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Encyclopedia > Vienna Convention on Road Traffic

The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic is an international treaty designed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by standardising the uniform traffic rules among the contracting parties. This convention was agreed upon at the United Nations Economic and Social Council's Conference on Road Traffic (October 7, 1968 - November 8, 1968). This conference also produced the Vienna Convention for Road Signs and Signals. A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ...  drive on right  drive on left Rules of the road are the general practices and procedures that road users follow, especially motorists and cyclists. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...

Contents


Cross border vehicles

One of the main benefits of the convention for motorists is the obligation on signatory countries to recognise the legality of vehicles from other signatory countries. However, the following requirements must be met when driving outside the country of registration:

  • Cars must display their registration number at the front and rear, even if legislation in the jurisdiction of registration does not require a front vehicle registration plate on cars. Motorcycles need display their registration number only at the rear. Registration numbers must be in Latin characters and Arabic numerals. Registration number could be in a different character but a traslation in Latin characters and Arabic numerals must be present
  • A distinguishing sign of the country of registration must be displayed on the rear of the vehicle. The physical requirements for this sign are defined in Annex 3 of the convention, which states that it must comprise black writing on a white oval background and that it must not form part of the vehicle's registration number. In practice, the requirement to display the white oval is mutually waived between some countries, for example between many European countries (where the white oval may be substituted by a blue strip on the vehicle registration plate) and between Canada, the United States and Mexico (where the state or province of registration is usually embossed on the vehicle registration plate).
  • The vehicle must meet all technical requirements to be legal for road use in the country of registration. Any conflicting technical requirements (e.g. right-hand-drive or left-hand-drive) in the signatory country where the vehicle is being driven do not apply.
  • The driver must carry the vehicle's registration certificate, and if the vehicle is not registered in the name of an occpuant of the vehicle (for example a hire car), proof of the driver's right to be in possession of the vehicle.

Mainland China is the most notable example of a non-signatory country. All foreign registered vehicles in mainland China must display a mainland Chinese vehicle registration plate. This requirement even applies to vehicles from China's special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. It has been suggested that Vehicle licence be merged into this article or section. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... Arabic numerals (or Hindu-Arabic numerals) are the most common set of symbols used to represent numbers around the world. ... This is a list of vehicle country identification codes: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Note * Non-official ** CD means also corps diplomatique Old Codes Note... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Vehicle licence be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Vehicle licence be merged into this article or section. ... Rental cars are leased to people who dont have access to their own cars, such as when traveling. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... It has been suggested that Vehicle licence be merged into this article or section. ...


The convention also addresses minumum mechanical and safety equipment needed to be on board and defines an Identification mark (Annex 4) to identify the origin of the vehicle.


International driving permit

Annex 7 INTERNATIONAL DRIVING PERMIT 1. The permit shall be a booklet in format A 6 (148 x 105 mm). The cover shall be grey and the inside pages white. 2. The outside and inside of the front cover shall conform, respectively, to model pages Nos. 1 and 2 below; they shall be printed in the national language, or in at least one of the national languages, of the issuing State. The last two inside pages shall be facing pages conforming to model No. 3 below; they shal l be printed in French. The inside pages preceding these two pages shall repea t the first of them in several languages, which must include English, Russian and Spanish. 3. Handwritten or typed entries made on the permit shall be in Latin characters or in English cursive script. 4. Contracting Parties issuing or authorizing the issuance of internationa l driving permits of which the cover is printed in a language other than English, French, Russian or Spanish shall communicate to the Secretary-General of the United Nations the translation into that language of the text of model page No. 3 below. IDP: a network layer protocol used in XNS IDP: an abbreviation for internally displaced person IDP: an abbreviation for investment development path IDP: an abbreviation for Intern Development Program This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...



MODEL PAGE No. 1 (Outside of front cover) .............................................................. 1/ International Motor Traffic INTERNATIONAL DRIVING PERMIT No. .......... Convention on Road Traffic of 8 November, 1968 Valid until .................................................. 2/ Issued by .................................................... At ........................................................... Date ......................................................... Number of domestic driving permit F 4/ 3/ 1/ Name of the issuing State and its distinguishing sign as defined in Annex 3. 2/ No more than three years after the date of issue or the date of expiry of the domestic driving permit, whichever is earlier. 3/ Signature of the authority or association issuing the permit. 4/ Seal or stamp of the authority or association issuing the permit.



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See also

 drive on right  drive on left Rules of the road are the general practices and procedures that road users follow, especially motorists and cyclists. ...

External link

  • Text (PDF)

  Results from FactBites:
 
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The basic traffic rules are defined by an international treaty under the authority of the United Nations, the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic.
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