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Encyclopedia > Victoria, Princess Royal and Empress Frederick
Victoria as Crown Princess of Prussia and Germany
British Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Descendants of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
Children
   Victoria, Princess Royal
   Edward VII
   Princess Alice
   Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Princess Helena
   Louise, Duchess of Argyll
   Arthur, Duke of Connaught
   Leopold, Duke of Albany
   Princess Beatrice
Grandchildren
   Alfred of Edinburgh
   Marie of Edinburgh
   Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
   Alexandra of Edinburgh
   Beatrice of Edinburgh
   Margaret of Connaught
   Arthur of Connaught
   Patricia of Connaught
   Alice of Albany
   Carl, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Great Grandchildren
   Alastair of Connaught
   Johann Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Caroline of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Edward VII
Children
   Albert, Duke of Clarence
   George V
   Louise, Princess Royal
   Princess Victoria
   Princess Maud
Grandchildren
   Alexandra, Duchess of Fife
   Maud of Fife

Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise (21 November 18405 August 1901) was the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and her consort Albert. She was created Princess Royal of the United Kingdom in 1841. She became Empress consort in Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to Emperor Friedrich. After the death of her husband she became widely known as Empress Frederick (or, in German: "Kaiserin Friedrich"). HRH Princess Victoria, Princess Royal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... HRH Princess Victoria, Princess Royal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Capital Coburg Head of State Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) served as the name of the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present-day states of Bavaria and Thuringia... Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (including Scotland). ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel, of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha branch of the House of Wettin) (26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary), (25 April 1843 – 14 December 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Alfred of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh (born 6 August 1844 and died 30 July 1900), was the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Her Royal Highness The Princess Helena, (Helena Augusta Victoria), (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth-born child and the third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Her Royal Highness The Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, (Louise Caroline Alberta), (18 March 1848 - 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family and Canadian Vice Regal Consort, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Arthur as a lieutenant in The Prince Consorts Own Rifle Brigade. ... His Royal Highness The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert) (7 April 1853 - 28 March 1884), was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. ... The Princess Beatrice, (Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore), (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth daughter and the youngest child of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Alfred of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Marie of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, later Queen of Romania, was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Victoria Melita) (25 November 1876 - 2 March 1936) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (September 1, 1878 - April 16, 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh (Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria), (20 April 1884 - 13 July 1966), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Margaret of Connaught, Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah Wettin (January 15, 1882 - May 1, 1920), Crown Princess of Sweden, was the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and his wife, the Princess Luise Marguerite of Prussia, and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Arthur of Connaught, (Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert) (13 January 1883 - 12 September 1938) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandson of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Patricia of Connaught , later Lady Patricia Ramsay (17 March 1886-12 January 1974) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone GCVO GBE VA (née Princess Alice of Albany) (25 February 1883 – 3 January 1981), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Charles Edward George Albert Leopold) (19 July 1884 – 28 March 1954) was the last reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha from 30 July 1900 to 14 November 1918. ... Prince Alastair of Connaught (Alastair Arthur Windsor), (August 9, 1914-April 26, 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family, a great grandson of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1908-1972) was Duchess of Västerbotten and a Princess of Sweden, and the mother of the future Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. ... Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (August 24, 1909 – November 26, 1943) was a member of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the second eldest son of Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife, Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein. ... Prince Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Friedrich Josias Carl Eduard Ernst Kirill Harald) (November 29, 1918–January 23, 1998) was the Head of the Ducal House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1954 to his death. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (Albert Victor Christian Edward) (January 8, 1864 – January 14, 1892) was a member of the British Royal Family, as the eldest son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and Alexandra of Denmark. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) (3 June 1865–20 January 1936) was the last British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, changing the name to the House of Windsor in 1917. ... Her Royal Highness The Princess Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar) (20 February 1867-4 January 1931), was the third child and the eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. ... For other persons known as Princess Victoria, see Princess Victoria (disambiguation) The Princess Victoria (Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary) (6 July 1868-3 December 1935) was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth child and second daughter of King Edward VII. // Early Life Princess Victoria was born on July... Queen Maud (nee HRH Princess Maud of Wales) (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria) (26 November 1869-20 November 1938) was the Queen consort of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, later Princess Arthur of Connaught, nee Lady Alexandra Duff (Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise) (17 May 1891-26 February 1959), was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Maud of Fife (Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha Duff) (3 April 1893-14 December 1945) was a member of the British Royal Family, a female line granddaughter of King Edward VII. Maud, and her elder sister, Alexandra, had the distinction of being the only female-line granddaughters of a... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... A consort is somebodys spouse, usually a royalty. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel, of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha branch of the House of Wettin) (26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... HRH The Princess Anne, the current Princess Royal Princess Royal is a style customarily (but not automatically) awarded by a British monarch to his or her eldest daughter. ... take you to calendar). ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Friedrich III (October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruled 1888. ...

Contents


Early life

Princess Victoria was born on 21 November 1840 at Buckingham Palace, London. Her mother was the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria, the only daughter of King George III's fourth eldest son, Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent. Her father was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. She was baptised in the Throne Room of Buckingham Palace on 10 February 1841 by William Howley, Archbishop of Canterbury and her godparents were the Dowager Queen Adelaide, the King of Belgium, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the Duke of Sussex, the Duchess of Gloucester and the Duchess of Kent. November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament) legislative power. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738–29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... His Royal Highness The Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (2 November 1767 - 23 January 1820) was the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel, of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha branch of the House of Wettin) (26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with February_10%2C_2003. ... take you to calendar). ... William Howley (1765 - 1848) was archbishop of Canterbury from 1828 to 1848. ... Arms of the see of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior clergyman of the established Church of England and symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (Adelaide Louise Theresa Caroline Amelia) ( 13 August 1792 - 2 December 1849 ) as Queen Adelaide was the Queen consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Leopold of Saxe-Coburg (December 16, 1790 – December 10, 1865), was the first king of Belgium, or more correct of the Belgians, according to the constitution of that country, since July 21, 1831. ... Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, later Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, (January 2, 1784 – January 29, 1844) was the son of Duke Francis Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (1750-1806) and Countess Auguste Reuss zu Ebersdorf und Lobenstein (1757-1831). ... Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (27 January 1773-21 April 1843), was the sixth son of King George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Charlotte. ... Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester, (April 25, 1776 - April 30, 1857) was a member of the British Royal Family, the 11th child and 4th daughter of King George III. // Birth Princess Mary was born on April 25, 1776 at St. ... Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent Marie Luise Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (August 17, 1786 – March 16, 1861) was the daughter of Duke Francis Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (1750-1806) and Countess Auguste Reuss zu Ebersdorf und Lobenstein (1757-1831). ...


As a daughter of the sovereign, Victoria was automatically a British princess with the style Her Royal Highness, styled HRH The Princess Victoria (and in addition being heiress presumptive to the throne of the United Kingdom before the birth of her younger brother Prince Albert, later Edward VII on 9 November 1841). In 1841, the Queen created Victoria Princess Royal, giving her an honorary title sometimes conferred on the eldest daughter of the sovereign. Victoria was then styled HRH The Princess Royal. To her family she was known simply as Vicky. This is a list of British princesses from the accession of King George I in 1714. ... HRH is an abbreviation for the style His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness. ... Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... take you to calendar). ... take you to calendar). ... HRH The Princess Anne, the current Princess Royal Princess Royal is a style customarily (but not automatically) awarded by a British monarch to his or her eldest daughter. ...


The education of Victoria was closely supervised by her parents. She was precocious and intelligent, unlike her brother Albert Edward. She was taught to read and write before the age of five by her governess Lady Lyttelton and to speak French by her French nursery maid. The Princess Royal learned French and German from various governesses and science, literature, Latin, and history by Sara Ann Hildyard. Prince Albert tutored her in politics and philosophy.


Marriage

In 1851, Victoria met her future husband, Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (18 October 1831-15 June 1888), when he and his parents were invited to London by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to attend the opening of the Great Exhibition. At the time, Friedrich, the son of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, was third in line to the Prussian throne. The couple were engaged in 1855 while Friedrich was on a visit to Balmoral. 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Friedrich III (October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruled 1888. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in Leap years). ... 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Wilhelm I of Germany (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser), ruled January 18, 1871 – 9 March 1888 and King of Prussia, ruled 2 January 1861 – 9 March 1888. ... Grand Duchess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar (1811–1890) was the queen consort of Wilhelm I of Germany. ... Balmoral Castle Balmoral Castle, painted by Queen Victoria in 1854 during its construction Balmoral Castle is currently a large mansion situated deep within the Scottish Highlands. ...


The Prussian Court and Buckingham Palace publicly announced the engagement on 19 May 1857. The couple were married, at Queen Victoria's insistence, at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, on 25 January 1858. The marriage was both a love match and a dynastic alliance. The Queen and Prince Albert hoped that Victoria's marriage to the future king of Prussia would cement close ties between London and Berlin, and possibly lead to the emergence of a unified and liberal Germany. May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Main entrance of St. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


Victoria and Friedrich had eight children:

Name Birth Death Notes.
Prince Wilhelm, later Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia 27 January 1859 4 June 1941 married 1st Princess Auguste Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein (22 October 1858-11 April 1921) and had issue;
2nd Princess Hermine Reuss zu Greiz (17 December 1887-7 August 1947
Princess Charlotte 24 July 1860 1 October 1919 married Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1 April 1851- 16 January 1928).
Prince Heinrich 14 August 1862 20 April 1929 married Princess Irene of Hesse and the Rhine (11 July 1866-11 November 1953); and had issue.
Prince Sigismund 15 September 1864 18 June 1866 Died of meningitis.
Princess Viktoria 12 April 1866 13 November 1929 married 1st 19 November 1890 Prince Adolf zu Schaumburg-Lippe (20 July 1859-9 July 1916);
2nd Alexander Zoubkov (25 September 1901-28 January 1936).
Prince Waldemar 10 February 1868 27 March 1879 Died of diphtheria.
Princess Sophie (14 June 1870 13 January 1932) married King Constantine I of the Hellenes (2 August 1868-11 January 1923)
Princess Margarete 22 April 1872 22 January 1954 married Friedrich Karl, Landgrave of Hesse (1 May 1868-28 May 1940)

Wilhelm II of Germany (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht von Hohenzollern 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... -1... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Victoria Elizabeth Augusta Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (24 July 1860-1 October 1919) was the second child born to Crown Prince Friedrich of Prussia and Princess Victoria. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia, known as Prince Heinrich (August 14, 1862 in Berlin – April 20, 1929 in Hemmelmark, Schleswig-Holstein) was a younger brother of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany. ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... -1... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes (meninges) covering the brain and the spinal cord. ... Her Royal Highness Princess Viktoria of Prussia was the daughter of Frederick III of Germany (1831-1888) and his wife, the former Princess Victoria, Princess Royal (1840-1901) daughter of Queen Victoria. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... -1... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 - The Royal Army Medical Corps first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Prince Waldemar (Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar) (February 10, 1868–March 27, 1879) was the sixth child of Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with February_10%2C_2003. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Queen Sophia of Greece (born Princess Sophie of Prussia) (June 14, 1870–January 13, 1932), was queen consort of King Constantine I of Greece. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) is a leap year starting on Friday. ... Constantine I, King of the Hellenes (2 August 1868 - 11 January 1923), ruled Greece from 1913-1917 and from 1920-1922. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Princess Margarete of Prussia (Margarete Beatrice Feodora) (April 22, 1872–January 22, 1954) was the youngest child of Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Frederick of Hesse (May 1, 1868 – May 28, 1940), officially Friedrich Karl Ludwig Konstantin, Prinz und Landgraf von Hessen und Brabant (in German), (Frederick Charles Louis Constantin, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse and Brabant), (Fredrik Kaarle or Fredrik Kaarlo in Finnish), (Fredrik Carl in Swedish), (Frederik Carl in Danish... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Crown Princess of Prussia

In January 1861, on the death of his childless uncle Frederick William IV of Prussia and the accession of his father as King Wilhelm I, Prince Friedrich became Crown Prince of Prussia, Victoria therefore became Crown Princess. The new Crown Prince and Princess, however, were politically isolated; their liberal and Anglophile views clashed with the authoritarian rule of the Prussian minister-president, Otto von Bismarck. King Frederick William IV of Prussia (October 15, 1795 - January 2, 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. ... Prince Otto von Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (April 1, 1815 – July 30, 1898) was one of the most prominent European aristocrats and statesmen of the nineteenth century. ...


During the three Wars of German Unification – the 1864 Prussian-Danish War, the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, and the 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War – Victoria and Friedrich strongly identified with the cause of Prussia and the North German Confederation. Their sympathies created a rift among Queen Victoria's extended family, since Victoria's younger brother, the Prince of Wales, was married to Princess Alexandra of Denmark, the elder daughter of Christian IX of Denmark, who was also reigning duke of the disputed territories of Schleswig and Holstein. At Versailles on 18 January 1871, the victorious princes of the North German Confederation proclaimed a German Empire with King Wilhelm I of Prussia as the hereditary German Emperor (Deutscher Kaiser) with the style Imperial and Royal Majesty (Kaiserliche und Königliche Majestät); Fritz and Vicky became Crown Prince and Crown Princess of the German Empire with the style Imperial and Royal Highness (Kaiserliche und Königliche Hoheit). Flag of North German Confederation, 1867-1871 The North German Confederation (in German, Norddeutscher Bund), came into existence in 1867, following the dissolution of the German Confederation. ... This page is about the wife of Edward VII of the United Kingdom. ... Christian IX of Denmark (April 8, 1818 – January 29, 1906) was King of Denmark from November 15, 1863 to January 29, 1906. ... A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession/control of land by one state after it has conquered it from a former state no longer currently recognized by the occupying power. ... The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe, Eider, and the Schlei firth. ... This article is about the city of Versailles. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of the German Empire, 1871–1919: black-white-red The term German Empire commonly refers to Germany, from its foundation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Emperor Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ...


German Empress & Empress Friedrich

On the death of his father on 9 March 1888, the Crown Prince ascended the throne as the Emperor Friedrich (as King of Prussia Friedrich III.) and Victoria adopted the title and style of Her Imperial and Royal Majesty The German Empress. Friedrich, however, was terminally ill with throat cancer and died after reigning 99 days. From then on she was known simply as The Empress Friedrich. March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...


The widowed Victoria lived in retirement at Friedrichshof, a country house she built near Kronberg. Politically, she remained a liberal and because of this, her already strained relationship with her son Emperor Wilhelm II deteriorated. In Berlin, Victoria established schools for the higher education of girls and for nurses' training. She patronized the arts and learning, becoming one of the organizers of the 1872 Industrial Art Exhibition.


Throughout her married life and widowhood, Victoria kept in close touch with other members of the British Royal Family, particularly her younger brother, the future Edward VII. She maintained a regular correspondence with her mother. According to the Royal Encyclopaedia, some 3,777 letters from Queen Victoria to her eldest daughter have been catalogued, as well as more than 4,000 from daughter to mother. Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is a group of people closely related to the British monarch. ...


Victoria died of cancer of the spine at Friedrichshof in August 1901, eight months after the death of her mother Queen Victoria. She was interred next to her husband at the royal mausoleum of Friedenskirche at Potsdam on 13 August. Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the state of Brandenburg in Germany. ...


Titles from birth to death

  • Her Royal Highness The Princess Victoria
  • Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal
  • Her Royal Highness Princess Friedrich of Prussia
  • Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Prussia
  • Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Crown Princess of The German Empire and Prussia
  • Her Imperial Majesty The German Empress
  • Her Imperial Majesty German Empress Friedrich


Princess Royal
dates they were Princess Royal in brackets

Mary Stuart (1642-1660) | Anne of Orange (1727-1759) | Charlotte (1766-1828)
Victoria (1841-1901) | Louise (1905-1931) | Mary (1932-1965) | Anne (1987-)
HRH The Princess Anne, the current Princess Royal Princess Royal is a style customarily (but not automatically) awarded by a British monarch to his or her eldest daughter. ... Mary, Princess Royal and Princess Orange-Nassau (4 November 1631 - 24 December 1660) was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland and his queen, Henrietta Maria. ... Anne of Hanover, princess of Orange-Nassau by Bernard Accama (1736) Anne, Princess Royal of Great Britain, Ireland, and Hanover and Princess of Orange-Nassau, (2 November 1709-12 January 1759) was the second child and eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain and his consort, Queen Caroline. ... Queen Charlotte,(née Her Royal Highness The Princess Charlotte, Princess Royal) (Charlotte Augusta Matilda), (29 September 1766-5 October 1828) was a member of the British Royal Family, the eldest daughter of King George III. She was later the Queen consort of King Friedrich I of Württemberg. ... Her Royal Highness The Princess Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar) (20 February 1867-4 January 1931), was the third child and the eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. ... The Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, (Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary Lascelles, née Windsor) (25 April 1897 – 28 March 1965) was a member of the British Royal Family. ... The Princess Anne, Princess Royal, (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise Laurence, formerly Phillips, née Mountbatten-Windsor), styled HRH The Princess Royal (born August 15, 1950), is a member of the British Royal Family. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bambooweb: Victoria, Princess Royal and Empress Frederick (970 words)
Victoria, the Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland, later Crown Princess of Prussia (and of Germany from 1871) and the Empress Friedrich (21 November 1840-5 August 1901) was the eldest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
Styled Princess Royal from birth, she was heiress presumptive to the British throne until the birth of her brother, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, on 9 November 1841.
Their sympathies created a rift among Queen Victoria's extended family, since the Prince of Wales was married to Princess Alexandra of Denmark, the elder daughter of Christian IX of Denmark, who was also reigning duke of the disputed territories of Schleswig and Holstein.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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