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Encyclopedia > Victoria, Princess Royal
Victoria of the United Kingdom
German Empress; Queen of Prussia; Princess Royal
Crown Princess of Prussia, portrait by Franz Winterhalter
Consort 9 March 188815 June 1888
Consort to Frederick III, German Emperor
Issue
William II, German Emperor
Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen
Prince Henry
Prince Sigismund
Princess Victoria
Prince Waldemar
Sophia, Queen of Greece
Margaret, Princess Frederick of Hesse
Full name
Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise
Titles
HI&RM The Empress Frederick, Queen Dowager of Prussia
HI&RM The German Empress, Queen of Prussia
HI&RH The German Crown Princess, Crown Princess of Prussia
HRH The Crown Princess of Prussia
HRH Princess Friedrich of Prussia
HRH The Princess Royal
HRH The Princess Victoria
Royal house House of Hohenzollern
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Father Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Victoria
Born 21 November 1840(1840-11-21)
Buckingham Palace, London
Baptised 10 February 1841
Buckingham Palace, London
Died 5 August 1901 (aged 60)
Friedrichshof, Germany
Burial 13 August 1901
Friedenskirche, Potsdam

Victoria of the United Kingdom (born Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise) 21 November 18405 August 1901) was the eldest child and daughter of Queen Victoria and her consort Albert. She was created Princess Royal of the United Kingdom in 1841. She became German Empress and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III. After her husband's death, she became widely known as Empress Frederick (or, in German: "Kaiserin Friedrich"). HRH Princess Victoria, Princess Royal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Selfportrait with his brother Hermann, 1840 Franz Xavier Winterhalter (April 20, 1805 – July 8, 1873) was a German painter and lithographer, known for his portraits of royalty in the mid-nineteenth century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Frederick III (Frederick William Nicholas Charles; October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), (German: Friedrich III., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen) was German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling for 99 days until his death in 1888. ... William II or Wilhelm II (born Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm Albert Viktor von Preußen; English: Prince Frederick William Albert Victor of Prussia) (27 January 1859–4 June 1941) was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (German: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling both the German... Victoria Elizabeth Augusta Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (24 July 1860-1 October 1919) was the second child born to Crown Prince Friedrich of Prussia and Princess Victoria. ... Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1726-1802) Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1862-1929) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Her Royal Highness Princess Viktoria of Prussia was the daughter of Frederick III of Germany (1831-1888) and his wife, the former Princess Victoria, Princess Royal (1840-1901) daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Sophie Dorothea Ulrike Alice of Prussia (June 14, 1870 – January 13, 1932), was a Queen consort of Greece She was born in Potsdam, Germany in 1870 to then Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia and Victoria, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, herself the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince... Princess Margarete Beatrice Feodora of Prussia (April 22, 1872 - January 22, 1954) was the daughter of the future Frederick III, German Emperor (1831-1888) and his wife, Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (1840-1901), daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. ... A Royal House or Dynasty is a sort of family name used by royalty. ... The House of Hohenzollern is a German dynasty of electors, kings, and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania. ... Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) was once the name given to the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were in personal union between 1826 and 1918. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (in full Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel), later The Prince Consort, (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Church of Peace The Church of Peace (German: ) is situated in the Marly Gardens on the Green Fence in the palace grounds of Sanssouci Park in Potsdam, Germany. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (in full Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel), later The Prince Consort, (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Princess Anne, the current Princess Royal Princess Royal is a style customarily (but not automatically) awarded by a British monarch to his or her eldest daughter. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2... Frederick III (Frederick William Nicholas Charles; October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), (German: Friedrich III., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen) was German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling for 99 days until his death in 1888. ...

Contents

Early life

Princess Victoria was born on 21 November 1840 at Buckingham Palace, London. Her mother was the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria, the only daughter of King George III's fourth eldest son, Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Victoria, Duchess of Kent. Her father was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. She was baptised in the Throne Room of Buckingham Palace on 10 February 1841 by William Howley, Archbishop of Canterbury and her godparents were the Dowager Queen Adelaide, the King of the Belgians, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the Duke of Sussex, the Duchess of Gloucester and her maternal grandmother, Duchess of Kent. is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament) legislative power. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738–29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... His Royal Highness The Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (2 November 1767 - 23 January 1820) was the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. ... Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent Marie Luise Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (August 17, 1786 – March 16, 1861) was the daughter of Duke Francis Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (1750-1806) and Countess Auguste Reuss zu Ebersdorf und Lobenstein (1757-1831). ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (in full Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel) (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... William Howley (1765 - 1848) was archbishop of Canterbury from 1828 to 1848. ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (Adelaide Louise Theresa Caroline Amelia) ( 13 August 1792 - 2 December 1849 ) as Queen Adelaide was the Queen consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Leopold I of the Belgians (Leopold George Christian Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, later of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) (b. ... Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (27 January 1773-21 April 1843), was the sixth son of King George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Charlotte. ... Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester, (April 25, 1776 - April 30, 1857) was a member of the British Royal Family, the 11th child and 4th daughter of King George III. // Birth Princess Mary was born on April 25, 1776 at St. ... Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent Marie Luise Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (August 17, 1786 – March 16, 1861) was the daughter of Duke Francis Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (1750-1806) and Countess Auguste Reuss zu Ebersdorf und Lobenstein (1757-1831). ...


As a daughter of the sovereign, Victoria was automatically a British princess with the style Her Royal Highness, styled HRH The Princess Victoria (and in addition being heiress presumptive to the throne of the United Kingdom before the birth of her younger brother Prince Albert, later Edward VII on 9 November 1841). In 1841, the Queen created Victoria Princess Royal, giving her an honorary title sometimes conferred on the eldest daughter of the sovereign. Victoria was then styled HRH The Princess Royal. To her family she was known simply as Vicky. This is a list of British princesses from the accession of King George I in 1714. ... Royal Highness (abbreviation HRH) is a style (His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness); plural Royal Highnesses (abbreviation TRH, Their Royal Highnesses). ... Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Princess Anne, the current Princess Royal Princess Royal is a style customarily (but not automatically) awarded by a British monarch to his or her eldest daughter. ...


The education of Victoria was closely supervised by her parents. She was precocious and intelligent, unlike her brother Albert Edward. She was taught to read and write before the age of five by her governess Lady Lyttelton and to speak French by her French nursery maid. The Princess Royal learned French and German from various governesses, and science, literature, Latin, and history from Sara Ann Hildyard. Prince Albert tutored her in politics and philosophy.


Marriage

Frederick III, Victoria's husband
Frederick III, Victoria's husband

In 1851, Victoria met her future husband, Prince Frederick William of Prussia (18 October 1831-15 June 1888), when he and his parents were invited to London by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to attend the opening of the Great Exhibition. At the time, Frederick, the son of Prince William of Prussia and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, was second in line to the Prussian throne. The couple became engaged in 1855 while Frederick was on a visit to Balmoral; Vicky was just fourteen, while her future husband was a young man of twenty-four. Image File history File links FriedIII.jpg‎ Summary Federick III emperor of Germany Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frederick III, German Emperor Portal:Germany/Anniversaries/June Portal:Germany/Anniversaries/June/June 15 ... Image File history File links FriedIII.jpg‎ Summary Federick III emperor of Germany Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frederick III, German Emperor Portal:Germany/Anniversaries/June Portal:Germany/Anniversaries/June/June 15 ... Frederick III (Frederick William Nicholas Charles; October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), (German: Friedrich III., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen) was German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling for 99 days until his death in 1888. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Frederick III (Frederick William Nicholas Charles; October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), (German: Friedrich III., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen) was German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling for 99 days until his death in 1888. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... William I (William Frederick Louis, German: ) (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888) of the House of Hohenzollern was a King of Prussia (January 2, 1861 – 9 March 1888) and the first German Emperor (18 January 1871 – 9 March 1888). ... Princess Augusta Marie Luise Katharina of Saxe-Weimar, Duchess in Saxony (September 30, 1811–January 7, 1890), later the Queen of Prussia and German Empress was the consort of William I, German Emperor. ... Balmoral Castle. ...


The Prussian Court and Buckingham Palace publicly announced the engagement on 19 May 1857. Seventeen-year-old Vicky and young Fritz were married, at Queen Victoria's insistence, at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, on 25 January 1858. The marriage was both a love match and a dynastic alliance. The Queen and Prince Albert hoped that Victoria's marriage to the future king of Prussia would cement close ties between London and Berlin, and possibly lead to the emergence of a unified and liberal Germany. is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... St Jamess Palace and The Mall by Jan Kip, 1715. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Crown Princess of Prussia

In January 1861, on the death of his childless uncle Frederick William IV of Prussia and the accession of his father as King William I, Prince Frederick became Crown Prince of Prussia, Victoria therefore became Crown Princess. The new Crown Prince and Crown Princess, however, were politically isolated; their liberal and Anglophile views clashed with the authoritarian rule of the Prussian minister-president, Otto von Bismarck. Unfortunately, despite their efforts to educate their son, Wilhelm, in British attitudes of democracy, he favoured his German tutors in aspiring to autocratic rule and thus became alienated from his parents, suspecting them of putting Britain's interests first. Photograph of Frederick King Frederick William IV of Prussia (October 15, 1795 - January 2, 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. ... “Bismarck” redirects here. ...


During the three Wars of German Unification – the 1864 Prussian-Danish War, the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, and the 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War – Victoria and Frederick strongly identified with the cause of Prussia and the North German Confederation. Their sympathies created a rift among Queen Victoria's extended family, since Victoria's younger brother, the Prince of Wales, was married to Princess Alexandra of Denmark, the elder daughter of Christian IX of Denmark, who was also reigning duke of the disputed territories of Schleswig and Holstein. At Versailles on 18 January 1871, the victorious princes of the North German Confederation proclaimed a German Empire with King William I of Prussia as the hereditary German Emperor (Deutscher Kaiser) with the style Imperial and Royal Majesty (Kaiserliche und Königliche Majestät); Frederick and Victoria became German Crown Prince and German Crown Princess with the style Imperial and Royal Highness (Kaiserliche und Königliche Hoheit). Map of the North German Confederation Capital Berlin Political structure Federation Presidency Prussia (William I) Chancellor Otto von Bismarck History  - Constitution tabelled April 16, 1867  - Confederation formed July 1, 1867  - Elevation to empire January 18, 1871 The North German Federation (in German, Norddeutscher Bund) came into existence in 1867, following... Princess Alexandra of Denmark (Alexandra Carolina Marie Charlotte Louise Julia; 1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925) was Queen Consort to Edward VII of the United Kingdom and thus Empress of India during her husbands reign. ... Christian IX of Denmark (April 8, 1818 – January 29, 1906) was King of Denmark from November 15, 1863 to January 29, 1906. ... A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession/control of land by one state after it has conquered it from a former state no longer currently recognized by the occupying power. ... The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... This article is about the city of Versailles. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Motto Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Danish, French, Frisian, Polish, Sorbian Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871–1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick...

British Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Descendants of Victoria & Albert
   Victoria, Princess Royal
   Edward VII
   Princess Alice
   Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
   Princess Helena
   Princess Louise
   Arthur, Duke of Connaught
   Leopold, Duke of Albany
   Princess Beatrice

This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. For information about other Commonwealth realm monarchies, as well as other relevant articles, see... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Royal_Standard_of_England. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (in full Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel), later The Prince Consort, (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Alfred Ernest Albert; 6 August 1844 – 30 July 1900) was the third Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha between 1893 and 1900. ... The Princess Helena, (Helena Augusta Victoria), (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth-born child and the third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... The Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, (Louise Caroline Alberta; 18 March 1848 - 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (Arthur William Patrick Albert; 1 May 1850 – 16 January 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. ... The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert; 7 April 1853 – 28 March 1884) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. ... The Princess Beatrice, (Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore), (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth daughter and the youngest child of Queen Victoria. ...

German Empress & Empress Frederick

On the death of his father on 9 March 1888, the Crown Prince ascended the throne as the Emperor Frederick III (and as King Frederick III of Prussia) and Victoria adopted the title and style of Her Imperial and Royal Majesty The German Empress. Frederick, however, was terminally ill with throat cancer and died after reigning 99 days. From then on she was known simply as The Empress Frederick. is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


She was often known as Die Engländerin (the Englishwoman) even though she was only one-quarter English.


The widowed Victoria lived in retirement at Castle Friedrichshof, a castle she had built in memory of her late husband in the hills near Kronberg not far from Frankfurt am Main. Politically, she remained a liberal in contrast with her son Emperor William II. Their relationship had earlier been difficult but improved once she was no longer in the limelight. In Berlin, Victoria established schools for the higher education of girls and for nurses' training. As a talented and gifted artist in her own right, she patronized the arts and learning, becoming one of the organizers of the 1872 Industrial Art Exhibition. Female education is a catch-all term for a complex of issues and debates surrounding education (primary education, secondary education, tertiary education and health education in particular) for females. ...


Throughout her married life and widowhood, Victoria kept in close touch with other members of the British Royal Family, particularly her younger brother, the future Edward VII. Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is shared between the Commonwealth Realms; this article focuses on the perspective of United Kingdom. ...


She maintained a regular correspondence with her mother. According to the Royal Encyclopaedia, some 3,777 letters from Queen Victoria to her eldest daughter have been catalogued, as well as more than 4,000 from daughter to mother. Many of her letters detailed her concern over Germany's future under her son.


Death

Victoria died of cancer of the spine at Castle Friedrichshof on the 5 August 1901, less than seven months after the death of her mother, Queen Victoria. She was buried in the royal mausoleum of the Friedenskirche at Potsdam on the 13 August 1901. Her tomb has a recumbent marble effigy of herself on top. Next to her lies her beloved husband. Her two children, Sigismund (died age 2) and Waldemar (died age 11) are also buried in the same mausoleum. is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... The Church of Peace The Church of Peace (German: Friedenskirche) is situated in the so-called Marly Gardens on the Green Fence in the palace grounds of Sanssouci in Potsdam. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Victoria in later life
Victoria in later life

Image File history File links Victoriabritain1840-8. ... Image File history File links Victoriabritain1840-8. ...

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles

  • 1840-1841: Her Royal Highness The Princess Victoria
  • 1841-1858: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal
  • 1858-1861: Her Royal Highness Princess Friedrich of Prussia
  • 1861-1871: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Prussia
  • 1871-1888: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The German Crown Princess, Crown Princess of Prussia
  • 1888: Her Imperial and Royal Majesty The German Empress, Queen of Prussia
  • 1888-1901: Her Imperial and Royal Majesty The Empress Frederick, Queen Dowager of Prussia

1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Ancestors

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Henry XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Princess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Countess Caroline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Emil, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Louise of Saxe-Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Victoria, Princess Royal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Frederick, Prince of Wales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. George III of the United Kingdom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Victoria of the United Kingdom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (= 16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (= 8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (= 17)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Henry XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (= 18)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Princess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf (= 9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Countess Caroline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg (= 19)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ernst Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. ... Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. ... Sofie Antonie of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (3 January 1724, Wolfenbüttel - 17 March 1802) was the tenth of 17 children of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ... Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Heinrich XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (b. ... Auguste Reuss of Ebersdorf as Artemisia, 1775, painted by Johann Heinrich Tischbein, sen. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Augustus Charles Albert Emanuel, later HRH The Prince Consort) (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. ... Emil Leopold August, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. ... Luise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Herzogin von Sachsen, Princess of Gotha and Altenburg (1800-31), was a German Princess. ... Friedrich Franz I Frederick Francis (Friedrich Franz) I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (10 December 1756 - 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as Duke (1785-1815) and then as Grand Duke (1815-1837). ... Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (November 19, 1779 - January 4, 1801) was a Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and maternal grandmother of Prince Consort Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. ... The Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales (Frederick Lewis; 1 February 1707 – 31 March 1751) was a member of the British Royal Family, the eldest son of King George II. He was born into the House of Hanover and, under the Act of Settlement passed by the English Parliament in 1701... “George III” redirects here. ... Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (November 30, 1719 – February 8, 1772) was Princess of Wales from May 8, 1736 to March 31, 1751. ... HRH The Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn The Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (2 November 1767 – 23 January 1820) was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. ... Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Strelitz, February 23, 1708 - Mirow, June 5, 1752) was the second son of the Prince of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and father of Queen Charlotte of England. ... Queen Charlotte, (née Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was the queen consort of George III of the United Kingdom (1738–20). ... Princess Elizabeth Albertine Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess in Saxony (4 August 1713 - 29 June 1761) was a member of the reigning family of Mecklenburg-Strelitz during the 18th century. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... Ernst Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. ... Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (b. ... Sofie Antonie of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (3 January 1724, Wolfenbüttel - 17 March 1802) was the tenth of 17 children of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ... Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent Marie Luise Viktoria, Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess in Saxony (b. ... Heinrich XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (b. ... Auguste Reuss of Ebersdorf as Artemisia, 1775, painted by Johann Heinrich Tischbein, sen. ...

Issue

Victoria and Frederick had eight children:

Name Birth Death Notes
William II, German Emperor 27 January 1859 4 June 1941 married (1), Princess Auguste Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein; died 1921; had issue
(2), Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz
Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen 24 July 1860 1 October 1919 married Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen [had issue]
Prince Henry 14 August 1862 20 April 1929 married Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine; had issue
Prince Sigismund 15 September 1864 18 June 1866 (meningitis)
Princess Victoria 12 April 1866 13 November 1929 married (1), 19 November 1890, Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe; he died 1916; no issue
(2), 19 November 1927, Alexander Zoubkov; no issue
Prince Waldemar of Prussia 10 February 1868 27 March 1879 (diphtheria)
Sophie, Queen of the Hellenes 14 June 1870 13 January 1932 married, 27 October 1889, Constantine I, King of the Hellenes; had issue
Margaret, Princess Frederick of Hesse 22 April 1872 22 January 1954 married, 25 January 1893, Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse; had issue

William II or Wilhelm II (born Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm Albert Viktor von Preußen; English: Prince Frederick William Albert Victor of Prussia) (27 January 1859–4 June 1941) was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (German: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling both the German... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Victoria Elizabeth Augusta Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (24 July 1860-1 October 1919) was the second child born to Crown Prince Friedrich of Prussia and Princess Victoria. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Bernhard III Frederick Wilhelm Albrecht Georg, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (b. ... Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1726-1802) Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1862-1929) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (Irene Luise Marie Anna) (11 July 1866-11 November 1953) was the third child and third daughter of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom and Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Meningitis is inflammation of the protective membranes covering the central nervous system, known collectively as the meninges. ... Her Royal Highness Princess Viktoria of Prussia was the daughter of Frederick III of Germany (1831-1888) and his wife, the former Princess Victoria, Princess Royal (1840-1901) daughter of Queen Victoria. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Waldemar of Prussia (Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar) (February 10, 1868–March 27, 1879) was the sixth child of Crown Prince Friedrich III (later Emperor Friedrich III), and Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain, a daughter of the British Queen Victoria. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Sophie Dorothea Ulrike Alice of Prussia (June 14, 1870 – January 13, 1932), was a Queen consort of Greece She was born in Potsdam, Germany in 1870 to then Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia and Victoria, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, herself the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Constantine I, King of the Hellenes (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος A, Βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων) (2 August 1868 - 11 January 1923) ruled Greece from 1913-1917 and from 1920-1922. ... Princess Margarete Beatrice Feodora of Prussia (April 22, 1872 - January 22, 1954) was the daughter of the future Frederick III, German Emperor (1831-1888) and his wife, Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (1840-1901), daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Prince Frederick of Hesse (May 1, 1868 – May 28, 1940), officially Friedrich Karl Ludwig Konstantin, Prinz und Landgraf von Hessen und Brabant (in German), (Frederick Charles Louis Constantin, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse and Brabant), (Fredrik Kaarle or Fredrik Kaarlo in Finnish), (Fredrik Carl in Swedish), (Frederik Carl in Danish...

See also

Kronberg, the former home of Empress Frederick: [1]

Victoria, Princess Royal
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 21 November 1840 Died: 5 August 1901
German royalty
Preceded by
Augusta of Saxe-Weimar
German Empress, Queen of Prussia
9 March 188815 June 1888
Succeeded by
Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein
British royalty
Preceded by
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover
Heir to the Throne
as heiress presumptive
1840-1841
Succeeded by
Albert, Prince of Wales

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Victoria of the United Kingdom (4831 words)
Victoria was the last monarch of the House of Hanover; her successor belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
Victoria's personal life was marked by many personal tragedies, including the death of her son, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the fatal illness of her daughter, the Empress of Germany, and the death of two of her grandsons.
As of 2004, the European monarchs and former monarchs descended from Victoria are: the Queen of the United Kingdom, the King of Norway, the King of Sweden, the Queen of Denmark, the King of Spain, the King of the Hellenes (deposed) and the King of Romania (deposed).
Queen Victoria: Biography and Much More from Answers.com (7209 words)
Victoria, who was almost entirely of German descent (except from her ancestor Sophia of Hanover who was a female-line granddaughter of James I), was the last monarch of the House of Hanover; her son King Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Victoria's personal life was marked by many personal tragedies, including the death of her son, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the fatal illness of her daughter, The Empress Friedrich, Queen Dowager of Prussia, and the death of two of her grandsons, Prince Alfred of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein.
Victoria herself did not suffer from the disease, however, she passed it on to Princess Alice and Princess Beatrice as carriers, and Prince Leopold was affected with the disease.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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