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Encyclopedia > Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (or VCLT), adopted on May 22, 1969 and opened for signature on May 23, 1969, codified the pre-existing customary international law on treaties, with some necessary gap-filling and clarifications. The Convention entered into force on January 27, 1980. May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming the legal code. ... Customary international law Unwritten law applied to the behaviour of nations. ... Single European Act A treaty is a binding agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely states and international organizations. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


The draft has been elaborated by the International Law Commission (ILC) of the United Nations which began work on the Vienna Convention in 1949 and finished in 1969 with two sessions of a plenipotentiary conference of states held by the UN in Vienna, Austria. International Law Comission The International Law Comission was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1947 with the purpose of codifying and promoting international law. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ...


During the twenty years of preparation, several draft versions of the convention and commentaries were prepared by special rapporteurs of the ILC. James Brierly, Sir Hersch Lauterpacht, Sir Gerald Fitzmaurice and Sir Humphrey Waldock were the four special rapporteurs. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Hersch Lauterpacht was judge of the International Court of Justice, 1955-60. ... Sir Humphrey Waldock (otherwise known with the first name Claud or Meredith) (1904–1981) was a British jurist. ...


105 states have ratified the VCLT. However, even those that have not may still recognize it as binding upon them in as much as it is a restatement of customary law. The United States is among these. A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ...


The scope of the Convention is limited. It applies only to treaties concluded between states (Article 1), excluding treaties between states and international organizations or between international organizations themselves. These are governed by the 1986 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or Between International Organizations. Additionally, the Convention only applies to written agreements, but does not limit the application of oral agreements (Article 3). An international organization, or more formally intergovernmental organization (IGO), is an organization whose members are sovereign states or other IGOs (like the European Community and the WTO). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or Between International Organizations is an extension of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties which deals with treaties between States. ...


External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
  • Full text of the treaty: html, pdf
  • Easy-to-read version of the text

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ...

Sources

  • Damrosch, Henkin, et al, International Law, West Group 2001.

 
 

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