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Encyclopedia > Violin Concerto (Mendelssohn)

Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E Minor, Op. 64, is a famous violin concerto. Felix Mendelssohn at the age of 30 Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin (occasionally, two or more violins) and instrumental ensemble, customarily orchestra. ...


It was composed between 1838 and 1844, and first performed in Leipzig on 13 March 1845 by Ferdinand David. It is one of the most frequently performed of violin concerti, along with its more grandiose counterparts by Brahms and Beethoven. Its enduring popularity is based on its beautiful themes, sleek form, ambient energy, a reserved, sentimental expression, and to a lesser extent, its reputation as an essential work for all aspiring violin virtuosi to conquer. See also: 1837 in music, other events of 1838, 1839 in music and the list of years in music. Events None listed Popular music Annie Laurie, words (1688) William Douglas, music Lady John Scott (Alicia Ann Spottiswoode) Tis Home Whereer the Heart Is by Robert Dale Owen Opera Benvenuto... See also: 1843 in music, other events of 1844, 1845 in music and the list of years in music. Events None listed Popular music Open Thy Lattice, Love w. ... [] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the Federal State (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... See also: 1844 in music, other events of 1845, 1846 in music and the list of years in music. Events April 21 - Albert Lortzings opera Undine debuts in Magdeburg. ... Ferdinand David (born January 20, 1810 in Hamburg; died July 19, 1871 in Klosters) was a German virtuoso violinist and composer. ... The Violin Concerto in D major by Johannes Brahms, his opus 77, is one of the best-known of all violin concertos. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major was written in 1806. ...


It is in three movements: In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ...

  1. Allegro molto appassionato -
  2. Andante - Allegretto non troppo -
  3. Allegro molto vivace.

The concerto opens with an almost immediate entry of the solo violin playing an elegiac melody. This theme is restated by the orchestra and then followed by a fretful chromatic passage. The music subsides into a tranquil second subject melody played initially by woodwind with a bass note provided by the soloist. The opening theme and the chromatic theme are then combined in the trance-like development section. The flamboyant cadenza serves as a link to the recapitulation, where the opening melody is played by the orchestra, accompanied by the ricochet arpeggios by the soloist. The music gathers energy in the coda.


The bassoon sustains its note from the final chord of the first movement into the lyrical C major slow movement, characterized by Mendelssohn’s warm expressiveness, a subtle blend of bliss and melancholy. In the murkier middle section the soloist then takes up both the melody and the accompaniment simultaneously, before returning to the lyrical theme, this time leading towards a serene conclusion.


A brief transitional string passage leads into the vivacious E major finale, where dazzling passage work is required from the soloist, while the orchestral parts also are given ample opportunity to sparkle. The movement is in sonata form; the recapitulation is essentially similar to the exposition, apart from the addition of a lyrical countermelody in the strings in the first subject. The concerto concludes with a frenetic coda.


The concerto is innovative in many respects. Firstly, the solo violin plays from the outset, whereas Classical concertos typically open with an orchestral exposition followed by version of essentially the same material that incorporates the soloist. Secondly, the soloist does not merely play melodies, but also provides accompaniment on numerous occasions, such as the ricochet arpeggios at the start of the recapitulation. Thirdly, three movements are to be played without pause, imposing a sense of unity, and a reference back to the first movement occurs in the second, suggesting cyclical form. Cyclic form is a technique of musical construction, involving multiple parts or movements, in which a theme, melody, or thematic material occurs in more than one movement as a unifying device. ...


A typical performance of Mendelssohn's concerto lasts around 25 minutes. The first movement takes around 12 to 14 minutes of these, the second 8 to 9 minutes and the third 6 minutes. However, it has been proven that the whole concerto was played at faster tempos in the past generations of violin playing. The first movement was generally between 11 and 12 minutes, the second 7 to 8, and the last was below the 6 minute mark.


Mendelssohn also wrote a violin concerto with strings in 1822 ([1], ]), which was given its 20th century premiere in 1952 by Yehudi Menuhin and is less often played and recorded. Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) composed his Concerto for violin and string orchestra at the age of thirteen. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Yehudi Menuhin album cover Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, OM, KBE (April 22, 1916 – March 12, 1999) was a Jewish-born, American violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in the United Kingdom and eventually became a British citizen. ...


Quotes

  • In 1906, the year before his death, celebrated violinist Joseph Joachim told the guests at a party in his honour:

"The Germans have four violin concertos. The greatest, most uncompromising is Beethoven's. The one by Brahms vies with it in seriousness. The richest, the most seductive was written by Max Bruch. But the most inward, the heart's jewel, is Mendelssohn's." Joseph Joachim Joseph Joachim (June 28, 1831 – August 15, 1907) (pronounced YO-a-chim) was a violinist, conductor, composer and teacher. ... The Concerto No. ...

Media

Felix Mendelssohn - Violinkonzert e-moll - 1. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Felix Mendelssohn - Violinkonzert e-moll - 2. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Felix Mendelssohn - Violinkonzert e-moll - 3. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ...

See also

  • Public Domain Sheet Music of the Violin Concerto at IMSLP

  Results from FactBites:
 
Violin Concerto (Mendelssohn) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (370 words)
Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E Minor, Op.
It is in three movements, as is usual with the classical concerto since Mozart.
Mendelssohn also wrote a violin concerto with strings in 1822 ([1], ]), which was given its 20th century premiere in 1952 by Yehudi Menuhin and is less often played and recorded.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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