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Encyclopedia > Vietnam Airlines
Vietnam Airlines Corporation
Hãng Hàng không Quốc gia Việt Nam
IATA
VN
ICAO
HVN
Callsign
VIET NAM AIRLINES
Founded 1956 (as Air Vietnam)
Hubs Tan Son Nhat International Airport
Noi Bai International Airport
Focus cities Da Nang International Airport
Frequent flyer program Golden Lotus Plus
Fleet size 45 (+11 orders)
Destinations 17 domestic and 26 international
Parent company Vietnam Airlines Corporation
Headquarters Hanoi, Vietnam
Key people Nguyen Xuan Hien
Website: http://www.vietnamairlines.com


Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier of Vietnam, and was established as a state enterprise in April 1989. Image File history File links Vietnam_Airlines_logo. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... Air Vietnam Air Vietnam (Air VN) began in 1951, as Vietnam’s first commercial air carrier, establised under Emperor Bao Dai the Chief of State of South Vietnam. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... See Tan Son Nhut Air Base for a description of the airfield while operated as a military airfield by the USAF and VNAF. Tân SÆ¡n Nhất International Airport (IATA: SGN, ICAO: VVTS), Vietnams largest international airport, serves Ho Chi Minh City in southern Vietnam. ... Ná»™i Bài International Airport (IATA: HAN, ICAO: VVNB), the biggest airport in northern Vietnam, serves the capital city of Hanoi. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ... Đà Nẵng International Airport (IATA: DAD, ICAO: VVDN) is located in Da Nang of central Vietnam. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300(2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Vietnam Airlines Corporation was subsequently formed in 1996, after bringing together several service companies. The company is overseen by a seven-seat management board, members of which are appointed by the Prime Minister. Vietnam Airlines used to be the major stakeholder in Vietnam's second carrier, Pacific Airlines, but its share has recently been transferred to the Ministry of Finance. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Pacific Airlines is an airline based in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. ...


In the coming years and because tourism to Vietnam is increasing at a rate of approximately 13.7% per annum Vietnam Airlines is hoping to expand its services further to the United Kingdom and United States of America.


Vietnam Airlines has received a 3-star airline rating from Skytrax.[1] Skytrax is a United Kingdom-based researching company for commercial airlines. ...

Contents

Destinations

This is a list of airports that Vietnam Airlines flies to: // North Dien Bien Phu (Dien Bien Phu Airport) Hanoi (Noi Bai International Airport) Hai Phong (Cat Bi Airport) Son La (Na San Airport) (temporary out of service due to major reconstruction at Na San Airport) Vinh (Vinh Airport) Central...

Passenger fleet

Vietnam Airlines Airbus A321 in new livery
Boeing 777-200ER in Vietnam Airlines livery

The Vietnam Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft as of January 2007: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x812, 195 KB) Vietnam Airlines VN-A347 at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on June 27, 2005 Author: M Radzi Desa Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x812, 195 KB) Vietnam Airlines VN-A347 at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on June 27, 2005 Author: M Radzi Desa Source: http://www. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine airliners built by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division. ...

Vietnam Airlines Fleet
Type Total Passengers
(Business/*Deluxe Economy/Economy)
Routes Notes
ATR 72-200 6 65 (0/65) Domestic routes
ATR 72-500 4 65 (0/65) Domestic routes and Cambodia, Laos
Airbus A320-200 10 152 (12/140) Domestic and Regional routes
Vietnam and China
Airbus A321-200 10
(7 orders)
184 (16/168) Domestic and Regional routes (For delivery between 2007 and 2008)
Airbus A330-300 1
2
320 (36/284)
266 (24/242)
Regional and Longhaul routes
China / Hong Kong / Japan / South Korea / Malaysia
Singapore and Thailand
Boeing 777-200ER 4
4
1
1
307 (25/*54/228)
338 (32/306)
325 (35/290)
295 (12/283)
Domestic and Longhaul routes
Ha Noi, Da Nang and
Frankfurt / Moscow / Paris
Melbourne / Sydney
Boeing 787-800 0
(4 orders)
For delivery in 2008
Fokker 70 2 79 (0/79) Domestic routes
Total Number of Aircraft 45
(11 on order)
Updated: January 2007
Boeing 787 in Vietnam Airlines livery
*Deluxe Economy Class is only offered on select Boeing 777-200ER international services.


The airline has ordered 4 Boeing 787-8 aircraft to be delivered in 2010 and 10 Airbus A321-200 for deliveries starting from 2006. It plans to use them to expand the route network and replace some of the aircraft currently on lease in the fleet.[1]). Vietnam Airlines will also lease an ex-Swiss Air Airbus A330 - 300 and 2 ex-Malaysia Airlines A330 - 200 within the year 2006 The ATR 72 is a twin-turboprop short-haul regional airliner built in France by the ATR company (Avions de Transport gional). ... For other uses, see ATR (disambiguation). ... The Airbus A320 is a short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Air Canada Airbus A330 The Airbus A330 is a large_capacity medium_to_long_range commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Airbus. ... The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine airliners built by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division. ... Rendering of a final design Northwest Airlines Boeing 787-8 The Boeing 787, or Dreamliner, is a mid-sized wide body passenger airliner currently under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes and scheduled to enter service in 2008. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Stub | Dutch airliners 1990-1999 ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... This is a copyrighted promotional image. ... This is a copyrighted promotional image. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide body, twin engined jet airliner currently under development by Boeings Commercial Airplanes unit and scheduled to enter service in May 2008. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide body, twin engined jet airliner currently under development by Boeings Commercial Airplanes unit and scheduled to enter service in May 2008. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ...


The average age of the Vietnam Airlines fleet is 6.3 years (as at January 2007) This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ...


Safety

Vietnam Airlines experienced three fatal mishaps in the last 10 years. All fatal accidents have involved Russian-made aircraft, which have since all been phased out. There have been several non-fatal Tupolev Tu-134 mishaps, in which the aircraft crashed during landing, and at least two fatal Yakovlev Yak-40 crashes. Most of these mishaps occurred on final approach or landing. All three fatal crashes occurred in heavy rain. An Aeroflot Tu-134 sits on the tarmac The Tupolev Tu-134 (NATO reporting name Crusty) was a Russian twin-engined airliner, similar to the American Douglas DC-9. ... Yak-40 Yak-40 as business jet The Yakovlev Yak-40 (NATO reporting name: Codling) is a small, three-engined regional transport aircraft. ...


Fatal mishaps

  • 3 September 1997: A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev Tu-134 (built in 1984) crashed on approach to Phnom Penh's Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh. The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.
  • 14 November 1992: A Yakovlev Yak-40 (built in 1976) originating in Ho Chi Minh City with 31 passengers on board crashed while approaching the Nha Trang Airport in a tropical storm. There were 29 deaths. The aircraft was entirely destroyed.
  • 9 September 1988: A Tupolev Tu-134 departed from Hanoi with 81 passengers aboard and crashed while on approach to Bangkok. There were 76 fatalities and the aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft apparently flew into a heavy thunderstorm and was struck by lightning. The aircraft then exploded after it crashed into a field 4 mi/6 km short of Don Muang International Airport.

September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... City motto: No motto City proper Province Phnom Penh Mayor Kep Chuktema ( ) Area 376 km² Population 2,009,264(2006) Density 5343. ... Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) is the main airport of Cambodia and is located in the countrys capital city, Phnom Penh. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh  ) is the largest city in Vietnam and is located near the Mekong River delta. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300(2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bangkok International Airport (or also Don Muang International Airport) (Thai ท่าอากาศยานกรุงเทพ, also Don Mueang, Thai ท่าอากาศยานดอนเมือง) is an airport in Bangkok, Thailand (, ). The airport was officially opened on March 27th 1914, although the field had been in use earlier. ...

Non-fatal mishaps

  • 17 April 2006: Pilots flying a Boeing 777 from Hanoi to Frankfurt lost communication with ground control for more than an hour as the aircraft flew over Ukraine, Poland and the Czech Republic. After Czech air traffic controllers tried unsuccessfully to contact the plane for 25 minutes, the Czech Air Force sent two jet fighters to flank the airliner. The pilots then realized their mistake and turned the communications system on. The pilots were suspended by the airline and made to undergo more training before they could fly again. It's also been said but denied that the pilots had fallen asleep and the crew are supposed to check on them every fifteen minutes, but they did not. [2]
  • 29 October 2004: A main landing tire burst Airbus A321 after take-off from Bangkok. The aircraft landed in Hanoi on a runway lined with foam. The ATC tower reported smoke coming from the main landing gear. The aircraft was evacuated on the runway. There were no reported injuries.
  • 22 August 2002: An Airbus A320 was forced to make an emergency landing after a bird struck the cockpit window. The mishap occurred shortly after takeoff, and the aircraft was able to safely make an emergency landing at Tan Son Nhat International Airport in Ho Chi Minh City. Passengers were delayed approximately one hour while another aircraft was brought in.
  • 19 July 2002: An Airbus A320, en route from Phnom Penh to Ho Chi Minh City, aborted landing after a tire burst while the aircraft was taxiing out to the runway. No injuries were reported.
  • 12 September 1998: A Boeing 767 skidded off the runway during takeoff at Tan Son Nhat International Airport in Ho Chi Minh City after the pilot lost directional control of the aircraft. Passengers had to evacuate via emergency chutes. Authorities have been unable to determine the cause of this incident. Several passengers claimed that they saw sparks coming from the engine as it was taxiing down the runway.
  • 16 November 1996: A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev Tu-134 crashed at Da Nang. The aircraft veered onto the left runway when its landing gear collapsed upon landing.
  • 23 December 1994: A Yakovlev Yak-40 skidded off the runway in bad weather and low visibility at Lien Khuong Airport in Dalat town; only one of its 18 passengers was hurt. The flight originated from Ho Chi Minh City.
  • 25 November 1994: A Tupolev Tu-134 with 40 passengers crashed on landing at Phnom Penh, Cambodia, when its landing gear collapsed. There were no casualties but the aircraft suffered major damage.
  • 1 December 1991: A Tupolev Tu-134 with 76 passengers on board crashed on final approach to Ho Chi Minh City. At 30 feet the Tupolev suddenly lost height and landed hard, touching down with the left main gear first. There were no casualties but the aircraft was entirely destroyed.

April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engined airliner built by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300(2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Controllers survey the field at Misawa Air Base, Japan. ... The Czech Air Force is the air force branch of the Czech Republic Army. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Airbus A320 is a short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... See Tan Son Nhut Air Base for a description of the airfield while operated as a military airfield by the USAF and VNAF. Tân SÆ¡n Nhất International Airport (IATA: SGN, ICAO: VVTS), Vietnams largest international airport, serves Ho Chi Minh City in southern Vietnam. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh  ) is the largest city in Vietnam and is located near the Mekong River delta. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... City motto: No motto City proper Province Phnom Penh Mayor Kep Chuktema ( ) Area 376 km² Population 2,009,264(2006) Density 5343. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Da Nang (occasionally Danang; in Vietnamese: Đà Nẵng  ) is a major port city in the South Central Coast of Vietnam, on the coast of the South China Sea. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Dalat (pop. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Security

There have been five reported hijackings in Vietnam. Three of these occurred in the 1970s during the Vietnam War on flights of Air Vietnam, the national flag airline managed by South Vietnam. The two other hijackings occurred in 1977 and 1992. Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Air Vietnam Air Vietnam (Air VN) began in 1951, as Vietnam’s first commercial air carrier, establised under Emperor Bao Dai the Chief of State of South Vietnam. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ...


Vietnam Airlines announced a series of measures to step up security in airports and on board aircraft following the September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States, including: The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ...

  • New locking systems on all its aircraft to allow the cockpit to be insulated from the passenger cabin throughout flights.
  • Additional security personnel at airports and more passenger checks.
  • New X-ray machines and other screening equipment.

Hijackings

  • 4 September 1992: Ly Tong, a former pilot in the South Vietnamese air force hijacked an Airbus A310-300 with 167 occupants on board en route from Bangkok to Ho Chi Minh City. He then dropped anti-communist leaflets over Ho Chi Minh City before parachuting out. Vietnamese security forces later arrested him on the ground. The aircraft landed safely, and no one on board was injured. The hijacker was released from a Hanoi prison in 1998.
  • 28 October 1977: Four armed Vietnamese hijackers seeking asylum in Singapore seized a Douglas DC-3 en route from Ho Chi Minh City to Phu Quoc Island with 32 passengers on board. Two of the six crew members were killed and a third was wounded before the aircraft was forced to land in Singapore. The hijackers surrendered after negotiating with Singapore officials for five hours.
  • 15 September 1974: Le Duc Tan, a ranger in the South Vietnamese army who had recently been demoted from captain to lieutenant for the theft of two cars in Da Nang, smooth-talked his way past security checkpoints and hijacked a Boeing 727 en route from Da Nang to Saigon, demanding to go to Hanoi. He detonated two hand grenades, and the aircraft crashed at Phan Rang when it overshot the runway on an attempted landing. All 71 persons on board, including 63 passengers and eight crew members, were killed.
  • 20 February 1974: A Douglas DC-4 was hijacked en route from Da Lat to Da Nang. The hijacker was a 19-year-old South Vietnamese man demanding to go to North Vietnam. When the aircraft landed at Hue, the hijacker realized he had been tricked and detonated a grenade, killing himself and two police officers.
  • 22 July 1970: A U.S. Army private, George M. Hardin, hijacked a DC-4 en route from Pleiku to Saigon. Hardin allowed the 65 passengers aboard to disembark from the plane before moving to the cockpit and threatening the pilot with a small knife. He was detained in Saigon after attempting to force the pilot, Floyd R. Derieux, to take him to Hong Kong, but the pilot told him the DC-4 could not carry enough fuel to make the trip. There were no fatalities.

September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Ly Tong Lý Tống (born Le Van Tong), a Vietnamese-American, was born in 1946 in My Tho, South Vietnam and is an ardent anti-communist. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range widebody airliner developed from the Airbus A300 and manufactured by Airbus SAS. Perhaps the greatest attribute of the A310 is that of range. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh  ) is the largest city in Vietnam and is located near the Mekong River delta. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... Phú Quốc, the largest island in Vietnam, part of Kiên Giang province, is also part of an archipelago consisting of 22 islands of all sizes. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Da Nang (occasionally Danang; in Vietnamese: Đà Nẵng  ) is a major port city in the South Central Coast of Vietnam, on the coast of the South China Sea. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300(2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The designation DC-4 was used by Douglas Aircraft Company when developing the DC-4E as a large, four-engined type to complement its forthcoming DC-3 design. ... Dalat ((pop. ... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cá»™ng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the... An image with the hues cyclically shifted The hues in the image of this Painted Bunting are cyclically rotated with time. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Pleiku is a town in central Vietnam seated in the central highland region. ...

Training

According to the Director General of the Association of Asia Pacific Airlines, a trade association of Asian-based airlines, Vietnam’s aviation industry lacks experience in the realm of pilot and crew training. However, Vietnam Airlines is effecting continual improvements in this field. Vietnam Airlines undertook plans to train 400 pilots shortly after the start of the year 2000.


Transportation of dangerous goods, cabin crew training, CRM (crew resource management) and pilot training are all safety-enhancing programs taught to airline personnel. New Vietnamese pilots are assigned as Western-type aircraft co-pilots. All pilots – both national and foreign – receive biannual simulator training and periodic line checks by Western pilots. A Hanoi-based Airbus cabin mock-up is specifically used for smoke and evacuation training.


Most ATR captains and co-pilots are Vietnamese. Currently, Airbus captains and co-pilots are approximately one-third foreign and two-thirds Vietnamese citizens. All Fokker flight crews are Vietnamese, but instructors and check pilots are expatriates. Most Boeing flight crews are Vietnamese, and about 1/3 are foreign.


The Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam signed a contract with Socfreavia of France to set up a pilot training school in the central province of Phu Yen in late 1998. To date, this has not been completed. Only 40 percent of Vietnam Airlines’ aircraft are captained by Vietnamese citizens, all of whom are required to attend training programs abroad. Many pilots have received training at the General Flying Services in Melbourne, Australia


Maintenance

Scheduled maintenance intervals are relatively conservative and follow the manufacturers' recommendations. Major engine and propeller maintenance is contracted to qualified overseas maintenance facilities, although a shift to performing more maintenance in-house is currently (as of ?) taking place. There have been no serious maintenance discrepancies with Vietnam Airlines in its history (source ?).


As of 1 July 1998, Vietnam Airlines began conducting its own aircraft repair and maintenance. Vietnamese technicians have since conducted repairs and maintenance of Airbus A320, ATR72 and Fokker aircraft, and began maintenance checks on Boeing aircraft in 1999. The transfer of maintenance and repair work from Airbus to Vietnam Airlines is projected to save the airline US$20 million a year. In August 1998, 15 technicians from the flag carrier took a course on aircraft maintenance and repair at the Boeing Center in Seattle. Vietnam Airlines sent all 45 technicians in mechanical engineering and wireless transmission to Boeing for the course, which ended in 1999. Trainees were issued certificates, which are recognized by Vietnam’s Civil Aviation Authority. In addition, in June 1998, Boeing signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Vietnam Airlines stating that it would, at its own cost, assist Vietnam Airlines in a maintenance and engineering support program to upgrade the aircraft maintenance center at Tan Son Nhat Airport, so that it can become a full capability maintenance center for Boeing 767 aircraft. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


In conjunction with other investors, in April 1998, Vietnam Airlines stated it would invest US$1 million to develop an aircraft tire and brake maintenance workshop at the Ho Chi Minh City-based Aircraft Enterprise A75, with the assistance of Japan Airlines. Upon completion, the hangar facility will have a US$16 million tire/wheel/brake overhaul facility and a US$12 million avionics test and repair facility.


Region Air of Singapore and Park Aviation of Ireland provide technical and maintenance assistance to Vietnam Airlines.


There are no production facilities in Vietnam for aircraft and aircraft parts. Boeing has managed to obtain 35 percent of the distribution market in Vietnam, and General Electric, in turn, supplies jet engines for the Boeing aircraft.


In addition to its self-maintenance facilities, Vietnam Airlines also has maintenance contracts with Air France, AMECO of China, China Airlines, Evergreen Aviation Technologies, GAMECO, Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Co, Lufthansa AERO, MTU Maintenance Hanover, Royal Brunei Airlines, Safe Air of New Zealand, and TAT Industries of France.


Financial standing

Vietnam Airlines is owned by the government of Vietnam. The carrier has two wholly owned subsidiaries (Vietnam Aviation Service Company (VASCO) and Vietnam Airlines Express). It used to hold 60% stake in Pacific Airlines. Pacific Airlines is an airline based in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. ...


Vietnam Airlines enjoyed good growth and an average 37% increase in passengers flown per year until 1997, when the Southeast Asian economic crisis and other contributing factors led to a loss in profits for the airline. Nevertheless, the airline remained profitable through the crisis. In 1996 and 1997, the airline posted profits exceeding US$100 million each year. In 1998, the airline saw its profit shrink to approximately US$7 million. Profits increased to US$59 million in 1999. Following the September 2001 attacks on the United States, at a time when many airlines were struggling, Vietnam Airlines saw a jump in passenger revenues. The airline carried more than 4 million passengers in 2002, which is an 18 percent rise over the previous year. Its cargo traffic also rose 20 percent in the same period, resulting in a 2002 profit of US$35.77 million. Despite the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome outbreak, the airline posted a US$26.2 million profit for 2003. In 2005, it carried 6.8 million passengers and earned revenue of nearly US$1.37 billion (first 11 months). Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Vietnam Airlines is enjoying its current financial situation and is planning to increase its fleet size and destinations in the coming years.


Vietnam Airlines holds 40 percent of the market share of international tourists flying to and from Vietnam. This is significant because Vietnam Airlines receives two-thirds of its profits from international passengers.


See also

Asia Miles (Chinese: 亞洲萬里通) is a frequent flyer programme of Cathay Pacific. ...

References

  1. ^ Airliner World, March 2005

Airliner World is an aviation magazine that is published by Key Publishing LTD from Lincs, United Kingdom and distributed by Seymour Distribution LTD in London. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Vietnam Airlines
  • Vietnam Airlines
  • Vietnam Airlines Fleet Age
  • Vietnam Airlines Jet Fleet Detail
  • Vietnam Airlines Passenger Opinions
  • Vietnam Airlines maintains quality and safety
  • Vietnam Airlines Vietnam Domestic flight guide
  • Vietnam Airlines Information on international flights from Vietnam

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