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Encyclopedia > Viljandi
Viljandi linn
Flag of Viljandi
Coat of arms of Viljandi
Flag Coat of arms
County Viljandi County
Area 14.62 km²
Population (as of 2006)
 - Density
20,274
1,386.7/km²
Coordinates 58°22′ N 25°36′ E

Location of Viljandi

Viljandi (German Fellin, Polish Felin) is a town and municipality in southern Estonia. It is the capital of Viljandi County. The town was first mentioned in 1283, upon being granted its town charter by Villekinus de Endorpe. Image File history File links Flag_of_et-Viljandi. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Dannebrog, national flag of Denmark. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... A County (est: maakond) is an administrative subdivision of Estonia. ... Capital Viljandi Governor Kalle Küttis Area 3,422 km² (4th) Population (as of 2004)  - Density 56,854 (6th) 16. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Location map of Viljandi, Estonia. ... Populated places in Estonia officially are of four kinds: towns (est: linnad, singular - linn), boroughs (est: alevid, singular - alev), small boroughs (est: alevikud, singular - alevik) and villages (est: külad, singular - küla). ... This is a list of the rural municipalities (vallad, singular - vald) of Estonia. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Capital Viljandi Governor Kalle Küttis Area 3,422 km² (4th) Population (as of 2004)  - Density 56,854 (6th) 16. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ...


In 1211 the hill-fort of the Estonians in Viljandi was besieged by a joint army of Germans, Latvians, and Livs. The Livonian Sword Brethren captured the hill-fort in August 1223 from a contingent of Russians, who joint forces with the insurgent Estonians. The following year the Grand Master Volquin led the construction of the castle at the site of the former hill-fort. The Viljandi (Fellin) castle was one of the largest in the Baltic region. It was a major fortification of the Livonian Order and was appointed a commander from 1248. The fortress was continually rebuilt and modernized over the next two-hundred years. // Events The oldest extant double entry bookkeeping record dates from 1211 Canons regular of the Order of the Holy Cross founded September 14 1211 Troops led by Estonian resistance fighter Lembitu of Lehola destroy a garrison of missionaries in the historical Estonian region of Sakala and raid the Russian town... The Livonians were the indigenous Finnics who since ancient times populated the shores of the Gulf of Riga adjacent to the Indo-European Balts. ... The Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Latin Fratres militiae Christi, literally the brothers of the army of Christ), also known as the Christ Knights, Sword Brethren or The Militia of Christ of Livonia, was a military order started in 1202 by Albert von Buxhövden, bishop of Riga (or Prince... // Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... Volquin (Wolquin, Folkvin, Volkewin) was the Master of the Order of Brothers of the Sword from 1209 to 1236. ... Pierrefonds Castle, France. ... Population density in the wider Baltic region. ... The Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Latin Fratres militiae Christi, literally the brothers of the army of Christ), also known as the Christ Knights, Sword Brethren or The Militia of Christ of Livonia, was a military order started in 1202 by Albert von Buxhövden, bishop of Riga (or Prince... For broader historical context, see 1240s and 13th century. ...


In 1283, the town received a charter from Villekinus de Endorpe, the master of the Order. The town became a member of the Hanseatic League at the beginning of the 14th century, and today is one of five Estonian towns and cities in the league. For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...


In 1470, Johann Wolthus von Herse, then master of the order, took up residence in the castle. In 1481, Ivan III of Russia laid siege to the castle but could not take it. However, during the Livonian War Muscovite Russia succeeded in seizing it in 1560. During the Polish-Swedish War at the beginning of the 17th century the castle changed hands several times and fell into ruins. The same goes for the town, which was deprived of its privileges. Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ... Events May 3 - Mehmed II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Beyazid II. May 21 - Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway dies and is succeeded by his son John (1481-1513) With the death of Duke Charles IV of Anjou, Anjou was reverted... Albus rex Ivan III Ivan III Vasilevich (Иван III Васильевич) (January 22, 1440, Moscow – October 27, 1505, Moscow), also known as Ivan the Great, was a grand duke of Muscovy who first adopted a more pretentious title of the grand duke of all the Russias. Sometimes referred to as the gatherer of... The Reformation reached Livonia in the 1520s. ... This article is about Muscovite Russia. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... The Polish-Swedish Wars refer to a series of wars between Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden, in the wider meaning to the series of wars in which both Sweden and Poland participated between 1563 and 1721, in the narrower meaning to denote the two wars between 1600 and 1629. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


After the Great Northern War the Russians revoked local autonomy until 1783, when in the course of the regency reforms of the Empress Catherine the Great Viljandi became a district town. This involved the re-establishment of town bylaws. The economic and political importance of Viljandi started to increase. The population, after decreasing in population and wealth, started to rise again, as handicraft, trading, and cultural life were revived. Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Ukrainian Cossacks Russia Denmark-Norway Poland-Lithuania Saxony later also Prussia, Hanover Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Ivan Mazepa Peter the Great Augustus II the Strong Frederick IV of Denmark Strength 77,000 in the beginning of the war. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from...


The popular Estonian newspaper Sakala was founded in Viljandi in 1878. Sakala is an Estonian language newspaper. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents

Culture

Famous for Viljandi Folk Festival The Viljandi Folk Music Festival is a music festival in Estonia. ...


See also

Lake Viljandi is a lake in Viljandi County, Estonia. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Viljandi
  • Official website
  • Viljandi Tourist Information Centre

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References


The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia (Latvian: Indrika hronikas, Latin: Heinrici Cronicon Lyvoniae) is a historic document describing the history of Latvia and Estonia from 1180 to 1227. ...

Coat of arms of Viljandi County Municipalities of Viljandi County
Urban municipalities: Mõisaküla | Viljandi | Võhma
Rural municipalities: Abja | Halliste | Karksi | Kolga-Jaani | Kõo | Kõpu | Paistu | Pärsti | Saarepeedi | Suure-Jaani | Tarvastu | Viiratsi

  Results from FactBites:
 
Viljandi travel guide (734 words)
From Viljandi to Tallinn - 161 km, to Tartu 81 km, to Pärnu 97 km.
Viljandi located at the crossroads of trade routes had an important role as transit town in the routes Pärnu - Viljandi - Tartu - Novgorod and Riga - Viljandi - Tartu - Novgorod.
The commandant of the castle, Wilhelm Fürstenberg, was imprisoned in Viljandi and taken to Russia.
Viljandi Maa-Arhiiv (68 words)
Viljandi Maa-arhiiv on Rahvusarhiivi struktuuriüksus, mis kogub ja säilitab Viljandimaal tegutsevate ameti- ja valitsusasutuste ning valitsusasutuste hallatavate riigiasutuste, avalikke ülesandeid teostavate eraõiguslike juriidiliste ja füüsiliste isikute, samuti kohaliku omavalitsuse organite ja asutuste tegevuse tulemusena loodud või saadud arhivaale.
Viljandi Maa-arhiivis säilitatakse enamjaolt püsiväärtusega paberalusel dokumente aastatest 1944–2005.
aasta algul võttis Viljandi Maa-arhiiv vastu Viljandimaa Hooneregistri Talituse Viljandi maakonnas asuvate hoonete toimikud ja Viljandi linnas asuvate hoonete toimikud 2007.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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