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Encyclopedia > Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership

The Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership (or VWIL) is a women's military college based at Mary Baldwin College in Staunton, Virginia. It opened in 1995 and now has approximately 140 cadets enrolled, attending both the military academy and Mary Baldwin. In higher education, particularly in the United States, a womens college is a college (that is, a primarily undergraduate, bachelors degree-granting institution) whose students are exclusively women. ... There are three types of military academies: High school level institutions (up to age 19), university level institutions, and those only serving to prepare officer cadets for commissioning into the armed services of a state ( such as RMA Sandhurst ). United States usage The term Military School primarily refers to (middle... Mary Baldwin College is a private four-year womens liberal arts college in Staunton, Virginia. ... West Beverley Street in downtown Staunton Staunton is an independent city within the confines of Augusta County in the commonwealth of Virginia. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A cadet is a person who is junior in some way. ...

Contents


History

In 1964, the United States Congress prohibited publicly-funded colleges from discriminating on the basis of religion, sex, or race. In the early 1990s, the federal courts ordered the Commonwealth of Virginia to build a women's military school or make the all-male Virginia Military Institute (VMI) open its doors to women, as VMI was a public institution funded by the taxpayers of the commonwealth. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Seal of the U.S. Congress. ... The term public school has different (and in some cases contradictory) meanings due to regional differences. ... The term college (Latin collegium) is most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... The word discrimination comes from the Latin discriminare, which means to distinguish between. To discriminate socially is to make a distinction between people on the basis of class or category without regard to individual merit. ... See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from the very late 1980s and from 2000 and beyond. ... A men’s college is a college or university whose students are exclusively men. ... The Virginia Military Institute (VMI), located in Lexington, Virginia, is the second oldest state military college in the United States[2] (after The Citadel). ...


In response to that order, Virginia built the Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership rather than open VMI to women. It was decided to base the college at Mary Baldwin College, a private institution for women. VWIL opened its doors in the fall of 1995 with a first-year class of 42 women. VMI became co-educational in 1997. Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... Coeducation is the integrated education of men and women. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Academics

A cadet at VWIL must meet all the academic requirements of Mary Baldwin students. Their curriculum includes courses in the liberal arts, humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences. They must also fulfill the requirements of their majors. All VWIL cadets must take calculus, statistics, and laboratory sciences, as well as obtain competency in a foreign language. In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... The term natural science as the way in which different fields of study are defined is determined as much by historical convention as by the present day meaning of the words. ... The social sciences are groups of academic disciplines that study the human aspects of the world. ... An academic major is a mainly U.S. term for a university students main field of specialisation during his or her bachelors degree studies. ... Calculus is a central branch of mathematics, developed from algebra and geometry. ... A graph of a bell curve in a normal distribution showing statistics used in educational assessment, comparing various grading methods. ... Science in the broadest sense refers to any system of knowledge attained by verifiable means. ... A foreign language is a language not spoken by the indigenous people of a certain place: for example, English is a foreign language in Japan. ...


In addition to their traditional academic studies, they must take four years of ROTC classes. They choose from the United States Air Force, Navy, Army, and Marine Corps. Although the decision to seek commission is the cadet's personal choice, more than 40% do chose commission in the various branches of the military. The average GPA for admitted students is 3.5 and the average combined SAT score on the 1600 scale is 1031, higher than the average students at both Mary Baldwin and VMI. The Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) is a training program of the United States armed forces present on college campuses to recruit and educate commissioned officers. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerospace branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... The United States Navy (also known as USN or the U.S. Navy) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... This article is becoming very long. ... A grade in education can mean either a teachers evaluation of a students work or a students level of educational progress, usually one grade per year (often denoted by an ordinal number, such as the 3rd Grade or the 12th Grade). This article is about evaluation of... The SAT (pronounced S-A-T) Reasoning Test, formerly called the Scholastic Aptitude Test and Scholastic Assessment Test, is a type of standardized test frequently used by colleges and universities in the United States to aid in the selection of incoming students. ...


Campus life

The first-year cadets at the Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership are called "nULLS". The term nULLS is always spelled with a lower case "n". The term means zero and void. The reason the first-years are considered "zeros" or void is because they are still learning about the VWIL system, military life, and the ways of the cadet corps. First-year cadets must meet the challenges of class unity and prove that they can handle the multiple demands of being a cadet. They must show the upperclasswomen respect and take orders from them.


After successfully completing their first year at VWIL, they have a celebration called the "ties of passage." At the beginning of their nULL year, the VWIL women must participate in a wilderness program, which teaches military discipline, customs, and manners. The women must also take a LCP (Leadership Challenge Program) course, which meets for three hours a week. It consists of ropes courses, obstacle courses, shooting, and other team-building exercises. Military courtesy is one of the defining features of a professional military. ... Example of a high ropes course at night A Ropes course is a challenging outdoor personal development and team building activity which usually consists of high and/or low elements. ... An obstacle courses is a series of challenging physical obstacles an individual or team must navigate usually while being timed. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Teamwork. ...


Cadets live on the campus of Mary Baldwin and participate in all campus activities. They may only wear their uniforms two to three times a week and at all military formations. As cadets, they must attend drill and ceremony training and also participate in parades. The Universitätscampus Wien, Austria ( details) Campus (plural: campi) is Latin for field or open space. English gets the words camp and campus from this origin. ... Exhibition drill A drill team that is affiliated with the military will sometimes perform exhibition drill. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ...


Physical training is also a part of the cadets' daily lives. All VWIL cadets are encouraged to be committed to health and fitness. They take part in fitness workouts each week to help promote endurance and strength. The SET (Strength and Endurance Test) is a monthly test performed by each cadet. The SET is 1 and 1/2 mile run timed sit-ups and push ups.


See also

Military education and training is a process which intends to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel. ... The military of the United States, officially known as the United States Armed Forces, consist of the: United States Army United States Marine Corps United States Navy United States Air Force United States Coast Guard All the services are under the command of the President of the United States. ... In United States v. ...

References

  • Stephen Goode. "Teaching a few good women." (Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership).
  • "Insight on the News." August 14, 1995. Page 17. Expanded Academic ASAP. Preston Library. Retrieved January 28, 2006.
  • Edward McGlynn Gaffney. "Are all 'rats' equal? The Supreme Court looks at VMI." Commonweal. April 19, 1996: page 8. Expanded Academic ASAP. Preston Library. Retrieved January 28, 2006.
  • "About the VWIL Program." MaryBaldwin.edu. January 26, 2006. Mary Baldwin College. Retrieved January 28, 2006.

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