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Encyclopedia > Vincent van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh

Self-portrait (1887)
Birth name Vincent Willem van Gogh
Born 30 March 1853(1853-03-30)
Zundert, The Netherlands
Died 29 July 1890 (aged 37)
Auvers-sur-Oise, France
Nationality Dutch
Field Painter
Movement Post-Impressionism
Famous works The Potato Eaters, Sunflowers, The Starry Night, Irises, Portrait of Dr. Gachet

Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist artist.[1] His paintings and drawings include some of the world's best known, most popular and most expensive pieces. Van Gogh or van Gogh may refer to: Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890), painter Theo van Gogh (1857–1890), art dealer and brother of Vincent van Gogh Theo van Gogh (1957–2004), film director and great-grandson of the art dealer La Oreja de Van Gogh, a Spanish musical band... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (640x804, 268 KB) Vincent van Gogh, Paris, Frühjahr 1887: Selbstbildnis (Öl auf Karton, 42 x 33,7 cm) Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago File links The following pages link to this file: Vincent van Gogh Portrait Categories: Vincent van... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Zundert is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Auvers-sur-Oise is a commune of the Val-dOise département, in France. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ... The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ... Sunflowers or Vase with Twelve Sunflowers (August 1888) is one of two sunflower paintings with twelve sunflowers, the others having fifteen. ... For other uses, see Starry Night (disambiguation). ... Irises is a painting by Vincent van Gogh. ... Portrait of Dr. Gachet is one of the most revered paintings by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh, since it fetched a record price in 1990. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ...


Van Gogh spent his early adult life working for a firm of art dealers. After a brief spell as a teacher, he became a missionary worker in a very poor mining region. He did not embark upon a career as an artist until 1880. Initially, van Gogh worked only with sombre colours, until he encountered Impressionism and Neo-Impressionism in Paris. He incorporated their brighter colours and style of painting into a uniquely recognizable style, which was fully developed during the time he spent at Arles, France. He produced more than 2,000 works, including around 900 paintings and 1,100 drawings and sketches, during the last ten years of his life. Most of his best-known works were produced in the final two years of his life, during which time he cut off part of his left ear following a breakdown in his friendship with Paul Gauguin. After this he suffered recurrent bouts of mental illness, which led to his suicide. This article is about the art movement. ... Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by the French art critic Félix Fénéon in 1887[1] to characterise the late-19th century art movement led by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, who first exhibited their work in 1884 at the exhibition of the Société des Artistes... This article is about the capital of France. ... Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (Subprefecture) Arrondissement Arles Canton Chief town of 2 cantons: Arles-Est and Arles-Ouest Intercommunality Agglomeration community of Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette Mayor Hervé Schiavetti (PS) (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 0 m–57 m (avg. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist painter. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


The central figure in Van Gogh's life was his brother Theo, who continually and selflessly provided financial support. Their lifelong friendship is documented in numerous letters they exchanged from August 1872 onwards. Van Gogh is a pioneer of what came to be known as Expressionism. He had an enormous influence on 20th century art, especially on the Fauves and German Expressionists. Theo van Gogh Theo van Gogh (May 1, 1857 - January 25, 1891) was the younger brother of the painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and a successful art dealer. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark [[Image:Matissedance. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Dutch pronunciation of Vincent van Gogh's name is [ˈvɪnsɛnt fɑn ˈxɔx] . It is also often pronounced as [ˈvɪnsənt væn ˈɡɒf] or [ˈvɪnsənt vɑn ˈɡɔx] in British English and [ˈvɪnsənt væn ˈɡoʊ] in US English. Dutch (  ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 23 million people, mainly in the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname, but also by smaller groups of speakers in parts of France, Germany and several former Dutch colonies. ... Image File history File links Pronunciation_Vincent_van_Gogh. ...

Contents

Biography

For a timeline, see Vincent van Gogh chronology.

Van Gogh: Self Portrait (1889) This is a chronology of the artist Vincent van Gogh. ...

Early life (1853 – 1869)

Vincent Willem van Gogh was born in Groot-Zundert, a village close to Breda in the Province of North Brabant in the southern Netherlands.[2] Van Gogh was the son of Anna Cornelia Carbentus and Theodorus van Gogh, who was a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church. He was given the same name as his grandfather—and a first brother stillborn exactly one year before. It has been suggested[3] that being given the same name as his dead elder brother might have had a deep psychological impact on the young artist, and that elements of his art, such as the portrayal of pairs of male figures, can be traced back to this. The practice of reusing a name in this way was not uncommon. The name "Vincent" was often used in the Van Gogh family: the baby's grandfather was called Vincent van Gogh (1789-1874); he had received his degree of theology at the University of Leiden in 1811. Grandfather Vincent had six sons, three of whom became art dealers, including another Vincent, referred to in Van Gogh's letters as "Uncle Cent." Grandfather Vincent had perhaps been named after his own father's uncle, the successful sculptor Vincent van Gogh (1729-1802).[4] Art and religion were the two occupations to which the Van Gogh family gravitated. Zundert is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Grote Kerk (main church) or Onze Lieve Vrouwe Kerk (Church of Our Lady). ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... The Dutch Reformed village church of St. ... Leiden University in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands. ...


Four years after Van Gogh was born, his brother Theodorus (Theo) was born on 1 May 1857. There was also another brother named Cor and three sisters, Elisabeth, Anna and Wil. As a child, Van Gogh was serious, silent and thoughtful. In 1860 he attended the Zundert village school, where the only teacher was Catholic and there were around 200 pupils. From 1861 he and his sister Anna were taught at home by a governess, until 1 October 1864, when he went away to the elementary boarding school of Jan Provily in Zevenbergen, the Netherlands, about 20 miles away. He was distressed to leave his family home, and recalled this even in adulthood. On 15 September 1866, he went to the new middle school, Willem II College in Tilburg, the Netherlands. Constantijn C. Huysmans, who had achieved a certain success himself in Paris, taught Van Gogh to draw at the school and advocated a systematic approach to the subject. In March 1868 Van Gogh abruptly left school and returned home. His comment on his early years was: "My youth was gloomy and cold and sterile...."[5] Theo van Gogh Theo van Gogh (May 1, 1857 - January 25, 1891) was the younger brother of the painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and a successful art dealer. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... A boarding school is a usually fee-charging school where some or all pupils not only study, but also live during term time, with their fellow students and possibly teachers. ... Zevenbergen is a Dutch city which is a part of the municipality of Moerdijk. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Willem II College is a school in Tilburg, the Netherlands. ... Tilburg ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant. ...


Art dealer and preacher (1869 – 1878)

Vincent van Gogh, c. 1876, photographer unknown

In July 1869, at the age of fifteen, he obtained a position with the art dealer Goupil & Cie in The Hague through his Uncle Vincent ("Cent"), who had built up a good business which became a branch of the firm. After his training, Goupil transferred him to London in June 1873, where he lodged at 87 Hackford Road, Brixton[6] and worked at Messrs. Goupil & Co., 17 Southampton Street.[7] This was a happy time for Van Gogh: he was successful at work, and was already, at the age of 20, earning more than his father.[8] He fell in love with his landlady's daughter, Eugénie Loyer,[9] but when he finally confessed his feeling to her, she rejected him, saying that she was already secretly engaged to a previous lodger. Vincent became increasingly isolated and fervent about religion. His father and uncle sent him to Paris, where he became resentful at how art was treated as a commodity, and he manifested this to the customers. On 1 April 1876, it was agreed that his employment should be terminated. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 507 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (704 × 832 pixel, file size: 104 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 507 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (704 × 832 pixel, file size: 104 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Goupil & Cie were amongst the leading art dealers in 19th century France, with head quarters in Paris. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Brixton is an area of South London, England, part of the London Borough of Lambeth. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

The house where Van Gogh stayed in Cuesmes in 1880; it was while living here that he decided to become an artist.
The house where Van Gogh stayed in Cuesmes in 1880; it was while living here that he decided to become an artist.

His religious emotion grew to the point where he felt he had found his true vocation in life, and he returned to England to do unpaid work, first as a supply teacher in a small boarding school overlooking the harbour in Ramsgate; he made some sketches of the view. The proprietor of the school relocated to Isleworth, Middlesex. Vincent decided to walk to the new location. This new position did not work out, and Vincent became a nearby Methodist minister's assistant in wanting to "preach the gospel everywhere." Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (850x647, 152 KB) Cuesmes(Belgium), la maison Van Gogh./ the Van Gogh house. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (850x647, 152 KB) Cuesmes(Belgium), la maison Van Gogh./ the Van Gogh house. ... See also Ramsgate (disambiguation) for other places with this name. ... , Isleworth (IPA: ) is a suburb located in the London Borough of Hounslow alongside the River Thames in West London. ... The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and was the second smallest (after Rutland). ... For other uses, see Methodism (disambiguation). ...


At Christmas that year he returned home, and then worked in a bookshop in Dordrecht for six months, but he was not happy in this new position and spent most of his time in the back of the shop either doodling, or translating passages from the Bible into English, French, and German.[10] His roommate from this time, a young teacher called Görlitz, later recalled that Vincent ate frugally, preferring to eat no meat.[11][12] In an effort to support his wish to become a pastor, his family sent him to Amsterdam in May 1877 where he lived with his uncle Jan van Gogh, a rear admiral in the navy.[13] Vincent prepared for university, studying for the theology entrance exam with his uncle Johannes Stricker, a respected theologian who published the first "Life of Jesus" available in the Netherlands. Vincent failed at his studies and had to abandon them. He left uncle Jan's house in July 1878. He then studied, but failed, a three-month course at the Protestant missionary school (Vlaamsche Opleidingsschool) in Laeken, near Brussels. For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Satellite image of part of the Rhine-Meuse delta, showing the Island of Dordrecht and the eponymous city (7) Dordrecht (population 119,649 (2004)), or in English: Dort, is a city in the Dutch province of South Holland, the third largest city of the province. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Johannes Paulus Stricker was a theologian and biblical scholar. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ...


Borinage and Brussels (1879 – 1880)

In January 1879 Van Gogh got a temporary post as a missionary in the village of Petit Wasmes[14] in the coal-mining district of Borinage in Belgium, bringing his father's profession to people felt to be the most wretched and hopeless in Europe. Taking Christianity to what he saw as its logical conclusion, Vincent opted to live like those he preached to, sharing their hardships to the extent of sleeping on straw in a small hut at the back of the baker's house where he was billeted;[15] the baker's wife used to hear Vincent sobbing all night in the little hut.[16] His choice of squalid living conditions did not endear him to the appalled church authorities, who dismissed him for "undermining the dignity of the priesthood." After this he walked to Brussels,[17] returned briefly to the Borinage, to the village of Cuesmes, but acquiesced to pressure from his parents to come "home" to Etten. He stayed there until around March the following year,[18] to the increasing concern and frustration of his parents. There was considerable conflict between Vincent and his father, and his father made enquiries about having his son committed to a lunatic asylum[19] at Geel.[20] Vincent fled back to Cuesmes where he lodged with a miner named Charles Decrucq,[21] with whom he stayed until October. He became increasingly interested in the everyday people and scenes around him, which he recorded in drawings. Petit Wasmes is a village in the commune of Wasmes in Belgium Categories: | ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Borinage was a poor mining region of Holland in the 1800s, and is now a successful community using tourism, farming, speciality foods and EU subsidies to survive. ... Cuesmes is a commune in Wallonie, Belgium. ... Etten-Leur is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Geel is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. ...


In 1880, Vincent followed the suggestion of his brother Theo and took up art in earnest. In autumn 1880, he went to Brussels, intending to follow Theo's recommendation to study with the prominent Dutch artist Willem Roelofs, who persuaded Van Gogh (despite his aversion to formal schools of art) to attend the Royal Academy of Art. There he not only studied anatomy, but the standard rules of modelling and perspective, all of which, he said, "you have to know just to be able to draw the least thing." Vincent wished to become an artist while in God's service as he stated, "to try to understand the real significance of what the great artists, the serious masters, tell us in their masterpieces, that leads to God; one man wrote or told it in a book; another in a picture."[22] Willem Roelofs (March 10, 1822 - May 12, 1897) was a Dutch painter and draughtsman. ...


Etten (1881)

Still-Life, arranged by Anton Mauve and executed by Van Gogh, December 1881
Still-Life, arranged by Anton Mauve and executed by Van Gogh, December 1881

In April 1881, Van Gogh went to live in the countryside with his parents in Etten and continued drawing, using neighbours as subjects. Through the summer he spent much time walking and talking with his recently widowed cousin, Kee Vos-Stricker, the daughter of his mother's older sister and Johannes Stricker, who had shown real warmth towards his nephew.[23] Kee was seven years older than Vincent, and had an eight-year-old son. Vincent proposed marriage, but she flatly refused with the words: "No, never, never" (niet, nooit, nimmer).[24] At the end of November he wrote a strong letter to Uncle Stricker,[25] and then, very soon after, hurried to Amsterdam where he talked with Stricker again on several occasions,[26] but Kee refused to see him at all. Her parents told him "Your persistence is disgusting".[27] In desperation he held his left hand in the flame of a lamp, saying, "Let me see her for as long as I can keep my hand in the flame."[27] He did not clearly recall what happened next, but assumed that his uncle blew out the flame. Her father, "Uncle Stricker," as Vincent refers to him in letters to Theo, made it clear that there was no question of Vincent and Kee marrying, given Vincent's inability to support himself financially.[28] What he saw as the hypocrisy of his uncle and former tutor affected Vincent deeply. At Christmas he quarreled violently with his father, even refusing a gift of money, and immediately left for The Hague.[29] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1403, 210 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1403, 210 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... Anton Mauve (1838-1888) was a Dutch realist painter whose work very early on influenced Vincent van Gogh. ...


Drenthe and The Hague (1881 – 1883)

In January 1882 he settled in The Hague, where he called on his cousin-in-law, the painter Anton Mauve, who encouraged him towards painting. He soon fell out with Mauve, however, perhaps over the issue of drawing from plaster casts; but Mauve appeared suddenly to go cold towards Vincent, not returning a couple of his letters. Vincent guessed that Mauve had learned of his new domestic relationship with the alcoholic prostitute, Clasina Maria Hoornik (born February 1850, The Hague;[30] she was known as Sien) and her young daughter.[31] Van Gogh had met Sien towards the end of January.[32] Sien had a five year-old daughter, and was pregnant. She had already had two other children who had died, although Vincent was unaware of this.[33] On 2 July, Sien gave birth to a baby boy, Willem.[34] When Vincent's father discovered the details of this relationship, considerable pressure was put on Vincent[35] to abandon Sien and her children. Vincent was at first defiant in the face of his family's opposition. Anton Mauve (1838-1888) was a Dutch realist painter whose work very early on influenced Vincent van Gogh. ...

Vincent van Gogh: View from his atelier in The Hague, watercolour
Vincent van Gogh: View from his atelier in The Hague, watercolour

His uncle Cornelis, an art dealer, commissioned 20 ink drawings of the city from him; they were completed by the end of May.[36] In June Vincent spent three weeks in a hospital suffering gonorrhoea.[37] In the summer, he began to paint in oil. In autumn 1883, after a year with Sien, he abandoned her and the two children. Vincent had thought of moving the family away from the city, but in the end he made the break.[38] It is possible that lack of money had pushed Sien back to prostitution; the home had become a less happy one, and Vincent may have felt family life was irreconcilable with his artistic development. When Vincent left, Sien gave her daughter to her mother, and baby Willem to her brother, and moved to Delft and then Antwerp.[39] Willem remembered being taken to visit his mother in Rotterdam at around the age of 12, where his uncle tried to persuade Sien to marry in order to legitimize the child. Willem remembered his mother saying: "But I know who the father is. He was an artist I lived with nearly 20 years ago in The Hague. His name was Van Gogh." She then turned to Willem and said "You are called after him."[40] Willem believed himself to be Van Gogh's son, but the timing of the birth makes this unlikely.[41] In 1904 Sien drowned herself in the river Scheldt.[39] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1118, 168 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1118, 168 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... Gonorrhoea (gonorrhea in American English) is among the most common sexually-transmitted diseases in the world and is caused by Penis penis Neisseria penis. ... The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French Escaut) is a 350 km[1] long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands. ...


Van Gogh moved to the Dutch province of Drenthe in the north of the Netherlands, and in December, driven by loneliness, to stay with his parents who were by then living in Nuenen, North Brabant, also in the Netherlands. For the Dutch footballer, see Royston Drenthe. ... Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten is a municipality consisting of the larger village of Nuenen and two adjacent smaller ones. ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ...


Nuenen (1883 – 1885)

In Nuenen, he devoted himself to drawing, paying boys to bring him birds' nests[42] and rapidly[43] sketching the weavers in their cottages. In autumn 1884, a neighbour's daughter, Margot Begemann, ten years older than Vincent, accompanied him constantly on his painting forays and fell in love, which he reciprocated (though less enthusiastically). They agreed to marry, but were opposed by both families. Margot tried to kill herself with strychnine and Vincent rushed her to the hospital.[44] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (887x626, 1140 KB) The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (887x626, 1140 KB) The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ... The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ... Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten is a municipality consisting of the larger village of Nuenen and two adjacent smaller ones. ... Strychnine (pronounced (British, U.S.), or (U.S.)) is a very toxic (LD50 = 10 mg approx. ...


On 26 March 1885, Van Gogh's father died of a stroke. Van Gogh grieved deeply. For the first time there was interest from Paris in some of his work. In spring he painted what is now considered his first major work, The Potato Eaters (Dutch De Aardappeleters). In August his work was exhibited for the first time, in the windows of a paint dealer, Leurs, in The Hague. In September he was accused of making one of his young peasant sitters pregnant,[45] and the Catholic village priest forbade villagers from modelling for him. March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ...


During his time in Nuenen Van Gogh's palette was of sombre earth tones, particularly dark brown, and he showed no sign of developing the vivid colouration that distinguishes his later, best known work. (When Vincent complained that Theo was not making enough effort to sell his paintings in Paris, Theo replied that they were too dark and not in line with the current style of bright Impressionist paintings.) During his two-year stay in Nuenen, he completed numerous drawings and watercolours, and nearly 200 oil paintings.


Antwerpen (1885 – 1886)

Skull with a Burning Cigarette , oil on canvas, 1885.
Skull with a Burning Cigarette , oil on canvas, 1885.

In November 1885 he moved to Antwerpen and rented a little room above a paint dealer's shop in the Rue des Images.[46] He had little money and ate poorly, preferring to spend what money his brother Theo sent to him on painting materials and models. Bread, coffee, and tobacco were his staple intake. In February 1886 he wrote to Theo saying that he could only remember eating six hot meals since May of the previous year. His teeth became loose and caused him much pain.[47] While in Antwerpen he applied himself to the study of colour theory and spent time looking at work in museums, particularly the work of Peter Paul Rubens, gaining encouragement to broaden his palette to carmine, cobalt and emerald green. He also bought some Japanese Ukiyo-e woodcuts in the docklands, which he imitated and incorporated into the background of some of his paintings.[48] It was while he was living in Antwerpen that Vincent began to drink absinthe heavily.[49] He was treated by Dr Cavenaile whose surgery was near the docklands,[50] possibly for syphilis;[51] the treatment of alum irrigations and sitz baths was jotted down by Vincent in one of his notebooks.[52] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 447 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1735 × 2325 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 447 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1735 × 2325 pixel, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577 – May 30, 1640) was a prolific seventeenth-century Flemish and European painter, and a proponent of an exuberant Baroque style that emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. ... Carmine Carminic acid Carmine (IPA: []), also called Crimson Lake, Cochineal, Natural Red 4, C.I. 75470 or E120, is a pigment of a bright red color obtained from the carminic acid produced by some scale insects, such as the cochineal and the Polish cochineal, and is used as a general... Cobalt Blue is a DC Comics supervillain and an enemy to the Flash. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... View of Mount Fuji from Numazu, part of the Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō series by Hiroshige, published 1850 Ukiyo-e ), pictures of the floating world, is a genre of Japanese woodblock prints (or woodcuts) and paintings produced between the 17th and the 20th centuries, featuring motifs of... A reservoir glass filled with a naturally-colored verte, next to an absinthe spoon. ... Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum. ...


In January 1886 he matriculated at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Antwerpen, studying painting and drawing. Despite disagreements over his rejection of academic teaching, he nevertheless took the higher-level admission exams. For most of February he was ill, run down by overwork and a poor diet (and excessive smoking).


Paris (1886 – 1888)

54, Rue Lepic, Paris
54, Rue Lepic, Paris

In March 1886 he moved to Paris to study at Fernand Cormon's studio, and in May 1886 his mother and sister Wil moved to Breda.[53] The brothers first shared Theo's Rue Laval apartment on Montmartre. In June they took a larger flat at 54 Rue Lepic, further uphill. As there was no longer the need to communicate by letters, less is known about Van Gogh's time in Paris than earlier or later periods of his life. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (534x800, 97 KB) Beschrijving 54, Rue Lepic, Paris Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Vincent van Gogh ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (534x800, 97 KB) Beschrijving 54, Rue Lepic, Paris Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Vincent van Gogh ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Fernand Cormon (1845-1924) was a French painter born in Paris. ... Grote Kerk (main church) or Onze Lieve Vrouwe Kerk (Church of Our Lady). ... Montmartre seen from the centre Georges Pompidou (1897), a painting by Camille Pissarro of the boulevard that led to Montmartre as seen from his hotel room. ...


For some months Vincent worked at Cormon's studio where he frequented the circle of the British-Australian artist John Peter Russell, and met fellow students like Émile Bernard and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, who used to meet at the paint store run by Julien "Père" Tanguy, which was at that time the only place to view works by Paul Cézanne. John Peter Russell (16 June 1858 - 22 April 1930) was an Australian painter. ... Émile Bernard (April 28, 1868 – April 16, 1941), born in Lille, France, was a Post-Impressionist painter. ... Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (IPA ) (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draftsman, and illustrator, whose immersion in the decadent and theatrical life of fin de siècle Paris yielded an oeuvre of provocative images of modern life. ... Cezanne redirects here. ...

Vincent van Gogh, pastel drawing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1887.
Vincent van Gogh, pastel drawing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1887.

It was not difficult to see and study Impressionist works in Paris at this time. In 1886, for example, two large vanguard exhibitions were staged, the 8th and final exhibition of the Impressionists and an exhibition of the Artistes Indépendants. In these shows Neo-Impressionism made its first appearance; works of Georges Seurat and Paul Signac were the talk of the town. Though Theo, too, kept a stock of Impressionist paintings in his gallery on Boulevard Montmarte, by artists including Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Edgar Degas and Camille Pissarro, Vincent evidently had problems acknowledging these recent ways to see and paint. Conflicts arose, and at the turn of 1886 to 1887 Theo found shared life with Vincent "almost unbearable," but in spring 1887 they made peace. Then Vincent set out for a campaign in Asnières, where he became personally acquainted with Paul Signac. Vincent and his friend Emile Bernard, who lived with parents in Asnières, adopted elements of the "pointillé" (pointillism) style, where many small dots are applied to the canvas, resulting in an optical blend of hues, when seen from a distance. The theory behind this also stresses the value of complementary colours[54] (for example, blue and orange), which form vibrant contrasts and enhance each other, when juxtaposed.[55] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1174x1450, 403 KB) Henri Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901): Vincent van Gogh Sun File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1174x1450, 403 KB) Henri Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901): Vincent van Gogh Sun File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... Le Chahut was painted by Seurat from 1889 to 1890. ... The Papal Palace, Avignon, oil on canvas, 1900 Paul Signac (November 11, 1863 - August 15, 1935) was a French neo-impressionist painter who, working with Georges Seurat, helped develop the pointillist style. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926)[1] was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movements philosophy of expressing ones perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein... Alfred Sisley. ... Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917), born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (IPA ), was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, printmaking and drawing. ... The garden of Pontoise, painted 1875. ... The Papal Palace, Avignon, oil on canvas, 1900 Paul Signac (November 11, 1863 - August 15, 1935) was a French neo-impressionist painter who, working with Georges Seurat, helped develop the pointillist style. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Two colors are called complementary if, when mixed in an additive system, they produce a shade of gray. ... For other uses, see Blue (disambiguation). ... The orange, the fruit from which the modern name of the orange colour comes. ...


In November 1887, Theo and Vincent met and befriended Paul Gauguin, who had just arrived in Paris.[56] Towards the end of the year, Vincent arranged an exhibition of paintings by himself, Bernard, Anquetin and (probably) Toulouse-Lautrec in the Restaurant du Chalet, on Montmartre. There, Bernard and Anquetin sold their first painting, and Vincent exchanged work with Gauguin, who soon departed to Pont-Aven. But the discussions on art, artists and their social situation started during this exhibition continued, and expanded to visitors of the show like Pissarro and his son, Signac and Seurat. Finally in February 1888, when Vincent felt worn out from life in Paris, he left the city, having painted over 200 paintings during his two years there. Only hours before his departure, accompanied by Theo, he paid his first and only visit to Seurat in his atelier.[57] Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist painter. ... Pont-Aven is a commune of the Finistère département, in Brittany, France. ...


Arles (February 1888 – May 1889)

Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers, August 1888 (Neue Pinakothek, Munich).
Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers, August 1888 (Neue Pinakothek, Munich).

Van Gogh arrived on 21 February 1888, at the railroad station in Arles, crossed Place Lamartine, entered the city through the Porte de la Cavalerie, and took quarters a few steps further, at the Hôtel-Restaurant Carrel, 30 Rue Cavalerie. He had ideas of founding a Utopian art colony. His companion for two months was the Danish artist, Christian Mourier-Petersen. In March, he painted local landscapes, using a gridded "perspective frame." Three of his pictures were shown at the annual exhibition of the Société des Artistes Indépendants. In April he was visited by the American painter, Dodge MacKnight, who was resident in Fontvieille nearby. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2531, 582 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sunflowers (series of paintings) List of notable works by Vincent van Gogh The Décoration for the Yellow... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2531, 582 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sunflowers (series of paintings) List of notable works by Vincent van Gogh The Décoration for the Yellow... Sunflowers or Vase with Twelve Sunflowers (August 1888) is one of two sunflower paintings with twelve sunflowers, the others having fifteen. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (Subprefecture) Arrondissement Arles Canton Chief town of 2 cantons: Arles-Est and Arles-Ouest Intercommunality Agglomeration community of Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette Mayor Hervé Schiavetti (PS) (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 0 m–57 m (avg. ... For other uses, see Utopia (disambiguation). ... Société des Artistes Indépendants formed in Paris on July 19, 1884 when artists wanted to show art to the public which the official (Académie de peinture et de sculpture) salon jury rejected. ... Dodge MacKnight (1860 - 1934) was an American painter. ... Alphonse Daudets Mill in Fontvieille Fontvieille is a village and commune of the Bouches-du-Rhône département, in southern France. ...

The Café Terrace on the Place du Forum, Arles, at Night, September 1888.
The Café Terrace on the Place du Forum, Arles, at Night, September 1888.

On 1 May he signed a lease for 15 francs a month to rent the four rooms in the right hand side of the "Yellow House" (so called because its outside walls were yellow) at No. 2 Place Lamartine. The house was unfurnished and had been uninhabited for some time so he was not able to move in straight away. He had been staying at the Hôtel Restaurant Carrel in the Rue de la Cavalerie, just inside the medieval gate to the city, with the old Roman Arena in view. The rate charged by the hotel was 5 francs a week, which Van Gogh regarded as excessive. He disputed the price, and took the case to the local arbitrator who awarded him a twelve franc reduction on his total bill.[58] On 7 May he moved out of the Hôtel Carrel, and moved into the Café de la Gare.[59] He became friends with the proprietors, Joseph and Marie Ginoux. Although the Yellow House had to be furnished before he could fully move in, Van Gogh was able to use it as a studio.[60] His major project at this time was a series of paintings intended to form the décoration for the Yellow House. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2539, 604 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Vincent van Gogh Arles Cafe Terrace at Night ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2539, 604 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Vincent van Gogh Arles Cafe Terrace at Night ... Cafe Terrace at Night, also known as The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum, is a painting by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh which he rendered in Arles, France in September 1888. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Yellow House at No. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Décoration for the Yellow House was the main project Vincent van Gogh focussed in Arles, from August 1888 till his breakdown the day before Christmas. ...


In June he visited Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer. He gave drawing lessons to a Zouave second lieutenant, Paul-Eugène Milliet, who also became a companion. MacKnight introduced him to Eugène Boch, a Belgian painter, who stayed at times in Fontvieille (they exchanged visits in July). Gauguin agreed to join him in Arles. In August he painted sunflowers; Boch visited again. On 8 September, upon advice from his friend the station's postal supervisor Joseph Roulin, he bought two beds,[61] and he finally spent the first night in the still sparsely furnished Yellow House on 17 September.[62]; Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer (lit. ... A French zouave from 1888 wearing white summer trousers instead of the usual red. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh Portrait of Paul-Eugène Milliet is a painting by Vincent van Gogh, executed in September 1888 in Arles. ... Eugène Boch (1 September 1855 – 3 January 1941) was a Belgian painter, born in Saint-Vaast, Hainaut, and the younger brother of Anna Boch, a founding member of Les XX. Born into a wealthy dynasty of manufacturers of fine china and ceramics, still active today under the firm of... For other uses, see Sunflower (disambiguation). ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Roulin Family is group of portraits Vincent van Gogh executed in Arles in 1888 and 1889. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Red Vineyard (November 1888), Pushkin Museum, Moscow). Sold to Anna Boch, 1890.

On 23 October Gauguin eventually arrived in Arles, after repeated requests from Van Gogh. During November they painted together. Uncharacteristically, Van Gogh painted some pictures from memory, deferring to Gauguin's ideas in this. Their first joint outdoor painting exercise was conducted at the picturesque Alyscamps.[63] It was in November that Van Gogh painted The Red Vineyard. Red Vineyards near Arles (1888), the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime. ... Red Vineyards near Arles (1888), the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime. ... The Red Vineyard was the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime. ... Ivan Vladimirovich Tsvetaev (1847-1913) The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts (Russian: Музей изобразительных искусств им. А.С. Пушкина) is the largest museum of European art in Moscow, located in the Volkhonka street, just opposite the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Falaise - Côte de Bretagne. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Alyscamps, Arles, France The Alyscamps is a large Roman necropolis a short distance outside the walls of the old town of Arles, France. ... The Red Vineyard was the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime. ...


In December the two artists visited Montpellier and viewed works by Courbet and Delacroix in the Museé Fabre. However, their relationship was deteriorating badly. They quarrelled fiercely about art. Van Gogh felt an increasing fear that Gauguin was going to desert him, and what he described as a situation of "excessive tension" reached a crisis point on 23 December 1888, when Van Gogh stalked Gauguin with a razor and then cut off the lower part of his own left ear lobe, which he wrapped in newspaper and gave to a prostitute named Rachel in the local brothel, asking her to "keep this object carefully."[64] Gauguin left Arles and did not see Van Gogh again. Van Gogh was hospitalised and in a critical state for a few days. He was immediately visited by Theo (whom Gauguin had notified), as well as Madame Ginoux and frequently by Roulin. In January 1889 Van Gogh returned to the "Yellow House", but spent the following month between hospital and home, suffering from hallucinations and paranoia that he was being poisoned. In March the police closed his house, after a petition by thirty townspeople, who called him fou roux ("the redheaded madman"). Signac visited him in hospital and Van Gogh was allowed home in his company. In April he moved into rooms owned by Dr. Rey, after floods damaged paintings in his own home. On 17 April Theo married Johanna Bonger in Amsterdam. Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. ... Eugène Delacroix (portrait by Nadar) Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 - August 13, 1863) was an important painter from the French romantic period. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Saint-Rémy (May 1889 – May 1890)

Pen drawing by van Gogh, executed after the painting
Pen drawing by van Gogh, executed after the painting

On 8 May 1889 Van Gogh, accompanied by a carer, the Reverend Salles, committed himself to the mental hospital of Saint-Paul-de-Mausole in a former monastery in Saint Rémy de Provence, a little less than 20 miles from Arles. The monastery was a mile and a half out of the town and was in an area of cornfields, vineyards, and olive trees. The hospital was run by a former naval doctor, Dr. Théophile Peyron, who had no specialist qualifications. Theo van Gogh arranged for his brother to have two small rooms, one for use as a studio, although in reality they were simply adjoining cells with barred windows.[65] During his stay there, the clinic and its garden became his main subject. At this time some of his work was characterised by swirls, as in one of his best-known paintings, The Starry Night. He took some short supervised walks, which gave rise to images of cypresses and olive trees, but because of the shortage of subject matter due to his limited access to the outside world, he painted interpretations of Millet's paintings, as well as his own earlier work. In September 1889 he painted two new versions of the Bedroom in Arles, and in February 1890 he painted four portraits of L'Arlésienne (Madame Ginoux), based directly on a charcoal sketch Gauguin had produced when Madame Ginoux had sat for both artists at the beginning of November 1888.[66] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1879x1500, 761 KB) Description: Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh painted 1889. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1879x1500, 761 KB) Description: Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh painted 1889. ... For other uses, see Starry Night (disambiguation). ... General Electric GE90-115B fanblade, on display at MOMA. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Saint-Rémy-de-Provence is a commune of southern France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône département, in the former province of Provence. ... Doctor Théophile Peyron was a French naval doctor, who ran the mental hospital of Saint-Paul-de Mausole in a former monastery just outside of Saint Rémy de Provence. ... For other uses, see Starry Night (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... Binomial name L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... Bedroom in Arles (French: La Chambre à Arles; Dutch: Slaapkamer te Arles) is a painting by 19th-century Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh. ... LArlésienne LArlésienne was a painting by Vincent van Gogh in 1888. ...


In January 1890, his work was praised by Albert Aurier in the Mercure de France, and he was called a genius. In February, invited by Les XX, a society of avant-garde painters in Brussels, he participated in their annual exhibition. When, at the opening dinner, Henry de Groux, a member of Les XX, insulted Van Gogh's works, Toulouse-Lautrec demanded satisfaction, and Signac declared, he would continue to fight for Van Gogh's honour, if Lautrec should be surrendered. Later, when Van Gogh's exhibit was on display with the Artistes Indépendants in Paris, Monet said that his work was the best in the show.[67] This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Mercure de France was a French gazette and literary magazine first published from 1672 to 1724 (with an interruption in 1674-1677) under the title Mercure galant (sometimes spelled Mercure gallant) (1672-1674) and Nouveau Mercure galant (1677-1724). ... Les XX was a group of twenty Belgian painters, designers and sculptors, formed in 1883 by the Brussels lawyer, publisher, and entrepreneur Octave Maus. ... Vincent van Goghs display at Les XX, 1890, in Brussels is an important testament to the recognition he received amongst avant-garde peers during his own lifetime. ...


Auvers-sur-Oise (May – July 1890)

Portrait of Dr. Gachet was sold for 82.5 million US dollars, current whereabouts unknown
Portrait of Dr. Gachet was sold for 82.5 million US dollars, current whereabouts unknown
L’Auberge Ravoux, in Auvers-sur-Oise, where Vincent Van Gogh spent his final months and where he died. It is now a restaurant.
L’Auberge Ravoux, in Auvers-sur-Oise, where Vincent Van Gogh spent his final months and where he died. It is now a restaurant.
Probably van Gogh's final view of the outside world (looking through a window at the Auberge Ravoux)
Probably van Gogh's final view of the outside world (looking through a window at the Auberge Ravoux)

In May 1890, Van Gogh left the clinic and went to the physician Dr. Paul Gachet, in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, where he was closer to his brother Theo. Dr. Gachet had been recommended to him by Pissarro, as he had previously treated several artists and was an amateur artist himself. Van Gogh's first impression was that Gachet was "sicker than I am, I think, or shall we say just as much."[68] Later Van Gogh did two portraits of Gachet in oils, as well as a third—his only etching, and in all three emphasis is on Gachet's melancholic disposition. In his last weeks at Saint-Rémy Van Gogh's thoughts had been returning to his "memories of the North",[69] and several of the approximately 70 oils he painted during his 70 days in Auvers-sur-Oise—such as The Church at Auvers—are reminiscent of northern scenes. Download high resolution version (832x1024, 233 KB) Vincent van Goghs Portrait of Dr. Gachet was painted in June 1890, during the last months of his life before his suicide. ... Download high resolution version (832x1024, 233 KB) Vincent van Goghs Portrait of Dr. Gachet was painted in June 1890, during the last months of his life before his suicide. ... Portrait of Dr. Gachet is one of the most revered paintings by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh, since it fetched a record price in 1990. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (636x700, 277 KB) Auberge Ravoux, Auvers-sur-Oise, France. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (636x700, 277 KB) Auberge Ravoux, Auvers-sur-Oise, France. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2008x1565, 1558 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2008x1565, 1558 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... The Church at Auvers, was painted by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh in 1890. ...


Wheat Field with Crows—an example of the unusual double square canvas-size he used in the last weeks of his life—with its turbulent intensity is often, but mistakenly, thought to be Van Gogh's last work (Jan Hulsker lists seven paintings after it). Daubigny's Garden is a more likely candidate. There are also seemingly unfinished paintings, such as Thatched Cottages by a Hill. In 1890 Van Gogh wrote he had made three paintings in Auvers of large fields of wheat under troubled skies and Wheat Field with Crows, an oil on canvas, may have been one. ... Double-squares and Squares are terms which point to the uncommon sizes of canvas Vincent van Gogh used exclusively during the final weeks of his life in Auvers, in June and July 1890. ... Thatched Cottages by a Hill is a painting by Vincent van Gogh Categories: ...


Van Gogh's depression deepened, and on 27 July 1890, at the age of 37, he walked into the fields and shot himself in the chest with a revolver. Without realizing that he was fatally wounded he returned to the Ravoux Inn where he died in his bed two days later. Theo hastened to be at his side and reported his last words as "La tristesse durera toujours" (French for "the sadness will last forever"). Vincent was buried at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise.[70] Theo had contracted syphilis—though this was not admitted by the family for many years—and not long after Vincent's death, was himself admitted to hospital. He was not able to come to terms with the grief of his brother's absence, and died six months later on 25 January at Utrecht. In 1914 Theo's body was exhumed and re-buried beside Vincent. On the Threshold of Eternity. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Revolver (disambiguation). ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh Portrait of Adeline Ravoux was painted by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh in 1890. ... Auvers-sur-Oise is a commune of the Val-dOise département, in France. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Utrecht ( (help· info)) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. ...


Medical records

Vincent and Theo van Gogh's graves at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise.
Vincent and Theo van Gogh's graves at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise.

Van Gogh cut off the lobe of his left ear during some sort of seizure on 24 December 1888.[71] Mental problems afflicted him, particularly in the last few years of his life. During some of these periods he did not paint, or was not allowed to. There has been much debate over the years as to the source of Van Gogh's mental illness and its effect on his work. Over 150 psychiatrists have attempted to label his illness, and some 30 different diagnoses have been suggested.[72] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (886x854, 491 KB) Grave of Vincent van Gogh, made by Remy Overkempe. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (886x854, 491 KB) Grave of Vincent van Gogh, made by Remy Overkempe. ... Auvers-sur-Oise is a commune of the Val-dOise département, in France. ... There is no consensus on the medical condition of Vincent van Gogh. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Still Life with Absinthe (1887)
Still Life with Absinthe (1887)

Diagnoses which have been put forward include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, syphilis, poisoning from swallowed paints, temporal lobe epilepsy and acute intermittent porphyria. Any of these could have been the culprit and been aggravated by malnutrition, overwork, insomnia, and a fondness for alcohol, and absinthe in particular. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x852, 207 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x852, 207 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vincent van Gogh ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare metabolic disorder that is characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme, porphobilinogen deaminase (PBG-D), also known as uroporphyrinogen I-synthase. ...


Medical theories have even been proposed to explain Van Gogh's use of the colour yellow. One theory holds that Van Gogh's colour vision might have been affected by his love of absinthe, a liquor that contains a neurotoxin called thujone. High doses of thujone can cause xanthopsia: seeing objects in yellow. However, a 1991 study indicated that an absinthe drinker would become unconscious from the alcohol content long before consuming enough thujone to develop yellow vision. Another theory suggests that Dr. Gachet might have prescribed digitalis to Van Gogh as a treatment for epilepsy. There is no direct evidence that he ever took digitalis, but he did paint Gachet with some cut flower stalks of Common Foxglove, the plant from which the drug is derived. Those who take large doses of digitalis often report yellow-tinted vision or yellow spots surrounded by coronas (like those in the The Starry Night) and changes in overall colour perception.[73] A reservoir glass filled with a naturally-colored verte, next to an absinthe spoon. ... Thujone is a ketone and a monoterpene that exists in two stereoisomeric forms: (+)-3-thujone or α-thujone and (-)-3-thujone or β-thujone. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary using the Transwiki process. ... Thujone is a ketone and a monoterpene that exists in two stereoisomeric forms: (+)-3-thujone or α-thujone and (-)-3-thujone or β-thujone. ... Species About 20 species, including: Digitalis cariensis Digitalis ciliata Digitalis davisiana Digitalis dubia Digitalis ferruginea Digitalis grandiflora Digitalis laevigata Digitalis lanata Digitalis leucophaea Digitalis lutea Digitalis obscura Digitalis parviflora Digitalis purpurea Digitalis thapsi Digitalis trojana Digitalis viridiflora Digitalis is a genus of about 20 species of herbaceous perennials, shrubs, and... Binomial name Digitalis purpurea L. The Purple foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), also known as Common foxglove, is a biennial herb of the family Plantaginaceae native to Europe. ...


A recently proposed illness is lead poisoning. The paints he used were lead-based, and one of the symptoms of lead poisoning results in a swelling of the retina, which may have lead to the halo effect seen in many of Van Gogh's later works.[74] It has been suggested that Van Gogh suffered from the brain disorder, Hypergraphia. The disorder causes a near constant overwhelming urge to write and is associated with epilepsy or mania.[75] Lead poisoning is a medical condition, also known as saturnism, plumbism or painters colic, caused by increased blood lead levels. ... Hypergraphia is an overwhelming urge to write. ...


Work

Van Gogh drew and painted water-colours while he went to school, though very few of these works survive, and his authorship is challenged for many claimed to be from this period. When he committed himself to art as an adult (1880), he started at the elementary level by copying the "Cours de dessin," edited by Charles Bargue and published by Goupil & Cie. Within his first two years he began to seek commissions, and in spring 1882, his uncle, Cornelis Marinus (owner of a renowned gallery of contemporary art in Amsterdam) asked him to provide drawings of the Hague; Van Gogh's work did not prove up to his uncle's expectations. Despite this, Uncle Cor (or "C.M. " as he was referred to by his nephews) offered a second commission, specifying the subject matter in detail, but he was once again disappointed with the result. Charles Bargues (1826–1883) was a French artist. ... Goupil & Cie were amongst the leading art dealers in 19th century France, with head quarters in Paris. ...


Nevertheless, Van Gogh persevered with his work. He improved the lighting of his atelier (studio) by installing variable shutters, and experimented with a variety of drawing materials. For more than a year he worked hard on single figures—highly elaborated studies in "black and white," which at the time gained him only criticism. Nowadays they are appreciated as his first masterpieces. In spring 1883, he embarked on multi-figure compositions, based on the drawings. He had some of them photographed, but when his brother commented that they lacked liveliness and freshness, Vincent destroyed them and turned to oil painting. Already in autumn 1882, Theo had enabled him to do his first paintings, but the amount Theo could supply was soon spent. Then, in spring 1883, Vincent turned to renowned Hague School artists like Weissenbruch and Blommers, and received technical support from them, as well as from painters like De Bock and Van der Weele, both Hague School artists of the second generation. When he moved to Nuenen, after the intermezzo in Drenthe, he started various large size paintings, but he destroyed most of them himself. The Potato Eaters and its companion pieces, The Old Tower on the Nuenen cemetery and The Cottage, are the only ones that have survived. After a visit to the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Vincent was aware that many faults of his paintings were due to a lack of technical experience. So he went to Antwerp, and later to Paris to improve his technical skill. The Hague School was the Dutch counterpart to the French Barbizon school of realist painters. ... Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch (30 November 1824 in The Hague – 14 March 1903 in The Hague) was a Dutch painter of the Hague School. ... Bernardus Johannes (Bernard) Blommers (30 January 1845 in The Hague – 12 December 1914 in The Hague) was a Dutch painter of the Hague School. ... Théophile de Bock (1851-1914) is a Dutch painter in the second generation of the Hague School. ... Herman Johannes Van der Weele (1852-1930) is a Dutch painter in the second generation of the Hague School. ... The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ...

This piece from the Hermitage Museum was painted six weeks before the artist's death, at around eight o'clock on 16 June 1890, as astronomers determined by Venus's position in the painting.
This piece from the Hermitage Museum was painted six weeks before the artist's death, at around eight o'clock on 16 June 1890, as astronomers determined by Venus's position in the painting.[76]

More or less acquainted with impressionist and neo-impressionist techniques and theories, Van Gogh went to Arles to develop these new possibilities. But within a short time, older ideas on art and work reappeared: ideas like doing series on related or contrasting subject matter, which would reflect the purpose of art. Already in 1884 in Nuenen he had worked on a series that was to decorate the dining room of a friend in Eindhoven. Similarly in Arles, in spring 1888 he arranged his Flowering Orchards into triptychs, began a series of figures which found its end in The Roulin Family, and finally, when Gauguin had consented to work and live in Arles side by side with Vincent, he started to work on the The Décoration for the Yellow House, probably the most ambitious effort he ever undertook. Most of his later work is elaborating or revising its fundamental settings. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1070x873, 96 KB) Vincent van Gogh. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1070x873, 96 KB) Vincent van Gogh. ... The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: ) in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the largest museums in the world, with 3 million works of art (not all on display at once), [1] and one of the oldest art galleries and museums of human history and culture in the world. ... For other uses, see Venus (disambiguation). ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Flowering Orchards is a series of paintings executed by Vincent van Gogh in Arles, spring 1888. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Roulin Family is group of portraits Vincent van Gogh executed in Arles in 1888 and 1889. ... The Décoration for the Yellow House was the main project Vincent van Gogh focussed in Arles, from August 1888 till his breakdown the day before Christmas. ...


The paintings from the Saint-Rémy period are often characterized by swirls and spirals. The patterns of luminosity in these images have been shown[77] to conform to Kolmogorov's statistical model of turbulence. At various times in his life Van Gogh painted the view from his window; this culminated in the great series of paintings of the wheat field he could see from his adjoining cells in the asylum at Saint-Rémy. Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (Russian: Андре́й Никола́евич Колмого́ров) (April 25, 1903 - October 20, 1987) was a Soviet mathematician who made major advances in different academic fields (among them probability theory, topology, intuitionistic logic, turbulence, classical mechanics and computational complexity). ... In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is a flow regime characterized by chaotic, stochastic property changes. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Wheat Field is a series of oil paintings executed in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence by Vincent van Gogh. ...


Legacy

Since his first exhibits in the late 1880s, Van Gogh's fame grew steadily, among his colleagues and among art critics, dealers and collectors. After his death, memorial exhibitions were mounted in Brussels, Paris, The Hague and Antwerp. In the early 20th century, the exhibitions were followed by vast retrospectives in Paris (1901 and 1905), Amsterdam (1905), Cologne (1912), New York City (1913) and Berlin (1914). These prompted a noticeable impact over a new generation of artists. The Painter of Sunflowers (Le Peintre de Tournesols): Portrait of Vincent van Gogh, by Paul Gauguin, painted in Arles, December 1888 Main article: Vincent van Gogh For a timeline, see Vincent van Gogh chronology The fame of Vincent van Gogh began to spread during the last years of his life... Vincent van Gogh has — through his work, his letters, and his life — inspired many other artists in various media. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


The French Fauves, including Henri Matisse, extended both his use of colour and freedom in applying it, as did German Expressionists in the Die Brücke group. The 1950s' Abstract Expressionism is seen as benefiting from the exploration Van Gogh started with gestural marks. In 1957, Anglo-Irish artist Francis Bacon based several paintings on reproductions of Van Gogh's The Painter on his Way to Work (which had been destroyed during World War II). Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark [[Image:Matissedance. ... Henri Matisse (December 31, 1869 – November 3, 1954) was a French artist, noted for his use of color and his fluid, brilliant and original draughtsmanship. ... Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... Francis Bacon (28 October 1909 – 28 April 1992) was an Irish figurative painter. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Gallery

Sources

  • Beaujean, Dieter. Vincent van Gogh: Life and Work, Könemann 1999, ISBN 3-8290-2938-1
  • Callow, Philip. Vincent Van Gogh: A Life, Ivan R. Dee, 1990, ISBN 1-56663-134-3
  • Erickson, Kathleen Powers. At Eternity's Gate: The Spiritual Vision of Vincent van Gogh, 1998, ISBN 0-8028-4978-4
  • Gayford, Martin. The Yellow House: Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Nine Turbulent Weeks in Arles, Fig Tree, Penguin, 2006, ISBN 0-670-91497-5
  • Hammacher, A.M. Vincent van Gogh: Genius and Disaster, Harry N. Abrams, Incorporated, New York, 1985, ISBN 0-8109-8067-3
  • van Heugten, Sjraar Van Gogh The Master Draughtsman, Thames and Hudson, 2005 ISBN-13: 978-0-500-23825-7 ISBN-10: 0-500-23825-1
  • Hulsker, Jan. Vincent and Theo van Gogh, a dual biography, Fuller Publications, Ann Arbor, 1990, ISBN 0-940537-05-2
  • Rewald, John. Post-Impressionism: From van Gogh to Gauguin, revised edition, Secker & Warburg 1978, ISBN 0-436-41151-2
  • Walther, Ingo F., and Metzger, Rainer. Van Gogh: the Complete Paintings, Benedikt Taschen 1997, ISBN 3-8228-8265-8
  • Wilkie, Ken. The Van Gogh Assignment, Paddington Press, 1978; republished: The Van Gogh File. A Journey of Discovery, Souvenir Press, 1990, ISBN 0-285-62965-4
  • Wilkie, Ken. In Search of Van Gogh, 1991, ISBN 1-55958-101-8 (not valid?)
  • Grossvogel, David I. "Behind the Van Gogh Forgeries: A Memoir by David I. Grossvogel" Authors Choice Press (March 2001), ISBN-10: 0595177174
† Tertiary sources, with little or no reference to sources

Notes

  1. ^ Rewald, John. Post-Impressionism: From van Gogh to Gauguin, revised edition, Secker & Warburg 1978, ISBN 0-436-41151-2
  2. ^ Vincent Van Gogh - Biography, Quotes & Paintings, retrieved June 14 2007.
  3. ^ Lubin, Albert J. Stranger on the earth: A psychological biography of Vincent van Gogh, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1972. ISBN 0-03-091352-7. pages 82–84
  4. ^ Erickson, page 9.
  5. ^ Letter from Vincent van Gogh to Theo van Gogh - Nuenen, c. 18 December 1883.
  6. ^ Hackford Road. vauxhallsociety.org. Retrieved on 2007-03-24.
  7. ^ van Gogh, Vincent (1873-05-05). Letter from Vincent to Theo. webexhibits.org. Retrieved on 2007-03-24.
  8. ^ Theo's wife later remarked that this was the happiest year of Vincent's life. Wilkie, pages 34-36
  9. ^ Wilkie, pages 38 - 52
  10. ^ Callow, page 54
  11. ^ See the recollections gathered in Dordrecht by M. J. Brusse, Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, May 26 and June 2, 1914.
  12. ^ "he would not eat meat, only a little morsel on Sundays, and then only after being urged by our landlady for a long time. Four potatoes with a suspicion of gravy and a mouthful of vegetables constituted his whole dinner"— from a letter to Frederik van Eeden, to help him with preparation for his article on Van Gogh in De Nieuwe Gids (issue 1 December, 1890), quoted in Van Gogh: A Self-Portrait; Letters Revealing His Life as a Painter, selected by W. H. Auden, New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, CT. 1961. See pages 37 – 39.
  13. ^ Erickson page 23
  14. ^ Letter 129, April 1879, and Letter 132. Van Gogh lodged in Wasmes, at 22 rue de Wilson, with Jean-Baptiste Denis, a breeder or grower ('cultivateur', in the French original) according to Letter 553b. In the recollections of his nephew Jean Richez, gathered by Wilkie (in the 1970s!), page 72-78, Denis and his wife Esther were running a bakery, and Richez admits that the only source of his knowledge is Aunt Esther.
  15. ^ Wilkie page 75
  16. ^ Wilkie, page 77
  17. ^ Letter from mother to Theo, 7 August 1879 and Callow, work cited, page 72
  18. ^ there are different views as to this period; Jan Hulsker in Vincent and Theo van Gogh, a dual biography, Fuller Publications, Ann Arbor, 1990. ISBN 0-940537-05-2 opts for a return to the Borinage and then back to Etten in this period; the forthcoming catalogue for the 2006 Budapest Van Gogh exhibition supports the line taken in this article
  19. ^ Letter 158
  20. ^ see Jan Hulsker's speech The Borinage Episode and the Misrepresentation of Vincent van Gogh, Van Gogh Symposium, 10-11 May 1990, referenced in Erickson, pages 67-68
  21. ^ Letter 134, dated 20 August 1880 from Cuesmes; also Wilkie, page 79
  22. ^ Vincent Van Gogh biography. expo-vangogh.com (2007). Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
  23. ^ Erickson, page 5.
  24. ^ Letter 153 to Theo dated 3 November 1881
  25. ^ Letter 161 to Theo 23 November 1881
  26. ^ Letter 164 from Etten c.21 December 1881, describing the visit in more detail
  27. ^ a b Letter 193 from Vincent to Theo, The Hague, 14 May 1882
  28. ^ Gayford, work cited, pages 130 – 131
  29. ^ Letter 166,
  30. ^ Callow, page 116, citing the work of Hulsker
  31. ^ Callow pages 123 - 124
  32. ^ Callow page 117
  33. ^ Callow, page 116, citing the research of Jan Hulsker; the two dead children were born in 1874 and 1879.
  34. ^ Wilkie, page 176. Forceps were used in the birth. Baby Willem was 3.42 kg and 53 cm at birth, suggesting conception occurred late August or early September 1881 ... see Wilkie page 201. Vincent had visited The Hague briefly 23 – 26 August where he visited Anton Mauve and viewed the Panorama Mesdag
  35. ^ Callow, page 132
  36. ^ Letter 203, 30 May 1882 (postcard written in English)
  37. ^ Letter 2068 or 9 June 1882
  38. ^ Arnold, page 38
  39. ^ a b Wilkie, page 183
  40. ^ Wilkie, page 185
  41. ^ Wilkie, page 201
  42. ^ Johannes de Looyer, Karel van Engeland, Hendricus Dekkers, and Piet van Hoorn all as old men recalled being paid 5, 10 or 50 cents per nest, depending on the type of bird. See Wilkie, pages 25-26, and Theos' son's note
  43. ^ Vincent's nephew noted some reminiscences of local residents in 1949, including the description of the speed of his drawing
  44. ^ Wilkie, page 82
  45. ^ the girl was Gordina de Groot, who died in 1927; she claimed the father was not Van Gogh, but a relative; see Wilkie page 26
  46. ^ Callow, page 181
  47. ^ Callow, page 184
  48. ^ Hammacher, page 84
  49. ^ Callow, page 253
  50. ^ Vincent's doctor was Hubertus Amadeus Cavenaile; Wilkie, pages 143-146
  51. ^ Arnold, page 77. The evidence for syphilis is thin, coming solely from interviews with the grandson of the doctor; see Tralbaut, M. E. Vincent van Gogh, New York, The Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1981, pages 177-178, and Wilkie, pages 143-146
  52. ^ van der Wolk, J. The Seven Sketchbooks of Vincent van Gogh: a facsimile edition, Harry Abrams Inc, New York, 1987, pages 104-105
  53. ^ 70 of Van Gogh's abandoned paintings were bought by a junk dealer, who burnt some and sold others at very low prices.
  54. ^ "Glossary term: Pointillism", National Gallery. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  55. ^ "Glossary term: Complimentary colours", National Gallery. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  56. ^ D. Druick & P. Zegers, Van Gogh and Gauguin: The Studio of the South, Thames & Hudson, 2001, page 81; Gayford, work cited, page 50
  57. ^ Letter 510, Letter 544a
  58. ^ Alfred Nemeczek, Van Gogh in Arles, Prestel Verlag, 1999, ISBN 3-7913-2230-3, pages 59 – 61.
  59. ^ Gayford, The Yellow House, page 16
  60. ^ Callow, p 219
  61. ^ Letter 534; Gayford, page 18
  62. ^ Letter 537; Nemeczek, page 61
  63. ^ Martin Gayford, The Yellow House: Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Nine Turbulent Weeks in Arles, Fig Tree, Penguin, 2006. ISBN 0-670-91497-5. See page 61
  64. ^ According to Doiteau & Leroy, the diagonal cut removed the lobe and probably a little more.
  65. ^ Callow, page 246
  66. ^ One of these four portraits sold at auction in May 2006 for more than $40 million.
  67. ^ John Rewald, Post-Impressionism, revised edition: Secker & Warburg, London England. 1978, p. 346-347 and 348-350
  68. ^ Letter 648
  69. ^ Letter 629 30 April 1890
  70. ^ Vincent van Gogh study guide. sparknotes.com (2006). Retrieved on 2007-03-25.
  71. ^ DIEUMO, J.B. (2006). Homage To Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890). vangoghpromo.co. Studio-web. Retrieved on 2007-03-25.
  72. ^ Blumer, Dietrich (2002)"The Illness of Vincent van Gogh" American Journal of Psychiatry
  73. ^ Wolf, Paul (November 2001). "Creativity and chronic disease Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890)". Western Journal of Medicine 175 (5): 348. Retrieved on 2006-10-07. 
  74. ^ Ross King. The Judgment of Paris: The Revolutionary Decade that Gave the World Impressionism. New York: Waller & Company, 2006 ISBN 0-8027-1466-8. See page 61.
  75. ^ William J. Cromie (2004-01-29). The brains behind writer's block. Harvard Gazette.
  76. ^ Star dates Van Gogh canvas 8 March, 2001
  77. ^ 'Kolmogorov scaling in impassioned van Gogh paintings' by J. L. Aragón, Gerardo G. Naumis, M. Bai, M. Torres, P.K. Maini; 28 June 2006

is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... De Nieuwe Gids (The New Guide) was a Dutch illustrated literary periodical which appeared for the first time in 1885, and played an important role in promoting the literary movement of 1880s. ... Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) IPA: ;[1], who signed his works W. H. Auden, was an Anglo-American poet, regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan Hulsker (1907 - 2002) studied Dutch literature in Leyden and was promoted with a thesis on the author Aart van der Leeuw. ... Anton Mauve (1838-1888) was a Dutch realist painter whose work very early on influenced Vincent van Gogh. ... Scheveningen village, a small section of the Panorama Mesdag, with fake terrain in the foreground. ... National Gallery is a common name for a countrys major public art gallery. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... National Gallery is a common name for a countrys major public art gallery. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Persondata
NAME Van Gogh, Vincent
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Painter
DATE OF BIRTH 30 March 1853
PLACE OF BIRTH Groot-Zundert, Netherlands
DATE OF DEATH July 29, 1890
PLACE OF DEATH Auvers-sur-Oise, France

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Van Gogh: Self Portrait (1889) This is a chronology of the artist Vincent van Gogh. ... There is no consensus on the medical condition of Vincent van Gogh. ... The Painter of Sunflowers (Le Peintre de Tournesols): Portrait of Vincent van Gogh, by Paul Gauguin, painted in Arles, December 1888 Main article: Vincent van Gogh For a timeline, see Vincent van Gogh chronology The fame of Vincent van Gogh began to spread during the last years of his life... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ... Theo van Gogh Theo van Gogh (May 1, 1857 - January 25, 1891) was the younger brother of the painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and a successful art dealer. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist painter. ... The Van Gogh Museum is a museum in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, featuring the works of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries. ... Vincent van Gogh has — through his work, his letters, and his life — inspired many other artists in various media. ... The Décoration for the Yellow House was the main project Vincent van Gogh focussed in Arles, from August 1888 till his breakdown the day before Christmas. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Roulin Family is group of portraits Vincent van Gogh executed in Arles in 1888 and 1889. ... Vincent van Goghs display at Les XX, 1890, in Brussels is an important testament to the recognition he received amongst avant-garde peers during his own lifetime. ... In May 1890, on his arrival in Auvers-sur-Oise, Vincent van Gogh continued his work by mainly conceiving size 30 paintings, in the end more than a dozen. ... Double-squares and Squares are terms which point to the uncommon sizes of canvas Vincent van Gogh used exclusively during the final weeks of his life in Auvers, in June and July 1890. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Flowering Orchards is a series of paintings executed by Vincent van Gogh in Arles, spring 1888. ... This is a list of some of the notable works of the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890). ... Self-Portraits by Vincent van Gogh belong, together with his Sunflowers, to his most admired paintings. ... Sunflowers or Vase with Twelve Sunflowers (August 1888) is one of two sunflower paintings with twelve sunflowers, the others having fifteen. ... The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ... Bedroom in Arles (French: La Chambre à Arles; Dutch: Slaapkamer te Arles) is a painting by 19th-century Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh. ... The Red Vineyard was the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Night Café (original French title: Le Café de nuit) is an oil painting executed in Arles in September 1888, by Vincent van Gogh. ... The Yellow House at No. ... For other uses, see Starry Night (disambiguation). ... Irises is a painting by Vincent van Gogh. ... The Church at Auvers, was painted by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh in 1890. ... In 1890 Van Gogh wrote he had made three paintings in Auvers of large fields of wheat under troubled skies and Wheat Field with Crows, an oil on canvas, may have been one. ... Cafe Terrace at Night, also known as The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum, is a painting by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh which he rendered in Arles, France in September 1888. ... Portrait of Dr. Gachet is one of the most revered paintings by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh, since it fetched a record price in 1990. ... Thatched Cottages by a Hill is a painting by Vincent van Gogh Categories: ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Zundert is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Auvers-sur-Oise is a commune of the Val-dOise département, in France. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to The Vincent van Gogh Gallery (654 words)
Vincent van Gogh wrote over 800 letters in his lifetime to family and friends.
Van Gogh had many influences on his life including his family and friends, other artists, and his health.
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Vincent van Gogh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7042 words)
Vincent Willem van Gogh was born in Zundert in the Province of North Brabant, in the southern Netherlands, the son of Anna Cornelia Carbentus and Theodorus van Gogh, a Protestant minister.
Vincent was buried at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise.
Vincent and Theo van Gogh's graves at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise.
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