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Encyclopedia > Vicuña
Vicuña

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Genus: Vicugna
Species: V. vicugna
Binomial name
Vicugna vicugna
(Molina, 1782)

The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) is a relative of the llama and a member of the camelid family which lives in the high Andes. It produces small amounts of extremely fine wool – about a pound per year. The Incas raised Vicuñas for their wool. It was against the law for anybody but royalty to wear a vicuña garments. Both today and under the rule of the Inca, the vicuña was protected by law. In 1960 there were only about 6,000 vicuñas in the wild due to uncontrolled poaching ever since Spanish conquest of South America. Protection measures were carried out by Peru and Chile, which raised their numbers up to 125,000. Although the number is somewhat comforting, these animals are still classified as vulnerable by the IUCN and endangered by the USDI. Peruvian Vicuña This work is presumed to be copyrighted, but its source has not been determined. ... Scientific classification - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Bilateria Acoelomorpha Orthonectida Rhombozoa ?Myxozoa Superphylum Deuterostomia    Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Subclass Monotremata Monotremata Subclass Marsupialia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Subclass Placentalia Xenarthra Dermoptera Desmostylia Scandentia Primates Rodentia Lagomorpha Insectivora Chiroptera Pholidota Carnivora Perissodactyla Artiodactyla Cetacea Afrosoricida Macroscelidea Tubulidentata Hyracoidea Proboscidea Sirenia The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals primarily characterized by the presence of mammary... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama guanicoe  Vicugna vicugna  Camelus dromedarius  Camelus bactrianus The four llamas and two camels are camelids: members of the biological family Camelidae, the only family in the suborder Tylopoda. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is a standard convention used for naming species. ... Father Juan Ignacio Molina (June 24, 1740 - September 12, 1829) was a Chilean priest and naturalist. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Binomial name Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Llama (Lama glama) is a large camelid native to South America. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama guanicoe  Vicugna vicugna  Camelus dromedarius  Camelus bactrianus The four llamas and two camels are camelids: members of the biological family Camelidae, the only family in the suborder Tylopoda. ... Note that the geology in this article currently reflects views from the first decade of the 20th century. ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Habsburg Spain was a superpower and the center of the first global empire in the 16th century. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally-owned land. ...

Contents

Description

It is more delicate and graceful than the guanaco, and smaller. The long, woolly coat is tawnybrown on the back while the hair on the throat and chest is white and quite long. The head is slightly shorter than the guanaco's and the ears are slightly longer. Length of head and body 1.45 to 1.60 m (about 5 ft); shoulder height 75 to 85 cm (around 3 ft); weight 35 to 65 kg (under 150 lb). Binomial name Lama guanicoe (Müller, 1776) The Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is an elegant, fine-boned lamoid animal that stands approximately 3 ft 6 (1. ... Binomial name Lama guanicoe (Müller, 1776) The Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is an elegant, fine-boned lamoid animal that stands approximately 3 ft 6 (1. ...


Distribution

The distribution of vicuñas in the wild.

South America, in the central andes. Specifically, Bolivia, Peru, Chile, and Argentina Distribution of Vicunas in the wild File links The following pages link to this file: Vicuña ... Distribution of Vicunas in the wild File links The following pages link to this file: Vicuña ...


Habitat

Vicuñas live in grasslands and plains in the mountainous regions at an altitude of 4000 to 5500 m. In these areas, only nutrient poor tough bunch grasses and festuca grows. The sun’s ultraviolet rays are able to penetrate through the thin atmosphere producing relatively warm temperatures in the day, however the temperatures go back to freezing at night. The vicuña’s thick but soft coat is a special adaptation that traps layers of warm air close to its body so it can tolerate the freezing temperatures. An Inner Mongolia Grassland. ... Plains is the name of several places in the United States of America and one in Scotland: Plains, Georgia Plains, Kansas Plains, Montana Plains, Pennsylvania Plains, Texas Plains, North Lanarkshire There are also The Plains, Ohio; Plainsboro, New Jersey; and Plainsville, Kansas You might also be looking for the geographical... Mount Cook, a mountain in New Zealand A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength shorter than that of the visible region, but longer than that of soft X-rays. ... Atmosphere may refer to: a celestial body atmosphere, e. ...


Behavior

The behavior of the vicuña is similar to that of the guanaco. Vicuñas are very shy animals and are easily aroused by intruders. Like the latter, it will frequently lick calcareous stones and rocks, which are rich in salt, and it will also drink salt water. Its diet consists mainly of low grasses which grow in clumps on the ground. It lives in family-based groups made up of a male, and 5 to 15 females and their young. Each group has its own territory of about 180,000 m² this can fluctuate depending on the availability of food. Mating usually occurs in March-April, and after a gestation period of about 11 months the female gives birth to a single young which it nurses for about 10 months and becomes independent at about 12 to 18 months. Young males will form bachelor groups and the young females search for another group to join. Along with preventing intraspecial competition, it also prevents inbreeding which can cause a population bottleneck in endangered species as observed with cheetahs.en:Vicuña Binomial name Lama guanicoe (Müller, 1776) The Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is an elegant, fine-boned lamoid animal that stands approximately 3 ft 6 (1. ... Media:Example. ... A pair of lions having sexual intercourse in the Maasai Mara, Kenya. ... A pregnant woman Pregnancy is the process by which a mammalian female carries a live offspring from conception until it develops to the point where the offspring is capable of living outside the womb. ... Binomial name Acinonyx jubatus (Schreber, 1775) The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is an atypical member of the cat family (Felidae) that hunts by speed rather than by stealth or pack tactics. ...


 
 

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