FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Video arcade

A video arcade (also known as an amusement arcade in the United Kingdom or a game center in Japan) is a place where people play arcade video games. Traditionally, customers of these establishments were overwhelmingly teen males. Presently, however, families make up the largest arcade constituent, mainly due to the lack of standard new games being released in arcades.[citation needed] Arcade can mean several things: Arcade (architecture) - A passage or walkway, often including retailers. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Akihabara GiGO (Sega game center) A game center, actually pronounced gēmusentā and spelled ゲームセンター (sometimes shortened to ゲーセン, gēsen for ga-cen, the contraction of game center) is a hall, or a multipart hall (like the famous Sega Joypolis amusement parks) dedicated to arcade video games. ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... The shield and spear of the Roman god Mars, which is also the alchemical symbol for iron, represents the male sex. ...


Video arcades typically have subdued lighting to inhibit glare and enhance the viewing of the game's video display. This atmosphere has added to the stores' sometimes negative reputation in the United States, as well as in other countries.[citation needed] However, some businesses, such as Dave & Buster's, have based their businesses by combining a bar and restaraunt with a video arcade atmosphere. Cathode ray tube employing electromagnetic focus and deflection Cutaway rendering of a color CRT Electron guns Electron beams Focusing coils Deflection coils Anode connection Mask for separating beams for red, green, and blue part of displayed image Phosphor layer with red, green, and blue zones Close-up of the phosphor... Dave & Busters (NYSE: DAB) is an American restaurant chain which mixes dining with arcade-style gaming. ...


With the increase of internet cafes (which also provide gaming services), the need for video arcades has been reduced, and many have been shut down or merged with the cafes as a result.[citation needed] It has been suggested that PC bang be merged into this article or section. ...


Types of games

The video games are typically in arcade cabinets. The most common kind are uprights, tall boxes with a monitor and controls in front. Customers insert coins or tokens into the machines (or use magnetic cards) and stand in front of them to play the game. These traditionally were the most popular arcade format, although presently American arcades make much more money off deluxe driving games and ticket redemption games. Japanese arcades, while also heavily featuring deluxe games, continue to do well with traditional JAMMA arcade video games. Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... This arcade cabinet, containing Centipede, is an upright. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A rare and historic Bechuanaland Border Police canteen token. ... Tug of war is an easily organized, impromptu game that requires little equipment. ... A JAMMA edge connector with fingerboard The Japanese Amusement Machine Manufacturers Association (JAMMA) is a trade association based in Japan; it also the namesake of a trade show hosted in Japan; additionally, JAMMA is a wiring standard for arcade machines. ...


Some machines, such as Ms. Pac-Man and Joust, are occasionally in smaller boxes with a flat, clear glass or acrylic glass top; the player sits at the machine playing it, looking down. This style of arcade game is known as a cocktail-style arcade game table, since they were first popularlized in bars. For two player games on this type of machine, the players sit on opposite sides with the screen flipped upside down for each player. A few cocktail-style games had players sitting next to rather than across from one another. Both Joust and Gun Fight had these type of tables. Ms. ... Joust is a classic arcade game by Williams Electronics that was produced in 1982. ... Glass can be made transparent and flat, or into other shapes and colors as shown in this sphere from the Verrerie of Brehat in Brittany. ... Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) or poly (methyl 2-methylpropenoate) is the synthetic polymer of methyl methacrylate. ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Gun Fight was an arcade game released by Midway in 1975. ...


Some arcade games, such as racing games, are designed to be sat in or on. These types of games are sometimes referred to as sit-down games. Sega is one of the largest manufacturers of these types of arcade games. A racing game is any game that involves competing in races through a surrogate playing piece or vehicle, either getting it from one point to another or completing a number of circuits in the shortest time. ... Sega Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational video game software and hardware developing company, and a former home computer and console manufacturer. ...


Arcades are not limited to video games only, though. Pinball machines and redemption games such as skee ball are also common in many arcades. There may be a counter where players can redeem the tickets earned at the latter for prizes ranging from cheap toys to dolls and jewelry. An electronic pinball machine (Theatre of Magic), released 1995. ... Redemption games are typically arcade games of skill that reward the player proportionally to their score in the game. ... The object is to collect as many points as possible by rolling balls into the holes. ...


Other kinds of machines can also be seen at video arcades, like gambling machines such as slot machines and pachinko machines, or even vending machines. Large toys and rides usually seen in amusement parks are also common in certain arcades. The term gambling has had many different meanings depending on the cultural and historical context in which it is used. ... Slot machines in the Trump Taj Mahal A slot machine (American English), fruit machine (British English), or poker machine (Australian English) is a certain type of casino game. ... Classic pachinko machine Pachinko parlor at night Entrance to pachinko parlor in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. ... Cigarette vending machine. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Popularity

Video arcades started springing up in the late 1970s and were most popular during the golden age of arcade games, the mid-1980s. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... In Space Invaders, the player controls the firing and horizontal position of the green cannon at the bottom, fending off constant attack by echelons of eponymous enemies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


During this time, arcades were so popular in the United States that school children could easily pass one or two on their way to or from school. This disturbed many parents who disapproved of the perceived unfriendly atmosphere of the arcades and of their children's use of money on the "frivolous" activity of video game playing. Some attempts were made to prohibit children's patronage of such establishments with varying degrees of success. In some cities and towns in the US, largely due to parents' demands, video arcades would be constantly watched by a sheriff or policeman. The main purpose of the police officer's job was to prevent truancy, and many children would not be allowed entry into the arcades unless the schools were closed. Police appearances near the arcades would also have the additional effect of scaring some troublemakers away. Students in Rome, Italy. ... A parent is a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian // Mother This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Various denominations of currency, one form of money Money is any good or tokens that functions as a medium of exchange that is socially and legally accepted in payment for goods and services and in settlement of debts. ... Truancy is a term used to describe any intentional unauthorized absence from compulsory schooling. ...


Most opposition to such stores has evaporated with the decline of these businesses beginning in the mid-1990s. Some stores still exist in the US, but not in nearly the large numbers since the mid-1980s. This decline is due mainly to the fact that after 1994 arcade game companies failed to stay ahead of the technology curve and would release games that had graphics equal to or worse than the home video game consoles of the time. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer or electronic device that manipulates the video display signal of a display device (a television, monitor, etc. ...


High game turnover in Japanese arcades required quick game design, leading to the adoption of standardized systems like JAMMA, Neo-Geo and CPS-2. These systems were essentially arcade-only consoles where the video game ROM could be swapped easily to replace a game. This allowed easier development and replacement of games, but it also discouraged the hardware innovation necessary to stay ahead of the technology curve. JAMMA is an acronym, standing for Japanese Amusement Machine Manufacturers Association. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... CPS-2 (CPシステムII shīpī shisutemu tsū) or Capcom Play System 2, is an arcade system board that debuted in 1993 with Super Street Fighter 2, and Dungeons & Dragons: Tower of Doom. ...


Most US arcades didn't even see the intended benefit of this practice since many games weren't exported to the US, and if they were, distributors generally refused to release them as simply a ROM, preferring to sell the entire ROM, console, and sometimes cabinet as a package. In fact, several arcade systems such as Sega's NAOMI board are arcade versions of home systems. The Sega NAOMI (New Arcade Operation Machine Idea) is a development of the Sega Dreamcast technology as a basis for an arcade system board. ...


Video arcades are still very popular in Japan, where they are called game centers (ゲームセンター). Game centers are made up of four general types of machines: sit-down games, prize-awarding games, casino games, and photo booths. Sit-down games are still the most popular, and as mentioned above, Sega dominates the market for sit-down games. However, Konami's Bemani division has dominated the music simulation genre of games, which is becoming increasingly popular in Asian culture. Prize-awarding games often include machines such as the UFO catcher (known as the "crane machine" in the US). Casino games (メダルゲーム, literally "medal game") include pachinko and slot machines, although players cannot win money from these machines. Instead, winnings are paid out in tokens (called "medals," hence the name), which may be used to play more games or redeemed for prizes. Akihabara GiGO (Sega game center) A game center, actually pronounced gÄ“musentā and spelled ゲームセンター (sometimes shortened to ゲーセン, gÄ“sen for ga-cen, the contraction of game center) is a hall, or a multipart hall (like the famous Sega Joypolis amusement parks) dedicated to arcade video games. ... Bemani (ビーマニ, biimani) is Konamis music video game division. ... A claw vending machine is a type of arcade game in the form of a vending machine. ...


In the United Kingdom, arcades were particularly popular in seaside resorts where, until around 1994, a game would cost between 10 pence and 30 pence. The decline of the traditional arcade, however, did not occur in line with the stagnation in improved technology. Indeed, it was the huge leap towards polygon 3D in the mid-90s that caused the decline. As home console graphics improved, arcade games had to impress the potential player with expensive, novel cabinets featuring interactive guns, swords, footpads and other features. With the improvements in arcade game technology came considerable price rises, often at £1 a game. This isolated the traditional teen male visitor and many of the businesses fell into decline. They were forced to accommodate more for their other traditional visitor group, the middle-aged male, which precipitated a shift towards gambling. As a result, many arcades in the UK today are comprised mostly of fruit machines. This parallels the move in the US towards redemption gaming, which itself resembles gambling; redemption, however, is targeted towards children as well as adults. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Above: A variety of coins considered to be lower-value, including an Irish 2p piece and many US pennies. ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ... Slot machines in the Trump Taj Mahal A slot machine (American English), fruit machine (British English), or poker machine (Australian English) is a certain type of casino game. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Anniston Star - Video gambling arcades given 10 days to close (515 words)
District Attorney Joe Hubbard is giving video gambling arcades 10 days to close their doors or risk confiscation of the machines and prosecution of the operators.
She too could lose if the courts rule the games are illegal, as will the four children and a grandchild that she and her husband support.
Pitman is a manager at the Gold Strike - an adult arcade at the Anniston Plaza that opened in November 2001.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m