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Encyclopedia > Vishnu Sarma

Vishnu Sarma was the author of the anthropomorphic political treatise called Panchatantra. The Panchatantra [1][2][3] (also spelled Pañcatantra, Sanskrit पञ्चतन्त्र Five Chapters) or Kelileh va Dimneh or Anvar-i-Suhayli [4][5] or The Lights of Canopus (in Persian)[6] or Kalilag and Damnag (in Syriac)[7] or Kalila and Dimna (also Kalilah and Dimnah, Arabic كليلة و دمنة Kalila wa Dimna)[8...

Vishnu Sarma lived in Varanasi (a city in the present day state of Uttar Pradesh) in the 3rd century BC.[1] He was a Sanskrit scholar and the official Guru of the then prince of Kasi. He wrote the Panchatantra to teach political science to his royal young disciples. The Panchatantra is one of the oldest collections of Indian fables surviving today. VārāṇasÄ«   (Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras (Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi (Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), often referred to as U.P., is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ... Guru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Benares (also known as Banaras, Kashi, Kasi and Varanasi (वाराणसी)) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga or Ganges in the modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... For a comparison of fable with other kinds of stories, see Myth, legend, fairy tale, and fable. ...


According to a legend, Vishnupriya was a royal instructor, who used to live in a city called Mahilaropya in sourthern India.[2] The ruler of Mahilaropaya was Amarashakti, whose minister Sumati suggested appointment of Acharya Vishnu Sharma as the official instructor for the princes. Vishnusharma was known to be a savant in all the shastras and the theory of politics and diplomacy. Acting on the suggestion, the king called Acharya Vishnu Sharma and declared that if he is able to make his sons into able administrators, he would gift him a hundred villages and gold without bound. Vishnu Sharma laughed and replied, "Oh King! I do not sell my education. I have no desire of any gift. You have called me with respect and deference, therefore I pledge to make your sons into able administrators within 6 months. If I fail to fulfill my pledge, I would change my name." South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... An acharya (आचार्य) is a prominent guru, teacher and scholar who teaches by his own example (from Sanskrit achara, behavior). ... Shastra is a Sanskrit word used (to be pronoucned (shaastra) to denote education/knowledge in a general sense. ...

The king happily gave the responsibility of the three princes to him and continued with his work. Vishnu Sharma, however, realized that it was more difficult than he had thought to teach his new students through conventional means, and there was a need of a creative way of teaching. Therefore he made many short stories, each with a lesson, and tied them in 5 parts, called tantras. This collection, that has attained fame over centuries, is called Panchatantra. [3] Tantra (Sanskrit: तन्त्र weave denoting continuity[1]), tantricism or tantrism is any of several esoteric traditions rooted in the religions of India. ...

The five tantras in the book are Mitrabhed, Mitrasamprapti, Kakolookeeyam, Labdhapranasham, and Apareekshitkarakam. After listening and working on these stories, all the three princes became completely educated in politics and became able administrators.


  1. ^ Joseph Jacobs (1888). The earliest English version of the Fables of Bidpai, Introduction, p. xv. London.
  2. ^ Children's literature in South Asia: An overview
  3. ^ Child Theatre: Panchatantra

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