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Encyclopedia > Viktor Vasnetsov
Self-portrait 1873
Self-portrait 1873

Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov (Виктор Михайлович Васнецов) (May 15 (N.S.), 18481926) was a Russian artist who specialized in mythological and historical subjects. He is considered a key figure of the revivalist movement in Russian art. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1995, 112 KB) Description: Title: de: Selbstporträt Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 71 × 58 cm Country of origin: de: Rußland Current location (city): de: Moskau Current location (gallery): de: Tretjakow-Galerie Other notes: Source: The Yorck Project... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1995, 112 KB) Description: Title: de: Selbstporträt Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 71 × 58 cm Country of origin: de: Rußland Current location (city): de: Moskau Current location (gallery): de: Tretjakow-Galerie Other notes: Source: The Yorck Project... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Look up Artist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... // The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ... For other senses of this word, see history (disambiguation). ... This article should be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...

Contents


Biography

Childhood (1848-1858)

Viktor Vasnetsov was born in a remote village of Vyatka guberniya in 1848. His father Mikhail Vasilievich Vasnetsov was a village priest. He was a well-educated 'philosophy-inclined' man interested in natural science, astronomy and painting. His grandfather was an icon painter. Two of his three sons, Viktor and Apollinary, became remarkable painters, the third one becoming a schoolteacher. Recalling his childhood in a letter to Vladimir Stasov, Vasnetsov remarked that he "had lived with peasant children and liked them not as a narodnik but as a friend". 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Kirov can refer to: Sergey Kirov, Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet communist The north-eastern European Russian city Kirov, center of Kirov Oblast The Soviet warship Kirov, now of the Russian Navy, lead ship of the Kirov class of battlecruisers. ... Guberniya (Russian: ) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The lunar farside as seen from Apollo 11 Natural science is the study of the physical, nonhuman aspects of the Earth and the universe around us. ... Radio telescopes are among many different tools used by astronomers Astronomy (Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος, astronomia = astron + nomos, literally, law of the stars) is the science of celestial objects and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere, such as stars, planets, comets, auroras, galaxies, and the cosmic background radiation. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Stasov is a quintessential family of Russian intelligentsia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Narodism. ...


Vyatka (1858-1867)

Since the age of ten, Viktor studied in a seminary in Vyatka, each summer moving with his family to a rich merchant village of Ryabovo. During his seminary years, he worked for a local icon shopkeeper. He also helped an exiled Polish artist Michał Elwiro Andriolli to execute frescoes for Vyatka's Alexander Nevsky cathedral. 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Christ the Redeemer (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) For other senses of this word, see icon (disambiguation). ... MichaÅ‚ Elwiro Andriolli (1836-1893) was a Polish painter and architect. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... Statue in Pereslavl, just in front of the cathedral Alexander was baptised in. ...


Having graduated from the seminary, Viktor decided to move to Saint Petersburg to study art. He auctioned his paintings of Woman Harvester and Milk-maid (both 1867) in order to raise money required for the trip to the Russian capital. Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Moving House, 1876
Moving House, 1876

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1633x1280, 1067 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Viktor Vasnetsov ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1633x1280, 1067 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Viktor Vasnetsov ...

Saint Petersburg (1867-1876)

In August 1867 Viktor entered the Imperial Academy of Arts. Three years later, the Peredvizhniki movement of realist painters rebelled against the Academism. Vasnetsov befriended their leader Ivan Kramskoi, referring to him as his teacher. He also became very close to his fellow student Ilya Yefimovich Repin. 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The edifice for the academy was built in 1764-89 to a design by Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe and Alexander F. Kokorinov. ... Peredvizhniki (Передвижники, in Russian) - the Russian artists-realists entering into Company of mobile art exhibitions (1870-1923). ... ... Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi (1837 - 1887) was a Russian painter and the art critic. ... Self-portrait Ilyá Yefímovich Répin (Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин) (August 5, 1844 (Julian calendar: July 24) – September 29, 1930) was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. ...


It is ironic, but Viktor, whose name is associated with historical and mythological paintings, initially avoided these subjects at all costs. For his graphical composition of Christ and Pontius Pilate Before the People, the Academy awarded a small silver medal to him. This page is about the title. ... Ecce Homo (Behold the Man!), Antonio Ciseris depiction of Pontius Pilate presenting a scourged Jesus of Nazareth to the people of Jerusalem Pontius Pilate (Latin Pontius Pilatus) was the governor of the Roman province of Judea and Roman general from AD 26 until around AD 36, who is best...


In the early 1870s he executed a lot of engravings depicting contemporary life. Two of them (Provincial Bookseller from 1870 and A Boy with a Bottle of Vodka from 1872) won him a bronze medal at the World Fair in London (1874). Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Worlds Fair is the generic name for various large expositions held since the mid 19th century. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England and is the most populous city in the European Union. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


At that period he also started producing genre paintings in oil. Such pieces as Peasant Singers (1873) and Moving House (1876) were warmly welcomed by democratic circles of Russian society. Genre painting, also called genre scene or petit genre, attempts to depict aspects of everyday life, via portraits of ordinary people engaged in common activities. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

Acrobats in Paris suburb, 1877
Acrobats in Paris suburb, 1877

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (840x1352, 509 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (840x1352, 509 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ...

Paris (1876-1877)

In 1876 Repin invited Vasnetsov to join the Peredvizhniki colony in Paris. While living in France, Viktor studied classical and contemporary paintings, academist and impressionist alike. At that period, he painted Acrobats (1877), produced prints, and exhibited some of his works at the Salon. It was in Paris that he became fascinated with fairy-tale subjects, starting to work on Ivan-Tsarevich Riding a Grey Wolf and The Firebird. Vasnetsov was a model for Sadko in Repin's celebrated painting Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom. In 1877 he returned to Moscow. 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists who began publicly exhibiting their art in the 1860s. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom, a painting by Ilya Repin (1876) Sadko (Садко in Russian) is an opera by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. ... Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom (1876). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ...

Alyonushka
Alyonushka

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1253x1792, 769 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1253x1792, 769 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ...

Moscow (1877-1884)

In the late 1870s Vasnetsov concentrated on illustrating Russian fairy tales and bylinas, executing some of his best known pieces: Knight at the Crossroads (1878), Prince Igor's Battlefield (1878), Three tsarevnas of the Underground Kingdom (1879-1881), The Magic Carpet (1880), and Alionushka (1881). 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Bylina (Russian: были́на, also Byliny and Stariny) is a traditional epic, heroic narrative poetry of early East Slavs of Kievan Rus, the tradition continued in Russia and Ukraine. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Prince Igor (Князь Игорь in Russian, Knyaz Igor in transliteration) is an opera in a prologue and four acts by Alexander Borodin to a Russian libretto by the composer, based on the East Slavic epic The Tale of Igors Campaign. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1891, 172 KB) Description: Title: de: Drei Königinnen des unterirdischen Reiches Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 152,7 × 165,2 cm Country of origin: de: Rußland Current location (city): de: Moskau Current location (gallery): de: Tretjakow-Galerie... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


These works were not appreciated at the time they appeared. Many radical critics dismissed them as undermining the realist principles of the Peredvizhniki. Even such prominent connoisseurs as Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov refused to buy them. The vogue for Vasnetsov's paintings would spread in the 1880s, when he turned to religious subjects and executed a lot of icons for Abramtsevo estate of his patron Savva Mamontov. Peredvizhniki (Передвижники, in Russian) - the Russian artists-realists entering into Company of mobile art exhibitions (1870-1923). ... Tretyakovs portrait by Repin (1883) Tretyakov Pavel Mikhailovich (1832 - 1898) was a businessman, patron of art, collector, and philanthropist. ... The Abramtsevo Colony is a late 19th century estate in Russia, about 50 miles north of Moscow, that became a center for artistic activity. ...

The Virgin and Child. 1887
The Virgin and Child. 1887

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1432x2510, 2240 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1432x2510, 2240 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ...

Kiev 1884-1889

In 1884-1889 Vasnetsov was commissioned to paint frescos in the St Vladimir's Cathedral of Kiev. This was a challenging work which ran contrary to both Russian and Western traditions of religious paintings. The influential art critic Vladimir Stasov labelled them a sacrilegious play with religious feelings of the Russian people. Another popular critic, Dmitry Filosofov, referred to these frescoes as "the first bridge over 200 years-old gulf separating different classes of Russian society". 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... St Volodymyrs Cathedral (Ukrainian: ; also known as the Volodymyrsky Cathedral or Vladimirskiy Cathedral in Russian) is a cathedral in the centre of Kiev. ... Motto: Oblast Municipality Municipal government City council (Київська Міська рада) Mayor Oleksandr Omelchenko Mayor-elect Leonid Chernovetsky Area 800 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 2,660,401 100% 3,299/km² Founded City rights around 5th century 1487 Latitude Longitude Area code +380 44 Car plates AA (before 2004: КА,КВ,КЕ,КН,КІ) Sister cities Athens, Brussels... Stasov is a quintessential family of Russian intelligentsia. ...


While living in Kiev, Vasnetsov made friends with Mikhail Vrubel, who was also involved in the cathedral's decoration. While they worked together, Vasnetsov taught the younger artist a great deal. It was in Kiev that Vasnetsov finally finished Ivan Tsarevich Riding a Grey Wolf and started his most famous painting, the Bogatyrs. Self-portrait, 1885 Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel (Russian: Михаил Александрович Врубель;March 17, 1856 - April 14, 1910, all n. ... Alyosha Popovich, Dobrynya Nikitich and Ilya Muromets are represented together in Viktor Vasnetsovs famous 1898 painting Bogatyrs. ...


In 1885 the painter travelled to Italy. The same year he worked on stage designs and costumes for Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's opera The Snow Maiden. 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Portrait of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov by Valentin Serov (1898) Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: , Nikolaj Andreevič Rimskij-Korsakov), also Nikolay, Nicolai, and Rimsky-Korsakoff, (March 6/18, 1844 – June 8/21, 1908) was a Russian composer and teacher of harmony and orchestration. ... The Snow Maiden (дипломник in Russian, Snegurochka in transliteration) is an opera in four acts by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov to a Russian libretto by the composer, based on the play by Alexandr Ostrovsky. ...

Frog Tsarevna, 1918
Frog Tsarevna, 1918

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2220x1640, 1325 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2220x1640, 1325 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ...

Later years (1890-1926)

During the following two decades, Vasnetsov worked a lot, but most of his later paintings were perceived as being of secondary importance. At that period, he turned to other media more often. He collaborated with his brother Apollinary on the theatrical design of another Rimsky-Korsakov premiere, Sadko, in 1897. In the 1910s, Vasnetsov was commissioned to design a new uniform for the Russian military and produced the so-called bogatyrka, a Russian army headwear. 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom, a painting by Ilya Repin (1876) Sadko (Садко in Russian) is an opera by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... An image of Red army soldier wearing budenovka from Soviet poster Budenovka is a distinct type of hat, an essential part of Communist uniform in Russian civil war. ...


At the turn of the century, Vasnetsov elaborated his hallmark "fairy-tale" style of Russian Revivalist architecture. His first acclaimed design was a church in Abramtsevo (1882), executed jointly with Vasily Polenov. In 1894, he designed his own mansion in Moscow. The Russian pavilion of the World Fair in Paris followed in 1898. Finally, in 1904, Vasnetsov designed the best known of his "fairy-tale" buildings - the Tretyakov Gallery. Fairy-tale church in Abramtsevo is an architectural fantasy by Victor Vasnetsov and Vasily Polenov. ... Polenov Vasily Dmitrievich (20. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Portrait of Pavel Tretyakov (1883) The State Tretyakov Gallery is the foremost depository of Russian fine art in the world. ...


Between 1906 and 1911, Vasnetsov worked on the design of the mosaics for Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Warsaw. 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Photograph of Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Warsaw shortly after completion in 1912. ...


In 1912, Vasnetsov was given a noble title by Czar Nicholas II. 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Tsar Nicholas II (18 May 1868 to 17 July 1918)1 was the last crowned Emperor of Russia. ...


Even prior to the Russian Revolution, Vasnetsov became active as a regent of that gallery. He allocated a significant portion of his income to the State Historical Museum, so that a large part of the museum's collection was acquired on Vasnetsov's money. After the October Revolution he advocated removing some of the religious paintings (notably those by Alexander Ivanov) from churches to the Tretyakov Gallery. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government (Duma), resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... State Historical Museum, as seen from Red Square The State Historical Museum of Russia is a museum of Russian history located at one end of Red Square in Moscow. ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution or November Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... Ivanovs vast canvas illustrates Matthew 3:13. ...


Selected works

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Wiktor Michajlowitsch Wassnezow

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Sources

  • Viktor Vasnetsov (example of work)
  • A. K. Lazuko Victor Vasnetsov, Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1990, ISBN 5-7370-0107-5
  • Vasnetsov Gallery
  • Victor Vastentzov, Russian Avant Garde Gallery

  Results from FactBites:
 
Russian Paintings Gallery - Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov (1848-1926) - brief biography (554 words)
Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov (1848-1926) is the Russian painter, master of historical and mythological genres, representative of Russian modernist style.
Vasnetsov even dabbled in architecture; both a small church in Abramtsevo and the facade of the Tretyakov Gallery (in Moscow) were based on his drawings.
As Newmarch states, "the dominant note of Vasnetsov's art is his intense and inviolate nationality"; indeed, during such a period of nationalist revival it would be difficult to ignore, and unjust to denounce an artist so talented and committed to his work.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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