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Encyclopedia > Violence against nonheterosexuals
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John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. His lover was John Childe, his steward and tithe proctor, also hanged. Anonymous pamphlet, 1641.

Violence against nonheterosexuals sometimes called a subset of hate crimes, can occur either at the hands of individuals or groups, or as part of governmental enforcement of laws targeting people who are seen to violate heteronormative rules. People who are merely perceived to be LGBT (but who are actually not) may also be targeted. Derogatory words such as "Fag," and "Dyke" are also frequently used to victimize an LGBT. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Queer studies is the study of issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ... Gender often refers to the distinctions between males and females in common usage. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English) ) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at birth, as well as the role traditionally held by society. ... LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence This timeline of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history details notable events in the Common Era West. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Christopher Street Parade Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures concern the culture, knowledge, and references shared by members of sexual minorities or transgendered people by virtue of their membership in those minorities or their state of being transgendered. ... The idea of a gay community is complex and can be very controversial. ... The gay pride or simply pride campaign has three main premises: that people should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity, that sexual diversity is a gift, and that sexual orientation and gender identity are inherent and cannot be intentionally altered. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gay slang in linguistics refers to a form of English slang used predominantly among LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) people. ... A gay village (sometimes called a gay ghetto and increasingly gayborhood) is usually an urban geographic location with generally recognized boundaries where a large number of gay and lesbian people, as well as bisexual and transgender people live. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Western Europe. ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... A civil union is a recognized union similar to marriage. ... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ... A sodomy law is a law that defines certain sexual acts as sex crimes. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A hate crime (bias crime), loosely defined, is a crime committed because of the perpetrators prejudices. ... Heteronormativity is a term used in the discussion of sexual behavior, gender, and society, primarily within the fields of queer theory and gender theory. ...


Anti-LGBT violence can include threats, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, rape, torture, attempted murder, or murder. These actions may be caused by cultural, religious, or political mores and biases, though the extent to which these groups influence violence against LGBT individuals is an ongoing matter of debate. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sexual assault is any physical contact of a sexual nature without voluntary consent. ... Torture is defined by the United Nations Convention Against Torture as any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mores are strongly held norms or customs. ... Homophobia is the fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ...

Contents

Statistics

In the United States, the FBI reported that 15.6% of hate crimes reported to police in 2004 were based on perceived sexual orientation. 61% of these attacks were against gay men, 14% against lesbians, 2% against heterosexuals and 1% against bisexuals, while attacks against GLBT people at large made up 20%.[1] Violence based on perceived gender identity was not recorded in the report. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ...


State-sponsored violence

Sexual relations between individuals of the same sex have frequently been repressed by the state under pain of mutilation and death. Such events (represented as buggery or sodomy) took place in Europe from the fifth to the twentieth centuries, and in Muslim countries from the beginning of the Muslim era up to and including the present day. Among the states that have historically punished homosexuality with death are: World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Western Europe. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ...

The knight von Hohenberg and his squire, being burned at the stake for sodomy, Zurich 1482 (Zurich Central Library)
Iranian youths Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni executed in 2005 reportedly because they had been caught having sex with each other.

Present-day countries where homosexuality is still punishable by death: Download high resolution version (500x623, 69 KB)The burning of the knight of Hohenberg with his servant before the walls of Zürich, 1482 Taken from the German-language Wikipedia (:de:Bild:Sodomie. ... Download high resolution version (500x623, 69 KB)The burning of the knight of Hohenberg with his servant before the walls of Zürich, 1482 Taken from the German-language Wikipedia (:de:Bild:Sodomie. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... Events First invasion of Italy by Alaric (probable date). ... Abbasid (Arabic: العبّاسيّون, AbbāsÄ«yÅ«n) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Arab Empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Abu Abdullah Musa ibn Mahdi al-Hadi (Arabic: أبو عبد الله موسى بن المهدي الهادي) (d. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Giovanni di Giovanni (ca. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... Events Foundation of the University of Vienna Births John de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros (died 1394) Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk (died 1399) Deaths May 17 - Louis VI the Roman, elector of Brandenburg (born 1328) July 27 - Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (born 1339) Categories: 1365 ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Jacques Chausson (ca. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... William Hamilton Maxwell (1792 - 1850) was a Scots-Irish novelist. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Edward II, (April 25, 1284 – October, 1327), of Caernarvon, was king of England from 1307 until deposed in January, 1327. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Autobiography of Pierre Seel, a gay man sent to a concentration camp by the Nazis Before the beginning of World War II, the homosexual people in Germany, especially in Berlin, enjoyed more freedom and acceptance than anywhere else in the world. ... Public execution of a woman by Taliban at Ghazi Sports Stadium, 1999. ... Image File history File links This file or image is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links This file or image is copyrighted. ... Iranian youths Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni on the scaffold. ...

Individual violence

Individuals, singly or in groups, have at times taken it upon themselves (usually flouting the law) to repress those alleged to manifest variant sexual behavior. In some legal jurisdictions in the United States, these acts may be legally classified as hate crimes, which increases the resulting penalty if convicted. A Jewish cemetery in France after being defaced by Neo-Nazis. ...


Some notable incidents of hate-related assaults include:

Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known by the pseudonym Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright and one of the prominent playwrights of the twentieth century. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Baptist is a term describing a tradition within Christianity and may also refer to individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. ... James Zappalorti (full name James Patrick Zappalorti, 1945–1990), a disabled veteran of the Vietnam War, was the victim of a highly-publicized, fatal gay-bashing attack on Staten Island, New York. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Eric Robert Rudolph (born September 19, 1966), also known as the Olympic Park Bomber, is an American anti-abortion extremist and domestic terrorist [2][3] who committed a series of bombings across the southern United States, which killed three people and injured at least 150 others. ... The Centennial Olympic Park bombing was a terrorist bombing on July 27, 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1996 Summer Olympics, the first of four committed by Eric Robert Rudolph. ... Matthew Wayne Shepard (December 1, 1976 – October 12, 1998) was an American student at the University of Wyoming who was fatally attacked near Laramie, Wyoming, on the night of October 6 – October 7, 1998 in what was widely reported by international news media as a savage beating due to his... The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stÅ­dÄ“rÄ•, meaning to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... Barry Winchell (31 August 1977—6 July 1999) was a soldier in the United States Army, whose murder by fellow soldiers became a point of reference in the ongoing debate about the Dont Ask, Dont Tell policy enforced by the military regarding sexual orientation. ... Calpernia Sarah Addams (born 20 February 1971) // Addams was born and raised as a boy in Nashville, Tennessee in a strict Christian fundamentalist household. ... The Admiral Duncan pub The Admiral Duncan is a pub in Old Compton Street, Soho in the heart of Londons gay district. ... David Copeland David John Copeland (born May 15, 1976) is a former member of the British neo-Nazi National Socialist Movement, who became known as the London nailbomber after a 13-day bombing campaign in April 1999 aimed at Londons black, Asian, and gay communities. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Fannyann Eddy (1974 - 2004) was a grounbreaking activist for lesbian and gay rights in her native Sierra Leone and throughout Africa. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (129th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Bertrand Delanoë Bertrand Delanoë (May 30, 1950) ( ) is a French politician, and has been the mayor of Paris since 2001. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Gwen Araujo, who lived as female Gwen Amber Rose Araujo (February 24, 1985 – October 4, 2002, née Edward Araujo, Jr. ... The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Paul Broussard (1968–1991), a 27 year-old Houston-area banker, was beaten and stabbed to death in a gay-bashing outside a Houston nightclub on July 4, 1991 by ten teenaged boys. ... Charlie Howard (died July 7, 1984) was a resident of Bangor, Maine in 1984. ... This article is about the Maine, USA city of Bangor. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Location of Stanley Park within Vancouver. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ... The gay pride or simply pride campaign has three main premises: that people should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity, that sexual diversity is a gift, and that sexual orientation and gender identity are inherent and cannot be intentionally altered. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Jody Dobrowski was a 23-year old bar worker who was murdered on Clapham Common in south London, on the 14th of October 2005. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Jacob Robida Jacob D. Robida (June 13, 1987 – February 5, 2006) was a Massachusetts teenager who attacked patrons at a Massachusetts gay bar, shot a female companion and ultimately shot himself after fleeing to Norfork, Arkansas. ... New Bedford is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, located about 56 miles (90 kilometers) south of Boston, 31 miles (50 kilometers) southeast of Providence, Rhode Island, and about 8 miles (13 kilometers) east of Fall River. ... A gay bar is a drinking establishment which can vary in character as much as any other type of bar, but which caters exclusively or primarily to a gay and / or lesbian clientele. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... CBS Evening News is the flagship nightly television news program of the American television network CBS. The network has broadcast this program since 1948, and has used the CBS Evening News title since 1963. ... 48 Hours can refer to: The 48 Hours title card, circa 1994 48 Hours is a documentary and news television program broadcast on the CBS television network since 1988. ... West Indian redirects here. ... Saint Martin - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Saint Martin is a tropical island in the northeast Caribbean, approximately 150 miles east of Puerto Rico. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Nickname: Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Founded July 16, 1769 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Mayor Jerry Sanders  - City Attorney Michael Aguirre  - City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer... The gay pride or simply pride campaign has three main premises: that people should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity, that sexual diversity is a gift, and that sexual orientation and gender identity are inherent and cannot be intentionally altered. ... A hate crime (bias crime), loosely defined, is a crime committed because of the perpetrators prejudices. ...

See also


LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Western Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships


Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Persecution Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Violence The Death of Orpheus In Albrecht Dürers 1494 drawing, the banner hung in the tree reads: Orfeus der erst puseran (Orpheus, the first sodomite). The word puseran(t) derives from the Latin bulgarus from which come also the terms bugger in English and bougre in French. ...


Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ...

This box: view  talk  edit

The Pink Pistols are a gay gun rights organization in the United States. ... Homophobia is the fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ... Biphobia is the fear of, discrimination against, or hatred of bisexuals (although in practice it extends to pansexual people too). ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights LGBT rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Feminism Mens/Fathers rights · Masculinism Children... Gay panic defense is a term used to describe a rare but high-profile legal defense against charges of assault or murder. ... Hate speech is a controversial term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against a person or group of people based on their race, gender, age, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, language ability, moral or political views, socioeconomic class, occupation or appearance... Anti-gay slogans are catchphrases or slogans which express opposition to homosexuality in ways which gay rights activists consider to be irrationally hostile or fearful (see homophobia and also anti-gay). ... A hate crime (bias crime), loosely defined, is a crime committed because of the perpetrators prejudices. ...

External links

  • Remembering our Dead, a site which memorializes transgender victims of violence.
  • Barry Yeoman, Murder on the Mountain, Out Magazine
  • Gay Bashings In Schools- A survey released in 2006 shows that gay teens still experience homophobic attacks in their schools
  • Pictures from Belgrade (Serbian) Pride Parade 30 June 2001

References

  1. ^ http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius_04/offenses_reported/hate_crime/index.html
  2. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/942255.stm
  3. ^ http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Israeli_man_faces_attempted_murder_charges_for_stabbing_three_gay_pride_marchers
  4. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2006/US/02/02/gay.shooting/index.html
  5. ^ http://www.sfbaytimes.com/index.php?sec=article&article_id=4911
  6. ^ http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20060921-1257-bn21attacks2.html&cid=0&sig2=5j6BFSRc0TOf8Nsuf9cy4w

 
 

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