from a river harbor where the Vitba River (Віцьба, from which it derives its name) flows into the larger Dvina, which is spanned in the city by the Kirov Bridge. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Two rivers are referred to as Dvina: Western Dvina (also known as Daugava) Northern Dvina This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Kirov Bridge Kirov Bridge is a bridge in Vitsebsk in Belarus. ...


Its official founding year is 974, based on an anachronistic legend that it was founded by Olga of Kiev, but the first mention in historical record is in 1021, when Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev gave it to Bryachislav Ezyaslavovitch, Duke of Polotsk.[1] Events Antipope Boniface VII succeeds Pope Benedict VI. The Byzantine Empire retakes Syria including Aleppo from the Abbasids. ... Baptism of Princess Olga. ... // Events Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, sixth Fatimid Caliph of Egypt disappears on a trip to al-Muqattam hills. ... Mikhail Gerasimovs reconstruction of Yaroslavs appearance, based on his examination of Yaroslavs skull Yaroslav I the Wise (c. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Polatsk (Belarusian: По́лацак, По́лацк, also spelt as Polacak; Polish: PoÅ‚ock; Russian: По́лоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock) is the most historic city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina river. ...


In the 12th and 13th centuries Vitebsk was the seat of a minor principality, which thrived on the crossroads of the river routes between the Baltic, Black and Mediterranean seas. In 1320 the city was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania; in 1569 it became a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1597 Vitebsk was granted the Magdeburg Rights. In 1772 it was taken over by Russia in the First Partition of Poland. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... Mediterranean redirects here. ... Events January 20 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra January 20 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland April 6 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. ... The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: , Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje, Ruskaje, Å»amojckaje, Belarusian: , Ukrainian: , Polish: , Latin: ) was an Eastern and Central European state of the 12th[1] /13th century until the 18th century. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see: 1597 (number). ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... Year 1772 (MDCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ...

Vitebsk c. 1912; panoramic composite of Prokudin-Gorskii images
Vitebsk c. 1912; panoramic composite of Prokudin-Gorskii images

Under Imperial Russia the ancient center of Vitebsk was rebuilt in the Neoclassical style. The town was a significant shtetl in the Pale of Settlement, with around half its population Orthodox Jewish at the turn of the 20th century. The most famous of its Jewish natives was the painter Marc Chagall. In January 1991, Vitebsk celebrated the first Marc Chagall Festival. In June 1992, a monument to Chagall was erected on his native Pokrovskaja street and a memorial inscription placed on the wall of his house. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 336 pixelsFull resolution (1835 × 770 pixel, file size: 263 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Panorama of Vitebsk Belarus in 1912 (combination of 2 images). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 336 pixelsFull resolution (1835 × 770 pixel, file size: 263 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Panorama of Vitebsk Belarus in 1912 (combination of 2 images). ... Sergei Prokudin-Gorski. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... A shtetl (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot שטאָט, town, pronounced very similarly to the South German diminutiveStädtle, little town) was typically a small town with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... The Pale of Settlement (Russian: , chertA osEdlosti) was a western border region of Imperial Russia in which permanent residence of Jews was allowed, extending from the pale or demarcation line, to live near the border with central Europe. ... Orthodox Judaism is the formulation of Judaism that adheres to a relatively strict interpretation and application of the laws and ethics first canonised in the Talmudic texts (Oral Torah) and as subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


In the years 1919-1991 Vitebsk was part of the Soviet Union. During World War II, the city was under German occupation (1941-44). Up to 150.000 Jewish people where murdered during this time. Much of the old city was destroyed in the ensuing battles between the Nazis and the Red Army. Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ...

Early 12th-century Annunciation Church was rebuilt and covered with white plaster in 1992.
Early 12th-century Annunciation Church was rebuilt and covered with white plaster in 1992.

Since 1992, Vitebsk has been hosting the annual Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk, an international art festival. Its main program is devoted to Slavic music. The main participants are artists from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine, with guests from many other countries, both Slavic and non-Slavic. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 543 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Church of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 543 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Church of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The International Festival of Arts Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk (Russian: ) is an annual festival held in Vitebsk, Belarus under the auspices of Alla Pugacheva since 1992. ...


Sights

The city long preserved one of the oldest buildings in the country, the Annunciation Church. This magnificent six-pillared building dates back to the period of Kievan Rus. It was constructed in the 1140s, rebuilt in the 14th and 17th centuries, repaired in 1883 and destroyed by the Communist administration in 1961. Scarce remains of the church were conserved until 1992, when it was restored to its presumed original appearance, although it's a moot point how the church looked like when it was first built.[2] Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the...


Churches from the Polish-Lithuanian period were likewise destroyed, although the Resurrection Church (1772-77) is now being rebuilt. The Orthodox cathedral, dedicated to the Intercession of the Theotokos, was erected in 1760. There are also the town hall (1775); the Russian governor's palace, where Napoleon celebrated his 43rd birthday in 1812; the Neo-Romanesque Roman Catholic cathedral (1884-85); and an obelisk commemorating the centenary of the Russian victory over Napoleon. The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris Obelisk outside Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. ...

Vitebsk Town Hall (1775).
Vitebsk Town Hall (1775).

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1507x2008, 1084 KB) Andron Holmoff,October 2005, Photo of the Ex-cityhall(Ratusha). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1507x2008, 1084 KB) Andron Holmoff,October 2005, Photo of the Ex-cityhall(Ratusha). ...

Natives of Vitebsk

Zhores Ivanovich Alferov Zhores Ivanovich Alferov (also Alfyorov) (Russian: Жоре́с Ива́нович Алфёров) (born March 15, 1930) is a Russian physicist who contributed significantly to the creation of modern heterostructure physics and electronics. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... Shloyme Zanvl Rappoport (1863–1920), better known by the pseudonym S. Ansky, was a scholar who documented Jewish folklore and mystical beliefs. ... A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... For information on the creature from Jewish folklore, see dybbuk. ... Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Yehuda Pen, 1905 Yehuda Pen (Belarusian: , 1854-1937) was a Jewish-Belarusian artist-painter, a teacher and an outstanding figure of the Jewish Renaissance in the Belarus art of the beginning of XX century. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Baron Joseph Günzburg (1812, Vitebsk – January 12, 1878) the first Baron Günzburg, Osip Gintsburg, or Iosif-Evzel Gabrielovich Gintsburg, was a Russian financier and philanthropist. ... Leon Kobrin (18731–1946) was a playwright in Yiddish theater, writer of short stories and novels, and a translator. ... A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... Immanuel Velikovsky photographed by Fima Noveck, ca. ... For other uses, see Psychiatrist (disambiguation). ... Psychoanalysis is the revelation of unconscious relations, in a systematic way through an associative process. ... 20th century artistic vision of Kazimierz Siemenowicz Kazimierz Siemienowicz (Belarusian: Казімер Семяновіч, Kazimir Siemianovič, Lithuanian: Kazimieras Simonavičius) (born c. ... A rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving exhaust from within a rocket engine. ... Simeon Strunsky, A.B. (1879- ) was an American essayist, born at Vitebsk, Russia. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk (1730 – 1788) was an early leader of Hasidic Judaism. ... Hasidic Judaism (Hebrew: Chasidut חסידות) is a Haredi Jewish religious movement. ... Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word רבי (Rabbi). ...

Notes

  1. ^ History, Vitebsk Regional Executive Committee
  2. ^ The Annunciation Church is a six-pillared building with one apse. It is built of hewn limestone quadras, each row being separated by two rows of brick, covered with a thin layer of stucco so as to emulate large blocks of stone. This technique was widespread in Byzantium; but there are only two examples north of Crimea — one in Vitebsk and another, unfinished and long ruined church in Navahradak, probably by the same team of Byzantine builders. Another extraordinary feature of the church is that its bays are equal and the central nave is square in plan. The choir gallery occupies the western bay; it adjoins two secluded chapels over the lateral aisles. Stairs leading to the gallery are built into the western wall.[1]

Navahradak (Нава́градак in Belarusian; Russian: Novogrudok; Polish: Nowogródek; Lithuanian: Naugardukas) is a city in western Belarus. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Vitebsk

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shtetl page: Vitebsk (545 words)
Vitebsk was the tenth largest Jewish center in the Pale of Settlement, after Warsaw (219,149 Jews), Odessa (138,915), Lodz (98,677), Vilna (64,000), Kishinev (50,237), Minsk (47,562), Bialystok (41,900), Berdichev (41,617), Yekaterinoslavl (aka Dnepropetrovsk, 40,009).
Vitebsk, on the shores of Dvina river, was a major trade and cultural center, a stronghold of Orthodox Judaism with a strong hasidic presence.
Immanuel Velikovsky, M.D., a historian, a cosmological crackpot (or a visionary?), was born in Vitebsk
Vitebsk – Groups at Last.fm (930 words)
Description: Vitebsk (Viciebsk or Witebsk) is a Belarussian city situated on the North-East of the Belarus in the land of glacier lakes on the picturesque banks of the three rivers: the Zakhodnyaya Dzvina (in Russian - Zapadnaya Dvina, in old Belarusian -Rubon, in Latvian - Daugava) river, the Vitba and the Luchesa river.
Vitebsk was an important fortress and merchant center at the north-eastern border of the Polatsak Principality and later of the Grand Duche of Lithuania (GDL); a famous medieval state which became the cradle of Belarusians and Lithuanians.
Vitebsk was burned to a crisp by soldiers of Ivan the Terrible (XVI century), of the czar Alexei Mikhailovich (XVII century) and of Peter the First (1708).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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