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Encyclopedia > Viognier

Viognier (pronounced vee-own-YAY[1]) is a white wine grape. A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis lincecumii Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis...

Contents

History

Viognier is very ancient grape which originated in Dalmatia. It is believed that it was brought to Rhône by the Romans. Some also believe that it has been growing in Rhône for at least 2,000 years.[2]


Viognier was once a fairly common grape now it is rare white grape grown almost exclusively in the northern Rhône regions of France. Around the 1960s, the grape was almost extinct when there were only eight acres in Northern Rhône. The popularity of the wine, as well as its price, has risen and thus the number of plantings have increased. Rhône now has over 740 acres planted.[2] The Rhône wine region is first divided into north and south. ...


Viticulture

Viognier is a difficult grape to grow because it is prone to mildew. It also has low and unpredictable yields and needs to be picked only when fully ripe. When the grape is picked too early, it fails to develop the full extent of its aromas and tastes.


Regional production

Viognier has been planted much more extensively around the world since the early 1990s. Both California and Australia now have significant amounts of land devoted to the Viognier grape. There are also notable increases in planting in other states of the United States and in other countries. Official language(s) English Capital  Sacramento Largest city  Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


In France, Viognier is the single permitted grape variety in the famous appellations of Condrieu and Château Grillet, which are located on the west bank of the Rhône River, about 40 km south of Lyon. The wines of Condrieu are the most famous, and most expensive, Viogniers in the world. Condrieu is a wine-growing AOC in the northern Rhône wine region of France, near Vienne. ... Château-Grillet is a wine-growing AOC and winery in the northern Rhône wine region of France, near Vienne. ... The Rhônes course. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics...


The decline of Viognier in France from its historic peak has much to do with the disastrous introduction of Phylloxera insects from North America into Europe in the mid- and late-1800s, followed by the abandonment of the vineyards due to the chaos of World War I. By 1965, only about 30 acres (120,000 m²) of Viognier vines remained in France, and the variety was nearly extinct. Even as late as the mid-1980s, Viognier in France was endangered. Paralleling the growth of Viognier in the rest of the world, plantings in France have grown dramatically since then. Grape Phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, family Phylloxeridae, superfamily Aphidoidea) is a serious pest of commercial grapevines worldwide, originally native to eastern North America. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...


Viognier grapes can be difficult to grow and low yielding. The variety is not very resistant to disease. Some wine critics feel that the terroir (microclimate) of the regions of France where it traditionally is grown is essential to its best expression in wine. It should neither be picked too early nor too late if wine of the highest quality is to be made. The grape prefers warmer environments and a long growing season, but can grow in cooler areas as well. It is a grape with low acidity; it is sometimes used to soften wines made predominantly with the red Syrah grape (Côte Rôtie from France or The Laughing Magpie from South Australia being two examples), and is blended with other white and red varieties, but it can make outstanding wines by itself. The color and the aroma of the wine suggest a sweet wine but Viognier wines are predominantly dry, although sweet late-harvest dessert wines have been made. Terroir was originally a French term in wine and coffee appreciation used to denote the special characteristics of geography that bestowed individuality upon the food product. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Shiraz is one name, equivalent to Syrah, for a noble grape variety widely used to make dry red table wine. ... Côte-Rôtie is a wine-growing AOC in the northern Rhône wine region of France. ... Late harvest is a term applied to wines made from grapes left on the vine longer than usual. ...


The best quality Viognier wines are well-known for their floral aromas, due to terpenes, which are also found in Muscat and Riesling wines. There are also many other powerful flower and fruit aromas which can be perceived in these wines (more than one wine enthusiast has even detected aromas of Froot Loops breakfast cereal in Viognier), depending on where they were grown, the weather conditions and how old the vines were, with vines greater than twenty years old thought to be superior to younger vines. Although some of these wines, especially those from old vines and the late-harvest wines, are suitable for aging, most are intended to be consumed young. Viogniers more than three years old tend to lose much of the floral aromas that make this wine unique. Aging these wines will often yield a very crisp drinking wine which is almost completely flat in the nose. Malaysia florist See Also Flower ... Many terpenes are derived from conifer resins, here a pine. ... The muscat family of grapes of the species Vitis vinifera are widely grown for wine, raisins and table grapes. ... Ripe grapes of Riesling Riesling is a white grape variety and varietal appellation of wines grown historically in Alsace (France), Austria, Germany (see German wine), and northern Italy. ... “Fruit Loops” redirects here. ...


External links

References

  • Ron Herbst and Sharon Tyler Herbst; Wine Lover's Companion; Barron's; ISBN 0-8120-1479-0 (paperback, 1995)

Notes

  1. ^ "Wine Press Northwest: Wine Grape Varieties.
  2. ^ a b http://www.enjoyingviognier.com/cgi-bin/viognier.cgi

  Results from FactBites:
 
Viognier (637 words)
Viognier seemed literally an endangered variety only a few years ago, but seems to be recovering worldwide in both popularity and acreage.
Viognier is also sometimes used to add fragrance and to soften and lighten the syrah in Côte Rotie.
Plantings of viognier in France have expanded in recent years from the Rhône (1830 acres), to the Languedoc (3440 ac.) to smaller plantings in Roussillon (212 ac.) and Provence (272 ac.).
About Viognier: a Rhone Grape Varietal Grown at Tablas Creek Vineyard, Paso Robles, California (609 words)
Viognier is historically grown in the Northern Rhône valley, and reaches its peak in the tiny appellations of Condrieu and Château Grillet.
Because Viognier flowers so early in the season, it is very susceptible to spring frosts; the frost-protection fans installed in the Viognier growing block at the vinyeard have been important.
The distinctive aroma of peaches, apricots, and violets is a hallmark of Viognier.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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