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Encyclopedia > Vidarbha
Map of the districts comprising the Vidarbha region.

Vidarbha is the north-eastern region of Maharashtra state, now forming two divisions (Nagpur and Amravati). Vidarbha comprises the districts of Nagpur, Amravati, Chandrapur, Akola, Wardha, Buldana, Yavatmal, Bhandara, Gondia, Washim, and Gadchiroli. It is less economically prosperous compared to the rest of Maharashtra.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Maharashtra state is made up of 35 districts, which are grouped into six divisions. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Nagpur Division is one of six administrative divisions of Maharashtra state in India. ... Amravati Division is one of the six divisions of Maharashtra state in India. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Amravati (also known as Amrawati or Amraoti) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in India. ... , Chandrapur is a city and a municipal council in Chandrapur district in the state of Maharashtra, India. ... Akola   (Hindi/Marathi: अकोला) (pronounced ) is an important Historical, Cultural, Political, Religious, Industrial and Agricultural city in the state of Maharashtra located in the Vidarbha region in central India. ... Wardha is a city in Maharashtra, India. ... Buldhana (Buldana) is a small city in the state of Maharashtra, India. ... Yavatmal (यवतमाळ) is a city and a municipal council in Yavatmal district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Bhandara is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in India. ... Gondia, also known as Gondiya, is a town in Maharashtra state of western India. ... , Washim is a city and a municipal council in Washim district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Gadchiroli is a district in Maharashtra, India. ...


Vidarbha's economy is primarily agricultural. The main cash crops of the region are cotton, oranges and soyabean. Traditional crops are sorghum(jowar), pearl millet (bajra) and rice. Cotton ready for harvest. ...

Contents

Natural resources

The Vidarbha region is rich in forest and mineral resources. Its lush green deciduous forests are home to a variety of flora and fauna. These attract a large number of visitors each year.


All Maharashtra's tiger reserves are located in Vidarbha. They are Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur district and Pench Tiger Reserve in Nagpur district. Although the western region of the Vidarbha is poor in natural resources in comparison with the eastern region, Maharashtra's oldest National Park created in 1955, the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve[2] is in the west. It is also one of India's 25 Project Tiger Reserves.[3]


The National Park is 623 kmĀ² in area, consisting of two forested rectangles of the Tadoba and Andhari range. Aside from around 50 tigers, Tadoba Tiger Reserve is home to rare Indian wildlife like leopards, sloth bears, gaur, wild dogs, hyenas, civet and jungle cats, and many species of Indian deer like sambar, cheetal, nilgai, and barking deer. The Tadoba lake sustains the Marsh Crocodile, which were once common all over Maharashtra. Tadoba is also an ornithologist's paradise with a varied diversity of aquatic birdlife, and Raptors.


Thickly clad hills form the northern and western boundary of the Tiger Reserve. To the southwest is a huge lake which acts as a buffer between the park's forest and the extensive farmland which extends up to Irai Lake.


Adjacent to the core forested hills is the Chichghat valley which hosts the forest lodge www.tigertrails.in The Tadoba Tiger Reserve is an undisturbed forest not visited by many tourists. Tadoba Tiger Reserve is open throughout the year and so is the lodge. The camp is a three-hour road journey from the city of Nagpur, Maharashtra. Please note that the park stays closed every Tuesday.


History

Nagpur was the capital of the Bhonsle dynasty of Marathas who in the mid eighteenth century created an independent Hindu princely state that covered much of east-central India. After their defeat in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, the Bhonsle dominions were reduced to the Nagpur division. In 1853 the last Maharaja of Nagpur died without a male heir and subsequently Nagpur division was incorporated into mainstream British India. Nagpur division became a part of the British Raj's Central Provinces in 1861. , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... The Bhonsle or Bhonsale were a prominent Maratha clan who served as rulers of several states in India . ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817 - 1818) was a final and decisive conflict between Britain and the Maratha empire in India, which left Britain in control of most of India. ... The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... A British Raj province comprising British conquests from the Mughals and Marathas in central India. ...


Amravati division, formerly known as Berar, was administered by the Nizam of Hyderabad until 1853. In that year, citing misgovernance by the Nizam, the British colonial administration took direct control over the province. Berar was added to the Central Provinces in 1903. Berar is a former province of British India, located in central India. ... The Asafia flag of Hyderabad This article is about Hyderabad State. ... A British Raj province comprising British conquests from the Mughals and Marathas in central India. ...


After India's independence in 1947, Central Provinces and Berar became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. In 1956 Vidarbha was transferred to Bombay state to unify all Marathi-speaking areas. In 1960 Bombay state was split along linguistic lines into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Marathi-speaking Vidarbha became part of the state of Maharashtra. , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Bombay state is a former state of India. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... This article is for the Indian state. ...


Statehood Movement

In recent years there have been sporadic calls by the inhabitants for Vidarbha to secede from Maharashtra. This is based in part on the feeling of being neglected by the Maharashtra state government and in part on assertion of a distinct cultural identity. The people have complained that the region has fallen behind others in Maharashtra in attracting investment and development funds. The region is comparatively poorly served by roads, irrigation facilities and educational institutions. However political movements for attaining statehood have lost steam as the leaders were seen to be opportunistic.


Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh toured Vidarbha as part of his efforts to oversee the progress of rural regeneration schemes and announced a rehabilitation package for the region.[4] Dr. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) is the 17th and current Prime Minister of India. ...


Mythological Importance

More than cultural distinctness from the rest of Maharashtra, Vidarbha has evolved historically in a different fashion. Mention of Vidarbha in many mythological stories also indicate this:

Ramayana has the reference of Vidarbha as one on the Janapadas at that time. In Hinduism, Agastya (अगस्त्य in devanagari, pronounced /ə gəs tyə/) is a legendary Vedic sage or rishi. ... In Hinduism, Srimati Rukmini was the first wife and queen of Krishna, the 8th avatar of Vishnu. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Nala is a character in Hindu mythology. ... Damayanti is a character in Hindu mythology. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... The political process among the ancient Aryans appears to have originally started with semi-nomadic tribal units called Jana (Sanskrit: Jana = tribe). ...


Kalidasa's epic poem "Meghdutam" also mentions Vidarbha as the place of banishment of the Yaksha Gandharva.


Current situation

Vidarbha was in the media spotlight for a spate of farmer suicides in recent years ostensibly because of the falling Minimum Support Price for cotton. The problem is complex and root causes include lopsided policies of the World Trade Organisation and developed nations' subsidies to their cotton farmers which make Vidarbha's cotton uncompetitive in world markets. Consequently Vidarbha is plagued by high rates of school drop outs, penniless widows left in the wake of suicides, loan sharks and exploitation of the vulnerable groups.


The Indian government had promised to increase the minimum rate for cotton by approximately Rs 100 ($2) but reneged on its promise by reducing the Minimum Support Price further. This resulted in more suicides as farmers were ashamed to default on debt payments to loan sharks. "In 2006, 1,044 suicides were reported in Vidarbha alone - that's one suicide every eight hours."[5]


On 1 July 2006 the Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh announced a Rs. 3,750-crore (Rupees 37.5 billion) relief package for Vidharbha. The package should help farmers in six districts of the region. However not everybody is convinced that the aid is getting through to where it is needed. Activists covering the region feel that a lot more needs to be done. The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the Government of India. ... Dr. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) is the 17th and current Prime Minister of India. ...


See also

What follows is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official regions of India. ...

References

  1. ^ "Understanding Underdevelopment in Vidarbha." By Sanjiv Phansalkar. IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program. Article listed here.
  2. ^ http://projecttiger.nic.in/tadoba.htm
  3. ^ http://projecttiger.nic.in/map.htm
  4. ^ "Package for farmers in 31 districts proposed". By Gargi Parsai. The Hindu. June 27, 2006.
  5. ^ "The Dying Fields". Wide Angle (TV series). PBS. 2007.

The Hindu is a leading English-language newspaper in South India, with its largest base of circulation in Tamil Nadu. ... Wide Angle is a weekly one-hour PBS series hosted by Bill Moyers and broadcast via the WNET PBS station since 2002. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ...

External links

  • http://www.tigertrails.in

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Hindu Business Line : Vidarbha — a model farmers' State? (1295 words)
Vidarbha could be an ideal pilot for the kind of economic and political system that the mainstream farmers' movement in India has been demanding and agitating for.
This is the principal cause of the celebrated Vidarbha backlog.
The socialists and Leftists, who attributed the backwardness of the Vidarbha to the failures of the government, are now being supported by the farmers who stand for free trade without state interventions of the kind that have plagued Vidarbha — monopoly procurement of cotton and paddy.
Vidarbha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (229 words)
Vidarbha is the north-eastern region of Maharashtra state, now forming two divisions ( Nagpur and Amravati).
It is comparatively backward, and demands for separate statehood within India have been raised by various political factions.
Vidarbha was transferred to Bombay state in 1956 to unify all Marathi -speaking areas, and became part of Maharashtra state in 1960, when Bombay state was split into the linguistic states of Maharashtra and Gujarat.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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