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Encyclopedia > Victoria Station (London)
London Victoria
Victoria
Location
Place Pimlico
Local authority City of Westminster
Operations
Managed by Network Rail
Platforms in use 19
National Rail
Station code VIC
Annual entry/exit
48.046 million *
Transport for London
Zone 1
History
Key dates Opened 1862
Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
* based on sales of tickets in 2004/05 financial year which end or originate at London Victoria. Disclaimer (PDF)

Image:Victoria_logo.gif Victoria station in London is a London Underground and National Rail station in the City of Westminster. It is in Travelcard Zone 1. Victoria Station taken by C Ford, March 04. ... Pimlico is a district in London, England and part of the City of Westminster. ... The City of Westminster is a London borough with city status, situated to the west of the City of London and north of the River Thames. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned railway operator. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ... Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for the transport system throughout the City of London and Greater London in England. ... This is a list of London Underground stations. ... This is a list of mainline railway stations in London, excluding London Underground and Docklands Light Railway. ... Image File history File links Victoria_logo. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom. ... The nickname the Tube comes from the circular tube-like tunnels through which the small-profile trains travel. ... National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). ... The City of Westminster is a London borough with city status, situated to the west of the City of London and north of the River Thames. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ...

Contents


National Rail

The National Rail station is officially named London Victoria, a name that is commonly used outside London, but rarely by Londoners[1]. The eastern side comprising platforms 1–8 is the terminus for services to Kent, and the western side comprising platforms 9–19 is the terminus for lines running from Surrey and Sussex, including Gatwick Airport and Brighton. Although this split is still generally held to, there are various crossovers allowing trains to access any platform. As the western "Brighton" side is the busier of the two, slight disruption on that line sometimes results in some of its suburban services using the eastern "Chatham" station. Victoria also serves as the London terminus for the Venice Simplon Orient Express, from Platform 2, the longest platform in the station. Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... Surrey is a county in southern England, part of the South East England region and one of the Home Counties. ... Sussex is a traditional county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ... Gatwick Airport (IATA Airport Code: LGW, ICAO Airport Code: EGKK) is Londons second airport and the second largest airport in the UK after Heathrow. ... Brighton is located on the south coast of England and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton & Hove. ... Poster advertising the Orient Express Orient Express is the name of a long-distance passenger train originally operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. ...


History

Early history

Victoria station is a main line terminal station in the West End of London. Its origins lie with the Great Exhibition of 1851, when a railway called the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway came into existence, serving the site of the exhibition halls which had been transferred to Sydenham from Hyde Park. The terminus of that railway was at Stewarts Lane in Battersea on the south side of the river. In 1858, a joint enterprise was set up to take trains over the river: it was entitled the Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway; and was 1.25 miles (2km) in length. The railway was owned by four railway companies: the Great Western (GWR); London & North Western (LNWR); the London, Brighton and South Coast (LBSCR); and the London, Chatham and Dover Railways (LCDR). It was incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1858. The West End of London is part of the city centre of London in England. ... The Great Exhibition: Paxtons Crystal Palace enclosed full-grown trees in Hyde Park. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Crystal Palace may refer to: The Crystal Palace was a 19th century building in Britain. ... Sydenham is a place, for the most part, in the London Borough of Lewisham; though some streets towards Crystal Palace Park and Penge are in the London Borough of Bromley, and some streets off Sydenham Hill are in the London Borough of Southwark. ... The Serpentine, viewed from the eastern end. ... Battersea is a place in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A mile is the name of a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management KM programming language KM Culture, Korean Movie Maker. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... The London and North Western Railway (LNWR) was formed in 1846 by the merger of three railway companies - the Grand Junction Railway, London and Birmingham and Manchester and Birmingham. ... The LB&SCRs coat of arms, displayed above the entrance to Gipsy Hill railway station. ... Crest of the LCDR on the first Blackfriars Railway Bridge The London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) was a railway company that operated in south-eastern England between 1859 and 1923 before grouping with three other companies to form the Southern Railway. ... In Westminster System parliaments, an Act of Parliament is a part of the law passed by the Parliament. ...


The station was built in two parts: those on the western side, opened in 1862, with six platforms, ten tracks and a hotel (the 300-bedroom Grosvenor) were occupied by the Brighton company; whilst adjacent, and in the same year, the Chatham company were to occupy a less imposing wooden-fronted building. The latter's station had nine tracks and was shared by broad-gauge trains of the GWR, whose trains arrived from Southall via the West London Extension Joint Railway through Chelsea. The GWR remained part owner of the station until 1932, although its trains had long since ceased to use it. Each side of the station had its own entrance and a separate station master; a wall between the two sections effectively emphasised that fact. 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Great Western Railway broad gauge steam locomotives awaiting scrapping in 1892 after the conversion to standard gauge. ... Southall is a London suburb in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ...

Victoria Station concourse
Victoria Station concourse

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 491 KB) Concourse of Victoria Station in London Photograph: Iceaxejuggler Date: September 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Victoria Station (London) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 491 KB) Concourse of Victoria Station in London Photograph: Iceaxejuggler Date: September 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Victoria Station (London) ...

Rebuilding

At the start of the 20th century both parts of the station were rebuilt. It now had a decent frontage and forecourt, but not as yet a unified existence. Work on the Brighton side was completed in 1908 and was carried out in red brick; the Grosvenor Hotel was rebuilt at the same time. The Chatham side, in a Edwardian style with baroque elements, designed by Alfred Bloomfield, was completed a year later. The two sections were eventually connected in 1924 by removing part of a screen wall, when the platforms were renumbered as an entity. The station was redeveloped internally in the 1980s, with the addition of shops within the concourse, and above the western platforms (the "Victoria Place" shopping centre). (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The Edwardian period or Edwardian era in the United Kingdom is the period 1901 to 1910, the reign of King Edward VII. It is sometimes extended to include the period to the start of World War I in 1914 or even the end of the war in 1918. ... For the Baroque style in a more general sense, see Baroque. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


The station was now serving boat trains, and during World War I it became the hub of trains carrying soldiers to and from France, many of them wounded. After the war the Continental steamer traffic became concentrated there, including the most famous of those trains, the Golden Arrow. The area around the station also became a site for other forms of transport: a bus station in the forecourt; a coach terminal to the south; and it is now the terminal for trains serving Gatwick Airport. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire The Dominion of Canada France Italy Russian Empire United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig Sir Arthur Currie John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nicholas II Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail Enver... The Golden Arrow was a luxury train of the Southern Railway and later British Railways that linked London with Dover, where passengers took the ferry to Calais to join the Flèche d’Or that took them onto Paris. ... Gatwick Airport (IATA Airport Code: LGW, ICAO Airport Code: EGKK) is Londons second airport and the second largest airport in the UK after Heathrow. ...


On February 18, 1991 an IRA bomb exploded in a litter bin at Victoria Station, killing one man, David Corner, and injuring 38. The warning given by the terrorists was insufficient to evacuate the station. February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Republican mural in Belfast depicting the hunger strikes of 1981. ...


London Underground

Victoria Underground
Location
Place Pimlico
Local authority City of Westminster
Operations
Managed by London Underground
Platforms in use 4
Transport for London
Zone 1
Annual entry/exit 68.863 million †
History
Key dates Opened 1868
Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
† Data from London Underground [1]

The London Underground station lies to the north of the mainline station concourse. There are two ticket halls. The hall closer to the mainline station serves the Victoria Line. The other, further north along a tunnel, serves the District and Circle Lines. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 838 KB) The southbound Victoria Line platform at Victoria London Underground station on 24 October 2005. ... Pimlico is a district in London, England and part of the City of Westminster. ... The City of Westminster is a London borough with city status, situated to the west of the City of London and north of the River Thames. ... The nickname the Tube comes from the circular tube-like tunnels through which the small-profile trains travel. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ... Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for the transport system throughout the City of London and Greater London in England. ... This is a list of London Underground stations. ... This is a list of mainline railway stations in London, excluding London Underground and Docklands Light Railway. ... The nickname the Tube comes from the circular tube-like tunnels through which the small-profile trains travel. ... The Victoria Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured light blue on the Tube map. ... The District Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured green on the Tube map. ... The Circle Line of the London Underground became known as such in 1949, when it was separated from its parent lines, the Metropolitan Line and the District Line, although it had been shown on Underground maps since 1947. ...


History

The sub-surface Circle and District Lines opened on December 24, 1868; and the Victoria Line line came to Victoria Station with the third phase of construction of the line - the station's platforms were opened on March 7, 1969, six months after the Victoria line had started running in north London. The Circle Line of the London Underground became known as such in 1949, when it was separated from its parent lines, the Metropolitan Line and the District Line, although it had been shown on Underground maps since 1947. ... The District Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured green on the Tube map. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Victoria Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured light blue on the Tube map. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ...


Coach station

Victoria Coach Station is half a mile south-west of the railway stations. It is the main London coach terminal and serves all parts of the UK, as well as mainland Europe. Victoria Coach Station is the largest and most significant coach station in London, and is operated by Victoria Coach Station Ltd. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of Earth; the term continent here referring to a cultural and political distinction, rather than a physiographic one, thus leading to various perspectives about Europes precise borders. ...


References

  1. ^ Association of Train Operating Companies (2005). National Rail Enquiries - Station Facilities for London Victoria. Retrieved December 24, 2005.

December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Commons logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
London Victoria station
Preceding station Underground Lines Following station
Sloane Square   Circle Line   St. James's Park
  District Line  
Pimlico   Victoria Line   Green Park
National Rail
Terminus   Southeastern   Denmark Hill
  Southeastern   Brixton
Terminus   Southern   Battersea Park
Terminus   Gatwick Express   Gatwick Airport
Terminus   Venice Simplon Orient Express   Folkestone Harbour
Major UK railway stations

Aberdeen | Belfast Central | Birmingham New Street | Brighton | Bristol Temple Meads | Cardiff Central | Crewe  | Derby
Doncaster | Edinburgh Waverley | Gatwick Airport | Glasgow Central | Glasgow Queen Street | Hull | Leeds City
Liverpool Lime Street | Manchester Piccadilly | Manchester Victoria | Newcastle Central | Nottingham | Reading | Sheffield | York Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned railway operator. ... National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). ... Multimap. ... The nickname the Tube comes from the circular tube-like tunnels through which the small-profile trains travel. ... Sloane Square tube station, showing the suspended grey conduit (across the upper centre) carrying the River Westbourne Sloane Square is a London Underground station in Sloane Square, Belgravia. ... The Circle Line of the London Underground became known as such in 1949, when it was separated from its parent lines, the Metropolitan Line and the District Line, although it had been shown on Underground maps since 1947. ... Entrance to St Jamess Park Underground station St Jamess Park is a London Underground station by St Jamess Park in the City of Westminster. ... The District Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured green on the Tube map. ... Categories: Victoria Line stations | London Underground stubs ... The Victoria Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured light blue on the Tube map. ... Jubilee Line platform, with train arriving, at Green Park underground station Unique tilework at this station represents the many trees in nearby Green Park Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park itself, on Piccadilly close to its intersection with the... National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). ... Southeastern is a train operating company that began operations in south-east England on 1 April 2006, replacing the former publicly-owned operator South Eastern Trains. ... Denmark Hill railway station is on the South London Line (sometimes also known as the South London Link) from London Victoria to London Bridge. ... Southeastern is a train operating company that began operations in south-east England on 1 April 2006, replacing the former publicly-owned operator South Eastern Trains. ... Brixton Railway Station is on the train line between London Victoria and Orpington. ... Southern is the latest name of the train operating company that took over from Connex South Central on the routes to South London, Surrey, and Sussex from Victoria and London Bridge. ...     Categories: UK geography stubs | London railway stations | British railway stations ... Gatwick Express is the brand name of a National Express Group-operated railway service offering a frequent shuttle service between Victoria station in London and Gatwick Airport in South East England. ... Gatwick Airport station is the railway station at Gatwick Airport that provides a direct rail connection to London. ... Poster advertising the Orient Express Orient Express is the name of a long-distance passenger train originally operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. ... 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Doncaster Railway Station is about five minutes walk from Doncaster town centre. ... Waverley Station is the main railway station in the Scottish capital Edinburgh. ... Gatwick Airport station is the railway station at Gatwick Airport that provides a direct rail connection to London. ... The Heilanmans Umbrella Inside Glasgow Central, looking south east across the main concourse Inside Glasgow Central, looking north east across the main concourse Glasgow Central Station is the larger of the two main-line railway stations in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Queen Street Station is a railway station in Glasgow, Scotland and is Glasgows second main line terminus. ... Hull Paragon railway station is the main railway station in Kingston-upon-Hull, England. ... Leeds City station is the mainline railway station serving the city of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. ... Lime Street Station (officially referred to as Liverpool Lime Street) is the mainline railway station serving Liverpool, England. ... 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