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Encyclopedia > Visby
Visby
Visby waterfront as of 2003 (it has undergone major changes since)
Visby waterfront as of 2003 (it has undergone major changes since)
Coat of arms of Visby
Coat of arms
Visby (Sweden)
Visby
Coordinates: 57°38′N 18°17′E / 57.633, 18.283
Country Sweden
Municipality Gotland Municipality
County Gotland County
Province Gotland
Charter 1645
Area [1]
 - Total 12.08 km² (4.7 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 22,236
 - Density 1,841/km² (4,768.2/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Hanseatic Town of Visby*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Visby Ringwall
State Party Flag of Sweden Sweden
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, v
Reference 731
Region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1995  (19th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Visby is the only city on the Swedish island of Gotland; it is arguably the best-preserved medieval city in Scandinavia and has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Among the most notable historical remains are the 3.4 km long stone wall called Ringmuren ("the Ring Wall"), that encircles the city and the old church ruins. Panorama of Visby, taken August 2003 by User:Stan Shebs and licensed under GFDL, 600px across File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 559 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1810 × 1940 pixel, file size: 64 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of Sweden, in the equirectangular projection (equidistant cylindrical projection, or plate carrée). ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... Gotland is the single Municipality of Gotland County, in Sweden. ... A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... Gotland County, or Gotlands län, is a County or län of Sweden. ... The provinces or landskap were the subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden (län). ...   is a county, province and municipality of Sweden and the second largest island in the Baltic Sea after Zealand. ... Historically, the city status in Sweden, or stad, was granted through a Royal Charter. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Visby ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Historically, the city status in Sweden, or stad, was granted through a Royal Charter. ...   is a county, province and municipality of Sweden and the second largest island in the Baltic Sea after Zealand. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


The name "Visby" comes from the Old Norse Vis, (genitive singular of Vi) meaning sacrificial place, and bær, meaning "farm" or "settlement". An alternate derivation would be from the Polish "wyspa" (pronounced "vis-pah") which means simply "island". Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun. ...


Its population is 22,236 (2005), and it is the seat of the Governor of Gotland County. Like other towns and cities in Sweden, Visby is not a political or administrative entity of its own. It forms an integral part of Gotland Municipality, of which it is the seat. Gotland County, or Gotlands län, is a County or län of Sweden. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Gotland is the single Municipality of Gotland County, in Sweden. ...

Contents

History

The earliest history of Visby is uncertain, but it is known to have been a centre of merchandise around 900 AD. It was inhabited as early as the stone age, probably because of the access to fresh water and a natural harbour.


In the 12th century, Visby Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Mary, was constructed. It was reshaped in the 13th century to its current appearance, and was officially opened in 1225 by the bishop of the Swedish city of Linköping. Several other churches were also constructed in the ensuing centuries. The city flourished, thanks to the German Hanseatic League. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Virgin Mary redirects here. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Linköping [ˈlɪnɕøːpɪŋ] is a city in southern Sweden, with a population of 97,428 (2005). ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ...


The work on the ring wall was likely begun in the 12th century. Around 1300 it was rebuilt to reach its current height, acquiring the characteristic towers, although some towers were not constructed until the 15th century. The ringwall is still largely intact. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


In 1361, Gotland was conquered by Valdemar IV of Denmark and Visby became a Danish city. Important as it was, some setbacks occurred. In 1391, 1394 and 1398 it was taken and plundered by the Victual Brothers, pirates who sailed the Baltic Sea. In 1411, King Eric of Pomerania had the castle of Visborg constructed, and settled himself there for twelve years, during which the city virtually became a pirates nest, and the commerce halted. As of 1470, the Hanseatic League rescinded Visby's status as a Hanseatic town. Valdemar IV of Denmark (Valdemar Atterdag) shown on a fresco in Næstveds Saint Peters Church (Sankt Peders Kirke). ... The Victual Brothers resp. ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... Eric of Pomerania A caricature of the king, the only contemporary likeness of him in existence Eric of Pomerania, Erik af Pommern, Erik VII (Danish title), Erik av Pommern (Eirik III) (Norwegian title) Erik av Pommern (Eric XIII) (Swedish title) or Eryk Pomorski (Polish title), was adopted by Margaret I... Visborg (Wisborg) refers to a fortress in the town of Visby on the Swedish island of Gotland. ...


In 1525, the final blow came. The merchants of Visby were in a feud with Lübeck in what is now Germany. The Germans burned down all Visby's churches except the cathedral. The ruins have been preserved until this day, adding their gravity to the modern city. The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Luebeck. ...


Gotland was again conquered by Sweden in 1645 at the Treaty of Brömsebro, after 300 years of Danish occupation. The city developed slowly as things were left as they were. In the mid 18th century some attempts were made by Swedish government officials to improve living standards, but little was accomplished. Not until the early 19th century did Visby once again attract commerce and a harbour industry. At the same time - 1808 - Gotland was conquered by Russia, but was peacefully taken back by the swedes after only a couple of months. The Treaty of Brömsebro of August 13, 1645 ended the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, which had begun in 1643. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sights and events

Some affectionately call Visby the "city of roses and ruins" and natives to the island often just say "town". Whether it lives up to that distinction among other old Swedish cities is debatable.


In the first week of July, Visby is the scene of the Almedalen Week (Almedalsveckan), an important meeting place for everyone involved in Swedish politics. During the week, representatives from the major political parties in Sweden take turns giving speeches in the Almedalen park. Politics of Sweden takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Sweden is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Almedalen Almedalen (in literal English translation: The Elm Valley) is a park in the Swedish city Visby on the island of Gotland, well known in Sweden as the central site of the Almedalen Week. ...


In August the tourist season is at its peak. In week 32 from Sunday to Sunday the annual Medieval Week (Medeltidsveckan) is held. During this time regularly dressed tourists are outnumbered by people dressed in Medieval costumes. The festival started in 1984. There are a variety of events: music, jesters, theater, a medieval market, jousting tournaments and much more. Tourist redirects here. ...


Transport

Visby is linked to the mainland of Sweden by ferry and by airplanes. The three-hour ferry arrives from Oskarshamn near Kalmar and Nynäshamn near Stockholm. Kalmar is a city in SmÃ¥land in south east Sweden, situated by the Baltic Sea. ... Nynäshamn Municipality is a Municipality in Stockholm County, in central Sweden with the town Nynäshamn (pop. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ...


Gallery

Miscellaneous

Near Visby there is the static inverter plant for the first HVDC interconnection of a windpark (HVDC Visby-Nas). A static inverter station is the terminal equipment for a high voltage direct current transmission line, in which direct current is converted to three-phase alternating current, and, usually, the reverse. ... The HVDC Visby-Nas is a bipolar HVDC electric power transmission system between Visby and a wind power centre near Nas on Gotland, Sweden. ...


Notable natives

Christopher Polhem on the Swedish 500 kronor bank note. ... Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ... HÃ¥kan Loob, in the U.S. often written Hakan, (born in Visby, Sweden, July 3, 1960) is a Swedish former ice hockey player in the National Hockey League and Elitserien, the Swedish Elite League. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional ice hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and play out of the Pengrowth Saddledome. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ...

See also

The University College of Gotland or Högskolan på Gotland is a university college located in Visby on Gotland, Sweden. ... This is a list of Governors for Gotland County of Sweden, from 1689 to present. ... Combatants Denmark Sweden Commanders unknown unknown Strength 2500 unknown Casualties 100 1800 The Battle of Visby was fought in 1361 in Visby on the island of Gotland, between the forces of Sweden and Denmark. ...

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Visby
Visby is one of 134 towns with the historical City status in Sweden.

Coordinates: 57°38′N, 18°17′E Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Murkrona. ... Historically, the city status in Sweden, or stad, was granted through a Royal Charter. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Visby - definition of Visby in Encyclopedia (196 words)
Visby is a city, founded in the 10th century, on the then independent Baltic Sea island of Gotland, in modern Sweden.
Administratively Visby is the seat of residence for the Governor of Gotland County.
In contemporary Sweden Visby is primarily known for the, largly intact, 3.4 km long stone wall that circles the oldest part of the city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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