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Encyclopedia > Violin Concerto (Korngold)

The Violin Concerto in D major, op. 35, was composed by Erich Wolfgang Korngold in 1945 following some initial persuasion from the violinist and fellow émigré Bronisław Huberman. Dedicated to Alma Mahler, the widow of Korngold's childhood mentor Gustav Mahler, the violin concerto was eventually premiered on February 15, 1947 by Jascha Heifetz, accompanied by the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra and conductor Vladimir Golschmann. Heifetz's performance launched the work into the standard repertoire, which quickly became Korngold's most popular piece. However, the fame of the violin concerto, combined with Korngold's eminent association with Hollywood film music, has helped obscure the rest of his legacy as a composer of concert-hall works written before and after his arrival in America. Opus is a Latin word which means work (in the sense of a work of art). Some composers musical pieces are identified by opus numbers which generally run either in order of composition or in order of publication. ... Erich Wolfgang Korngold (May 29, 1897 - November 29, 1957) was a composer. ... See also: 1944 in music, other events of 1945, 1946 in music and the list of years in music. // Events Remo Giazotto reconstructs Tomaso Albinonis Adagio in G Minor from a fragment of a trio sonata he discovers among the ruins of the Dresden State Library. ... A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... Émigré is a French term that shows how Martin B. loves stephanie. ... BronisÅ‚aw Huberman (1882-1947) was a Polish violinist born in Czestochowa. ... Alma Mahler Alma Maria Mahler (August 31, 1879 – December 11, 1964), noted in her native Vienna for her beauty and intelligence, was the wife, successively, of one of the centurys leading composers (Gustav Mahler), architects (Walter Gropius), and novelists (Franz Werfel). ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin and orchestra. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... See also: 1946 in music, other events of 1947, 1948 in music and the list of years in music. // Events Patti Page signs with Mercury Frankie Laine earns his first, of 21, gold records Kay Starr signs with Capitol George Jones begins performing Jimmy Rogers begins recording the Weavers begin... Jascha Heifetz Jascha Heifetz (February 2, 1901 – December 10, 1987) was a violinist, often proclaimed as one of the greatest of all time and the most famous of the 20th century. ... The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra (SLSO) was founded in 1880, making it the second oldest symphony in the United States after the New York Philharmonic. ... See Conductor for other possible uses of the word. ... The cinema of the United States, although it is sometimes simply referred to as Hollywood does not refer only to the film industry of the United States of America. ... A film score is the background music in a film, generally specially written for the film and often used to heighten emotions provoked by the imagery on the screen or by the dialogue. ... Motto: Official (Latin): E pluribus unum (1789 to 1956) (Translated: Out of Many, One) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at federal level; English de facto Government  â€¢ President  â€¢ Vice President Federal...


Working in the lush, lyrical, late-Romantic idiom reminiscent of fin de siècle Vienna, Korngold scored the concerto for elaborate instrumental forces. In addition to the solo violin, the concerto calls for piccolo, two flutes, two oboes, cor anglais, two clarinets, bass clarinet, two bassoons, contrabassoon, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, harp, strings, as well as a colorful percussion section of timpani, bass drum, gong, bells, chime, cymbals, vibraphone, xylophone, and celesta. Although, Korngold was credited with introducing the sophisticated musical language of his classical training to the soundscapes of Hollywood films, a kind of reverse inspiration also occurred. Like many of Korngold's "serious" works in traditional genres, the violin concerto borrows thematic material from his movie scores in each of its three movements: The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... Fin de siècle is French for End of the Century. The term turn-of-the-century is sometimes used as a synonym, but is more neutral (lacking some or most of the connotations described below), and can include the first years of a new century. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya; Croatian and Serbian: Beč) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Sheet music is written representation of music. ... The pitches of open strings on a violin The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart, the lowest being the G just below middle C. It is the smallest and highest-tuned member of the violin family of string instruments, which... A Yamaha piccolo. ... The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... Modern Oboe The oboe is a musical instrument of the woodwind double reed family. ... A cor anglais The cor anglais, or English horn, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the oboe family. ... A bass clarinet, which sounds an octave lower than the more common Bâ™­ soprano clarinet. ... A typical bass clarinet The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. ... Bassoon Playing range of a bassoon The bassoon is the tenor member of the woodwind family. ... Drawing of a Contrabassoon The contrabassoon or double bassoon is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower. ... The horn is a brass instrument that consists of tubing wrapped into a coiled form. ... The trumpet is the highest brass instrument in register other than the cornet, its above the horn, trombone, euphonium, and tuba. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... The harp is a chordophone which has its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... Percussion instruments are music instruments played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped, hence the percussive name. ... Timpani are musical instruments in the percussion family. ... A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... A bell is a simple sound-making device. ... Tubular bells (also known as chimes) are musical instruments in the percussion family. ... Sabian Paragon cymbals Cymbals (Fr. ... Luigi Waites plays a vibraphone, July 29, 1999 The vibraphone, sometimes called the vibraharp or simply the vibes, is a musical instrument in the percussion family. ... Xylophone in Bali 1937 The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia (Nettl 1956, p. ... French type, four-octave Celesta or Celeste The celesta (IPA )) or celeste () is a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard. ... In music, a theme is the initial or primary melody. ... In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ...

  • Moderato nobile: The magnificent soaring violin solo which opens the concerto is a theme from Another Dawn (1937), running over two octaves in five notes. Juarez (1939) provided the second theme, more expansive and reliant upon the orchestra.
  • Romanze: A solo clarinet introduces the principal theme of the slow movement, quoted from Anthony Adverse (1936) and revisited after a contrasting middle section that seems to have been uniquely composed for the concerto.
  • Allegro assai vivace: The most demanding movement for the soloist begins with a staccato jig, which leads to a second theme based on the main motif from The Prince and the Pauper (1937) and builds up to a virtuoso climax.

A typical performance lasts about 25 minutes. In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In music, an octave (sometimes abbreviated 8ve or 8va) is the interval between one musical note and another with half or double the frequency. ... Juarez is a 1939 film with Brian Aherne. ... An orchestra is a musical ensemble used most often in classical music. ... A romance is a type of musical piece, especially common during the late classical period and romantic period. ... Anthony Adverse is a 1936 film based upon the novel by Hervey Allen. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical notation, staccato indicates that notes are sounded in a detached and distinctly separate manner with their lengths shortened; that is, a short silence should be between the notes, without affecting the rhythm. ... The jig (sometimes seen in its French language or Italian language forms gigue or giga) is a folk dance type as well as the accompanying dance tune type, popular in Ireland and Scotland. ... In music, a motif is a perceivable or salient reoccurring fragment or succession of notes that may used to construct the entirety or parts of complete melodies, themes. ... The Prince and the Pauper is an 1882 book by Mark Twain that represents his first attempt at historical fiction. ... A virtuoso (from the Latin virtus meaning: skill, manliness, excellence) is an individual who possesses outstanding mechanical ability at playing a musical instrument. ...


Note

Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto (1878) shares the same key and opus number with the Korngold. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (help· info) (Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайкóвский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (7 May [O.S. 25 April] 1840 – 6 November [O.S. 25 October] 1893) was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. ... The Violin Concerto in D major by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is one of the best known of all violin concertos. ... In music theory, the key identifies the tonic triad, the chord, major or minor, which represents the final point of rest for a piece, or the focal point of a section. ... Opus is a Latin word which means work (in the sense of a work of art). Some composers musical pieces are identified by opus numbers which generally run either in order of composition or in order of publication. ...


References

  • American Symphony Orchestra program notes, September 20, 1992
  • National Symphony Orchestra program notes, February 3-5, 2005
  • Pacific Symphony Orchestra program notes, January 17, 2001

  Results from FactBites:
 
Violin concerto - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (527 words)
A violin concerto is a concerto for violin, usually solo, and instrumental ensemble, customarily orchestra.
In some violin concertos, especially from the Baroque and modern eras, the violin (or group of violins) is accompanied by a chamber ensemble rather than an orchestra—for instance, Vivaldi's L'estro armonico, originally scored for four violins, two violas, cello, and continuo, and Allan Pettersson's first concerto, for violin and string quartet.
Violin Concerto No. 2 in C sharp minor, op.
Erich Wolfgang Korngold - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (224 words)
Erich Wolfgang Korngold (May 29, 1897 - November 29, 1957) was a composer.
Korngold was born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic), the son of the music critic Julius Korngold, and studied music under Alexander von Zemlinsky and Robert Fuchs.
He continued to write concert music in a rich, Romantic style, with a concerto for violin among his notable later works.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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