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Encyclopedia > Victoriano Huerta
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Timeline of the Mexican Revolution
Victoriano Huerta Ortega
Victoriano Huerta

In office
February 19, 1913 – July 14, 1914
Preceded by Pedro Lascuráin
Succeeded by Francisco S. Carvajal

Born December 23, 1854
Colotlán, Jalisco
Died January 13, 1916
El Paso, Texas, USA
Political party No Party
Spouse Emilia Águila
Not to be confused with Adolfo de la Huerta.

José Victoriano Huerta Márquez (December 23, 1850January 13, 1916) was a Mexican military officer and President of Mexico. Image File history File links Timeline_icon. ... Victoriano Huerta File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Term of office: February 18, 1913 – February 18, 1913 Preceded by: Francisco I. Madero Succeeded by: Victoriano Huerta Interim Date of birth: May 8, 1856 Place of birth: Mexico City Date of death: July 21, 1952 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Lawyer First Lady: María Flores Party: Pedro... Francisco S. Carvajal (December 9, 1870 – September 20, 1932) was a Mexican politician who served briefly as president in 1914. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The municipality of Colotlán is located in the northern extreme of the Mexican state of Jalisco. ... Jalisco is one of FAGGITS of the United Mexican States (Mexico). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... A panoramic view of El Paso, Texas from the north. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Adolfo de la Huerta (Guaymas, Sonora, México, 26 May 1881 – 9 July 1955) Mexican politician and interim President of Mexico from June 1st to November 30rd 1920. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ...


Huerta was born in the town of Colotlán, Jalisco, son of Jesús Huerta and Refugio Márquez who were of Mestizo descent. He entered the Mexican Army at the age of 17, distinguished himself and gained admission to the Military Academy at Chapultepec. The municipality of Colotlán is located in the northern extreme of the Mexican state of Jalisco. ... Jalisco is one of FAGGITS of the United Mexican States (Mexico). ... Chapultepec (ChapoltepÄ“c = at the grasshopper hill in the Nahuatl language) is a large hill on the outskirts of central Mexico City with much significance in Mexican history. ...


During the Porfirio Díaz administration he rose to the rank of general, and fought to subdue the Chan Santa Cruz Maya people of Yucatán and against the rebels of Emiliano Zapata. On the eve of the 1910 revolution against the long established Diaz regime, Huerta was involved in the innocuous project of reforming the uniforms of the Federal Army. José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915), Mexican war hero and President (later considered a dictator), ruled Mexico from 1876 until 1911 (with the exception of a four-year period). ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Chan Santa Cruz is a former name for the town now named Felipe Carrillo Puerto in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico, as well as the name of an independent Maya Indian state which the town was the capital of for much of the second half of the 19th century. ... The Maya people are a Native American people of southern Mexico and northern Central America. ... Yucatán is the name of one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Photo of Emiliano Zapata (right) and his brother Eufemio Zapata Emiliano Zapata Salazar (August 8, 1879 – April 10, 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the...


After Díaz went into exile Huerta initially pledged allegiance to the new administration of Francisco Madero, and he was retained by the Madero administration and crushed anti-Madeo revolts by rebel generals such as Pascual Orozco. However, Huerta secretly plotted with U.S. ambassador to Mexico, Henry Lane Wilson, cashiered general Bernardo Reyes, and Félix Díaz, Porfirio Díaz's nephew, to overthrow Madero. This episode in Mexican history is known as La decena tragica. Francisco I. Madero González (30 October 1873 – 22 February 1913) was a revolutionary who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913. ... Pascual Orozco (28 January 1882 – 30 August 1915) was a Mexican revolutionary leader. ... United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... The United States has maintained diplomatic relations with Mexico since 1823, when Andrew Jackson was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to that country. ... Henry Lane Wilson (1927-1938) born in Columbus, New Mexico, was involved with Álvaro Obregón, Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, and Gustavo A. Madero in the Mexican Revolution. ... Bernardo Reyes (born in Guadalajara, Mexico, August 1850) was a Mexico under Porfirio Díaz, governor of Nuevo León and father of the writer Alfonso Reyes. ... Felix Diaz is a American right-handed Major League starting pitcher in baseball, currently with the Chicago White Sox. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Citizens throng around The Citadel (La ciudadela) building during La decena tragica in 1913. ...


Following a confused few days of fighting in Mexico City between loyalist and rebel factions of the Army, Huerta had Madero and vice-president José María Pino Suárez seized and briefly imprisoned in the Palacio Nacional. The conspirators then met at the US Embassy to sign el Pacto de la Embajada (The Embassy Pact), which provided for Madero and Pino Suarez's exile and Huerta's takeover of the Mexican government. After a very short term of office by Pedro Lascuráin) on February 18, 1913 Huerta proclaimed himself provisional president of Mexico. Four days later Madero and Pino Suárez were taken from the Palacio Nacional to prison at night and shot by officers of the Rurales (Federal mounted police) who were assumed to be acting on Huerta's orders. José María Pino Suárez (September 8, 1869 – February 22, 1913) was a Mexican politician. ... The National Palace of Mexico City. ... Term of office: February 18, 1913 – February 18, 1913 Preceded by: Francisco I. Madero Succeeded by: Victoriano Huerta Interim Date of birth: May 8, 1856 Place of birth: Mexico City Date of death: July 21, 1952 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Lawyer First Lady: María Flores Party: Pedro... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Rurales (Spanish for Rurals) was the name commonly used to designate the Mexican Guardia Rural (Rural Guard), a force of mounted police that became famous during the long rule of President Porfirio Díaz (1876–1911). ...


Huerta established a harsh military dictatorship. US President Woodrow Wilson became hostile to the Huerta administration, recalled ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, and demanded Huerta step aside for democratic elections. When Huerta refused, and with the situation further exacerbated by the Tampico Affair, President Wilson landed US troops to occupy Mexico's most important seaport, Veracruz. The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States. ... Combatants United States Mexico Strength 9 sailors Approx. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Frank Friday Fletcher Gustavo Mass Manuel Azueta Strength Total: 3948 Landing force: 757 N/A Casualties 22 killed 70 wounded 92 total 152-172 killed 195-250 wounded 347-422 total The United States occupation of Veracruz lasted for six months in response to the...


The reaction to the Huerta usurpation was the Venustiano Carranza's Plan of Guadalupe, calling the creation of the Constitutional Army, for Huerta's ouster and the restoration of constitutional government. Supporters of the plan included Zapata, Pancho Villa and Alvaro Obregon. After repeated field defeats of Huerta's Federal Army by Obregon and Villa, climaxing in the Battle of Zacatecas, Huerta bowed to pressure and resigned the Presidency on July 14, 1914. Venustiano Carranza Garza (December 29, 1859 – May 21, 1920) was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. ... The Plan of Guadalupe (Spanish: Plan De Guadalupe) was a document drafted on March 23, 1913 by Venustiano Carranza in response to the overthrow and execution of Francisco I. Madero, then President of Mexico. ... The Constitutional Army (also known as the Constitutionalist Army) was the army that fought against Huertas Federal Army, the Villistas and Zapatistas during the Mexican revolution. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Photo of Emiliano Zapata (right) and his brother Eufemio Zapata Emiliano Zapata Salazar (August 8, 1879 – April 10, 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Doroteo Arango Arámbula (June 5, 1878 – July 23, 1923) — better known as Francisco Villa or, in its diminutive form, Pancho Villa — was one of the foremost leaders and best known generals of the Mexican Revolution, between 1911 and... General lvaro Obreg n Salido (February 19, 1880 – July 17, 1928) was President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924. ... Huertas Federal Army, also known as the Federales in popular culture was the force headed by Victoriano Huerta during his reign as president of Mexico between 1913 and 1914. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


He went into exile, first traveling to Kingston, Jamaica aboard the German cruiser SMS Dresden. From there, he moved to England, then Spain, then to the United States. He was discovered to be plotting to return to power in Mexico — in both Spain and Washington, he had been negotiating with German agents to secure the Kaiser's support for a another attempt at a coup d'état. He was arrested in Newman, New Mexico, USA, on June 27, 1915 together with Pascual Orozco and charged with conspiracy to violate US neutrality laws. After some time in a US Army prison at Fort Bliss, he was released on bail but remained under house arrest due to risk of flight to Mexico. While so confined, he drank very heavily and died of alcohol poisoning in El Paso, Texas. The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ... The SMS Dresden was a German Kaiserliche Marine light cruiser of the Dresden class, commissioned in 1908. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... German Emperor Wilhelm (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht, Prince of Prussia 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (de: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ... A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... Newman is a place in Otero County, New Mexico, United States of America. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Pascual Orozco (28 January 1882 – 30 August 1915) was a Mexican revolutionary leader. ... In the criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more natural persons to break the law at some time in the future, and, in some cases, with at least one overt act in furtherance of that agreement. ... Fort Bliss is a census-designated place and US Army post located in El Paso County, Texas. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... A panoramic view of El Paso, Texas from the north. ...


Huerta is still vilified by modern-day Mexicans, who generally refer to him as El Chacal — "The Jackal". Species Canis aureus Canis adustus Canis mesomelas Canis simensis A jackal is any of four small to medium-sized members of the family Canidae, found in Africa and Asia. ...


See also

Huertas Federal Army, also known as the Federales in popular culture was the force headed by Victoriano Huerta during his reign as president of Mexico between 1913 and 1914. ... A contemporary corrido song sheet of La cucaracha issued during the Mexican Revolution. ... The United States Navy occupied the Mexican city of Veracruz for over six months in 1914, in response to the April 9, 1914 Tampico Affair, which involved the arrest of U.S. sailors by the regime of Mexican President Victoriano Huerta. ...

External links

  • Huerta on gob.mx/kids
Preceded by:
Pedro Lascuráin
(Interim) President of Mexico
1913–1914
Succeeded by:
Francisco S. Carvajal

  Results from FactBites:
 
HISTORY OF MEXICO - USURPER: THE DARK SHADOW OF VICTORIANO HUERTA - BY JIM TUCK IN MEXICO CONNECT (1353 words)
Huerta was an Indian by birth and a drunkard by choice -- but he was far from being the illiterate brute of his detractors' imagination.
Huerta was born in 1845 at Colotlán, in northern Jalisco, land of the Huichol tribe from which he derived.
Huerta and Orozco reconciled and Orozco was put in command of a militia known as colorados ("Red Flaggers") which staged a savage reign of terror against Huerta's enemies in the countryside.
Victoriano Huerta - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (629 words)
Huerta was born in the town of Colotlán, Jalisco, son of Jesús Huerta and Refugio Márquez who were of Mestizo descent.
After Díaz went into exile Huerta initially pledged allegiance to the new administration of Francisco Madero, and he was retained by the Madero administration and crushed anti-Madeo revolts by rebel generals such as Pascual Orozco.
The reaction to the Huerta usurpation was the Venustiano Carranza's Plan of Guadalupe, calling the creation of the Constitutional Army, for Huerta's ouster and the restoration of constitutional government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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