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Encyclopedia > Vietnamese Martyrs
The Vietnam Martyrs
Born c. 16th-19th Century, Vietnam
Died 1625-1886, Vietnam
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified May 27, 1900, Vatican City by Pope Leo XIII, Pope Pius X, Pius XII,
Canonized June 19, 1988, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Feast November 24
Saints Portal

The Vietnamese Martyrs also known as the Martyrs of Tonkin, Martyrs of Annam or Martyrs of IndoChina, are saints on the Roman Catholic calendar of saints canonized by Pope John Paul II. Their feast day is 24 November although several of these saints have another memorial day as they were beatified and on the calendar prior to the canonization of the group. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Pope Leo XIII (March 2, 1810 – July 20, 1903), born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, having succeeded Pope Pius IX (1846–78) on February 20, 1878 and reigning until his death in 1903. ... Pope St. ... The Venerable Pius XII, born Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Eugenio Pacelli (Rome, March 2, 1876 - October 9, 1958) served as the Pope from March 2, 1939 to 1958. ... Icon of St. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... General definition of saint In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ... For the General Roman Calendar as it was in 1955, see Traditional Catholic Calendar. ... This article discusses the process of declaring saints. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Forum for European-Australian Science and Technology Cooperation (FEAST) is a non-government organisation aimed at highlighting and developing collaborative research activities between Europe (European countries and the European Union) and Australia. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


It is not known precisely how many Catholics died for their faith between 1516 when the first Portuguese missionaries arrived in what is now Vietnam and the twentieth century (about 130,000 to 300,000 Vietnamese martyrs were killed); however, John Paul II decided to canonize those whose names are known and unknown, giving them a single feast day. Principally, the Vietnamese Martyrs fall into several groupings, those of the Portuguese missionary era (16th Century), the Dominican and Jesuit missionary era of the (17th Century), the politically inspired persecutions of the (19th Century), and the Communist purges of the 20th Century. A representative sample of only 117 martyrs -including 96 Vietnamese, 11 Spanish Dominicans, and 10 French members of the Paris Society for Foreign Missions(Missions Etrangères de Paris) (MEP)— were beatified on four separate occasions: 64 by Pope Leo XIII on May 27, 1900, 8 by Pope Pius X on May 20, 1906, 20 by Pope Pius X on May 2, 1909, 25 by Pope Pius XII on April 29, 1951. All these 117 Vietnamese Martyrs were canonized on June 19, 1988 and a young Vietnamese Martyr, Andrew Phú Yên was beatified in March, 2000 by Pope John Paul II. // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... The Great Purge is the name given to campaigns of repression in the Soviet Union during the late 1930s which included a purge of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Pope Leo XIII Supreme Pontiff (1878-1903) Leo XIII, né Gioacchino Pecci (March 2, 1810 - July 20, 1903) was Pope from 1878 to 1903. ... Pope St. ... Pope St. ... The Venerable Pius XII, born Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Eugenio Pacelli (Rome, March 2, 1876 - October 9, 1958) served as the Pope from March 2, 1939 to 1958. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of...


The tortures these individuals underwent were among the worst in the history of Christian martyrdom. The means included cutting off limbs joint by joint, ripping living bodies with red hot tongs, and use of drugs to enslave the minds of the victims. Christians at the time were branded on the face with the words "ta dao" and families and villages which subscribed to Christianity were obliterated.[1]


Those whose name is known are listed below:

  • Agnes Le Thi Thanh, the mother of six
  • Andrew Dung-Lac An Tran
  • Andrew Thong Kim Nguyen
  • Andrew Trong Van Tram
  • Andrew Tuong
  • Anthony Dich Nguyen
  • Anthony Quynh Nam
  • Augustine Huy Viet Phan
  • Augustine Moi Van Nguyen
  • Augustine Schoffler
  • Bernard Due Van Vo
  • Dominic Hanh Van Nguyen
  • Dominic Henares, a Dominican bishop from Spain
  • Dominic Nicholas Dat Dinh
  • Dominic Trach Doai
  • Dominic Uy Van Bui
  • Dominic Xuyen Van Nguyen
  • Dominic Kham Viet Pham
  • Dominic Ninh
  • Dominic Cam
  • Dominic Huyen
  • Dominic Toai
  • Dominic Mau
  • Dominic Nhi
  • Dominic Nguyen
  • Dominic Mao
  • Emmanuel Trieu Van Nguyen
  • Francis Chieu Van Do
  • Francis Gil de Frederich
  • Francis Isidore Gagelin
  • Francis Jaccard
  • Francis Trung Von Tran
  • Francis Xavier Can Nguyen
  • Ignatius Delgado y Cebrián
  • Jacinto (Hyacinth) Casteñeda, a Dominican from Spain
  • James Nam
  • Jerome Hermosilla
  • John Baptist Con
  • John Charles Cornay
  • John Dat
  • John Hoan Trinh Doan
  • John Louis Bonnard
  • John Thanh Van Dinh
  • José María Díaz Sanjurjo
  • Joseph Canh Luang Hoang
  • Joseph Fernandez
  • Joseph Hien Quang Do
  • Joseph Khang Duy Nguyen
  • Joseph Luu Van Nguyen
  • Joseph Marchand
  • Joseph Nghi Kim
  • Joseph Thi Dang Le
  • Joseph Uyen Dinh Nguyen
  • Joseph Vien Dinh Dang
  • Joseph Khang, a local doctor
  • Joseph Tuc
  • Joseph Tuan Van Tran
  • Lawrence Ngon
  • Lawrence Huong Van Nguyen
  • Luke Loan Ba Vu
  • Luke Thin Viet Pham
  • Martin Tho
  • Martin Tinh Duc Ta
  • Matthew Alonzo Leziniana
  • Matthew Dac Phuong Nguyen
  • Matthew Gam Van Le
  • Melchor Garcia Sampedro
  • Michael HyDinh-Ho
  • Michael My Huy Nguyen
  • Nicholas Thé Duc Bui
  • Paul Hanh
  • Paul Khoan Khan Pham
  • Paul Loc Van Le
  • Paul Tinh Boa Le
  • Paul Tong Buong
  • Paul Duong
  • Peter Tuan
  • Peter Dung Van Dinh
  • Peter Da
  • Peter Duong Van Troung
  • Peter Francis Néron
  • Peter Hieu Van Nguyen
  • Peter Quy Cong Doan
  • Peter Thi Van Truong Pham
  • Peter Tuan Ba Nguyen, a fisherman
  • Peter Tuy Le
  • Peter Van Van Doan
  • Philip Minh Van Doan
  • Simon Hoa Dac Phan
  • Stephen Theodore Cuenot, a bishop from France
  • Stephen Vinh
  • Théophane Venard, from France
  • Thomas De Van Nguyen
  • Thomas Du Viet Dinh
  • Thomas Thien Tran
  • Thomas Toan
  • Thomas Khuong
  • Valentine Berriochoa
  • Vincent Liem the Nguyen
  • Vincent Duong
  • Vincent Tuong, a local judge
  • Vincent Yen Do

Andrew Dung-Lac is a Roman Catholic saint and martyr. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... Vicente Liem de la Paz (1732 - November 7, 1773) was a Tonkinese (present day Vietnam) Dominican friar venerated as a saint and martyr by the Roman Catholic Church. ...

Notes

    1. ^ Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.

References

  • Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.

See also


 
 

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