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Encyclopedia > Viennese waltz

Viennese Waltz (German: Wiener Walzer ) is the name of a ballroom dance. At least three different meanings are recognized. In the historically first sense, the name may refer to several versions of the waltz, including the earliest waltzes done in ballroom dancing, dances to the music of Viennese Waltz. Gaskell Ball Ballroom dance, refers collectively to a set of partner dances, which originated in the Western world and are now enjoyed both socially and competitively around the globe. ... The waltz (G.: Walzer, It. ... The waltz (G.: Walzer, It. ...


In the English language, only proper nouns and proper adjectives are capitalized. The word "waltz" is not a proper noun in the English language when used in an article as this one. The correct spelling is "Viennese waltz" with "waltz" lower case. "Waltz" is only capitalized when it is the first word of a sentence or is part of the title of an article, book, song, etc.


What is now called Viennese waltz is the original form of the waltz and the first ballroom dance in the closed hold or "waltz" position. All other modern ballroom dances use this hold which was first danced as the waltz, now known as the Viennese waltz. The slower waltz, the dance that is in America and England now called "waltz," is actually the English or slow waltz, danced approximately at 90 beats per minute (30 bars or measures per minute; a bar or measure is three beats). To this day in Germany, Austria, and France, the words "walzer" (German for "waltz") and "valse" (French for "waltz") still mean the original version, danced at 150 to 180 beats per minute (50-60 bars or measures per minute; a bar or measure is three beats. 60 bars or measures per minute is the international standard). Also a true Viennese waltz consists only of turns and change steps to switch between right (natural) and left (reverse) turns. Other moves such as the fleckerls and the American-style moves are modern inventions and not normally danced at the annual balls in Vienna. Constant turning is a true Viennese waltz. Swaying from side to side or other moves such as underarm turns are not true Viennes waltz. Furthermore, in a properly danced Viennese waltz, couples do not pass, but turn continuously left and right while traveling counterclockwise around the floor following each other.


The tango also went through a similar evolution. What most people call "tango" is actually International- or American-style ballroom tango. The original version of the tango is called "Argentine tango," although in Argentina and other Latin American countries, it is known simply as "tango." Similarly the dance known as the waltz in Vienna means one thing, the original waltz or what Americans, Brits, and others call Viennese waltz.


As the Waltz evolved, some of the versions that were done at about the original fast tempo of ballroom waltzes came to be called specifically "Viennese Waltz" to distinguish them from the slower waltzes. In the modern ballroom dance, two versions of Viennese Waltz are recognized: International Style and American Style. This is the list of dance terms that are not names of dances or types of dances. ... This is the list of dance terms that are not names of dances or types of dances. ...


Today the Viennese Waltz is a ballroom and partner dance that is part of the International Standard division of contemporary ballroom dance. Gaskell Ball Ballroom dance, refers collectively to a set of partner dances, which originated in the Western world and are now enjoyed both socially and competitively around the globe. ... Two people doing the Salsa. ... This is the list of dance terms that are not names of dances or types of dances. ...

Contents

History

The Viennese Waltz, so called to distinguish it from the Waltz and the French Waltz, is the oldest of all ballroom dances. It emerged in the second half of the 18th century from the German dance and the Ländler in Austria and in the beginning was disapproved-of on account of its "lasciviousness", e.g. because the ladies' ankles were visible. Later it gained official acceptance and even popularity due to the Congress of Vienna at the beginning of the 19th century and the famous compositions by Josef Lanner, Johann Strauss I and his son, Johann Strauss II. The waltz (G.: Walzer, It. ... The ländler is a folk dance in 3/4 time which was popular in Austria, south Germany and German Switzerland at the end of the 18th century. ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... Josef Lanner (12 April 1801 – 14 April 1843) was an Austrian dance music composer who was best remembered as one of the earliest Viennese composers to reform the waltz from a simple peasant dance to one that even the highest society would dance to and actually enjoy the waltz music... Johann Strauss I Johann Strauss I (also known as Johann Strauss Snr. ... Johann Strauss II The Waltz King coming to life in the Stadtpark, Vienna Johann Strauss II (German: Johann Strauß (Sohn), Johann Strauss (son); in English also Johann Strauss the Younger, Johann Strauss Jr. ...


In the 1920s in Germany the Viennese Waltz became outdated as more modern and dynamic dances emerged. In England the Viennese Waltz acclimatized, there Boston and later Waltz were preferred. Boston, in reference to a dance, may have one of the following meanings. ... The waltz (G.: Walzer, It. ...


At the beginning of the 1930s the Viennese Waltz had its comeback as a folk dance in Germany and Austria. The former military officer Karl von Mirkowitsch made it acceptable both for society and ballroom, since 1932 the Viennese Waltz has been present on ballroom dance floors. In 1951 Paul Krebs, a dance teacher from Nürnberg, combined the traditional Austrian Waltz with the English style of waltzing and had great success at the dance festival in Blackpool in the same year. Since then the Viennese Waltz is considered a full privilege member of the International Standard ballroom dances; in 1963 it was added to the Welttanzprogramm which is the fundament of European dancing schools. Folk dancers in Prague Folk dance is a term used to describe a large number of dances, mostly of European origin, that tend to share the following attributes: They were originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not currently copyrighted); Their performance is... Nuremberg coat of arms Location of Nuremberg Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... Blackpool is a seaside town in north-western England. ... This is the list of dance terms that are not names of dances or types of dances. ...


The Viennese Waltz has always been symbol of political and public sentiments. It was called the "Marseillaise of the heart" (Eduard Hanslick, a critic from Vienna in the past century) and was supposed to "have saved Vienna the revolution" (sentence of a biographer of the composer Johann Strauß), while Johann Strauß himself was called the "Napoleon Autrichien" (Heinrich Laube, poet from the north of Germany). This article is about the anthem La Marseillaise. A sculpture popularly called La Marseillaise is part of the sculptural programme of the Arc de Triomphe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Revolutionary be merged into this article or section. ... Johann Strauss I Johann Strauss I (also known as Johann Strauss Snr. ... Bonaparte as general Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur... Heinrich Laube (September 18, 1806 - August 1, 1884), German dramatist, novelist and theatre-director, was born at Sprottau in Silesia. ...


Technique and styles

Musical Form

  • Fast triple time (usually 3/4 time) - as opposed to typical waltzes which can be between 60-80 beats per minute, Viennese Waltz music (such as the well-known "On the Beautiful Blue Danube" by Johann Strauss Junior) is typically in the range of 120-180 bpm.
  • Slow harmonic pace - same chord is used throughout a whole bar and usually repeated for several bars.
  • Simple Harmonies - occasionally uses chromatic or dissonant appoggiaturas.
  • Homophonic texture
  • "Um-Cha-Cha" accompaniment - bass note on first beat then other notes on second and third.
  • Ternary form ABA style - Waltz 1-Waltz 2-Waltz 1

In mathematics, a triple is an n-tuple with n being 3. ... The Blue Danube is the common English title of An der schönen blauen Donau op. ... Johann Strauss II The Waltz King coming to life in the Stadtpark, Vienna Johann Strauss II (or Johann Strauss the Younger, or Johann Strauss Jr. ... In music, the word texture is often used in a rather vague way in reference to the overall sound of a piece of music. ... Ternary form is a structuring mechanism of a piece of music. ...

International Style Viennese Waltz

International Style Viennese Waltz is danced in closed position. The syllabus is limited to Natural and Reverse Turns, Fleckerls, Contra Check, Left Whisk, and canter-time Pivots. This is the list of dance terms that are not names of dances or types of dances. ... In couple dancing, closed position is a category of positions in which partners hold each other while facing at least approximately toward each other. ... In dancing, and specifically ballroom dancing, a natural turn or right turn is a dancing step where the partners turn around each other to the right. ... Horse gaits are the different methods by which a horse, either naturally or through human training, moves itself. ...


American Style Viennese Waltz

American Style Viennese Waltz has much more freedom, both in dance positions and syllabus. This is the list of dance terms that are not names of dances or types of dances. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Viennese Waltz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (514 words)
As the Waltz evolved, some of the versions that were done at about the original fast tempo of ballroom waltzes came to be called specifically "Viennese Waltz" to distinguish them from the slower waltzes.
Since then the Viennese Waltz is considered a full privilege member of the International Standard ballroom dances; in 1963 it was added to the Welttanzprogramm which is the fundament of European dancing schools.
As opposed to typical waltzes which can be between 60-80 beats per minute, Viennese Waltz music (such as the well-known "On the Beautiful Blue Danube" by Johann Strauss Junior) is typically in the range of 120-180 bpm.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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