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Encyclopedia > Vitamin B

Vitamin B is a complex of several vitamins. The name arises because it was once considered a single vitamin, much like Vitamin C or Vitamin D. Since later research has shown it is in fact a complex of chemically distinct vitamins that happen to often coexist in the same foods, the name has gradually declined in use, being replaced by the generic term "the B vitamins", the vitamin B complex, or by the specific names of each vitamin. A vitamin is an organic molecule whose insufficiency in the diet can result in disease. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ascorbic acid. ... Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin that contributes to the maintenance of normal levels of calcium and phosphorus in the bloodstream. ...


The B vitamins are:

Several other substances which are not human vitamins have been referred to as B vitamins. These include: Thiamine mononitrate Thiamine or thiamin, also known as vitamin B1, is a colorless compound with chemical formula C12H17ClN4OS. It is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. ... Riboflavin (E101), also known as vitamin B2 or vitamin G, is an easily absorbed, water-soluble micronutrient with a key role in maintaining human health. ... Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid or vitamin B3, is a water-soluble vitamin whose derivatives such as NADH play essential roles in energy metabolism in the living cell. ... Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5, is an antioxidant water-soluble vitamin needed to break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. ... The two major forms of vitamin B6 are pyridoxine and pyridoxamine. ... The two major forms of vitamin B6 are pyridoxine and pyridoxamine. ... Biotin, also known as vitamin H or B7 and C10H16N2O3S (Biotin; Coenzyme R, Biopeiderm), is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin which is composed of an ureido ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring. ... Folic acid (the anion form is called folate) is a B-complex vitamin (once called vitamin M) that is important in preventing neural tube defects (NTDs) in the developing human fetus. ... Chemical structrure of cyanocobalamin Cyanocobalamin, also known as Cobalamin or vitamin B12, is a chemical compound that is needed for nerve cells and red blood cells, and to make DNA. It is a water-soluble organometallic compound with a trivalent cobalt ion bound inside a corrin ring. ...

  • Vitamin B-4 (Adenine)
  • Vitamin B-7* — more commonly called Vitamin I
  • Vitamin B-8 (Ergadenylic acid)
  • Vitamin B-10, also Vitamin R (Pteroylmonoglutamic acid mixed with other B vitamins)
  • Vitamin B-11, also Vitamin S
  • Vitamin B-13 (Pyrimidinecarboxylic acid or orotic acid, often misspelled erotic acid)
  • Vitamin B-14 — a mixture of B-10 and B-11
  • Vitamin B-15 (Pangamic acid)
  • Vitamin B-16
  • Vitamin B-17 (Amygdalin)
  • Vitamin B-22, often claimed as an ingredient of Aloe vera extracts
  • Vitamin B-c, another name for Vitamin B-9 (Folic acid)
  • Vitamin B-h (Inositol)
  • Vitamin B-t (L-carnitine)
  • Vitamin B-w, another name for Vitamin B-7 (Biotin)
  • Vitamin B-x, also PABA (para-Aminobenzoic acid)


In addition to coexisting in the same foods, the B vitamins often work together to bolster metabolism, maintain healthy skin and muscle tone, enhance immune and nervous system function, and promote cell growth and division — including that of the red blood cells that help prevent anemia. Adenine is one of the two purine nucleobases used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. In DNA, adenine (A) binds to thymine (T) via two hydrogen bonds to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. ... Vitamin B8 is the nucleic acid adenylic acid, also known as ergadenylic acid. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Amygdalin (from the Greek amugdale, almond), C20H27NO11, is a glucoside isolated from bitter almonds by H. E. Robiquet and A. F. Boutron-Charlard in 1830, and subsequently investigated by Liebig and Wöhler, and others. ... Species See Species Flower bud of Aloe Vera Leaf close up Aloe is a genus of plants belonging to family Asphodelaceae, with about 400 species. ... Folic acid (the anion form is called folate) is a B-complex vitamin (once called vitamin M) that is important in preventing neural tube defects (NTDs) in the developing human fetus. ... Inositol is a biological molecule that plays an important role as a second messenger in a cell, in the form of inositol phosphates. ... Categories: Amino acids | Biochemistry stubs ... Biotin, also known as vitamin H or B7 and C10H16N2O3S (Biotin; Coenzyme R, Biopeiderm), is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin which is composed of an ureido ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring. ... Para-Aminobenzoic acid (PABA) is a chemical used in sunscreen that is an essential nutrient for some bacteria. ... Santorio Santorio (1561-1636) in his steelyard balance, from Ars de statica medecina, first published 1614 Metabolism (from μεταβολισμος (metabolismos), the Greek word for change, or overthrow (Etymonline)), is the biochemical modification of chemical compounds in living organisms and cells. ... The immune system is the organ system that protects an organism from outside biological influences. ... The nervous system of an animal coordinates the activity of the muscles, monitors the organs, constructs and processes input from the senses, and initiates actions. ... The term cell growth is used in two different ways in biology. ... Cell division is the process of a biological cell (called a mother cell) dividing into two daughter cells. ... // Description Human red blood cells Red blood cells are the most common type of blood cell and are the vertebrate bodys principal means of delivering oxygen to body tissues via the blood. ... Anemia (American English) or anaemia (Commonwealth English), which literally means without blood, is a lack of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin. ...


Together they also help combat the symptoms and causes of stress, depression, and cardiovascular disease. Stress (roughly the opposite of relaxation) is a medical term for a wide range of strong external stimuli, both physiological and psychological, which can cause a physiological response called the general adaptation syndrome, first described in 1936 by Hans Selye in the journal Nature. ... Clinical depression is a health condition of depression with mental and physical components reaching criteria generally accepted by clinicians. ... ...


All B vitamins are water soluble, and are dispersed throughout the body and must be replenished daily with any excess excreted in the urine. Urine is liquid waste excreted by the kidneys and eventually expelled from the body in a process known as urination. ...


Brewer's yeast is a good source of Vitamin B. Binomial name Saccharomyces cerevisiae Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of budding yeast. ...


For More Information On Vitamin B1 - Benefits, Deficiency Symptoms And Food Sources


Source material

Linda Clark's "Know your Nutrition": ISBN 0879834013



Vitamins
All B vitamins | All D vitamins
Retinol (A) | Thiamine (B1) | Riboflavin (B2) | Niacin (B3) | Pantothenic acid (B5) | Pyridoxine (B6) | Biotin (B7) | Folic acid (B9) | Cyanocobalamin (B12) | Ascorbic acid (C) | Ergocalciferol (D2) | Calciferol (D3) | Tocopherol (E) | Naphthoquinone (K)

  Results from FactBites:
 
B vitamins - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1078 words)
Vitamin B is a complex of eight water soluble vitamins, active in cell metabolism.
Since later research has shown it is in fact a complex of chemically distinct vitamins that happen to often coexist in the same foods, the name has gradually declined in use, being replaced by the generic term "the B vitamins", the vitamin B complex, or by the specific names of each vitamin.
As might be expected due to its high content of brewer's yeast, beer is a good source of B vitamins [4], [5], although this may not be true of filtered beers [6], [7]; in fact, beer is sometimes referred to as "liquid bread" [8].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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