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Encyclopedia > Viola concerto

The viola concerto is a concerto contrasting a viola with another body, usually a full orchestra or string orchestra but sometimes smaller. Early examples of the viola concerto include among others Georg Philipp Telemann's concerto in G, and several concertos by Carl Stamitz. The first concertante work to use the viola without caution — though extreme virtuosity only later became identified as the value desired in a concerto soloist — was the violin and viola Sinfonia Concertante of Mozart. In classical music, the word concerto (pl. ... The viola (in French, alto; in German bratsche) is a stringed musical instrument played with a bow which serves as the middle voice of the violin family, between the upper lines played by the higher violin (soprano register) and the lower lines played by the deeper cello (bass) and double... The Boston Pops orchestra performing on the Charles River Esplanade in Boston, Massachusetts. ... A string orchestra is an orchestra composed solely of stringed instruments. ... Georg Philipp Telemann (March 14, 1681 – June 25, 1767) was a German Baroque music composer, born in Magdeburg. ... Karel Stamic (May 7, 1745 - November 9, 1801), who took the German form of his name Karl Stamitz and is now better known as Carl, was a Bohemian composer. ... In the 1770s Mozart had been experimenting with the Sinfonia concertante genre, leading in 1779 to the Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra K. 364, which can be considered his most successful realisation in this cross-over genre between Symphony and Concerto. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (baptised as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart; January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) is among the most significant and enduringly popular composers of European classical music. ...


The viola has not been a popular instrument, and like the cello suffers from problems of projection against an orchestral ensemble. According to, for instance, Alfred Einstein among others, the essence of the concerto is not the display of virtuosity but conflict and resolution, and the viola is less suited than the piano, or even the violin, to balance itself against an orchestra that is not deliberately underused by the composer. One must consider also that viola players were often violinists retreated in ranks, and viola soloists few, until fairly recently! William Walton unleashed, though he did not necessarily begin, a more substantial output of viola works in the 20th century for newer and more capable players, and these in turn — Lionel Tertis for instance — arranged works originally for other (such as Edward Elgar's cello concerto.) A cello The violoncello, almost always abbreviated to cello (the c is pronounced /tʃ/ as the ch in church), is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... Alfred Einstein (December 30, 1880–February 13, 1952), was a German-American musicologist and music editor. ... Sir William Walton on the set of one of his operas Sir William Turner Walton, OM (March 29, 1902–March 8, 1983) was a British composer whose style was influenced by the works of Stravinsky, Sibelius and jazz. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Lionel Tertis (December 29, 1876 - February 22, 1975) was a English violist and one of the first viola players to find international fame. ... Sir Edward Elgar Sir Edward Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 1857 â€“ 23 February 1934) was an English composer. ... Edward Elgars Cello Concerto is a dark and heartbreaking work by this most English of composers, reckoned to be the most popular of all concertos for the cello. ...


Selected list of concertos and concertante works

  • Malcolm Arnold
    • Viola concerto with small orchestra (1971, his op. 108)
  • Grażyna Bacewicz
    • Viola concerto
  • Arnold Bax
    • Phantasy for viola and orchestra (1920)
  • Jirí Antonín Benda
    • Viola concerto in F (about 1775)
  • Ernest Bloch
    • Suite for viola and orchestra (1919)
    • Suite Hebraïque;
  • York Bowen
    • Viola concerto in C minor, opus 25, about 1908 ([2])
  • Max Bruch
    • Romance for viola and orchestra, opus 85
  • Andrei Eshpai
    • Viola concerto
  • Cecil Forsyth
    • Viola concerto in G minor (1903)
  • Steven Gerber
    • Viola concerto
  • Paul Hindemith
    • Trauermusik for viola and strings
    • Kammermusik No. 5 for viola and small orchestra
    • Konzertmusik for viola with chamber orchestra
    • Der Schwanendreher
  • Vagn Holmboe
    • Viola concerto #1, M. 141, 1943 (once called Chamber Concerto No. 5)
    • Viola concerto #2, M. 357, 1991–2
  • Gordon Jacob
    • Viola concerto #1
    • Viola concerto #2 (1979) ([4])
  • Erland von Koch
    • Viola concerto, op. 33 (1946 rev. 1966)
  • Bohuslav Martinů
    • Rhapsody-concerto for viola and orchestra (1952)
  • Darius Milhaud
    • Viola concerto with orchestra of soloists, 1929, opus 108 (a revised version — a version for larger orchestra was premiered by Monteux, conducting, Paul Hindemith, viola in Amsterdam)
    • Concertino d'été, 1951, opus 311
    • Second viola concerto, 1955, opus 340 (for William Primrose) (see [6])
  • Paul Müller-Zürich
    • Viola concerto opus 24 in F minor (1934)
  • Thea Musgrave
    • Lamenting with Ariadne for viola and chamber orchestra
  • Alessandro Rolla
    • About a dozen viola concertos
  • John Woolrich
    • Viola concerto

Henri Casadesus (September 30, 1879 – May 31, 1947) was a violist and music publisher who founded the Society of Ancient Instruments with Camille Saint Saens in 1901. ... Samuel Adler (born March 4, 1928) is an American composer and conductor. ... Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold (born October 21, 1921) is an English composer. ... Grażyna Bacewicz (b. ... Johann Christian Bach, painted in London by Thomas Gainsborough, 1776 ( Museo Civico, Bologna) Johann Christian Bach (September 5, 1735 – January 1, 1782) was a composer of the Classical era. ... Simon Bainbridge (born 1952 in London) is a British composer and professor of composition at the Royal Academy of Music, London, and the University of Louisville, Kentucky in the United States. ... Sir Arnold Edward Trevor Bax, KCVO (November 8, 1883 – October 3, 1953), was an English composer. ... Béla Bartók in 1927 Béla Viktor János Bartók (March 25, 1881 – September 26, 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and collector of Eastern European and Middle Eastern folk music. ... Béla Bartók wrote his Viola Concerto (BB128) in July-August 1945, in Saranac Lake, New York, while suffering from the terminal stages of leukemia. ... Tibor Serly (Losonc, 25 November 1901 - London, 8 October 1978) was a Hungarian violist, violinist and composer. ... Sally Beamish (born 1956 in London) is a British composer. ... Michael Berkeley (born 1948) is a British composer. ... Portrait of Berlioz by Signol, 1832 Louis Hector Berlioz (December 11, 1803 – March 8, 1869) was a French Romantic composer best known for the Symphonie fantastique, first performed in 1830, and for his Grande Messe des morts Requiem of 1837, with its tremendous resources that include four antiphonal brass choirs. ... Harold in Italy (Op. ... Boris Blacher (January 6 (O.S.) / January 19 (N.S.), 1903 - January 30, 1975) was a German composer. ... Ernest Bloch (July 24, 1880 – July 15, 1959) was a Swiss-born American Jewish composer. ... York Bowen (1884-1961) was an English classical composer and musician. ... Photograph of Max Bruch Max Christian Friedrich Bruch (Cologne, January 6, 1838 – Friedenau, October 20, 1920) was a German composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including three symphonies that are rarely heard, and a violin concerto which is extremely often played. ... Edison Denisov (April 6, 1929 - November 24, 1996) was a Russian composer from Tomsk, Siberia. ... August Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf (November 2, 1739 – October 24, 1799) was an Austrian composer and violinist. ... Jacob Druckman (June 26, 1928 - May 24, 1996) was an American composer born in Philadelphia. ... Morton Feldman (born January 12, 1926, died September 3, 1987) was an American composer. ... Benjamin Frankel (January 31, 1906 – February 12, 1973) was a British composer. ... Peter Racine Fricker (September 5, 1920 - February 1, 1990) was a British composer who lived in the United States for the last thirty years of his life. ... Srul Irving Glick, 1934-2002 Srul Irving Glick, composer, radio producer, conductor, teacher, was born in Toronto September 8, 1934, and died in Toronto April 17, 2002. ... Alexander Goehr (born 1932) is an English composer. ... Evgeny Golubev (February 16, 1910, Moscow – December 25, 1988, Moscow) (ru: Эвгэний Голуъэв) was a Russian composer. ... Morton Gould (December 10, 1913 – February 21, 1996) was a Jewish-American pianist and composer. ... Christoph Graupner (January 13, 1683 in Hartmanndorf - March 10, 1760 in Darmstadt) -- his full name was Johann Christoph Graupner, although he did not use his first name -- was a German harpsichordist and composer of high Baroque music who lived and worked at the same time as Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg... Sofia Gubaidulina in Sortavala 1981 Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina, (Russian София Асгатовна Губайдулина) (born October 24, 1931) is a Russian-Tatar composer of deeply religious music. ... John Harris Harbison (born December 20, 1938 in Orange, New Jersey) is a composer, best known for his operas and large choral works. ... Karl Amadeus Hartmann (August 2, 1905 Munich – December 5, 1963 Munich) was a German composer. ... Paul Hindemith (November 16, 1895 – December 28, 1963) was a German composer, violist, teacher, theorist and conductor. ... Paul Hindemiths Der Schwanendreher (literally, swan-turner, in reference to cooking over a spit) was composed in 1935 and premiered by the composer himself at a performance in Amsterdam on November 14, 1935. ... Franz Anton Hoffmeister (May 12, 1754 – February 9, 1812) was an Austrian composer. ... Robin Holloway (born 19 October 1943 in Leamington Spa) is an English composer. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Johann Nepomuk Hummel Johann Nepomuk Hummel or Jan Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 1778 – 17 October 1837) was a composer and virtuoso pianist of Austrian origin who was born in today Slovakia. ... Gordon Percival Septimus Jacob (July 5, 1895 – June 8, 1984) was an English composer. ... Giya Kancheli (Georgian: გია ყანჩელი), born August 10, 1935 in Tbilisi, is probably Georgias most famous living composer and cultural export. ... Biography Nigel Keay was born in Palmerston North, New Zealand in 1955. ... Gian Francesco Malipiero (March 18, 1882 - August 1, 1973) Italian composer, musicologist and music editor. ... The church tower where Martinů was born and lived his youngest years Bohuslav Martinů â–¶ (help· info) (born in Polička, December 8, 1890 – August 28, 1959) was a Czech composer. ... Darius Milhaud (September 4, 1892 – June 22, 1974) was a French-Jewish composer and teacher. ... William Primrose (August 23, 1903 - May 1, 1982) was a Scottish violist and teacher, probably the best known viola player of his time. ... Thea Musgrave (1928-05-27– ) is a Scottish-American composer. ... Per NørgÃ¥rd (b. ... Krzysztof Penderecki. ... Gustav Allan Pettersson (September 19, 1911 – June 20, 1980) was a Swedish composer born in Uppland. ... Walter Hamor Piston Jr. ... Quincy Porter (1897–1966) was an American composer and teacher of classical music. ... Hilding Rosenberg (June 21, 1892 - May 18, 1985), was a Swedish composer. ... Antonio Rosetti (c1750–1792) was a classical era composer, writing around the same time as Haydn and Mozart. ... Miklós Rózsa (April 18, 1907 - July 23, 1995) was a Hungarian-American composer, best known for his film scores. ... Edmund Rubbra (23 May 1901–14 February 1986) was a British composer. ... Poul Ruders (born March 27, 1949 in Ringsted) is a Danish composer. ... Dalmazio Santini (b. ... Joly Braga Santos (May 14, 1924-July 18. ... Alfred Garyevich Schnittke (Russian: Альфре́д Га́ррьевич Шни́тке, November 24, 1934 – August 3, 1998) was a Russian-German Jewish composer. ... Tibor Serly (Losonc, 25 November 1901 - London, 8 October 1978) was a Hungarian violist, violinist and composer. ... Karel Stamic (May 7, 1745 - November 9, 1801), who took the German form of his name Karl Stamitz and is now better known as Carl, was a Bohemian composer. ... Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz (Czech: Jan Václav Stamic) (baptized June 30, 1717 – March 27, 1757) was a composer and violinist. ... Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ... This page is about the fictional character and novel. ... Georg Philipp Telemann (March 14, 1681 – June 25, 1767) was a German Baroque music composer, born in Magdeburg. ... Johann Baptist Vanhal (Jan KÅ™titel Vaňhal) also spelled Wanhal or Wanhall (May 12, 1739 - August 20, 1813) was a composer. ... Ralph Vaughan Williams, OM (October 12, 1872 – August 26, 1958) was an influential British composer. ... Sir William Walton on the set of one of his operas Sir William Turner Walton, OM (March 29, 1902–March 8, 1983) was a British composer whose style was influenced by the works of Stravinsky, Sibelius and jazz. ... The Viola Concerto by William Walton was written in 1929 for the famous violist Lionel Tertis. ... Richard Wernick (born 1934 in Boston, Massachusetts) is a US composer, and winner of the 1977 Pulitzer Prize in music. ...

See also

The viola (in French, alto; in German bratsche) is a stringed musical instrument played with a bow which serves as the middle voice of the violin family, between the upper lines played by the higher violin (soprano register) and the lower lines played by the deeper cello (bass) and double... In classical music, the word concerto (pl. ... A clarinet concerto is a concerto for clarinet and orchestra. ... A harpsichord concerto is a concerto for harpsichord and orchestra. ... A piano concerto is a concerto for solo piano and orchestra. ... A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin and orchestra. ... A violoncello concerto is a concerto for solo violoncello with orchestra or, very occasionally, smaller groups of instruments. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sheet Music Plus - Viola Concerto in B Minor - by George Frideric Handel (147 words)
Viola Concerto In C Minor - Viola/Piano By Johann Christian Bach...
Viola Concerto In G - Viola/Piano By Georg Philipp Telemann...
Concerto in B Minor By George Frideric Handel...
Nigel Keay - Viola Concerto (Concerto pour alto) (729 words)
The first performance of Nigel Keay's Viola Concerto was given by the Chamber Orchestra of the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra with Franck Chevalier as soloist, conducted by Marc Taddei at the 29th International Viola Congress in Wellington in 2001.
Thus, the conception of the Viola Concerto had been somewhat « classical » with an extended lower register in the orchestra (instruments such as the contrabassoon, and bass-clarinet are employed).
The Viola Concerto follows the idea of presenting the soloist as master-musician/animator of, and in dialogue with their ensemble as opposed to having the soloist present a catalogue of technical possibilities on the instrument.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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