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Encyclopedia > Vienna Philharmonic
Vienna Philharmonic
Wiener Philharmoniker
Musikverein Golden Hall
Musikverein Golden Hall
Background information
Also known as VPO
Origin Vienna, Austria
Genre(s) Classical
Occupation(s) Symphony orchestra
Years active 1842-present
Website www.WienerPhilharmoniker.at
Former members
Founder
Otto Nicolai

The Vienna Philharmonic (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is an orchestra in Austria, regularly considered as one of the finest in the world. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 385 pixelsFull resolution (3941 × 1899 pixel, file size: 673 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) the goldener Saal of the Musikverein in Vienna, June 20, 2004 picture by Clemens PFEIFFER, A-1190 Wien Clemens PFEIFFER, A-1190 Wien File historyClick on... “Wien” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ...


Its home base is Musikverein. The members of the orchestra are chosen from the Orchestra of the Vienna State Opera. This process is a long one, with each musician having to prove their capability for a minimum of three years playing for the Opera and Ballet. Once this is achieved they can then ask the Board of the Wiener Philharmoniker to consider their application for a position in the Vienna Philharmonic. Musikverein, 2004 The Musikverein in Vienna, Austria was opened on January 6, 1870, and is famous for its acoustics. ... Vienna State Opera (German: Wiener Staatsoper), located in Vienna, Austria, is one of the most important opera companies in Europe. ...

Contents

History

The orchestra can trace its origins to 1842, when Otto Nicolai formed the Philharmonische Academie; which was a fully independent orchestra and which took all its decisions by a democratic vote of all its members. These are principles the orchestra still holds today.


With Nicolai's departure in 1847, the orchestra nearly folded, and was not very active until 1860, when Carl Eckert joined as conductor. He gave a series of four subscription concerts, and since then, the orchestra has given concerts continuously.


From 1875 to 1898 Hans Richter was principal conductor, except for the season 1882-1883 when he was in dispute with the orchestral committee. During Richter's tenure, the orchestra gave the premieres of the Symphony No. 2 and Symphony No. 3 of Johannes Brahms, and Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 8. Hans Richter (1843–1916), Austrian conductor (born in what is now Hungary), studied at the Vienna Conservatory (showing a special interest in the horn) and developed his conducting career at several opera-houses in the Austro-Hungarian empire. ... The Symphony No. ... Johannes Brahms Symphony No. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... “Bruckner” redirects here. ... Anton Bruckners Symphony No. ...


Gustav Mahler held the post from 1898 to 1901, and under his baton the orchestra played abroad for the first time at the 1900 Paris World Expedition. Subsequent conductors were Felix Weingartner, Wilhelm Furtwängler and Clemens Krauss. “Mahler” redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a worlds fair held in Paris, France, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Clemens Krauss (born in Vienna, March 31, 1893 – buried at Mexico City, May 16, 1954) was an Austrian conductor famed for his interpretations of the music of Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner and other German composers. ...


Since 1933, the orchestra has had no single principal conductor, but instead has a number of guest conductors. These have included a great many of the world's best known conductors, including Richard Strauss, Arturo Toscanini, Hans Knappertsbusch, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Karl Böhm, John Barbirolli, Herbert von Karajan, Carlo Maria Giulini,Georg Solti, Erich Kleiber, James Levine, Zubin Mehta, Carlos Kleiber, Leonard Bernstein, Claudio Abbado, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Pierre Boulez, Mariss Jansons and Valery Gergiev. Three conductors however were particularly associated with the post-war era: Karajan and Böhm, who were made honorary conductors, and Bernstein, who was made an honorary member of the orchestra. This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ... Hans Knappertsbusch (March 12, 1888 - October 25, 1965) German conductor born in Elberfeld (present-day Wuppertal), best known for his performances of the music of Richard Wagner, Anton Bruckner and Richard Strauss. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... Sir John (Giovanni Battista) Barbirolli (December 2, 1899 - July 29, 1970), was a British conductor and cellist who led the London Symphony Orchestra and the London Philharmonic Orchestra, among many others. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Carlo Maria Giulini (May 9, 1914 – June 14, 2005) was an Italian conductor, and violist. ... Sir Georg Solti, KBE (pronounced IPA: ) (21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was a world-renowned Hungarian-British orchestral and operatic conductor. ... Erich Kleiber (August 5, 1890 – January 27, 1956) was an Austrian-born conductor. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral pianist and conductor and most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Zubin Mehta (b. ... Carlos Kleiber (July 3, 1930 - July 13, 2004) was born Karl Ludwig Kleiber in Berlin, the son of conductor Erich Kleiber. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Nikolaus Harnoncourt (born Johann Nicolaus Graf de la Fontaine und dHarnoncourt-Unverzagt December 6, 1929 in Berlin) is an Austrian conductor, particularly known for his historically informed performances of music from the classical era and earlier. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlÉ›z/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ... Mariss Jansons (born 1943) is a prominent Latvian conductor. ... Valery Gergiev Valery Abisalovich Gergiev, Russian: Вале́рий Абиса́лович Ге́ргиев (born 1953) is a Russian conductor and opera company director. ...


Each New Year's Day since January 1, 1941, the VPO has sponsored the Vienna New Year's Concerts, dedicated to the music of the Strauss family composers, and particularly that of Johann Strauss II. This article is about January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... The New Year Concert (in German: Das Neujahrskonzert der Wiener Philharmoniker) of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is a concert that takes place each year in the morning of January 1 in Vienna, Austria. ... Johann Strauss II The Waltz King coming to life in the Stadtpark, Vienna Johann Strauss II (in German: Johann Strauß (Sohn), Johann Strauss (son); in English also Johann Strauss the Younger, Johann Strauss Jr. ...


Popularity

Overflow crowd outside Taiwan's National Concert Hall for a performance by Simon Rattle and the Vienna Philharmonic.
Overflow crowd outside Taiwan's National Concert Hall for a performance by Simon Rattle and the Vienna Philharmonic.
The Wiener Philharmoniker Goldmünze
The Wiener Philharmoniker Goldmünze

The Vienna Philharmonic was named as Europe's finest in a recent survey by seven leading trade publications, two radio stations and a daily newspaper.[1] Attending a VPO concert is a feat not to be undertaken lightly. While on international tour, tickets are typically, at the minimum, double what one would normally pay to hear the local orchestra. Ticket demand for the Vienna Philharmonic at their home, Musikverein, are listed on the orchestra's website as being completely sold out. The waiting list for weekday concert subscriptions is six years and thirteen years for weekend subscriptions. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 514 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 642 pixel, file size: 769 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Thousands of music lovers gather in front of Taiwans National Concert Hall to watch the broadcast of a performance inside by Simon Rattle and... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 514 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 642 pixel, file size: 769 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Thousands of music lovers gather in front of Taiwans National Concert Hall to watch the broadcast of a performance inside by Simon Rattle and... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Musikverein, 2004 The Musikverein in Vienna, Austria was opened on January 6, 1870, and is famous for its acoustics. ...


In 2006 an Austrian Airlines, was outfitted with a livery featuring the gold coin and logo of the Wiener Philharmoniker.[2] The long-range Airbus A340-300 aircraft was flown primarily between Vienna and Tokyo for approximately one year serving as promotional tool for the orchestra and the Philharmoniker, 24 karat gold coin issued by Münze Österreich AG (Austrian Mint).[3] This article is about the airliner manufacturer. ... Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ...


Sound and Instruments

The characteristic sound of the Vienna Philharmonic can be attributed in part to the use of instruments and playing-styles that are fundamentally different from those used by other major orchestras:

  • The clarinet has a special fingering-system.
  • The bassoon has special fingering-combinations and reeds.
  • The trumpet has a rotary-valve system and a narrower measurements.
  • The trombone and the tuba have a different fingering and valve-system.
  • The timpani use natural goat hide instead of synthetic hide.
  • The double-bass retains the traditional theater-placement in a row behind the brass.
  • The Viennese oboe has a special bore, measurement, reed, and fingering-system. It is very different from the otherwise internationally used French oboe.
  • The Viennese horn is a variation of the natural horn with a valved crook in F inserted, so that the chromatic scale can be played. It has a narrower measurement, longer tubing, and a piston-valve system. These valves have the advantage of providing a tone which is not so sharply defined, as well as possibilities for smoother connections between notes. Moreover, the Viennese horn is made of stronger materials than, for example, the French horn (Double Horn in both F and Bb).
  • The string section is unique in that the instruments belong to the orchestra, unlike other orchestras in which each string player uses their own instrument. Although not of a particular pedigree, the Vienna strings have been carefully chosen over the centuries and they are largely responsible for the orchestra's well-loved string sound. They are meticulously cared for and, in case one is worn beyond repair, the process of finding a replacement instrument is equally painstaking.

These instruments and their characteristic tone-colors have been the subject of extensive scientific studies by the Associate Professor Magister Gregor Widholm of the Institute for Viennese Tone-Culture at the Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Wien. Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... The trumpet is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... For other uses, see Tuba (disambiguation). ... A timpanist in the United States Air Forces in Europe Band. ... This article is about the stringed instrument. ... The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... The Vienna horn (German: Wiener horn) is a type of French horn used primarily in Vienna, Austria. ... The musical instrument natural horn is the ancestor of the modern-day French horn differentiated by its lack of valves. ... The horn is a brass instrument consisting of tubing wrapped into a coiled form. ... Gregor Widholm was born in 1948, is a resident of Gönserndorf, Austria, and is a university professor. ... I am looking for the address and telephone of the music school at Regensburg Germany. ...


Sexism and racism controversy

Although the orchestra is widely acknowledged as one of the world's finest, in the 1990s it came in for some criticism by feminist groups because until 1997 it did not allow women to become full members of the orchestra (although some women performed with the orchestra, they were not full members). In 1997 the first woman, harpist Anna Lelkes, became a member after performing with the orchestra as a "non-member" for over twenty years. After Ms. Lelkes' retirement, another woman harpist Charlotte Balzereit eventually replaced her as the orchestra's only woman member.[4] Meanwhile the orchestra claims to have several female members.


Also, for a long time no woman had ever conducted the orchestra. In January 2005, the Australian conductor Simone Young made history by becoming the first female to conduct the orchestra. Simone Young (born March 2, 1961) is an Australian conductor, particularly well known for opera. ...


In addition there were claims that the orchestra in the past had not accepted members who were visibly members of ethnic minorities. In 2001 a violinist who was half-Asian became a member.[5]


Some people associated with the organisation have been criticised for saying that it is important to maintain the ethnic uniformity of the orchestra (i.e., white Europeans) in order to maintain high playing standards.


In 1970 Otto Strasser, the former chairman of the Vienna Philharmonic, wrote in his memoirs:

"I hold it incorrect that today the applicants play behind a screen; an arrangement that was brought in after the Second World War in order to assure objective judgments. I continuously fought against it, especially after I became Chairman of the Philharmonic, because I am convinced that to the artist also belongs the person, that one must not only hear, but also see, in order to judge him in his entire personality. [...] Even a grotesque situation that played itself out after my retirement was not able to change the situation. An applicant qualified himself as the best, and as the screen was raised, there stood a Japanese before the stunned jury. He was, however, not engaged, because his face did not fit with the ‘Pizzicato-Polka’ of the New Year’s Concert."[5]

The first flautist in the Vienna Philharmonic said in a radio interview broadcast in 1996:

"From the beginning we have spoken of the special Viennese qualities, of the way music is made here. The way we make music here is not only a technical ability, but also something that has a lot to do with the soul. The soul does not let itself be separated from the cultural roots that we have here in central Europe. And it also doesn't allow itself to be separated from gender. So if one thinks that the world should function by quota regulations, then it is naturally irritating that we are a group of white skinned male musicians, that perform exclusively the music of white skinned male composers. It is a racist and sexist irritation. I believe one must put it that way. If one establishes superficial egalitarianism, one will lose something very significant. Therefore, I am convinced that it is worthwhile to accept this racist and sexist irritation, because something produced by a superficial understanding of human rights would not have the same standards."[6]

In 2003, an orchestra member said in a magazine interview:

"Three women are already too many. By the time we have twenty percent, the orchestra will be ruined. We have made a big mistake, and will bitterly regret it."[7]

Conductors

Subscription Conductors (1842-1933)

The Vienna Philharmonic does not have principal conductors. Each year they chose an artist to conduct all concerts of the respective season at Vienna's Musikverein. These conductors were called abonnementdirigenten (subscription conductors) as they were to conduct all the concerts included in the Philharmonic's subscription at the Musikverein. Some of these annual hirings were renewed for many years, others lasted only for a few years. At the same time the Vienna Philharmonic also worked with other conductors, e. g. at the Salzburg Festival, for recordings or special occasions. With the widening of the Philharmonic's activities the orchestra decided to abandon this system in 1933. From then on there were only guest conductors hired for each concert, both in Vienna and elsewhere. Categories: Buildings and structures stubs ...

Felix Otto Dessoff (January 14, 1835–October 28, 1892) was a German conductor and composer. ... Hans Richter (1843–1916), Austrian conductor (born in what is now Hungary), studied at the Vienna Conservatory (showing a special interest in the horn) and developed his conducting career at several opera-houses in the Austro-Hungarian empire. ... Wilhelm Jahn (1834–1900) was director of the Vienna Court Opera from 1880 to 1897 and principal conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra from 1882 to 1883. ... Hans Richter (1843–1916), Austrian conductor (born in what is now Hungary), studied at the Vienna Conservatory (showing a special interest in the horn) and developed his conducting career at several opera-houses in the Austro-Hungarian empire. ... “Mahler” redirects here. ... Joseph Hellmesberger junior (9 April 1855–26 April 1907) was an Austrian composer, violinist and principal conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic orchestra from 1901 to 1903. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Clemens Krauss (born in Vienna, March 31, 1893 – buried at Mexico City, May 16, 1954) was an Austrian conductor famed for his interpretations of the music of Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner and other German composers. ...

Guest Conductors (since 1933)

Bruno Walter (Bruno Walter Schlesinger) (September 15, 1876 – February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Fritz Busch (born 13 March 1890 in Siegen, died 14 September 1951 in London) was a German conductor. ... Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Josef Alois Krips (born 8 April 1902 in Vienna, died 13 October 1974 in Geneva) was an Austrian conductor and violinist. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Hans Knappertsbusch (March 12, 1888 - October 25, 1965) German conductor born in Elberfeld (present-day Wuppertal), best known for his performances of the music of Richard Wagner, Anton Bruckner and Richard Strauss. ... Sir John (Giovanni Battista) Barbirolli (December 2, 1899 - July 29, 1970), was a British conductor and cellist who led the London Symphony Orchestra and the London Philharmonic Orchestra, among many others. ... Erich Kleiber (August 5, 1890 – January 27, 1956) was an Austrian-born conductor. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Rafael Jeroným Kubelík (June 29, 1914 – August 11, 1996) was a Czech conductor and composer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Adolph Schuricht (July 3, 1880 - January 7, 1967) was an orchestra conductor born in Danzig (now Gdansk). ... Carlos Kleiber (July 3, 1930 - July 13, 2004) was born Karl Ludwig Kleiber in Berlin, the son of conductor Erich Kleiber. ... Wolfgang Sawallisch (born August 26, 1923) is a German conductor and pianist. ... Carlo Maria Giulini (May 9, 1914 – June 14, 2005) was an Italian conductor, and violist. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Seiji Ozawa , born September 1, 1935) is a Japanese conductor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral pianist and conductor and most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Zubin Mehta (b. ... Lorin Varencove Maazel (born March 6, 1930) is a conductor, violinist and composer. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33. ... Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich (Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич) (born March 27, 1927) is a Russian cellist and conductor, considered to be... André Previn (born April 6, 1929)¹ is a prominent pianist, orchestral conductor, and composer. ... Giuseppe Sinopoli (November 2, 1946 - April 20, 2001) was a conductor and composer. ... Václav Neumann (October 29, 1920 - September 2, 1995) was a Czech conductor, violinist and viola player. ... Riccardo Muti (born July 28, 1941, in Naples) is an Italian conductor best known for being the Music Director of Milans La Scala opera house, a position he held from 1986 to 2005, and of The Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992. ... Georges Prêtre (born August 14, 1924) is a French conductor. ... Valery Gergiev Valery Abisalovich Gergiev, Russian: Вале́рий Абиса́лович Ге́ргиев (born 1953) is a Russian conductor and opera company director. ... Nikolaus Harnoncourt (born Johann Nicolaus Graf de la Fontaine und dHarnoncourt-Unverzagt December 6, 1929 in Berlin) is an Austrian conductor, particularly known for his historically informed performances of music from the classical era and earlier. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlÉ›z/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ... Gardiner conducting Sir John Eliot Gardiner CBE (born April 20, 1943, Fontmell, Dorset, England) is an English conductor. ... Sir Roger Arthur Carver Norrington (born March 16, 1934) is a British conductor best known for performances of Baroque, Classical and Romantic music using period instruments and period style. ... Marcello Viotti (born June 29, 1954, died February 16, 2005) was a Swiss classical music conductor, best known for opera. ... Christian Thielemann (born 1959 in Berlin) is a German conductor. ... Franz Welser-Möst, Photo by: Roger Mastroianni courtesy of IMG Artists Franz Welser-Möst (16 August 1960), born Franz Möst, is the seventh and current Music Director of The Cleveland Orchestra. ... Daniele Gatti (born Milan in 1962) is an Italian conductor. ... Gilbert Kaplan is a businessman and amateur conductor. ... Mariss Jansons (born 1943) is a prominent Latvian conductor. ... Simone Young (born March 2, 1961) is an Australian conductor, particularly well known for opera. ...

Selection of recordings

“Mozart” redirects here. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... Le nozze di Figaro ossia la folle giornata (Trans: ), K. 492, is an opera buffa (comic opera) composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, Le mariage de Figaro (1784). ... Erich Kleiber (August 5, 1890 – January 27, 1956) was an Austrian-born conductor. ... Don Giovanni (K.527; complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni, literally The Rake Punishd, or Don Giovanni) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ... Josef Alois Krips (born 8 April 1902 in Vienna, died 13 October 1974 in Geneva) was an Austrian conductor and violinist. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Eroica Symphony Title Page The Symphony No. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... The coversheet to Beethovens 5th Symphony. ... Ludwig van Beethoven began concentrated work on his Symphony No. ... Carlos Kleiber (July 3, 1930 - July 13, 2004) was born Karl Ludwig Kleiber in Berlin, the son of conductor Erich Kleiber. ... Composer Ludwig van Beethoven The Symphony No. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... Simon Rattle recording Porgy and Bess with the London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road in 1988, aged 33. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... The Symphony No. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... The Symphony No. ... Carlos Kleiber (July 3, 1930 - July 13, 2004) was born Karl Ludwig Kleiber in Berlin, the son of conductor Erich Kleiber. ... Carlo Maria Giulini (May 9, 1914 – June 14, 2005) was an Italian conductor, and violist. ... Carlo Maria Giulini (May 9, 1914 – June 14, 2005) was an Italian conductor, and violist. ... Aram Ilich Khachaturian (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¡Õ´ Ô½Õ¡Õ¹Õ¡Õ¿Ö€ÕµÕ¡Õ¶, Aram Xačatryan; Russian: Аpaм Ильич XaчaÑ‚ypян, Aram Ilič Hačaturjan) (June 6, 1903 – May 1, 1978) was a composer of classical music. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Gayane (sometimes written Gayaneh) is a ballet composed by Aram Khachaturian in 1942. ... Aram Ilich Khachaturian (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¡Õ´ Ô½Õ¡Õ¹Õ¡Õ¿Ö€ÕµÕ¡Õ¶, Aram Xačatryan; Russian: Аpaм Ильич XaчaÑ‚ypян, Aram Ilič Hačaturjan) (June 6, 1903 – May 1, 1978) was a composer of classical music. ... Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828) was an Austrian composer. ... Franz Schuberts Symphony No. ... Carl Adolph Schuricht (July 3, 1880 - January 7, 1967) was an orchestra conductor born in Danzig (now Gdansk). ... In 1838 Robert Schumann, on a visit to Vienna, found the dusty manuscript of Franz Schuberts C major symphony (the Great, D.944) and took it back to Leipzig, where it was performed by Felix Mendelssohn and celebrated in the Neue Zeitschrift. ... Josef Alois Krips (born 8 April 1902 in Vienna, died 13 October 1974 in Geneva) was an Austrian conductor and violinist. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Bruno Walter (Bruno Walter Schlesinger) (September 15, 1876 – February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ... Sir Georg Solti, KBE (pronounced IPA: ) (21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was a world-renowned Hungarian-British orchestral and operatic conductor. ... The Gramophone is a glossy publication devoted to classical music and particularly recordings of classical music. ... “Bruckner” redirects here. ... Anton Bruckners Symphony No. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 – August 14, 1981) was a prominent Austrian conductor. ... “Mahler” redirects here. ... Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth) is particularly interesting among Gustav Mahlers symphonic works. ... Kathleen Ferrier Kathleen Mary Ferrier CBE (22 April 1912 – 8 October 1953) was an English contralto born in Blackburn, and later moved with her family to Higher Walton, Lancashire. ... In music, an alto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a soprano. ... Bruno Walter (Bruno Walter Schlesinger) (September 15, 1876 – February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... James King may refer to: James King (soldier) (1589-1652), a Scottish commander in the Battle of Wittstock James King, 17th cent. ... The German baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (born May 28, 1925) is regarded by many as the finest Lieder singer of his generation, if not of the last century. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... The Symphony No. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlÉ›z/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ... Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( ; September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer of Romantic music, who employed the idioms and melodies of the folk music of his native Bohemiaand Moravia in symphonic, oratorial, chamber and operatic works. ... The Symphony No. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Johann Strauss II The Waltz King coming to life in the Stadtpark, Vienna Johann Strauss II (in German: Johann Strauß (Sohn), Johann Strauss (son); in English also Johann Strauss the Younger, Johann Strauss Jr. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... Carlos Kleiber (July 3, 1930 - July 13, 2004) was born Karl Ludwig Kleiber in Berlin, the son of conductor Erich Kleiber. ... Nikolaus Harnoncourt (born Johann Nicolaus Graf de la Fontaine und dHarnoncourt-Unverzagt December 6, 1929 in Berlin) is an Austrian conductor, particularly known for his historically informed performances of music from the classical era and earlier. ... Riccardo Muti (born July 28, 1941, in Naples) is an Italian conductor best known for being the Music Director of Milans La Scala opera house, a position he held from 1986 to 2005, and of The Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992. ... The New Year Concert (in German: Das Neujahrskonzert der Wiener Philharmoniker) of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is a concert that takes place each year in the morning of January 1 in Vienna, Austria. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... Johannes Brahmss Piano Concerto No. ... Image:Krystian Zimerman. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October... James Levine (born June 23, 1943 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral pianist and conductor and most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October... Valery Gergiev Valery Abisalovich Gergiev, Russian: Вале́рий Абиса́лович Ге́ргиев (born 1953) is a Russian conductor and opera company director. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Má vlast (traditionally translated as My Country or more literally My Fatherland) is a set of six symphonic poems composed between 1874 and 1879 by the Czech composer BedÅ™ich Smetana. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral pianist and conductor and most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... Christoph von Dohnányi (born September 18, 1929) is a German conductor. ...

References

  1. ^ Clemens Hellsberg (21 Nov 2006). Vienna Philharmonic Named Europe's Finest Orchestra. HuliQ. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  2. ^ The Wiener Philharmoniker-Airbus (High Resolution image). Pressetext Austria. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  3. ^ Münze Österreich AG (1 Nov 2006). Der "Wiener Philharmoniker-Airbus" ist startklar (German). Pressetext Austria. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  4. ^ William Osborne (2001). Ursula Plaichinger Takes Leave of Absence. Osborne-Conant.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  5. ^ a b William Osborne. Why Did the Vienna Philharmonic Fire Yasuto Sugiyama?. Osborne-Conant.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  6. ^ William Osborne. The Image of Purity. Osborne-Conant.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  7. ^ William Osborne. Vienna Philharmonic Flyer. Osborne-Conant.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
MSN Encarta - Vienna (1194 words)
Vienna is located on both banks of the Danube River, with the foothills of the Eastern Alps on the west and the plains of the Danube basin on the east.
Vienna was for many centuries the political and economic center of the Austrian Empire under the Habsburg family, and between 1867 and 1918 the capital of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
Vienna remains a city of strong musical heritage and is the seat of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, the Vienna State Opera, and a music conservatory.
Vienna Philharmonic - definition of Vienna Philharmonic in Encyclopedia (591 words)
The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is the best known orchestra in Austria and one of Europe's major ensembles.
The members of the orchestra are chosen from the Orchestra of the Vienna State Opera.
The orchestra can trace its origins back to 1842, when Otto Nicolai formed what he called a "Philharmonic Academy"; it was an orchestra which was fully independent, and which took all its decisions by a democratic vote of all its members.
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