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Encyclopedia > Virgin Media
Virgin Media Incorporated
Type Public: (NASDAQVMED)
Founded NTL: 1992; Telewest: 1984
Headquarters Corporate: New York City, United States
Operational: Hook, England, UK
Key people James Mooney, Chairman
Neil Berkett, Acting Chief Executive and COO
Jacques Kerrest, Chief Financial Officer
Richard Branson, Figurehead
Industry Cable Communications
Products Cable television
Broadband
Telephone
Mobile phone
Revenue $8.6 billion (2007)
Employees 22,500 (2005)
Slogan Watch it, surf it, talk it, walk it
Website www.virginmedia.com

Virgin Media Inc. (formerly known as NTL:Telewest, comprising a merger of NTL Incorporated with Telewest Global, Inc.), a company based mainly in the United Kingdom, became in 2006 the first "quadruple-play" media-company in the UK, bringing together a so-called "quad play" service consisting of television, Internet, mobile phone and fixed-line telephone services. It is the only major cable company in the United Kingdom, and competes in the UK digital television market with one other major pay-TV operator, satellite based BSkyB, and with Freeview, which is a free-to-air terrestrial service. While the company has its headquarters in New York City, its activities focus heavily on the United Kingdom, with operational headquarters in Hook, North Hampshire. On July 1, 2007 it emerged that the private equity investment firm The Carlyle Group had initiated discussions to acquire Virgin Media Inc.[1][2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Hook is a large village in northern Hampshire, in the South East England region of the UK. It is situated some 10 km (6 miles) east of Basingstoke, 58 km (36 miles) northeast of Southampton and 68 km (42 miles) southwest of London on the A30 national route, just north... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... “Chief executive” redirects here. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ... “CFO” redirects here. ... Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950 ) in Shamley Green, Surrey, England), is a British entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand of over 360 companies. ... In politics, a figurehead, by metaphor with the carved figurehead at the prow of a sailing ship, is a person who holds an important title or office yet executes little actual power. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term that refers to a signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies, which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about work. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... In telecommunications, a quadruple play service is a marketing term combining the triple play service of high-speed Internet, television and telephone with wireless (mobile) service provisions. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly two companies, Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, which merged) is a company that operates the most popular subscription television service in the Ireland. ... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Hook is a large village in northern Hampshire, in the South East England region of the UK. It is situated some 10 km (6 miles) east of Basingstoke, 58 km (36 miles) northeast of Southampton and 68 km (42 miles) southwest of London on the A30 national route, just north... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Private equity is a broad term that refers to any type of equity investment in an asset in which the equity is not freely tradable on a public stock market. ... The Carlyle Group is a Washington, D.C. based global private equity investment firm with more than $71. ...

Contents

History

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Telewest (1984-2006)

Main article: Telewest (former)

Telewest originated in Croydon in 1984 under the name "Croydon Cable". In 1988 United Cable of Denver, US, acquired Croydon Cable. Franchises extended the company scope in Edinburgh and the south west and south-east of England. In 1989 United Cable merged with United Artists Cable International. In 1991 United Artists merged with their largest shareholder TCI (now Liberty Media), to form the largest cable-operator in the US. TCI and US West announced a joint venture, and in 1992 the joint venture company became Telewest Communications. In 1995 Telewest merged with SBC Communications, adding franchises in the Midlands and North West serving 1.3 million homes. Telewest is a disused trading name of Virgin Media Telewest, formerly Telewest Broadband and Telewest Communications was a cable Internet, broadband internet, telephone supplier and cable television provider in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Croydon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Tele-Communications Inc. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Liberty Media Corporation is an American media conglomerate. ... U S West, Inc. ...


In 1998 Telewest announced a merger with General Cable, and acquired an outstanding interest in Birmingham Cable, adding a further 1.7 million franchise homes in Yorkshire, west London and Birmingham. Telewest purchased the remaining 50% stake in Cable London from NTL in 1999, adding 0.4 million franchise homes in north London. In April 2000 Telewest merged with Flextech, and in November extended its cable network with the acquisition of Eurobell, taking the total number of homes passed to 4.9 million. The company later became known as "Telewest Broadband" in a re-brand during 2001.[3] Flextech is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Telewest and acts as its television programme production arm. ... Eurobell was a cable telephony company operating in south-east and south-west England from the late 1980s until 2000, when it was bought out by Telewest for a total consideration of £250 million. ...


In subsequent years Telewest experienced many financial problems due to the huge debts it incurred as a result of constructing its cable-network and of acquiring other cable-companies and assets. In 2004 Telewest re-structured itself by swapping its unsecured debt for 98.5% of its shares. The London FTSE then de-listed the consolidated shares. Major Telewest shareholders included Huff and Liberty Media (run by cable tycoon John Malone). Afterwards the company emerged from financial restructuring and completed a merger with NTL in 2006. Unsecured debt is a financial term that refers to any type of debt that is not collateralized by any specified assets in the event of default. ... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ... Huff can refer to: Huff (TV series), a Showtime television program. ... The Liberty Media Corporation is an American media conglomerate. ... John C. Malone is the current chairman of Liberty Media. ...


Telewest also provided the broadband service 'Blueyonder', using the same cable-system as its television-service.


NTL (1993-2006)

The NTL logo

Barclay Knapp and George Blumenthal, the founders of the cellular network company Cellular Communications, Inc. (sold to Airtouch in 1996), established International CableTel in 1993. They founded CableTel in order to take advantage of the deregulation of the UK cable market. Initially, Cabletel acquired local cable-franchises covering Guildford, Northern Ireland and parts of Central Scotland and South Wales. In 1996 CableTel acquired National Transcommunications Limited (NTL), the privatised UK Independent Broadcasting Authority transmission-network. In 1998 CableTel adopted "NTL" as its new name. NTL logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... NTL logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... George Blumenthal is an American professor and astronomer and the Acting Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Cruz. ... AirTouch Communications was a U.S.-based wireless service provider that was created when PacTel Cellular was spun off from Pacific Telesis on April 1, 1994, forming both AirTouch Cellular and AirTouch Paging. ... Deregulation is the process by which governments remove, reduce, or simplify restrictions on business and individuals in order to (in theory) encourage the efficient operation of markets. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Map of Scotland showing the location of the former Central region Regional Council Central (Roinn Meadhanach in Gaelic) was a local government region of Scotland from 1974 to 1995. ... Approximate extent of South East Wales. ... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or — especially in India — disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership. ... The Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was the regulatory body in the United Kingdom for commercial television (ITV and Channel 4 - cable and satellite television were the responsibility of the Cable Authority) and radio broadcasts. ...


The company spent heavily on expanding its network and on acquisitions — including the consumer cable division of Cable and Wireless, bought for $10bn, and partly paid for with a $5.5bn investment from France Telecom. NTL also began to expand outside the UK in 2000, buying into markets on continental Europe and in Ireland. Cable and Wireless is a British telecommunications company. ... France Télécom is the main telecommunication company in France. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


A collapse of the telecommunications markets from mid-2000 dealt a serious blow to the company. This, combined with NTL's rapid acquisition of local cable-operators, led to severe problems of integration. NTL, struggling to cope with rapid expansion and suffering from significant customer-service problems, then had to contend with the setting up in November 2002 of one of the UK's first consumer lobby-groups, nthellworld, with ntl:hell following shortly after. Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lobbying is the practice of private advocacy with the goal of influencing a governing body, in order to ensure that an individuals or organizations point of view is represented in the government. ... nthellworld was one of the first mainstream independent consumer lobby groups in the United Kingdom, whose main focal point was British ISP and Cable Television company ntl Group. ... NTL:Hell is an independent consumer lobby group designed by customers of NTL to discuss issues and create a community where people can submit their own views of the company, and how to make products or services better. ...


Devalued and struggling with debts of around $18bn, NTL had to seek Chapter-11 bankruptcy-protection in May 2002 in order to organise a refinancing deal. The company did not emerge from protection until January 2003, having converted around $11 billion of debt into shares. Technically, this amounted to the largest debt default in US corporate history. The company reduced its debt to $6.4bn. A re-organisation split NTL itself into NTL Inc. (covering the UK and Irish markets) and NTL Europe Inc. (for the French, Swiss and German parts of the corporation). New executives replaced the NTL president, CEO and co-founder Barclay Knapp, as well as Stephen Carter, the MD and COO. Devaluation is reduction in the value of a currency. ... Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... In finance, default occurs when a debtor has not met its legal obligations according to the debt contract, e. ... Managing director is the term used for the chief executive of many limited companies in the United Kingdom, Commonwealth and some other English speaking countries. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ...


After exiting from Chapter-11 protection, NTL produced an operating profit. In 2004 it announced plans to split its broadcasting division off from the main company. In December 2004 NTL sold its broadcast-unit to a consortium led by Macquarie Communications Infrastructure Group (MCG) for £1.27 billion. (Macquarie renamed the division Arqiva in May 2005.) This sale allowed NTL to focus on its "core businesses" of providing communications packages and cable-services. Macquarie Bank Limited is an Australian merchant bank and financial services group, providing a broad range of products and services to investors, corporations and government. ... Arqiva Logo Arqiva is one of the two main transmitter and broadcast companies in the United Kingdom. ...


In autumn 2004 NTL purchased the remaining shares of the Internet service provider (ISP) virgin.net, originally a joint venture between NTL and Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Group.[4] “ISP” redirects here. ... Virgin. ... Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950 ) in Shamley Green, Surrey, England), is a British entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand of over 360 companies. ... Virgin Group Ltd is a group of separately run companies that each use the Virgin brand of British celebrity business tycoon Sir Richard Branson. ...


By 2005 NTL's UK network consisted of a 7,800 km fibre backbone with the potential to reach 8.4 million residential homes and around 610,000 businesses. In January of that year, NTL started rolling out Video On Demand. With content selected by NTL, this service covered genres including music videos, children's programming and adult entertainment. This provided an extension to the basic "pay per view" services the company offered for film and sport content. The new service allowed customers to rewind, fast-forward and pause content. Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length. ... A backbone network is the part of a hierarchical network that occupies the top level of that hierarchy: it connects to nothing but itself, or nodes at lower levels in the hierarchy. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... Adult entertainment is entertainment restricted from people under a specified age in by a community, religious group, or government. ...


Despite NTL Ireland turning a profit, in May 2005, NTL sold its Dublin, Galway and Waterford cable-business — which it had acquired in 1999 for €825 million from the Irish government-owned entities Telecom Éireann (60% of shares) and RTE (40% of shares) — to UGC Europe for €325 million; this after having spent in excess of €100 million on network infrastructure. Thus NTL made a gross loss of €500 million (more than 50%) over what it had paid. As of May 2007 Liberty continues to use the NTL brand in Ireland, under license. NTL Communications (Ireland) Limited is a cable television and MMDS company in the Republic of Ireland. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ... The corporate logo. ... Radio Telefís Éireann[1] (RTÉ; IPA: ,  ) is the Public Service Broadcaster of the Republic of Ireland. ...


By July 2005, NTL had cut its debt to £1.445 billion, with an operating cashflow of £178 million. The company had 3.2 million customers buying at least one service from it, with the 1.4 million subscribers to broadband services making NTL the market leader in this field. A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... The term Market leader means the company that has the largest share of sales in a particular market. ...


NTL Internet

After trials in the Guildford area from summer 1999, NTL launched its original broadband services at the same time that NTL acquired the Cable business of Cable and Wireless (spring 2000). In the "original NTL" (also known as "Langley") areas, NTL has always supplied broadband services via DOCSIS cable-modems. In these areas the digital television set-top boxes (STBs) used an incompatible standard, DAVIC. Cable and Wireless (LSE: CW.) is a British telecommunications company. ... Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications (DOCSIS) is an international standard developed by CableLabs and contributing companies that include: ARRIS, BigBand Networks, Broadcom, Cisco, Conexant, Correlant, Intel, Motorola, Netgear, Terayon, and Texas Instruments. ... A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) is a device that connects to a television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into content which is then displayed on the television screen. ... DAVIC, Digital Audio Video Council, was founded in 1994 with the aim of promoting the success of interactive digital audio-visual applications and services by promulgating specifications of open interfaces and protocols that maximise interoperability, not only across geographical boundaries but also across diverse applications, services and industries. ...


The roll-out of broadband services in the ex-Cable and Wireless franchises started in mid-2001. Initially, NTL provided ex-Cable and Wireless subscribers with broadband through the set-top box also used for digital television services, adopting the rationale that subscribers could self-install. Accordingly, NTL supplied a "Self Install Kit" consisting of connecting cable, adapters and an install-CD. Following demonstrated problems, NTL gradually introduced cable-modems and phased out the self-install approach to set-top box broadband . Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analog signals used by analog (traditional) TV. DTV uses digital modulation data, which is digitally compressed and requires decoding by a specially designed television set, or a...


Although the set-top boxes had the capability of supporting of higher speeds (up to 4 Mbit/s), NTL did not make speeds higher than 1 Mbit/s available via set-top boxes, due to degradation of the digital television (DTV) service.


NTL eventually replaced the Pace set-top boxes with Samsung models which used a dual-processor architecture, overcoming the shortcomings of the Pace, and which could give much better downstream performance. The Samsung set-top box had its own limitations, with initially only a 10 Mbit/s single duplex connection on the customer side of the device. However, with the advent of higher "Tiers of Service" of 10, then 20 Mbit/s downstream, plus the reducing cost of NTL's cable modems,[5] NTL came to supply all subscribers with cable modems. Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ...


A historical view of NTL cable modems appears at the Chetnet site.[6]


ntl:freedom

ntl:freedom is a ADSL alternative to customers who do now live in a cabled area. Since becoming Virgin media, ntl:freedom has become Virgin Media Freedom.


Virgin.net

The Virgin.net logo

Virgin.net operated as an Internet service provider (ISP) in the UK from November 1996 onwards. Once a joint venture between NTL and the Virgin Group, the ISP became wholly owned by NTL in 2004.[4] It sold a range of ADSL broadband packages through BT landlines to those living outside areas served by NTL's cable-television network. Virgin.net broadband customers could receive up to 8 Mbit/s downstream and 400 kbit/s upstream, with usage-allowances depending on which package the user took. Virgin.net also offered bundled phone-services via Carrier Preselect (CPS) to broadband subscribers. The service offered various usage-allowances depending on which package a user took. Virgin.net also offered subscription-based and subscription-free dial-up Internet access. Prior to acquiring Virgin.net, NTL offered a similar package called NTL Freedom. Image File history File links Virgin. ... Image File history File links Virgin. ... “ISP” redirects here. ... A joint venture (often abbreviated JV) is an entity formed between two or more parties to undertake economic activity together. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Virgin Media, Telewest and Virgin. ... Virgin Group Ltd is a group of separately run companies that each use the Virgin brand of British celebrity business tycoon Sir Richard Branson. ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... A landline or main line is a telephone line which travels through a solid medium, either metal wire or optical fibre. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... In telecommunication, the term dial-up has the following meanings: Dial-up access, typically to the Internet A service feature in which a user initiates service on a previously arranged trunk or transfers, without human intervention, from an active trunk to a standby trunk. ...


On February 8 2007, the services provided by Virgin.net became integrated into the new Virgin Media brand. is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


NTL:Telewest (March 2006 - February 2007)

From late 2003 discussions commenced on a merger between Telewest and NTL. Thanks to their geographically distinct areas, NTL and Telewest had co-operated previously, as in re-directing potential customers living outside their respective areas. On October 3, 2005, NTL announced a USD$6 billion purchase of Telewest, forming one of the largest media companies in the UK. The merger agreement as structured would have left NTL having to negotiate with BBC Worldwide (the BBC's commercial arm) due to a change-of-ownership clause written into the agreement for UKTV, a joint venture with Telewest's Flextech content division. To prevent this, Telewest instead acquired NTL. is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... USD redirects here. ... BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly-owned commercial subsidiary of the British Broadcasting Corporation, formed out of a restructuring of its predecessor BBC Enterprises in 1995. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... This article is about the UKTV network of channels in the UK and Ireland. ... Flextech is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Telewest and acts as its television programme production arm. ...


The parties completed the merger on March 3, 2006, making the merged company the UK's largest cable-provider, with more than 90% of the market. Once merged, the combined company renamed itself to NTL Incorporated, with ex-NTL shareholders controlling 75% of the stock and ex-Telewest shareholders 25%. Nine of the eleven directors of the new board came from NTL and two from Telewest. is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The merger of Virgin Mobile and NTL:Telewest

In December 2005 NTL:Telewest and Virgin Mobile announced that talks had taken place regarding a merger. (Note that Virgin Mobile, as an MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator), does not own or operate a mobile phone network: it simply reached a commercial agreement with the T-Mobile GSM 1800 network to resell airtime branded as "Virgin Mobile". The combination proved so successful that T-Mobile quickly added Virgin Mobile's subscriber connections to its own in order to boost network numbers.) Virgin Mobile Ltd is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, South Africa, the United States and France. ... T-Mobile logo T-Mobile is a multinational mobile phone operator. ...


Virgin Mobile's independent directors rejected the original bid of £817 million ($1.4 billion), taking the view that NTL Incorporated's bid "undervalued the business". Sir Richard Branson reportedly expressed confidence that a re-structured deal could go ahead, and in January 2006 NTL Incorporated increased its offer to £961 m (372p per share). On 4 April 2006, NTL Incorporated announced a £962.4 m recommended offer for Virgin Mobile. According to reports, Branson accepted a mix of shares and cash, making him a 10.7% shareholder of the combined company. Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950 ) in Shamley Green, Surrey, England), is a British entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand of over 360 companies. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The takeover completed on 4 July 2006, setting up the UK's first 'quadruple play' media company, bringing together television, Internet broadband, mobile phone and fixed-line phone services. The deal included a 30-year exclusive branding agreement that saw NTL adopt the "Virgin" name after it completed its merger with Telewest. As a result, on November 8, 2006 NTL:Telewest announced it would change its name to "Virgin Media Inc". is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In telecommunications, a quadruple play service is a marketing term combining the triple play service of high-speed Internet, television and telephone with wireless (mobile) service provisions. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rumoured private equity bid (2006)

On August 16, 2006, The Times reported that the ntl Incorporated group could become the subject of a £10bn takeover bid from a private-equity firm consortium made up of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, Bain, Cinven, Blackstone and Providence Private Equity, with a formal approach expected within a fortnight. The £10bn figure would include £6bn worth of debt already on the NTL balance-sheet. Additional new banking facilities would probably fund the private-equity bid. No such bid materialised whatsoever. is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... Private equity is a broad term that refers to any type of equity investment in an asset in which the equity is not freely tradable on a public stock market. ... A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organisations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal. ... Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co (commonly referred to as KKR) is a New York City-based private equity firm that focuses primarily on late stage leveraged buyouts. ... Bain Capital LLC is a Boston, Massachusetts-based private equity firm founded in 1984 by Mitt Romney, the late Governor of Massachusetts, and two other partners from the consulting firm Bain & Company: T. Coleman Andrews III and Eric Kriss. ... Cinven is a European private equity firm founded in 1977 with offices in London, Paris, Frankfurt and Milan. ... Blackstone Group L.P. (NYSE: BX) is a prominent private equity and investment management firm founded in 1985 by Peter G. Peterson and Stephen A. Schwarzman. ...


ITV merger proposal (2006)

On Thursday, November 9, 2006, NTL announced that it had approached commercial television broadcaster ITV about a proposed merger,[7] after a similar announcement by ITV.[8] BSkyB effectively blocked the merger on 2006-11-17 when it controversially bought a 17.9% stake in ITV plc,[9] a move that attracted anger from NTL shareholder Richard Branson,[10] and an investigation from media and telecoms regulator Ofcom.[11] On 2006-12-06 NTL announced that it had complained to the Office of Fair Trading about BSkyB's move, and that it would withdraw its attempt to buy ITV plc, stating that it did not believe that it could currently make a deal on favourable terms.[12] is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB — formerly two companies, Sky Television and BSB) is a company that operates Sky Digital, a subscription television service in the UK and the Republic of Ireland. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950 ) in Shamley Green, Surrey, England), is a British entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand of over 360 companies. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Office of Fair Trading or OFT is a UK statutory body established by the Fair Trading Act 1973, which enforces both consumer protection and competition law, acting as the UKs economic regulator. ...


The Virgin Media era

Sky's letter counteracting Virgin Media's removal of non-premium Sky channels.

NTL Group's services — previously marketed under the NTL, Telewest and Virgin.net brands — merged with Virgin Mobile under the "Virgin Media" brand on February 8, 2007, referred to by Virgin as V Day.[13] Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 481 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2098 × 2613 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 481 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2098 × 2613 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Virgin Media vs. BSkyB

A channel agreement for Virgin Media to keep non-premium Sky channels ended at midnight on 1 March 2007. Virgin Media and Sky failed to reach agreement on the issue, and Sky reacted by posting a letter to the public in major UK newspapers on 28 February 2007. British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB — formerly two companies, Sky Television and BSB) is a company that operates Sky Digital, a subscription television service in the UK and the Republic of Ireland. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Despite Sky's letter, Virgin Media blamed Sky for tyrannizing them and forcing consumers to switch. The companies failed to resolve their differences, and subsequently after midnight on 1 March 2007, Virgin Media replaced the Sky One, Sky Two, Sky Travel, Sky Travel Extra, Sky Sports News and Sky News channel content with a standard message. Sky attributed part of the rate-rise to the fact that the new deal would also include Sky Three, Sky Arts and undisclosed high definition and video on demand content. Sky said the deal would cost only 3p per customer per day (roughly £35,000,000 per year), but Virgin said that a minimum payment-guarantee included in the contract meant that the actual amount due would exceed twice the current payment.[14] is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Sky Two (launched and branded as Sky One Mix until September 21, 2004, and subsequently known as Sky Mix until October 31, 2005) is a United Kingdom satellite television channel run by British Sky Broadcasting. ... Sky Travel is a channel from BSkyB that shows extensive programmes about travel, adverts for travel agencies, and documentries. ... Sky Travel is a channel from BSkyB that shows extensive programmes about travel, adverts for travel agencies, and documentries. ... Sky Sports News (SSN) is a 24-hour sports news channel in the United Kingdom. ... Sky News is a 24-hour British domestic and international television news channel that started broadcasting on 16 February 1989 as part of the then four-channel Sky Television service, as well as a hourly news radio service in the UK. Broadcast of a 24-hour radio service is due... Sky Three is a television station from BSkyB broadcasting to the the UK, designed to accompany their existing Sky One and Sky Two subscription channels. ... Sky Arts was an opt-out service from the Sky News television channel on the Marcopolo satellite. ... High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ...


Virgin Central, an on-demand service, has recently gained the rights to begin showing episodes of the television show Lost (already shown on Sky One), and other shows including Alias and The OC. This service extends the on-demand service previously known as Teleport TV. Teleport TV remains available, offering recently-broadcast shows and other shows and series. Virgin Media Television is set to launch Virgin Central, a TV channel which is based on video- on- demand, on Virgin Media, from 20 February 2007. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “LOST” redirects here. ... Alias is an American Spy-fi television series created by J. J. Abrams which was broadcast on ABC from September 30, 2001 to May 22, 2006, spanning five seasons. ... The O.C. ( stands for Orange County) is an American television drama/soap opera program broadcast on the Fox Network. ...


On 2 March 2007 The National Consumer Council accused Sky and Virgin of "behaving like children" and stated that at the end of March 2007 it would consider whether or not to raise a super-complaint against them "that will help to knock heads together".[15] is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


On 5 March 2007 Virgin Media threatened to take legal action against BSkyB if the matter remained unresolved in 30 days.[16] This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


On 12 April 2007 Virgin Media filed a legal case in the High Court against BSkyB under the UK Competition Act 1998 and Article 82 of the EC Treaty. BSkyB claimed that Virgin Media made little effort to further arbitration.[17] is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Her Majestys High Court of Justice (usually known more simply as the High Court) is, together with the Crown Court and the Court of Appeal, part of the Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales (which under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, is to be known as the... The Competition Act 1998 banned public schools from fee-fixing in the United Kingdom, which they had previously been allowed to do. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ...


On 20 July 2007, an announcement appeared to the effect that Virgin had struck a deal with Setanta Sports to offer six Setanta channels free-of-charge to XL- package customers, including 46 live Premier League football matches, 60 live Scottish Premier League games and US PGA Tour golf.[18] is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Setanta Sports (pronunciation: ) is an international sports broadcaster, operating 12 channels in 24 countries. ... For other sports leagues which may be referred to by this name, see List of professional sports leagues. ... The Clydesdale Bank Scottish Premier League commonly known as the Scottish Premier League, Premier League or SPL is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top level of the Scottish football league system - above the Scottish Football League. ... The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ...


Market-share

Broadband

Virgin Broadband currently ranks as the UK's second-largest broadband-supplier. Figures show Virgin to have a 28.1% market-share across the UK compared to its major competitor, BT, which had a 38% market-share as of 27 July 2007.[19] 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Television

Virgin Television has currently around 3.39 million subscribers.[20] 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Services

Virgin Broadband

The broadband division combines NTL's cable-broadband operations (broadband Internet access connections through cable), Blueyonder (Telewest's cable-broadband operations) and Virgin.net (ADSL; broadband internet access through a non-cable telephone line). The cable service operates through both stand-alone cable modems and television set-top boxes. A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ... An outdated model of the Motorola Surfboard cable modem A cable modem is a type of modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the cable television infrastructure. ... A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) is a device that connects to a television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into content which is then displayed on the television screen. ...


Current download speeds offered to cable-users include 2 Mbit/s, 4 Mbit/s and 20 Mbit/s, having upload speeds of 256 kbit/s, 384 kbit/s, and 768 kbit/s respectively.[21] Non-cable (ADSL) users have options of up-to 1 Mbit/s and up-to 8 Mbit/s.[22] As with all ADSL services, actual speed available varies depending on distance from the telephone exchange. A megabit per second (mbps or mbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000 bits per second. ...


Virgin Media also offers dial-up Internet services. Virgin Phone subscribers have two options; pay-as-you-go at 3p/minute,[23] or a fixed monthly fee of £14.99 for unlimited usage.[24] Subscribers with a BT telephone line have only the option of pay-as-you-go, costing from 1p/minute.[22] In telecommunication, the term dial-up has the following meanings: Dial-up access, typically to the Internet A service feature in which a user initiates service on a previously arranged trunk or transfers, without human intervention, from an active trunk to a standby trunk. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ...


Bandwidth throttling

The cable broadband services do not have a specific bandwidth-cap, however on 3 May 2007 Virgin introduced "Traffic Shape Management". In particular, between the hours of 4pm and midnight the service maybe throttled down for customers "who are downloading an unusually large amount at these times" (in line with one's package, 350 Mb for the 2Mb package, 750 Mb for the 4Mb package and 3 Gb for the 10/20Mb package) one's connection will decrease in speed. According to VirginMedia, this schema aims to regulate bandwidth-usage, and to make sure all customers get a fair share of the service provided.[25] The actual speed decrease depends on the package subscribed to, and ranges from 50% to 75%.[25] is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...



VirginMedia broadband, based on DOCSIS, runs over co-axial cable TV connections. Unlike ADSL connections, DOCSIS-based cable broadband remains largely unaffected by line attenuation, and provides long lease-time dynamic (not static) IP addresses to subscribers (based on the MAC address of the client-device).


In its fourth quarter results in 2006, Virgin Media announced plans to launch a 50 Mbit/s service in the summer of 2008.


Virgin Media reportedly started conducting trials of a 100 Mbit/s broadband service on its cable network in April 2006.[26][27]


Proxy servers

Virgin Media previously redirected web-browser traffic on port 80 through transparent proxy servers with a view to saving on bandwidth costs and improving browsing performance. This did not apply to any other form of traffic. Up to 15 proxy-server addresses hosted each area[28] The use of proxy servers (generally, not specific to Virgin Media) also caused problems for websites which use less sophisticated methods to identify IP addresses to ban and/or track users. Users of Mac OS X had also experienced incompatibilities when using some sites (including myspace.com). 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application program) which services the requests of its clients by forwarding requests to other servers. ... Mac OS X (IPA: ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ...


Virgin Media removed the use of all transparent proxy servers in Spring 2007.[29]


Virgin Television

Virgin Television, the digital cable television service from Virgin Media, currently ranks as the UK's second largest pay TV service, having 3.3m subscribers,[30] compared to BSkyB's 8.4m[31] as of Q4 2006. This is a list of the current channels available on the Virgin Media television service. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly two companies, Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, which merged) is a company that operates the most popular subscription television service in the Ireland. ...


Virgin's digital cable television uses Nagravision 1 for encryption. Nagravision is a company of the Kudelski Group that develops conditional access systems for cable and satellite television. ...


Currently 55% of UK households have access to Virgin's network,[32] while anyone in the UK with a line-of-site view of the satellite has the ability to receive Sky's service. In areas it services, Virgin Television ranks as the number one provider of pay TV. Virgin plans to expand availability in the rest of the UK using DSL technology. It plans to do this both by signing a contract with another telecoms company and by installing its own equipment in BT exchanges.[32] 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... DSL redirects here. ...


As of 2007 Virgin Media functions as a single company, however it continues to rely on three existing infrastructures: the Langley-based NTL, Bromley-based Cable and Wireless and Knowsley-based Telewest platforms. Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Langley (also known as Langley Marish) is a village in the unitary authority of Slough in the county of Berkshire in the south of England. ... Bromley is the principal town in the London Borough of Bromley, England. ... Knowsley is a civil parish and village in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. ...


Non-digital areas

In a few areas Virgin Media has still not upgraded its network to offer digital television and broadband. In these areas Virgin Media only offers customers analogue cable-television. Parts of Westminster, Milton Keynes, Southampton and Slough remain analogue-only. No plans currently exist to upgrade these areas, however Virgin TV FAQs mention a feasibly study to see how long and how much it will cost to upgrade these areas. Where digital services remain unavailable, Virgin Media has not reduced the analogue TV service. Virgin Media has not turned off analogue TV in any area, and it remains unclear when it plans to do so. 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


PVR and high-definition services

Main article: V+

Virgin Television brands its High-definition Television (HDTV) and Digital Video Recorder (PVR) service as V+. Virgin Media (when branded as Telewest) became the first UK broadcaster to offer HDTV, launching its service several months earlier than that of its chief competitor, Sky Digital. The service uses a PVR set-top-box, with three tuners and a 160-GB hard disk for up to 80 hours recording. The presence of three tuners means that V+ can record two channels at the same time while viewers watch a third. This contrasts with most other PVR systems such as Sky+, which supports only two tuners. Old TVDrive Logo V+ (previously known as TV Drive) is a product from Virgin Media which provides Personal Video Recording (PVR) and High Definition (HD) functionality to customers who subscribe to the service. ... High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ... PVR may refer to: Personal Video Recorder, also known as Digital Video Recorder. ... Old TVDrive Logo V+ (previously known as TV Drive) is a product from Virgin Media which provides Personal Video Recording (PVR) and High Definition (HD) functionality to customers who subscribe to the service. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly two companies, Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, which merged) is a company that operates the most popular subscription television service in the Ireland. ... A digital video recorder (DVR) is a device that records video to a digital storage medium in digital form. ... This article is about the unit of measurement. ... Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Video on demand

Virgin Media ranks as the UK's largest provider of on-demand content, with over 3 million Video on Demand (VoD) customers. Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ...


The company currently brands its VOD service as "On Demand". In contrast to the proposed system from Sky Digital, Virgin Media offers a "true" VOD system. The service allows customers to stream programmes as and when they want to watch them from servers at the customer's local head-end. As the broadcaster automatically stores content on Virgin Media servers, this removes the need to pre-record many programmes. Users can search through a large library of programmes (called "TV Choice") from content-providers including the BBC, France 24, Channel 4, HBO, Cartoon Network, Disney Channel, Warner Brothers and Virgin Media Television; and watch them when they want to. Subscribers to Virgin Media's premier television package, Size: XL, have the content included in their subscription, while other customers can pay £5 per month for unlimited access, or can utilise pay-per-view. In addition, Virgin Media offers a "Catch-up" service, which includes a free 7-day "watch-again" feature for selected television programmes broadcast by the BBC, Channel 4 and selected Virgin Media Television channels. The service also offers over 500 films (service-branded "FilmFlex"), and more than 1000 music-videos. As of July 2007 the music videos became free for all XL customers: see http://diginews.name/digital/virgin-media-free-music-on-demand/ 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For a wider corporate history and profile, see British Sky Broadcasting. ... Cable television headend is a master facility for receiving television signals for processing and distribution over a cable television system. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British television station. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... For Disney Channel in other countries, see Disney Channel around the world. ... Warner Bros. ... Virgin Media Television (formerly known as Flextech) is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Virgin Media (previously known as NTL and Telewest) and acts as its television programme production arm. ... The FilmFlex Logo FilmFlex, previously Front Row Digital is a British pay-per-view system broadcasting on cable television. ...


Virgin Media Television (formerly Flextech)

Virgin Media Television, the content subsidiary of Virgin Media (formerly called Flextech), has a number of wholly-owned channels (including Bravo, LIVING, Trouble and Challenge). Additionally, Virgin Media Television has a 50% share in UKTV (with BBC Worldwide), and owns Sit-Up Ltd, which operates the Screenshop, bid tv, price-drop tv and speed auction tv. Virgin Media Television (formerly known as Flextech) is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Virgin Media (previously known as NTL and Telewest) and acts as its television programme production arm. ... Image File history File links VmtvLogo. ... Bravo is a British television channel, owned by Virgin Media Television. ... Living is a British television channel owned by Virgin Media Television. ... Trouble is a television station in the UK and Republic of Ireland, owned by Virgin Media Television. ... Challenge is a British digital TV channel owned by Flextech. ... This article is about the UKTV network of channels in the UK and Ireland. ... BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly-owned commercial subsidiary of the British Broadcasting Corporation, formed out of a restructuring of its predecessor BBC Enterprises in 1995. ... sit-up Ltd (or commonly sit-up) is a UK based broadcaster which launched in 2000. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... bid tv (known as until 21 January 2005) is a digital television channel based in the UK that runs daily live auctions. ... price-drop tv (which dropped the dot from its name on 21 January 2005) is a shopping channel owned by sit-up Ltd and is focused on falling prices, using a form of uniform-price Dutch auction. ... speed auction tv is a British shopping television channel owned by sit-up channels, which is a Virgin Media company. ...


In June 2007 Virgin announced plans to launch a new television channel on Freeview and cable, replacing Ftn on Freeview. The new channel, known as "Virgin 1", launched on 1 October 2007 and broadcasts a mix of British and American programming.[33] For other uses, see FTN. Ftn (Flextech Television Network) was a television channel from Virgin Media Television (formerly known as Flextech) transmitting free-to-air on Freeview and Virgin Media, and as a subscription channel on Sky Digital. ... This article is about the television channel. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Virgin Mobile

Main article: Virgin Mobile UK

Virgin Media owns Virgin Mobile Holdings (UK) plc, the leading virtual mobile-network operator in the United Kingdom, with over four million subscribers.[34] Virgin Mobile UK is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom. ...


Virgin Phone

Virgin Phone offers landline telephone services; it ranks as the number-two service behind the former UK state monopoly, BT Group. [35] This article is about the economic term. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ...


Corporate affairs

Virgin Media have entered into a 30-year licensing agreement with Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Enterprises Limited to licence out all the relevant Virgin sub-brands for a term of 30 years, with a ten year opt-out clause.[36] Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Entertainment Investment Holdings Limited owns 34,260,959 Virgin Media common stock as of February 2007.[37] Sir Richard Branson (born July 18, 1950) a famed British entrepreneur, is best known for his widely successful Virgin brand, a banner that encompasses a variety of business organizations. ... Virgin Group Ltd is a group of separately run companies that each use the Virgin brand of British celebrity business tycoon Sir Richard Branson. ... Sir Richard Branson (born July 18, 1950) a famed British entrepreneur, is best known for his widely successful Virgin brand, a banner that encompasses a variety of business organizations. ...


The present company formed in 2006 as a merger of the operations of Virgin Mobile and of the UK's primary cable-television operator, NTL:Telewest. Virgin Media ranks currently as the UK's second-largest broadband Internet and fixed-line telephone company (after BT)[1] and as the fifth-largest mobile-phone group. It functions as the United Kingdom's second-largest pay TV provider (after BSkyB) and third-largest digital TV provider (after BSkyB and Freeview). Virgin Media dominates cable operations in the United Kingdom, controlling more than 90% of the market. In August 2007, Virgin Media's CEO Stephen Burch resigned following boardroom rows with chairman Jim Mooney and key investor Bill Huff.[38] Virgin Mobile Ltd is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, South Africa, the United States and France. ... BT may stand for: Baal teshuvah, a Jew who became Orthodox (female version: Baalat teshuvah) BT tank, any of a series of Soviet military tanks Bacillus thuringiensis, a bacterium which forms Bt toxins Banjo-Tooie, a video game for the Nintendo 64 Baronet, a title in the British honours... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly two companies, Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, which merged) is a company that operates the most popular subscription television service in the Ireland. ... For other uses, see Digital (disambiguation). ... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Business divisions

  • ntl:Telewest Business (part of the Virgin Media Group) offers commercial telephony and data-network services that provide a significant portion of its revenue stream. ntl:Telewest Business originated in 2006 through the merger of the business divisions of ntl Incorporated (ntl Business) and Telewest Global Inc (Telewest Business). It serves the following markets:
  • Public sector: sells flexible services offering communication solutions.
  • Corporate and enterprise: portfolio of products and services, offering integration, reliability and security
  • Small and medium businesses: offers a range of broadband, telephony and site-to-site connectivity products and services
  • Service-providers: delivers wholesale and carrier services to a range of customers, including mobile operators, Internet service providers and other telcos.

A telephone company (or telco) provides telecommunications services such as telephony and data communications. ...

Advertising

Virgin Media launched to much fanfare in February 2007, with a public relations event and an expensive advertising campaign which covered major UK television-channels, newspapers and billboards. In an effort to increase awareness of the group and its services, Virgin Media's campaign used bright red colours to portray its brand-image. Current television-advertising features actress Uma Thurman and comedienne Ruby Wax, whilst the print-advertising features bold typography. Virgin Media also sponsor the Channel 4 reality TV show Big Brother. // The term Public Relations was first used by the US President Thomas Jefferson during his address to Congress in 1807. ... An advertising campaign is a series of advertisement messages that share a single idea and theme which make up an integrated marketing communication (IMC). ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... Ruby Wax (born Ruby Wachs on April 19, 1953) is an American comedienne who made a career in the United Kingdom as part of the alternative comedy scene in the 1980s. ... This article is about the British television station. ... For the current series, see Big Brother 2007 (UK). ...


Redundancies

In March 2007, 150 workers at Virgin Media's Teesside site received notices of redundancy that went into effect in July. The workers had the option to relocate to other sites, such as in Manchester (approximately 120 miles away). Several moved to other departments at the Teesside site.


In September 2007, 60 IBM contract-workers at Virgin Media's Swansea site and 60 at its Albert Dock site became redundant.


Notes

  1. ^ Compare Virgin Media Confirms Review of Strategic Alternatives. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  2. ^ Carlyle Courts Virgin Media. Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  3. ^ ntl:Telewest Business - Company history. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  4. ^ a b "NTL takes control of Virgin Net", BBC News, 2004-09-28. Retrieved on 2006-12-07. 
  5. ^ Ambit Broadband. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  6. ^ Chetnet Knowledge Base. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  7. ^ NTL (2006-11-09). Ntl Incorporated Discussions with ITV plc. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  8. ^ ITV plc (2006-11-09). ITV and NTL 'in merger talks'. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  9. ^ Welsh, James. "Sky buys 17.9% of ITV", Digital Spy, 2006-11-17. Retrieved on 2006-12-06. 
  10. ^ Wilkes, Neil. "Sky/ITV: Branson statement in full", Digital Spy, 2006-11-20. Retrieved on 2006-12-06. 
  11. ^ Welsh, James. "Ofcom examines impact of Sky's ITV stake", Digital Spy, 2006-11-21. Retrieved on 2006-12-06. 
  12. ^ Oatts, Joanne. "NTL complains about Sky as it drops plans for ITV Ofcom", Digital Spy, 2006-12-06. Retrieved on 2006-12-06. 
  13. ^ Welsh, James. "Virgin Media to launch on February 8", Digital Spy, 2007-02-02. Retrieved on 2007-02-04. 
  14. ^ "UPDATE 1-BSkyB's basic TV channels withdrawn from Virgin Media", reuters.com, 2007-03-01, pp. 2. Retrieved on 2007-03-01. (English) 
  15. ^ "Consumer body angry at BSkyB row", BBC, 2007-03-02. Retrieved on 2007-03-02. (English) 
  16. ^ "Virgin TV in BSkyB legal threat", BBC, 2007-03-05. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. (English) 
  17. ^ "Virgin TV in BSkyB court action", BBC, 2007-04-12. Retrieved on 2007-04-12. (English) 
  18. ^ "Setanta signs Virgin Media sports deal", The Guardian, 2007-07-20. Retrieved on 2007-07-20. 
  19. ^ http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/business/s/1012/1012193_bt_broadband_pledge.html
  20. ^ http://www.technewsworld.com/story/58122.html
  21. ^ Download and Upload speeds of Virgin Broadband. Retrieved on 2007-08-03.
  22. ^ a b Non-cable. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  23. ^ PAYG Dial Up. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  24. ^ Subscription Dial Up. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  25. ^ a b Virgin Broadband. Retrieved on 2007-05-03..
  26. ^ Digital Media Asia: News - NTL to begin 100 Mbit/s broadband trial in March. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  27. ^ ntl: Announces Technology Trials 1 - Chetnet Unofficial NTLworld Forums. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  28. ^ Chetnet Knowledge Base. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  29. ^ Virgin Media and Proxy Servers - Chetnet Unofficial NTLworld Forums. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  30. ^ http://library.corporate-ir.net/library/13/135/135485/items/233391/FINALVM_Q406_PressRelease.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  31. ^ http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/10/104016/press/PR310107.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  32. ^ a b White, Dominic. "Virgin media launch to cost £20m", The Daily Telegraph, 2007-01-20. Retrieved on 2007-02-01. 
  33. ^ http://www.ukfree.tv/fullstory.php?storyid=1107051255 http://www.broadcastnow.co.uk/
  34. ^ http://about.virginmobile.com/aboutus/
  35. ^ http://www.ntltelewestbusiness.co.uk/about_us/corporate_info/who_we_are/merger_qa.aspx
  36. ^ Digital Spy (4 April 2006). NTL confirms £1bn Virgin Mobile takeover. Digital Spy.
  37. ^ Yahoo Finance (31 January 2007). VIRGIN ENTERTAINMENT INVESTMENT HOLDINGS LTD: Declared Holdings. Yahoo Finance.
  38. ^ Burch quits at Virgin Media after power struggle in boardroom (Times Online)

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

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