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Encyclopedia > Virginia Peninsula

The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay. Peninsula A peninsula (Latin, literally meaning almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Official languages English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner (D) Tim Kaine (D-Governor Elect) Senators John Warner (R) George Allen (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 7. ... The York River is a navigable estuary, approximately 40 mi (64 km) long, in eastern Virginia in the United States. ... The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... Hampton Roads, from state map of pre-civil war Virginia circa 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ... Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. ...


Hampton Roads is the common name for the metropolitan area that surrounds the body of water of the same name. The land portion of Hampton Roads is divided into two regions, the Virginia Peninsula or Peninsula on the north side, and South Hampton Roads on the south side. (Locally, South Hampton Roads is commonly called the Southside, which is not to be confused with Southside Virginia, which is a separate region of the south central portion of Virginia located farther inland). Hampton Roads, from state map of pre-civil war Virginia circa 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ... South Hampton Roads is a region located in the extreme southeastern portion of Virginia in the United States. ...


The Virginia Peninsula is part of the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) with a population about 1.6 million. The Hampton Roads MSA is the fourth largest metropolitan area in the southeastern United States between Washington, D.C. and Atlanta, Georgia. Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia from space, July 1996 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA is a U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as of June, 2003. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia from space, July 1996 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA is a U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as of June, 2003. ...

Contents


History

The Virginia Peninsula is rich in colonial American history. The first permanent English settlement in North America was established in 1607 at Jamestown. The first continuously occupied settlement was in Elizabeth City County what is now the City of Hampton. Fort Monroe, the country's oldest military base still in use is located at Old Point Comfort. Virginia's first capital was in Williamsburg; much of the historic district of that city has been restored. Also, the decisive battle of the American Revolution, the Battle of Yorktown in 1781, took place on the Virginia Peninsula. Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Jamestown was established in 1607, on the James River in Virginia, about 45 miles (70 kilometers) southeast of where Richmond, Virginia, is now. ... Elizabeth City County was located at the eastern tip of the Virginia Peninsula. ... Fort Monroe, Virginia (also known as Fortress Monroe) is a military installation located at Old Point Comfort on the tip of the Virginia Peninsula at the mouth of Hampton Roads on the Chesapeake Bay in eastern Virginia in the United States. ... Old Point Comfort is a point of land located in the independent city of Hampton at the extreme tip of the Virginia Peninsula at the mouth of Hampton Roads in the United States. ... Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ... The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Eire and the creation of the United States of America. ... The Battle of Yorktown (1781) was a victory by a combined American and French force led by General George Washington, Marquis de Lafayette, and the Comte de Rochambeau over a British army commanded by General Lord Charles Cornwallis. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1862 during the American Civil War, the Union Army invaded the peninsula as part of the Peninsular Campaign to capture Richmond. The Battle of Hampton Roads between the first ironclad warships took place near the mouth of the James River off the eastern tip of Warwick County. The 1862 Battle of Yorktown took place along the York River. The world's largest shipyard is located in Newport News. 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-four mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Map of the events of the campaign. ... Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States of America. ... The Battle of Hampton Roads, often called the Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac, was a naval battle of the American Civil War, famous for being the first fight between two powered iron-covered warships, or ironclads, the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor. ... Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were ships sheathed with thick iron plates for protection against gunfire. ... The Battle of Yorktown (1862) was a battle of the American Civil War that was part of the Union offensive called the Peninsular Campaign. ...


Local Government

In Colonial times, and even in the first 150 years of the United States, much like Virginia as a whole, the Virginia Peninsula was in an almost constant state of change in terms of local government, largely due to growth, as counties were divided and towns were formed as the population grew. Some towns grew to become cities. Under the state constitutional changes in 1871, extant and future cities in Virginia became independent cities of the counties they had formerly been located within. 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another local government entity. ...


However, in the second half of the 20th century, an unprecedented wave of city-county-town local government consolidations took place in South Hampton Roads and on the Virginia Peninsula. Nowhere else in Virginia have rural areas and more dense cities been combined in such a manner as these two areas. The changes resulted in the two areas having Virginia's cities with the largest land areas and the most farming, even over 30 years after the consolidations in some instances.


Current cities, counties and towns

The Virginia Peninsula subregion includes four independent cities and two counties. There are currently no incorporated towns. There were also a number of political subdivisions which are now extinct, primarily due to both growth of communities and consolidation of local government (see section below). An independent city is a city that does not form part of another local government entity. ...


Independent cities

On September 17, 1861, Mrs. ... Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia from space, July 1996 Newport News is an independent city located in Virginia. ... Poquoson is an independent city located on the Virginia Peninsula, in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ... Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ...

Counties

James City County is a county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the state of Virginia. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1634 Seat Yorktown Area  - Total  - Water 558 km² (216 mi²) 285 km² (110 mi²) 50. ...

Extinct political subdivisions

Many incorporated (formally constituted) localities became legally extinct, through mostly not abandoned by their citizens, with the notable exception of Jamestown. Exclusive of towns which became cities and still have the same name, no less than 4 shires, 2 counties, 4 towns, and 1 city no longer exist in the Virginia Peninsula area under, at least not under their earlier names. For search of genealogical, land, and other historical records, it may be necessary to find these old names.


The following is a listing of these 11 extinct shire, counties, towns, and cities, with the approximate dates they existed:

Jamestown was established in 1607, on the James River in Virginia, about 45 miles (70 kilometers) southeast of where Richmond, Virginia, is now. ... Kecoughtan in Virginia was originally named Kikotan (also spelled Kecoughtan and Kikowtan), presumably a word for the native americans living there when the English colonists arrived in the Hampton Roads area in 1607. ... Colonial Williamsburg is the historic district of the independent city of Williamsburg, Virginia. ... Elizabeth City Shire was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634. ... Warwick River Shire was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634. ... Charles River Shire was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634. ... James City Shire was formed in the British colony of Virginia in 1634. ... Elizabeth City County was located at the eastern tip of the Virginia Peninsula. ... Warwick County was originally one of the eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634. ... Phoebus was a town located in Elizabeth City County on the Virginia Peninsula in eastern Virginia. ... Warwick is an extinct independent city which was located in the State of Virginia in the United States from 1952 until 1958. ...

Major bridges, bridge tunnels, ferry system

Generally surrounded by water, the Virginia Peninsula The region is linked to other areas across the surrounding water barriers of the James and York Rivers, and the harbor of Hampton Roads by 2 bridge-tunnels, 2 large drawbridges, and a state-operated ferry system. These are: The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... York River can refer to: The York River in Virginia in the United States. ... Hampton Roads, from state map of pre-civil war Virginia circa 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ... A log bridge A bridge is a structure built to span a gorge, valley, road, railroad track, river, body of water, or any other physical obstacle. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... Drawbridge crossing fortification ditches at Fort Ticonderoga. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ...

Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel (HRBT) is the 3. ... Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... James River Bridge, near Hampton Roads in Virginia. ... The George P. Coleman Memorial Bridge crosses the York River between Gloucester County and York County at Yorktown, Virginia. ... Jamestown Ferry (also known as the Jamestown-Scotland Ferry) is an automobile ferry on the James River in Virginia, connecting Jamestown in James City County with Scotland in Surry County. ...

Interstate highways and Expressways

Interstate 64 is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. ... Interstate 664 is an interstate highway located in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia in the eastern United States. ... Hampton Roads Beltway is a loop of Interstate 64 and Interstate 664 highways which link the communities of the Virginia Peninsula and South Hampton Roads which surround the body of water known as Hampton Roads in the southeastern portion of Virginia in the United States. ...

U.S. Highways and State Highways

MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION POSTMILE {{{junction}}} Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS {{{browse}}} United States Highway 17 is a north-south United States highway. ... United States Highway 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... U.S. Highway 258 is a spur of U.S. Highway 58. ... Virginia State Highway 5 runs between the independent cities of Richmond and Williamsburg. ... Virginia State Highway 31, known as the John Rolfe Highway is located in the eastern part of the state, and connects U.S. Highway 460 in the town of Wakefield in Sussex County with Virginia State Highway 5 and Virginia States Highway 199 in Williamsburg. ... Virginia State Highway 32 is located in the eastern part of the state, and connects U.S. Highways 17, 60, and 258 in the city of Newport News with North Carolina State Highway 32 at the state line in the city of Suffolk, Virginia. ... Virginia State Highway 143 is located in the Virginia Peninsula region of Hampton Roads, Virginia. ... Virginia State Highway 199, informally known as the Williamsburg Beltway, is located in the eastern part of the US state of Virginia. ...

Scenic, low speed parkways

Colonial Parkway is a scenic 23-mile parkway linking the 3 popular attractions of Virginias Historic Triangle of colonial-era communities, Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown. ...

U.S. military installations

The Virginia Peninsula is home to several United States Military bases. The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ...


City of Hampton

Fort Monroe and Langley Air Force Base are located in Hampton. The now-decommissioned Fort Wool, located on a man made island called Rip Raps across the mouth of Hampton Roads from Fort Monroe, is also in Hampton. Fort Monroe, Virginia (also known as Fortress Monroe) is a military installation located at Old Point Comfort on the tip of the Virginia Peninsula at the mouth of Hampton Roads on the Chesapeake Bay in eastern Virginia in the United States. ... Langley Air Force Base in Hampton, Virginia is home of Air Combat Command. ... Fort Wool (originally named Fort Calhoun) was the companion to Fort Monroe in protecting Hampton Roads. ... Rip Raps is a small 15 acre (60,000 m²) artificial island at the mouth of Hampton Roads in the independent city of Hampton, Virginia. ...


City of Newport News

Fort Eustis, home of the U.S. Army Transportation Corps is in Newport News. A major military contractor, Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, is also in Newport News. Fort Eustis is a military base facility of the United States military located in Newport News, Virginia. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The newly constructed USS Birmingham is launched from the Newport News yards in 1942 Northrop Grumman Newport News, formerly called Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company (NNS), is the largest privately owned shipyard in the United States and the only one that can build Nimitz-class supercarriers. ...


York County

York County is home to the U.S. Navy's Yorktown Naval Weapons Station and a supply depot at nearby Cheatham Annex. Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is a United States Navy base in Virginia. ...


See also


This article reads like an advertisement. ... View of Duke of Gloucester Street Colonial Williamsburg is the historic district of the independent city of Williamsburg, Virginia. ... Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and her consort Prince Phillip inspect replica of Susan Constant at Jamestown Festival Park in Virginia on October 16, 1957 Jamestown Festival Park was established at Jamestown, Virginia in 1957 to mark the 350th anniversary of the founding of the Jamestown Settlement. ... The Battle of Hampton Roads, often called the Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac, was a naval battle of the American Civil War, famous for being the first fight between two powered iron-covered warships, or ironclads, the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor. ... The Jamestown Exposition was one of the many worlds fairs and expositions that were popular in the United States early part of the 20th century. ... The Mariners Museum is located in Newport News, Virginia. ... The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century. ...

Regions of Virginia Flag of Virginia
Baltimore-Washington Metro Area | Eastern Shore | Hampton Roads | Middle Peninsula | Northern Neck | Northern Virginia | Piedmont | Ridge-and-valley Appalachians | Richmond-Petersburg | Shenandoah Valley | Southside Virginia | Tidewater | Virginia Peninsula
Counties
Accomack | Albemarle | Alleghany | Amelia | Amherst | Appomattox | Arlington | Augusta | Bath | Bedford | Bland | Botetourt | Brunswick | Buchanan | Buckingham | Campbell | Caroline | Carroll | Charles City | Charlotte | Chesterfield | Clarke | Craig | Culpeper | Cumberland | Dickenson | Dinwiddie | Essex | Fairfax | Fauquier | Floyd | Fluvanna | Franklin | Frederick | Giles | Gloucester | Goochland | Grayson | Greene | Greensville | Halifax | Hanover | Henrico | Henry | Highland | Isle of Wight | James City | King and Queen | King George | King William | Lancaster | Lee | Loudoun | Louisa | Lunenburg | Madison | Mathews | Mecklenburg | Middlesex | Montgomery | Nelson | New Kent | Northampton | Northumberland | Nottoway | Orange | Page | Patrick | Pittsylvania | Powhatan | Prince Edward | Prince George | Prince William | Pulaski | Rappahannock | Richmond | Roanoke | Rockbridge | Rockingham | Russell | Scott | Shenandoah | Smyth | Southampton | Spotsylvania | Stafford | Surry | Sussex | Tazewell | Warren | Washington | Westmoreland | Wise | Wythe | York
Independent Cities
Alexandria | Bedford | Bristol | Buena Vista | Charlottesville | Chesapeake | Colonial Heights | Covington | Danville | Emporia | Fairfax | Falls Church | Franklin | Fredericksburg | Galax | Hampton | Harrisonburg | Hopewell | Lexington | Lynchburg | Manassas | Manassas Park | Martinsville | Newport News | Norfolk | Norton | Petersburg | Poquoson | Portsmouth | Radford | Richmond | Roanoke | Salem | Staunton | Suffolk | Virginia Beach | Waynesboro | Williamsburg | Winchester

  Results from FactBites:
 
Virginia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2788 words)
Virginia was given its nickname, "The Old Dominion", by King Charles II of England at the time of the Restoration, because it had remained loyal to the crown during the English Civil War.
Virginia is one of the states that seceded from the Union to become the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Virginia is bordered by West Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia (across the Potomac River) to the north, by Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, by North Carolina and Tennessee to the south, and by Kentucky and West Virginia to the west.
Virginia Peninsula - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (815 words)
The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay.
Virginia's first capital was in Williamsburg; much of the historic district of that city has been restored.
Generally surrounded by water, the Virginia Peninsula The region is linked to other areas across the surrounding water barriers of the James and York Rivers, and the harbor of Hampton Roads by 2 bridge-tunnels, 2 large drawbridges, and a state-operated ferry system.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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