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Encyclopedia > Vincent du Vigneaud

Vincent du Vigneaud (May 18, 1901 - December 11, 1978) was a U.S. biochemist. He won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1955.

Earlier in his life he joined Alpha Chi Sigma while at University of Illinois in 1930.

External link

  • http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1955/vigneaud-bio.html

  Results from FactBites:
BookRags: Vincent du Vigneaud Biography (1149 words)
Vincent du Vigneaud, an American biochemist, received the 1955 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his breakthrough achievement of synthesizing oxytocin--a hormone released by the posterior pituitary gland used to induce labor and lactation in pregnant women, and for his work with sulfur.
Throughout his career, du Vigneaud was recognized for isolating and synthesizing penicillin and the hormone vasopressin, which is used to suppress urine flow, identifying the chemical composition of insulin, discovering the structure of vitamin H, otherwise known as biotin, and his pioneering work with methyl groups.
Du Vigneaud's investigations, which were inspired by a lecture given by renowned biochemist W. Rose at the University of Illinois, sparked a lifelong interest in the range of sulfur compounds, but especially the sulfur-containing amino acids methionine, homocystine, cystine, cysteine, and cystathionine.
Vincent du Vigneaud - Biography (440 words)
Vincent du Vigneaud was born in Chicago, Illinois, on 18th May, 1901, the son of the late inventor and machine designer Alfred J. du Vigneaud and his wife, Mary Theresa.
On his return to America, du Vigneaud joined the Physiological Chemical Staff at The University of Illinois under Professor W.C. Rose and in 1932 he became Head of the Biochemistry Department at the George Washington University School of Medicine.
Du Vigneaud has held many lectureships in universities in the United States and England, among the latter the Liversidge Lectureship at Cambridge, and in the summer of 1947 he was Visiting Lecturer of the American Swiss Foundation for Scientific Exchange in Switzerland.
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