FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Virtual Studio Technology

Steinberg's Virtual Studio Technology and its acronym VST refer to an interface standard for connecting audio synthesizer and effect plugins to audio editors and hard-disk recording systems and also giving the plugins a Graphical User Interface (GUI) for easy manipulation. VST and similar technologies allow the replacement of traditional recording studio hardware with software counterparts. Thousands of plugins exist, making VST the most widespread audio plugin architecture. The technology can be licensed from its creator, Steinberg. A Virtual studio is a television studio that allows the real-time combination of people or other real objects and computer generated environments and objects in a seamless, Virtual reality-like manner. ... Steinberg is a German musical equipment and software company. ... Audio can mean: Sounding that can be heard. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... For other uses, see Plug in. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... A recording studio is a facility for sound recording. ... Steinberg is a German musical equipment and software company. ...

Contents

Overview

VST provides a visual interface, allowing users to use the mouse to turn virtual dials and switches, similar to the physical switches and knobs on audio hardware. Some software allows users to enter exact values for parameters using the keyboard. MIDI controllers can also be used to control the software. Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ...


Some VST instruments (VSTi) are software emulations of well-known hardware synthesizer devices and sampler devices, emulating the look and feel of the original equipment in addition to its sonic characteristics. This enables VSTi users to work with virtual versions of gear that may be difficult to obtain in its original form. There's also a wide range of new VST plugins, which don't have the purpose of emulating vintage gear. VST plugins which emulate vintage gear are only a subset of all VST plugins on the market. This article is about emulation in computer science. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler Playing a Yamaha SU10 Sampler A sampler is an electronic music instrument closely related to a synthesizer. ...


All VST software can run inside a Digital Audio Workstation (DAW, basically a computer with a professional sound card). VST software provides this host with additional functionality. Some hosts, but not all, can record the movements of dials and switches by the user. A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ...


VST plug-ins

With appropriate hardware and drivers, such as a sound card that supports ASIO, VST plug-ins can be used in real-time. ASIO bypasses Windows' slower audio engine, offering much lower latency. There are 3 types of VST plug-ins: A sound card (also known as an audio card) is a computer expansion card that can input and output sound under control of computer programs. ... ASIO (Audio Stream Input Output) is a protocol for low-latency digital audio specified by Steinberg. ... “Windows” redirects here. ... The time taken in digital audio systems to convert the signal from analog to digital, process it and then convert it back to analog. ...

VST instruments
A VST plug-in that generates audio. They are generally either virtual synthesizers or samplers. One of the first VST instruments was the Neon VSTi (see SCREENSHOT), which was included in Steinberg's Cubase.
VST effects
A VST plug-in that is used to process an audio input, such as reverb and phaser effects. Other monitoring effects provide visual feedback of the input signal without processing the audio. Most hosts allow multiple effects to be chained.
VST MIDI effects
A VST plug-in that is used to process MIDI messages prior to routing the MIDI data to other VST instruments or hardware devices, for example, to transpose or create arpeggios.

For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler Playing a Yamaha SU10 Sampler A sampler is an electronic music instrument closely related to a synthesizer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about audio effect. ... A phaser is an electronic audio signal processor used to distort a signal by mixing a dry, or unprocessed, signal with a copy of itself that has been filtered through an all-pass phase-shift network. ... Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... Various arpeggios as seen on a staff Notation of a chord in arpeggio In music, an arpeggio is a broken chord where the notes are played or sung in succession rather than simultaneously. ...

VST hosts

Software

A VST host is a software application or hardware device that allows VST plug-ins to be used in a logical context, interacting with digital audio and MIDI elements. There are a wide range of VST-compatible hosts available, some of the most popular include REAPER, Cubase, Ableton Live, Sonar, Propellerheads Reason and FL Studio. Digital audio comprises audio signals stored in a digital format. ... Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... REAPER (Rapid Environment for Audio Prototyping and Efficient Recording) is a Digital Audio Workstation created by Cockos. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ableton Live is a loop-based software music sequencer for Macintosh and Windows by Ableton. ... Cakewalk Sonar is a computer program made by Cakewalk for recording, editing, mixing, mastering and outputting music and other audio. ... Reason is a popular real-time sound synthesis and sample-playback software program developed by Swedish software developers Propellerhead Software. ... FL Studio (formerly Fruity Loops) is a digital audio workstation, developed by Didier Dambrin (also known as Gol), lead programmer of Image-Line Software. ...


Others include Wavosaur (FREE) and Sony's Sound Forge.


VST plug-ins can be hosted in incompatible environments through the use of a translation layer, or shim. For example, FXpansion offers a VST to RTAS (Real Time AudioSuite) wrapper, which allows VST plug-ins to be used in the popular Pro Tools Digital Audio Workstation, and a VST to Audio Units wrapper, which allows VST plug-ins to be used in Apple Logic Pro Digital Audio Workstation. In engineering, a shim is a thin and often tapered or wedged, piece of material, used to fill small gaps or spaces between objects. ... FXpansion is a Ltd company who produce music software including BFD, GURU and the VST-RTAS and VST-AudioUnit Adapters. ... Real-Time AudioSuite (RTAS) is a format of audio plug-ins developed by Digidesign for their Pro Tools TDM, Pro Tools LE, and Pro Tools M-Powered systems. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ... AU Lab, a developer application included on Mac OS Xs installer CD Audio Units (AU) are a system-level plug-in architecture provided by Core Audio, a set of application programming interface services provided by Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system. ... Apple Inc. ... Logic Pro is a MIDI sequencer and Digital Audio Workstation software application that runs on the Mac OS X platform. ... A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ...


Hardware

Some hardware hosts (e.g. [Muse] Receptor) can load special versions of VST plug-ins. These units are portable and usable without a computer, although all editing is done on a computer.


Other hardware options include PCI/PCIe cards designed for audio processing, which take over audio processing from the computer's CPU and free up RAM. CPU can stand for: in computing: Central processing unit in journalism: Commonwealth Press Union in law enforcement: Crime prevention unit in software: Critical patch update, a type of software patch distributed by Oracle Corporation in Macleans College is often known as Ash Lim. ... Look up RAM, Ram, ram in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Software also exists allowing audio data to be transported between computers over a network, allowing the main host to run on one computer and VST plug-ins to run on peripheral computers.


VST plug-in standard

The VST plug-in standard is the audio plugin standard created by Steinberg to allow any third party developers to create VST plug-ins for use within VST host applications. VST requires separate installations for Windows/Mac/Linux. The majority of VST plug-ins are available for Windows. Steinberg is a German musical equipment and software company. ...


Competing technologies

* Steinberg decided to drop support for DirectX from Cubase 4. LADSPA is an acronym for Linux Audio Developers Simple Plugin API. It is an LGPLed standard interface for handling filters, effects and the like in Linux-based operating systems. ... DSSI is also an early variant of the SCSI disk drive interface, manufactured by DEC and appearing in many late 80s and early 90s VAX and DECsystem servers. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... Apple Inc. ... AU Lab, a developer application included on Mac OS Xs installer CD Audio Units (AU) are a system-level plug-in architecture provided by Core Audio, a set of application programming interface services provided by Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ... Digidesign is an American digital audio technology company. ... Real-Time AudioSuite (RTAS) is a format of audio plug-ins developed by Digidesign for their Pro Tools TDM, Pro Tools LE, and Pro Tools M-Powered systems. ... Digidesign is an American digital audio technology company. ...


GNU/Linux support

See also: Free audio software

Kjetil Matheussen's vstserver first provided a mechanism for loading and using VST plug-ins via his k_vst~ object for the Pure Data synthesis environment and his ladspavst "plugin to host plugins" for the LADSPA Linux audio plug-in API. Kjetil has added his vsti to his list of vstserver clients, providing a way to use VSTi plugin instruments under Linux. Free audio software is free software that can be used to listen to, modify, create and/or author audio signals and music. ... Pure Data with many patches open (netpd project) Pure Data (or Pd) is a graphical programming language developed by Miller Puckette in the 1990s for the creation of interactive computer music and multimedia works. ... LADSPA is an acronym for Linux Audio Developers Simple Plugin API. It is an LGPLed standard interface for handling filters, effects and the like in Linux-based operating systems. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...


FreeST (fst) allows GNU/Linux users to use native Windows VST plug-ins by using parts of the WINE emulator. It is supported by such programs as Ardour and JACK Audio Connection Kit. This requires the Steinberg SDK. FST and jack_fst wrap the VST plug-ins as JACK clients and display the graphical user interfaces in separate windows. The plugins can then be controlled by MIDI, often using a sequencer such as Rosegarden. A similar solution is to use dssi_vst, which wraps VST plug-ins in a DSSI plug-in, thereby allowing VST plug-ins to be used with programs that have DSSI support. This solution was used in the commercial Linux distribution Studio to Go! from Fervent Software. The music program LMMS also features VST support through "LMMS VST Support Layer". All of these solutions but LMMS require Steinberg's SDK for compilation in addition to Wine and Wine's development files, whose package is typically named 'wine-devel'. Wine is a project which aims to allow a PC with an x86 architecture processor running a Unix-like operating system and the X Window System to execute programs that were originally written for Microsoft Windows. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The JACK Audio Connection Kit or JACK is a sound server or daemon that provides low latency connections between so-called jackified applications. ... Rosegarden is a free software digital audio workstation program developed for GNU/Linux with ALSA and KDE. It acts as an audio and MIDI sequencer, scorewriter and musical composition and editing tool. ... DSSI is also an early variant of the SCSI disk drive interface, manufactured by DEC and appearing in many late 80s and early 90s VAX and DECsystem servers. ... LMMS aims to be a free (licensed under GPL), Linux based alternative to popular (but commercial and closed-source) programs like FruityLoops, Cubase and Logic Pro. ... Illustration of a package management system being used to download new software. ...


Alternatively, one can try to run VST-hosting Windows programs by using Wine. This has been known to work with Jeskola Buzz (instructions), Modplug Tracker 1.16, and recent versions of REAPER can be run with recent versions of Wine. Jeskola Buzz - Machine View Jeskola Buzz is a proprietary modular software music studio environment centered around a modular plugin-based machine view and a multiple pattern sequencer tracker (as opposed to a single pattern sequencer tracker). ... ModPlug Tracker ModPlug Tracker is an audio module tracker for Windows developed by Olivier Lapicque. ... REAPER (Rapid Environment for Audio Prototyping and Efficient Recording) is a Digital Audio Workstation created by Cockos. ...


Programming Languages

Steinberg's VST SDK is a set of C++ classes based around an underlying C API. The SDK can be downloaded from their website.


There are several ports available, such as a Delphi version by Frederic Vanmol, a JAVA version from the jVSTwRapper project at sourceforge.net, and a .Net version - Noise.


In addition, Steinberg have developed the VST GUI, which is another set of C++ classes, which can be used to build a graphical interface. There are classes for buttons, sliders and displays etc. Note that these are low level C++ classes and the look and feel still have to be created by the plugin manufacturer.


See also

A software synthesizer, also known as a softsynth or virtual instrument is a computer program for digital audio generation. ... A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ... LADSPA is an acronym for Linux Audio Developers Simple Plugin API. It is an LGPLed standard interface for handling filters, effects and the like in Linux-based operating systems. ... DSSI is also an early variant of the SCSI disk drive interface, manufactured by DEC and appearing in many late 80s and early 90s VAX and DECsystem servers. ... AU Lab, a developer application included on Mac OS Xs installer CD Audio Units (AU) are a system-level plug-in architecture provided by Core Audio, a set of application programming interface services provided by Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system. ... Apple Inc. ... SynthEdit is an extremely powerful shareware Windows application which uses a modular VPL (Visual Programming Language) for creating music synthesizers and effects units as workflows. ... Image:Components Window. ...

External links

  • Steinberg - The software company that developed the VST standard.

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Virtual Studio Technology (2692 words)
A VST plug-in that is used to process an audio input, such as reverb and phaser effects.
Despite the continuing growth of the use of digital studio technology by artists and their own production, the role of the record producer still remains vital in the context of both the creative and commercial concerns of today’s music industry, whether the producer is independent or the artist themselves.
Producers, along with studio technology, play a significant role in the creative and commercial process within the music industry, allowing bands and artists to develop their individual sounds, as well as helping them to produce a sound which will be appealing to their specific audience.
Real-time Tracking of Moving Objects for Virtual Studios in TV and Cinema Production Sets (967 words)
One of the objectives of IMK with respect to improving the virtual studio applications is the design of a real-time tracking system that can monitor moving non-rigid objects within the observed scene, and which is able to meet the requirements imposed by two particular applications of the virtual studio technology.
One of the current limitations of the state-of-the-art techniques for virtual studios is related to the seamless integration of the synthetic and real worlds, where the production and integration processes should run in real time and the resulting images should meet the high requirements of picture quality in professional broadcasting.
In the case of virtual studios, most of the existing recording studios are based on the traditional blue-box technology, and the moderators are segmented out from the studio images with the help of chromakeyers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m