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Encyclopedia > Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone

The Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone was established as a dividing line between North and South Vietnam as a result of the First Indochina War. Combatants French Republic Viet Minh Commanders Strength 500,000  ? Casualties 94,581 dead 78,127 wounded 40,000 captured 300,000+ dead 500,000+ wounded 100,000 captured The First Indochina War (also called the French Indochina War) was fought in Southeast Asia from 1946 through 1954 between the nation...


During the Second Indochina War (popularly known as the Vietnam War) It became important as a battleground between North Vietnamese forces on the one hand and United States and South Vietnamese forces on the other. Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was founded by Ho Chi Minh and was recognized by China and the USSR in 1950. ... National motto: ??? Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ...

Contents


Geography

The DMZ ran east-west near the center of present-day Vietnam (spanning more than hundred kilometres) and was a couple of kilometres wide. It reached across into a beach on the east. An island nearby was controlled by North Vietnamese forces during the Vietnam War.


It was around a hundred kilometres north of the city of Huế. Huế (化 in Vietnamese Chu Nom, 順化 in Chinese characters) is the former modern capital of Vietnam. ...


The First IndoChina War

Main article First Indochina War Combatants French Republic Viet Minh Commanders Strength 500,000  ? Casualties 94,581 dead 78,127 wounded 40,000 captured 300,000+ dead 500,000+ wounded 100,000 captured The First Indochina War (also called the French Indochina War) was fought in Southeast Asia from 1946 through 1954 between the nation...


The First Indochina War (also called the French Indochina War) was fought in Southeast Asia from 1946 through 1954 between the nation of France and the resistance movement led by Ho Chi Minh, called the Viet Minh. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Official portrait of Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh (Chinese : 胡志明) (help· info) (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ...


The Viet Minh, seasoned by combat against occupying Japanese soldiers during the Second World War, launched a rebellion against the French authority governing the colony of Indochina. After seven years of bloody conflict, the French made their last stand at Dien Bien Phu, where they were engaged by the forces of General Vo Nguyen Giap. But contemporary military tactics were unable to defeat successive human wave attacks and the subsequent siege of the base; the French were defeated with devastating losses. The war in Indochina was not very popular with the French public, but the political stagnation of the Fourth Republic (following WW II German occupation) resulted in ongoing prosecution of the war. The United States supported France in the war politically and financially. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... French Indochina was a federation of protectorates in Southeast Asia, part of the French colonial empire. ... Combatants France Vietnam Commanders Christian de Castries Võ Nguyên Giáp Strength As of March 13: 10,800 (Davidson, 224) As of March 13: 49,000 combat personnel, 15,000 logistical support personnel (Davidson, 223) Casualties 2,293 dead 5,193 wounded 11,800 captured 7,900 dead 15... Võ Nguyên Giáp General Võ Nguyên Giáp (born 25 August 1911) is a Vietnamese four-star general, who was the military leader of the Viet Minh guerrilla group under Hồ Chí Minhs political leadership, and of the Peoples Army of Vietnam (PAVN) in the Democratic... The Fourth Republic existed in France between 1946 and 1958. ...


Establishing the DMZ

The Geneva Conference on July 21, 1954 recognized the 17th parallel as a "provisional military demarcation line" temporarily dividing the country into two states, Communist North Vietnam and pro-Western South Vietnam. The Geneva Conference (April 26 - July 21, 1954) was a conference between many countries that agreed to end hostilities and restore peace in French Indochina and Korea. ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 5 main circles of latitude on Earth A circle of latitude or parallel is an imaginary east-west circle on the Earth, that connects all locations with a given latitude. ... A Communist state is a state governed by a single political party which declares its allegiance to the principles of Marxism-Leninism. ... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cá»™ng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the... For alternative meanings for The West in the United States, see the U.S. West and American West. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ...


The Geneva Accords promised elections in 1956 to determine a national government for a united Vietnam. However only France and the North Vietnamese government (DRV) signed the document. The U.S. and the government in Saigon refused to abide by the agreement, believing that the election would result in an easy victory for Ho Chi Minh. Emperor Bao Dai from his home in France appointed Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of South Vietnam. With American support, in 1955 Diem used a referendum to remove the former Emperor and declare himself as president of the Republic of Vietnam. 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The following list contains, among other information, the era names for all emperors of the Nguyen dynasty. ... Emperor Bao Dai Bảo Đại (保大) (October 22, 1913 – July 30, 1997) was the last Emperor of Vietnam, the 13th and last Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty. ... «ngoh dihn zih-ehm» (January 3, 1901 – November 2, 1963) was the first President of the Republic of Vietnam (1955–63). ... // Republic of Cochin China (1 June 1946 – 14 June 1949) President Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (27 May 1948 – 14 June 1949) President State of Vietnam (14 June 1949 - 26 October 1955) Chief (Quoc Truong) Prime Ministers Republic of Vietnam (26 October 1955 – 30 April 1975) President Prime Minister See... // Republic of Cochin China (1 June 1946 – 14 June 1949) President Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (27 May 1948 – 14 June 1949) President State of Vietnam (14 June 1949 - 26 October 1955) Chief (Quoc Truong) Prime Ministers Republic of Vietnam (26 October 1955 – 30 April 1975) President Prime Minister See...


Thus the competition for the whole of Vietnam began; Diem's military was unable to prevail in the civil war which escalated, as a result of international intervention, into the Vietnam War, which is also referred to as the Second Indochina War. A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight for political power or control of an area. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead...


Links

Combatants French Republic Viet Minh Commanders Strength 500,000  ? Casualties 94,581 dead 78,127 wounded 40,000 captured 300,000+ dead 500,000+ wounded 100,000 captured The First Indochina War (also called the French Indochina War) was fought in Southeast Asia from 1946 through 1954 between the nation... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... In military terms, a demilitarized zone (DMZ) is an area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more groups, where military activity is not permitted, usually by treaty or other agreement. ...

External links

  • Travel Guide to DMZ with good photos
  • More Photos
  • Washington Post map of the DMZ

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The Cypriot demilitarized zone separates the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus from the Republic of Cyprus.
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They are bordered on the north by the demilitarized zone, on the south by Quang Nam Province, on the east by the South China Sea, and on the west by the mountainous Laotian frontier.
Later, responsibility for the area north of the zone was given to the Marine forces out to the range of their artillery, and thereafter, the U.S. Air Force coordinated with the ground troops prior to executing strikes in the area falling within range of the Marine artillery.
Fired from the demilitarized zone or from North Vietnam, it was the heaviest artillery weapon yet employed by the North Vietnamese.
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