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Encyclopedia > Victual Brothers

The Victual Brothers resp. Vitalians or Vitalian Brotherhood (sv. fetaliebröder; vitaliebröder, de. Vitalienbrüder, pl. bracia witalijscy) were a companionship of privateers. They were hired in 1392 by the Dukes of Mecklenburg to fight against Denmark, because the Danish Queen Margaret I had imprisoned Albrecht of Mecklenburg and his son to subdue the kingdom of Sweden. Albrecht was King of Sweden since 1364 and Duke of Mecklenburg since 1383. Swedish ( ) is a North Germanic language (also called Scandinavian languages) spoken predominantly in Sweden and in parts of Finland, especially along the coast and on the Ã…land islands, by more than nine million people. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... A privateer was a private ship (or its captain) authorized by a countrys government to attack and seize cargo from another countrys ships. ... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... Mecklenburg is a geographical area located in Northern Germany. ... Queen Margaret I Margaret I Queen of Denmark and Norway, Regent of Sweden (1353 – October 28, 1412) was born in Vordingborg Castle, the daughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and Helvig of Sønderjylland. ... Albert of Sweden (or Albrecht von Mecklenburg in German or Albrekt av Mecklenburg in Swedish) was born in 1338 and became king of Sweden in 1363. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... Mecklenburg is a geographical area located in Northern Germany. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Chokei of Japan Emperor Go-Kameyama ascends to the throne of Japan Births Pope Eugenius IV Deaths March 1 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (b. ...


Guild of the Victual Brothers

When Queen Margaret and Albrecht of Mecklenburg were battling for Scandinavian supremacy and Margaret's forces had besieged Stockholm, privateers named Victual Brothers acceded sea-war-activities and the shipping of goods to keep the city supplied with food. The name Victual Brothers is derivated from the Latin word "victualia" — meaning provisions — and refers to their first mission, which was to bring supplies to the besieged town of Stockholm. Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe named after the Scandinavian Peninsula. ... Stockholm panorama from the City Hall is the capital of Sweden, located on the south east coast of Sweden. ... The French battleship Orient burns, 1 August 1798, during the Battle of the Nile A naval battle is a battle fought using ships or other waterborne vessels. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


Victual Brothers were organised as a brotherhood or guild and attracted people from all over Europe. Their main naval enemy in 1392 was the powerful Hanseatic town of Lübeck, which supported Denmark. Apart from Lübeck, the Hanseatic League encouraged the Victual Brothers at first. Most of the Hanseatic towns had no desire to see Denmark victorious, because its location was strategic for the defence of the seaways. For several years from 1392 on the Victual Brothers were a strong power to be reckoned with in the Baltic Sea. They had safe harbours in the cities of Rostock, Ribnitz, Wismar and Stralsund. Soon they went their own way, more or less turning to open piracy and coast robbery. In 1393 they sacked the town of Bergen for the first time and in 1394 they conquered Malmö. They also plundered Åbo, Vyborg, Faxeholm, Styresholm and Korsholm and occupied parts of Frisia and Schleswig for some time. A guild is an association of people of the same trade or pursuits (with a similar skill or craft), formed to protect mutual interests and maintain standards of morality or conduct. ... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... Lübeck ( pronunc. ... Carta marina of Baltic Sea (1539). ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Rostock is a city in northern Germany. ... Ribnitz-Damgarten is a town in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Wismar Coat of Arms Wismar is a smaller port and Hanseatic League city in northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, about 45 km due east of Lübeck, and 30 km due north of Schwerin. ... Stralsund coat of arms Stralsund (Polish: Strzałów, StrzaÅ‚owo) is a city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A coastal beach in the Philippines. ... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... // Events Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, travels with King Richard II of England to Ireland. ... View over Malmö IPA: /málmø:/ is the third largest city in Sweden, situated in the southernmost province of SkÃ¥ne, near Copenhagen, Denmark. ... Location within Finland Turku (IPA: , Swedish: Ã…bo  listen?, Latin: Aboa) is a city in Finland, founded in the 13th century. ... A view of Vyborg from the castle tower Vyborg (Cyrillic: Выборг, Finnish: Viipuri, Swedish: Viborg, German: Wiburg) is a town with 70,000 inhabitants on the Karelian Isthmus in Russia, near the head of the Bay of Vyborg, 130 km to the northwest of Saint Petersburg, 38 km south from Russia... Korsholm (Mustasaari in Finnish) is a municipality of Finland. ... Satellite view of the German Bight (the Frisian Coast). ... The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ...


At the climax of their power the Victual Brothers occupied Gotland in 1394 to set up a stronghold headquarters on their own in Visby. On the whole Baltic Sea maritime-trade collapsed and the herring industry suffered from their depredations. Queen Margaret even turned to King Richard II seeking to charter some English ships to combat the pirates. From 1395 on Queen Margaret gained the upper hand politically. She united Denmark, Sweden and Norway and formed the Kalmar Union. Therefore the Hanseatic League was forced to cooperate with her, evading its eventual decline. At the same time the Victual Brothers went on impartially raiding everyone. Their famous shibboleth was "God's friends and the whole world's enemies." Queen Margaret and King Albert of Sweden conceded Gotland to the allied Teutonic Order as a pledge (similar to a fiefdom). The two rulers and the Hanseatic League expected that the Teutonic Knights would challenge the Victual Brothers on Gotland island to wipe them out and to destroy their fortified sanctuary. An invasion army under Konrad von Jungingen, the Grand Master of the Order, conquered the island in 1398, destroyed Visby and drove the Victual Brothers out of Gotland. (help· info) is the largest island in the Baltic Sea with a size of 3,140 km², which composes only 0. ... // Events Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, travels with King Richard II of England to Ireland. ... Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland;it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ... Richard II (January 6, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born at Bordeaux and became his fathers heir when his elder brother died in infancy. ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... The Kalmar Union flag. ... Carta marina of Baltic Sea (1539). ... Albert of Sweden (or Albrecht von Mecklenburg in German or Albrekt av Mecklenburg in Swedish) was born in 1338 and became king of Sweden in 1363. ... The Teutonic Order (German: Deutscher Orden, German Order; Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, Order of the Teutonic House of Mary in Jerusalem; Hungarian: Német Lovagrend, German Knighthood; Polish: Zakon Krzyżacki, Order of the Crossbearers; Lithuanian: Kryžiuočių Ordinas, Order of Crusaders) was a German crusading... Pledge is a verb, meaning to promise solemnly, and a noun, meaning the promise or its maker or its object – especially: // General The word pledge is used as a synonym for oath, a formal and binding engagement, as in Pledge of Allegiance. ... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, often consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a form of allegiance, originally often to give him the means to fulfill his military duties when called upon. ... Konrad von Jungingen (born 1355 in Swabia - died 30 March 1407 in Marienburg) was the 25th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from 1393 to 1407. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland;it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ...


Likedeelers, the successors of the Victual Brothers

Cog Brindled Cow
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Cog Brindled Cow

After the Victual Brothers's expulsion from Gotland in 1398 the Hanseatic League tried repeatedly to end the anarchy in the Baltic Sea, but with little luck. Many discharged Victual Brothers remained at sea. When they lost their influence in the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland and Gotland, they operated from the Schlei, the mouth of the river Ems and from other locations in Friesland. The successors of the Victual Brothers gave themselves the name Likedeelers. They expanded their field of activities into the North Sea and along the Atlantic coastline, raiding Brabant, France and as far south as Spain. Their most famous leader was captain Störtebeker. He got his name allegedly because he could swill down four litres of beer without taking the beaker from his mouth, but it might be a Family name from Wismar. The Low German word "Störtebeker" means in English: "Down the drink of the beaker". ("Störten" means the same as the Old English word "styrtan".) In 1401 the Hamburgian warship Brindled Cow, leading a small fleet under Commander Simon of Utrecht, caught up with Störtebeker's forces near Heligoland. After three days of battle, Störtebeker and his crew were overpowered and trapped by means of a trick. But this was not the end of piracy and coast robbery by the Likedeelers. In 1429, 28 years after the execution of Störtebeker, other descendents of the Victual Brothers attacked and plundered the city of Bergen in Norway, eventually burning it to the ground. Until about 1440 maritime-trade in the North- and the Baltic Sea was seriously in danger from raids by the Likedeelers. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (472x714, 65 KB) Hamburger Kriegs-Kogge Bunte Kuh Quelle: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (472x714, 65 KB) Hamburger Kriegs-Kogge Bunte Kuh Quelle: http://www. ... Anarchism is derived from the Greek ἀναρχία (without archons (ruler, chief, king)). Thus anarchism, in its most general meaning, is the belief that forms of rulership are undesirable and should be abolished. ... The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Bothnia (Fin. ... The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Finland is an arm of the Baltic Sea that extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to the city of Saint Petersburg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. ... The Schlei (German: Die Schlei, Danish: Slien) is a narrow inlet of the Baltic Sea in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany. ... EMS may stand for: Organizations Eastern Mountain Sports, an outdoor retailer Edinburgh Mathematical Society Electronic Music Studios (London) Ltd, manufacturers of synthesisers European Monetary System, 1979 European Mathematical Society Environmental Middle School Engineering Music Society, Melbourne University Science and Engineering Physics and Chemistry Electromagnetic spectrum Ethyl methanesulfonate (or methanesulfonic acid... Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of the earths surface. ... Historically, Brabant has been the name of several administrative entities in the Low Countries with quite different geographical extent: as Carolingian shire (pagus Bracbatensis), located between the rivers Scheldt and Dijle (between 9th-11th century); as landgraviat: the part of the shire between the rivers Dender and Dijle (from 1085... Klaus Störtebeker (* around 1370; † October 20th 1401) was a leader and simultaneously the best known representative of a companionship of privateers known as the Victual Brothers. ... A family name, or surname, is the part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... Wismar Coat of Arms Wismar is a smaller port and Hanseatic League city in northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, about 45 km due east of Lübeck, and 30 km due north of Schwerin. ... Low German (also called Plattdeutsch, Plattdüütsch or Low Saxon) is a name for the regional language varieties of the Low Germanic languages spoken mainly in northern Germany, southern Denmark and eastern Netherlands. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Events The Lollards, a religious sect taught by John Wycliffe, were persecuted for their beliefs. ... The smaller Alster lake at dusk Hamburg (Low German: Hamborg, [haË‘mbɔːχ]) is the second largest city in Germany and with Hamburg Harbour, its principal port, Hamburg is also the second largest port city in the European Union. ... A rare occurance of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Heligoland (in German, Helgoland and in North Frisian, Lun, HÃ¥lilönj) is a small German archipelago in the North Sea. ... Events January 10 - Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, founds the European Order of the Golden Fleece February 12 - Battle of Rouvray (or of the Herrings). English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the Earl of Suffolks army at Orleans from attack by... For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ...


External links

  • Agreement on reparations for injuries and damages by vitalians (made between King Henry IV of England and the Hanseatic League)
  • Vitalienbrüder (in German)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Australian Information from Wikipedia (1460 words)
The Victual Brothers occupied the island in 1394 to set up a stronghold headquarters on their own in Visby.
At last Gotland came as a fiefdom of the Teutonic Knights, awarded to them on the condition that they expel the piratical Victual Brothers from their fortified sanctuary.
An invasion army of Teutonic Knights conquered the island in 1398, destroying Visby and driving the Victual Brothers from Gotland.
Victual Brothers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (771 words)
The name Victual Brothers is derivated from the Latin word "victualia" — meaning provisions — and refers to their first mission, which was to bring needed supplies to the besieged town of Stockholm.
The Victual Brothers were organised as a brotherhood or guild and attracted men from all over Europe.
After the Victual Brothers' defeat and expulsion from Gotland in 1398, the Hanseatic League tried repeatedly to end the anarchy in the Baltic Sea, but with little luck.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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