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Encyclopedia > Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria
British Columbia Legislative Buildings in Victoria
British Columbia Legislative Buildings in Victoria
Flag of Victoria
Flag
Coat of arms of Victoria
Coat of arms
Location of Victoria within the Capital Regional District in British Columbia, Canada
Coordinates: 48°25′43″N 123°21′56″W / 48.42861, -123.36556
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Regional District Capital
Incorporated 1862[1]
Government
 - Mayor Alan Lowe
(past mayors)
 - Governing body Victoria City Council
 - MP Denise Savoie
 - MLAs Carole James, Rob Fleming
Area [2]
 - City 19.68 km² (7.6 sq mi)
 - Metro 540.4 km² (208.6 sq mi)
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2006)[2]
 - City 78,659 -Metro 330,000
 - Density 3,996.9/km² (10,351.9/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
Postal code span V0S, V8N-V8Z, V9A-V9E
Area code(s) +1-250
NTS Map 092B06
GNBC Code JBOBQ
Website: Victoria.BC.ca

Victoria (IPA: /vɪkˈtɔəriə/) is the capital city of British Columbia, making it the seat of the provincial Crown. Located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Victoria is a global tourism destination seeing more than 3.65 million visitors a year who inject more than one billion dollars into the local economy.[3] Victoria is a cruise ship port where cruise liners stop at Ogden Point terminal. The city also receives economic benefits from its close proximity to Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt, the Canadian military’s main Pacific naval base. Downtown Victoria also serves as Greater Victoria's regional downtown, where many night clubs, theatres, restaurants and pubs are clustered, and where much larger regional public events occur. In particular, Canada Day fireworks displays and Symphony Splash concerts draw tens of thousands of Greater Victorians and visitors to the downtown core. Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... This page is a listing of federal and provincial electoral districts in the Canadian province of British Columbia using the name of, or located in, the area of the city of Victoria, the provincial capital. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 344 pixelsFull resolution (5071 × 2181 pixel, file size: 8. ... The Parliament Buildings Another view The British Columbia Parliament Buildings are located in Victoria, British Columbia and serve as the seat of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Victoria (Australia) Flags of the Australian states and territories Charles Gavan Duffy Flag of Victoria User:Xtra Wikipedia:Australian Wikipedians notice board Template:VictoriaPremiers James Francis George Kerferd Categories: Flag images | Australia images ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The current state flag of Victoria in Australia is a British Blue Ensign defaced by the state badge of Victoria in the fly. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Victorian Coat of Arms (since 1974) The Coat of Arms of Victoria is the official symbol of the Australian state of Victoria. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x642, 196 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Victoria, British Columbia Nanaimo, British Columbia Tofino, British Columbia Comox, British Columbia ... YK NWT AB USA AK Capital Cariboo Cowichan GVRD Nanaimo Stikine The Capital Regional District (CRD) is a local government administrative district encompassing the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada and the southern Gulf Islands: (Saltspring, Galiano, Pender, Saturna, Mayne), and many smaller islands. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The Canadian Province of British Columbia is divided into Regional Districts, analogous to counties in other jurisdictions. ... YK NWT AB USA AK Capital Cariboo Cowichan GVRD Nanaimo Stikine The Capital Regional District (CRD) is a local government administrative district encompassing the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada and the southern Gulf Islands: (Saltspring, Galiano, Pender, Saturna, Mayne), and many smaller islands. ... Alan Lowe (born July 26, 1961, in Victoria, British Columbia) is a Canadian politician. ... List of mayors of Victoria, British Columbia: 1862 - 1865 Thomas Harris 1865 - 1866 Lumley Franklin 1866 - 1867 William J. MacDonald 1867 - 1870 Dr. James Trimble 1870 - 1871 Alexander R. Robertson 1871 William J. MacDonaldCanadian 1872 Richard Lewis 1872 - 1873 James E. McMillan 1873 James D. Robinson 1873 - 1875 William Dalby... Victoria City Council is the governing body of Victoria, British Columbia. ... Members of the House of Commons in the 38th Parliament of Canada, as of November 10, 2005. ... Denise Savoie (born November 21, 1943 in St. ... Legislature Building in Victoria, BC The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is located in Victoria. ... Carole James Carole Alison James, MLA, (born December 22, 1957, in Dukinfield, England) is a Canadian politician and former public administrator. ... Rob Fleming with BC NDP Leader Carole James Rob Fleming (born November 11, 1971, in Windsor, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... The National Topographic System or NTS is the topographic system used by Canada for providing general purpose maps of the country. ... Geographical Names Board of Canada a national committee of the Canadian Government Department of National Resources which authorizes the names used on official federal government maps of Canada since 1897. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... In strict legal language, the term seat defines the seat of a corporation or organisation as a legal entity, indicating where the headquarters of this entity are located. ... Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, Iona Campagnolo. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... Ogden Point is a deep water port facility in Victoria, British Columbia. ... CFB Esquimalt is Canadas West Coast (Pacific) naval base. ... Downtown Victoria is a neighbourhood of Victoria, British Columbia that acts as the commercial and entertainment hub of the city. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... Canada Day (French: Fête du Canada) is Canadas national holiday, marking the establishment of Canada as a self-governing Dominion on July 1, 1867. ... The Symphony Splash, is an annual event held, in Victoria, British Columbia. ...


The city has hosted sports events including the 2005 Ford World Men's Curling Championship tournament, the 1994 Commonwealth Games, and 2006 Skate Canada. Victoria co-hosted the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup at Royal Athletic Park, and is the annual venue for the Bastion Square Grand Prix Criterium road cycling race. The city is also a destination for conventions, meetings, and conferences, including a 2007 North Atlantic Treaty Organization military chief of staff meeting. The 2005 Ford World Mens Curling Championship was held from April 2 - 10 at the new Save-on-Foods Memorial Centre in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Countries that competed The 1994 Commonwealth Games were held August 18-28, 1994 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... The Skate Canada International is an international, senior-level invitation-only figure skating competition. ... 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup final rankings. ... Royal Atheltic Park is a multi-purpose, fully-lighted stadium in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Police officer on a bicycle Cycling is a means of transport, a form of recreation and a sport. ... NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on April 4, 1949. ...

Contents

History

Prior to the arrival of the Europeans in the late 1700s, the Victoria area was home to several communities of Coast Salish peoples, including the Songhees. The Spanish and British took up the exploration of the northwest coast of North America beginning with the voyage of Captain James Cook in 1776, although the Victoria area of the Strait of Juan de Fuca was not penetrated until 1791. Spanish sailors visited Esquimalt Harbour (within the modern Capital Regional District) in 1790 and again in 1792. Erected in 1843 as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post on a site originally called Camosun (the native word was "camosack", meaning "rush of water") and known briefly as "Fort Albert", the settlement was later christened Fort Victoria, in honour of Queen Victoria.[4] The Songhees established a village across the harbour from the fort. The Songhees' village was later moved north of Esquimalt. When the crown Colony of Vancouver Island was established in 1849, a town was laid out on the site and made the capital of the colony. The Chief Factor of the fort, James Douglas was made the second governor of the Vancouver Island colony (Richard Blanshard was first governor, Arthur Edward Kennedy was third and last governor), and would be the leading figure in the early development of the city until his retirement in 1864. The Coast Salish are a group of Salishan-speaking First Nations/Native American in British Columbia and Washington. ... The Songhees are an indigenous North American Coast Salish people who reside on southeastern Vancouver Island, British Columbia in the Greater Victoria area. ... This article is about the British explorer. ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... Inside Fort Victoria, looking out the East Gate Fort Victoria was a fur trading post of the Hudson’s Bay Company, the headquarters of HBC operations in British Columbia. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... The Township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. ... See main article Vancouver Island Colonial flag of Vancouver Island, consisting of the British Blue Ensign and the great seal of the colony. ... James Douglas Sir James Douglas, K.C.B, (August 15, 1803 – August 2, 1877), was born of a Scottish father and Creole mother in Demerara. ... Richard Blanshard, Governor of Vancouver Island Richard Blanshard, MA, (19 October 1817 – 5 June 1894), was an English barrister and first governor of the Colony of Vancouver Island from its foundation in 1849 to his resignation in 1851. ... Sir Arthur Kennedy Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy (5 April 1809–3 June 1883) was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of a number of British colonies, namely Sierra Leone, Western Australia, Vancouver Island, Hong Kong and Queensland. ...

Wawadit'la, also known as Mungo Martin House, a Kwakwaka'wakw "big house", with heraldic pole. Built by Chief Mungo Martin in 1953. Located at Thunderbird Park in Victoria, British Columbia.
Wawadit'la, also known as Mungo Martin House, a Kwakwaka'wakw "big house", with heraldic pole. Built by Chief Mungo Martin in 1953. Located at Thunderbird Park in Victoria, British Columbia.[5]

With the discovery of gold on the British Columbia mainland in 1858, Victoria became the port, supply base, and outfitting centre for miners on their way to the Fraser Canyon gold fields, mushrooming from a population of 300 to over 5000 literally within a few days. In 1866 when the island was politically united with the mainland, Victoria remained the capital of the new united colony and became the provincial capital when British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871. Victoria was incorporated as a city in 1862. In 1865, Esquimalt was made the North Pacific home of the Royal Navy, and remains Canada's west coast naval base. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 560 pixelsFull resolution (10000 × 7000 pixel, file size: 19. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 560 pixelsFull resolution (10000 × 7000 pixel, file size: 19. ... A Gitxsan pole (left) and Kwakwakawakw pole (right) at Thunderbird Park in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Thunderbird Park is a park in Victoria, British Columbia located next to the Royal British Columbia Museum. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Colony of British Columbia. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ...


In 1886, with the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway terminus on Burrard Inlet, Victoria's position as the commercial centre of British Columbia was irrevocably lost to the City of Vancouver. The city subsequently began cultivating an image of genteel civility within its natural setting, an image aided by the impressions of visitors such as Rudyard Kipling, the opening of the popular Butchart Gardens in 1904 and the construction of the Empress Hotel by the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1908. Robert Dunsmuir, a leading industrialist whose interests included coal mines and a railway on Vancouver Island, constructed Craigdarroch Castle in the Rockland area, near the official residence of the province's lieutenant-governor. His son James Dunsmuir became premier and subsequently lieutenant-governor of the province and built his own grand residence at Hatley Park (used for several decades as Royal Roads Military College, now civilian Royal Roads University) in the present City of Colwood. An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... Indian Arm extends north (to the upper right of the photo) from Burrard Inlet, in this view from the southeast at Burnaby Mountain. ... This article is about the British author. ... Sunken Garden The Butchart Gardens is a floral display tourist attraction located in the neighbourhood Brentwood Bay, British Columbia, a small village on the Saanich Peninsula in the municipality of Central Saanich, which is part of Greater Victoria on Vancouver Island. ... The Empress Hotel The Fairmont Empress (most commonly known as The Empress) is one of the oldest and most famous hotels in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Robert Dunsmuir (August 31, 1825 – April 12, 1889), was a coal miner, railway developer, industrialist and politician. ... Plaque in front of the castle. ... James Dunsmuir (b July 8, 1851, Fort Vancouver – d June 6, 1920, Cowichan Bay, British Columbia) was a British Columbian industrialist and politician. ... Hatley Park is a park and neighbourhood located in Colwood, British Columbia near its border with the municipality of Metchosin. ... Royal Roads Military College (RRMC) was a Canadian military college (1940 to 1995) located in Hatley Park, Colwood, British Columbia near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Royal Roads University (RRU) is a public university located in Colwood, a suburb of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Colwood is a city located on Vancouver Island to the southwest of Victoria, capital of British Columbia. ...


A real estate and development boom ended just before World War I, leaving Victoria with a large stock of Edwardian public, commercial and residential structures that have greatly contributed to the City's character. A number of municipalities surrounding Victoria were incorporated during this period, including the Township of Esquimalt, the District of Oak Bay, and several municipalities on the Saanich Peninsula. Since World War II the Victoria area has seen relatively steady growth, becoming home to two major universities. Since the 1980s the western suburbs have been incorporated as new municipalities, such as Colwood and Langford. The Edwardian period or Edwardian era in the United Kingdom is the period 1901 to 1910, the reign of King Edward VII. It is sometimes extended to include the period to the start of World War I in 1914 or even the end of the war in 1918. ... The Saanich Peninsula is located north of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Langford is a city of 22,459 residents on southern Vancouver Island, within the province of British Columbia, Canada. ...


Greater Victoria periodically experiences calls for the amalgamation of the thirteen municipal governments within the Capital Regional District.[6] The opponents of amalgamation state that separate governance affords residents a greater deal of local autonomy. The proponents of amalgamation argue that it would reduce duplication of services, while allowing for more efficient use of resources and the ability to better handle broad, regional issues and long-term planning. Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Categories: Regional districts of British Columbia | Geographic regions of British Columbia | Canada-place stubs ...


Geography

The landscape of Victoria was molded by water in various forms. Pleistocene glaciation put the area under a thick ice cover, the weight of which depressed the land below present sea level. These glaciers also deposited stony sandy loam till. As they retreated, their melt water left thick deposits of sand and gravel. Marine clay settled on what would later become dry land. Post-glacial rebound exposed the present-day terrain to air, raising beach and mud deposits well above sea level. The resulting soils are highly variable in texture, and abrupt textural changes are common. In general, clays are most likely to be encountered in the northern part of town and in depressions. The southern part has coarse-textured subsoils and loamy topsoils. Sandy loams and loamy sands are common in the eastern part adjoining Oak Bay. Victoria's soils are relatively unleached and less acidic than soils elsewhere on the British Columbia coast. Their thick dark topsoils denoted a high level of fertility which made them valuable for farming until urbanization took over. This page is under construction. ... Categories: Geology stubs | Glaciology | Sedimentary rocks ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... Gravel (largest fragment in this photo is about 4 cm) Gravel is rock that is of a certain particle size range. ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ...


Climate

Victoria has a temperate climate that is usually classified as Marine west coast(Cfb),[7] with mild, damp winters and relatively dry and mild summers. It is sometimes classified as a Mediterranean climate (Csb).[8] It has been suggested that The Cool Western Temperate Maritime Climate be merged into this article or section. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ...


Daily temperatures rise above 30°C (86°F) on an average of one or two days per year and fall below -5°C (23°F) on an average of only 2 nights per year. During the winter, the average daily high and low temperatures are 8.2°C (47°F) and 3.6°C (38°F), respectively. The summer months are equally mild, with an average high temperature of 19.6°C (67°F) and low of 11.3°C (52°F). Victoria does occasionally experience more extreme temperatures. The highest temperature ever recorded in Victoria was 36.3°C (97.3°F) on July 11, 2007, while the coldest temperature on record was -15.6°C (4°F) on December 29, 1968 and January 28, 1950. Victoria has not recorded a temperature below -10°C (14°F) since 1990.


Total annual precipitation is just 608 mm (24in) at the Gonzales weather station in Victoria, contrasted to nearby Seattle, (137 km/85 miles away to the southeast), with 970mm (38in) of rainfall, or Vancouver, 100 km away, with 1,219 mm (48 in) of rainfall. Perhaps even more dramatic is the difference in rainfalls on Vancouver Island. Port Renfrew, just 80 km from Victoria on the wet southwest coast of Vancouver Island receives 3,671 mm (145 in). Even the Victoria Airport, 25 km north of the city, receives about 45 per cent more precipitation than the city proper. One of the most striking features of Victoria's climate is the distinct dry and rainy seasons. Nearly two thirds of the annual precipitation falls during the four wettest months, November to February. Precipitation in December, the wettest month (109 mm/4 in) is nearly eight times as high as in July, the driest month (14 mm/0.5 in). During the summer months, Victoria is the driest major city in Canada. City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Location of Port Renfrew, British Columbia. ...


Victoria averages just 26 cm (10 in) of snow annually. Every few decades, Victoria receives very large snowfalls, including the more than 100 cm (39 in) of snow that fell in December 1996. On the other hand, roughly one third of winters will see virtually no snow, with less than 5 cm (2 in) falling during the entire season. When snow does fall, it rarely lasts long on the ground. Victoria averages just 2-3 days per year with at least 5 cm (2 in) of snow on the ground.


The rain shadow effect also means that Victoria gets more sunshine than surrounding areas. With 2,223 hours of sun annually, Victoria is one of the sunniest places in British Columbia, and gets more sunshine than most other cities in Canada except those in the southern Prairies. The benefits of Victoria's climate are evident through the city's gardens, which are more likely to display drought-tolerant oak trees, eucalyptus, arbutus, and even bananas, than they are likely to feature evergreen conifers, which are typically associated with the coastal Pacific Northwest environment.
For the Australian television series see Rain Shadow (TV series). ...

Colourful flowers bedeck the genteel "Garden City" downtown
Colourful flowers bedeck the genteel "Garden City" downtown


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average daily maximum °C 7.0 8.6 10.6 13.1 15.9 17.9 19.8 20.1 18.5 13.8 9.4 7.1 13.5
°F 44.6 47.5 51.0 55.6 60.6 64.2 67.6 68.2 65.3 56.8 48.9 44.8 56.3
Average daily minimum °C 3.0 3.7 4.5 6.0 8.2 10.0 11.3 11.7 10.7 7.9 5.0 3.2 7.1
°F 37.4 38.7 40.1 42.8 46.8 50.0 52.3 53.1 51.3 46.2 41.0 37.8 44.8

Average precipitation mm 94.3 71.7 46.5 28.5 25.8 20.7 14.0 19.7 27.4 51.2 98.9 108.9 607.6
in 3.71 2.82 2.22 1.12 1.02 0.81 0.55 0.78 1.08 2.02 3.89 4.29 23.9
Average total snow cm 9.7 3.5 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.1 7.8 26.3
in 3.8 1.4 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6 3.1 10.4
Average Sunshine h 78 102 150 205 267 271 331 303 222 148 81 65 2223
Data[9]


Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1354x1734, 585 KB) Summary Victoria BC, The Garden City is known for its temparate climate; the downtown streets are decorated with English-style lamp posts and an abundance of colorful flowers in hanging baskets and other arrangements. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1354x1734, 585 KB) Summary Victoria BC, The Garden City is known for its temparate climate; the downtown streets are decorated with English-style lamp posts and an abundance of colorful flowers in hanging baskets and other arrangements. ...

Victoria's Harbour with Songhees condominiums in the background
Victoria's Harbour with Songhees condominiums in the background

Victoria's equable climate has also added to its reputation as the "City of Gardens". With its mild temperatures and plentiful sunshine, Victoria boasts gardens that are home to many plant species rarely found elsewhere in Canada. Several species of palms, eucalyptus, and even certain varieties of bananas can be seen growing throughout the area's gardens. The city takes pride in the many flowers that bloom during the winter and early spring, including crocuses, daffodils, early-blooming rhododendrons, cherry and plum trees. Every February there is an annual "flower count" in what for the rest of the country and most of the province is still the dead of winter. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2098x1307, 2157 KB) Victorias Harbour with Songhees condominiums in the background, Taken November 7th, 2006, at . ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2098x1307, 2157 KB) Victorias Harbour with Songhees condominiums in the background, Taken November 7th, 2006, at . ...


Due to its mild climate, Victoria and its surrounding area (southeastern Vancouver Island, Gulf Islands, and parts of the Lower Mainland and Sunshine Coast) is also home to many rare, native plants found nowhere else in Canada, including Quercus garryana (Garry oak), Arctostaphylos columbiana (Hairy manzanita), and Canada's only broad leaf evergreen tree, Arbutus menziesii (Pacific madrone). Many of these endangered species exist here at the northern end of their range, and are found as far south as Central and Southern California, and even parts of Mexico. Map showing the location of the Southern Gulf Islands The Gulf Islands is the name collectively given to the islands in the Strait of Georgia between Vancouver Island and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... The Lower Mainland is the name that residents of British Columbia apply to the region surrounding the City of Vancouver. ... There are several places around the globe that use the name Sunshine Coast. ... Binomial name Quercus garryana The Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana), also known as Garry Oak, has a range from northern California to British Columbia. ... Species See text See Manzanita (album) for the Mia Doi Todd album. ... ...


Neighbourhoods of Victoria

The Empress hotel in the morning.
The Empress hotel in the morning.
The Legislature Buildings roof with a gold-covered statue of Captain George Vancouver
The Legislature Buildings roof with a gold-covered statue of Captain George Vancouver

The following is a list of neighbourhoods in the City of Victoria, as defined by the city planning department. For a list of neighbourhoods in other area municipalities, see Greater Victoria, or the individual entries for those municipalities. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 4141 KB) Rendered to 8 bits from a 32 bit HDR image created from 8 exposures in the early morning Nov. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 4141 KB) Rendered to 8 bits from a 32 bit HDR image created from 8 exposures in the early morning Nov. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixelsFull resolution (5861 × 3960 pixel, file size: 11. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixelsFull resolution (5861 × 3960 pixel, file size: 11. ... Captain George Vancouver RN (June 22, 1757 – May 12, 1798) was an officer of the British Royal Navy, best known for his exploration of North America, including the Pacific coast along the modern day Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Alaska, Washington and Oregon. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ...

  • Burnside
  • Downtown
  • Fairfield
  • James Bay
  • Fernwood
  • Harris Green
  • North Jubilee
  • North Park
  • Oaklands
  • Rockland
  • South Jubilee
  • Victoria West

Other city districts often regarded as neighbourhoods include: Fairfield is a neighbourhood of Victoria, BC. It is bounded by the James Bay, Downtown, Harris Green, Fernwood, Rockland, and Gonzales neighbourhoods (.pdf map). ... James Bay is a neighbourhood of Victoria, BC. It occupies the south side of the Inner Harbour close to downtown. ... Fernwoods four corners Fernwood is a neighbourhood near downtown Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, boundaried by the neighbourhoods of Jubilee, North Park, Fairfield, Downtown, Hillside and Harris Green. ...

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Rock Bay is a neighborhood bordering downtown Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, whose borders are the Upper Harbor on the west, David Street and Hillside Avenue on the north, Douglas Street on the east, and approximately Pembroke Street on the south. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Demographics

Population

Located on the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island, overlooking the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the City of Victoria has a population of approximately 78,659.[10] The Capital Regional District, comprising thirteen municipalities informally referred to as Greater Victoria, has a population of more than 330,000[11] and is the largest urban area on Vancouver Island.[12] By population, Greater Victoria is the 15th largest metropolitan area in Canada. The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ... YK NWT AB USA AK Capital Cariboo Cowichan GVRD Nanaimo Stikine The Capital Regional District (CRD) is a local government administrative district encompassing the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada and the southern Gulf Islands: (Saltspring, Galiano, Pender, Saturna, Mayne), and many smaller islands. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ...


Age distribution

Victoria is well-known for its disproportionately large retiree population. Some 6.4 per cent of the population of Victoria and its surrounding area are over 80 years of age - the highest proportion for any of Canada's metropolitan areas. The city also boasts the country's third-highest concentration of people 65 and older (17.8 per cent), behind only Peterborough, Ontario, and Kelowna, British Columbia.[13] Retirees throughout Canada are drawn to Victoria's mild climate, beautiful scenery, year-round golf season, and generally easy-going pace of life. A historically popular cliché about Victoria is that it is for "the newly wed and nearly dead". Retirement is the status of a worker who has stopped working. ... Nickname: Motto: Dat natura, elaborant artes (Nature Provides, Industry Develops) Map of Ontario with Peterborough indicated with a red dot Coordinates: , Country Province County Peterborough County Established 1819 - Scotts Plains Incorporated as town 1850 - Peterborough Incorporated as city July 1, 1905 Government  - Mayor Paul Ayotte  - MP Dean Del Mastro... Location of Kelowna within the Central Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Central Okanagan Settled 1879 Incorporated 1905 Government  - Mayor Sharon Shepherd  - Governing body Kelowna City Council  - MP Ron Cannan  - MLAs Al Horning Sindi Hawkins Area  - City 283 km²  (109. ...


Ethnicity

Ethnically, the residents of the City of Victoria self-identify primarily as not-a-visible minority (note that these categories are those used in the Statistics Canada census).

Ethnic group  % of total Victoria pop. [14] Pop. in City of Victoria [15] Percentage in BC [16]
"Not a visible minority" 88% 66,260 75%
Tot. visible minority pop. 12% 9130 25%
* Chinese 4% 3085 10%
* Black 1% 1070 1%
* South Asian 1% 1015 6%
* Filipino 1% 995 2%

Each of the additional ethnic groups listed in the 2006 census represent less than 1% of the population of the City of Victoria.[17]


Economy

The city's chief industries are technology, tourism, education, federal and provincial government administration and services.[citation needed] Other nearby employers include the Canadian Forces (the Township of Esquimalt is the home of the Pacific headquarters of the Canadian Forces Maritime Command), and the University of Victoria (located in the municipalities of Oak Bay and Saanich). Other sectors of the Greater Victoria area economy include: investment and banking, online book publishing, various public and private schools, food products manufacturing, light aircraft manufacturing, technology products, various high tech firms in pharmaceuticals and computers, engineering, architecture and telecommunications. The Canadian Forces (CF) (French: Forces canadiennes (FC)) are the unified armed forces of Canada, governed by the National Defence Act, which states: The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces. ... The Township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. ... HMCS Bastion, flagship of the Canadian Navy. ... The University of Victoria (usually known as UVic, though originally as U of V) is located in Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (northeast of Victoria). ... Oak Bay is a municipality in the Capital Regional District on Vancouver Island in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... // Introduction The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... The tower of a personal computer. ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... This article is about building architecture. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ...


Vancouver Island Advanced Technology Centre (VIATeC) is an umbrella organization, partnership between industry and education, promoting high tech industry development in the Victoria region.


The May 24, 2007 edition of the Victoria Times-Colonist newspaper reported that for the first time in Victoria history, high technology has over taken tourism as the top performing economic sector in Greater Victoria. A gala awards event was staged at the Victoria Conference Centre for business executives and companies that achieved excellence in their respective fields. The Times Colonist is an English-language daily newspaper in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ...


The Victoria Region is experiencing a booming real estate economy. The labour shortages and high cost of housing seem to mirror the economic trends of other booming Canadian cities such as Vancouver, Edmonton and Calgary. For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Alberta, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ...


The Port of Victoria consists of three parts, the Outer Harbour, used by deep sea vessels, the Inner and Upper Harbours, used by coastal and industrial traffic. It is protected by a breakwater with deep and wide opening. The port is a working harbour, tourist attraction and cruise destination. Esquimalt is also a well-protected harbour with large graving dock and shipbuilding and repair facilities. Breakwater has several meanings, including: a structure for protecting a beach or harbour a 1988 album named Breakwater by Lennie Gallant. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A cruising sailboat anchored in the San Blas Islands, in Panama. ... The Township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. ... U.S. Navy submarine USS Greeneville in dry dock following collision with a fishing boat. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ...


Culture

One of the stone lions that guards the gate of Chinatown in Victoria.
One of the stone lions that guards the gate of Chinatown in Victoria.
Totem pole on the inner harbour.
Totem pole on the inner harbour.

The Victoria Symphony, led by Tania Miller, performs at the Royal Theatre and the Farquhar Auditorium of the University of Victoria from September to May. Every BC Day weekend, the Symphony mounts Symphony Splash, an outdoor event that includes a performance by the orchestra sitting on a barge in Victoria's Inner Harbour. Streets in the local area are closed, as each year approximately 40,000 people attend a variety of concerts and events throughout the day. The event culminates with the Symphony's evening concert, with Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture as the grand finale, complete with cannon-fire, a pealing carillon and a fireworks display to honour BC Day. Pacific Opera Victoria, Victoria Philharmonic Choir and Ballet Victoria stage two or three productions each year at the Macpherson or Royal Theatres. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (902x1628, 1253 KB) Lion statues in Victoria, BCs chinatown This photo was taken by Ryan Bushby(HighInBC) with his Canon PowerShot S3 IS. To see more of his photos see his gallery. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (902x1628, 1253 KB) Lion statues in Victoria, BCs chinatown This photo was taken by Ryan Bushby(HighInBC) with his Canon PowerShot S3 IS. To see more of his photos see his gallery. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (777x2240, 1325 KB)[edit] Summary This photo was taken by Ryan Bushby(HighInBC) with his Canon PowerShot A520. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (777x2240, 1325 KB)[edit] Summary This photo was taken by Ryan Bushby(HighInBC) with his Canon PowerShot A520. ... The Victoria Symphony is a Canadian orchestra based in Victoria, British Columbia. ... The Royal Theatre is a roadhouse located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Canadian national holidays (with provincial exceptions): Each province of Canada has its own provincial holiday or holidays: St. ... The Victoria Philharmonic Choir is an important auditioned symphonic choir choral with 75 voices based in Victoria British Columbia. ...


The Bastion Theatre, a professional dramatic company, functioned in Victoria through the 1970s and '80s and performed high quality dramatic productions but ultimately declared bankruptcy in 1988. Reborn as The New Bastion Theatre in 1990 the company struggled for two more years before closing operations in 1992.


The Belfry Theatre started in 1974 as the Springridge Cultural Centre in 1974. The venue was renamed the Belfry Theatre in 1976 as the company began producing its own shows. The Belfry’s mandate is to produce contemporary plays with an emphasis on new Canadian plays.


Other regional Theatre venues include: Phoenix Theatre student theatre at the University of Victoria, Kaleidoscope Theatre and Intrepid Theatre, producers of the Victoria Fringe Theatre Festival and The Uno Festival of Solo Performance.


The only Canadian Forces Primary Reserve brass/reed band on Vancouver Island is located in Victoria. The 5th (British Columbia) Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery Band traces its roots back to 1864, making it the oldest, continually-operational military band west of Thunder Bay, Ontario. Its mandate is to support the island's military community by performing at military dinners, parades and ceremonies, and other events. The band performs weekly in August at Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site where the Regiment started manning the guns of the fort in 1896, and also performs every year at the Cameron Bandshell at Beacon Hill Park. Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... The totem pole in Beacon Hill Park. ...


The current major sporting and entertainment complex, for Victoria and Vancouver Island Region, is the Save-On-Foods Memorial Centre arena. It replaced the former Victoria Memorial Arena, which was constructed by efforts of World War II veterans as a monument to fallen comrades. World War I, World War II, Korean War, and other conflict veterans are also commemorated. Fallen Canadian soldiers in past, present, and future wars and/or United Nations, NATO missions are noted, or will be noted by the main lobby monument at the Save On Foods Memorial Centre. The arena is the home of the ECHL (formerly known as the East Coast Hockey League) team, Victoria Salmon Kings, owned by RG Properties Limited, a real estate development firm that built the Victoria Save On Foods Memorial Centre, and Prospera Place Arena in Kelowna. Save-On-Foods Memorial Centre (SOFMC) is located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, and is the largest arena in British Columbia outside of Vancouver. ... The Victoria Memorial Arena was an ice hockey arena located in Victoria, British Columbia. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and Canada, generally regarded as a tier below the American Hockey League. ... The Victoria Salmon Kings are a professional ice hockey team in the ECHL which began play in the 2004-2005 season. ... The Prospera Place(formerly known as Skyreach Place) is a 6,800-seat multi-purpose arena in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada. ... Locator map for Kelowna, BC Kelowna (2001 population 96,288, metropolitan population 147,739) is a city on Okanagan Lake in the interior of British Columbia, Canada. ...


A number of well-known musicians and bands are from Victoria, including Nelly Furtado, David Foster, Bryce Soderberg, Swollen Members, Armchair Cynics, and Hot Hot Heat. From the film industry, Hollywood director Atom Egoyan was raised in Victoria. Actor Cameron Bright (Ultraviolet (film), X-Men: The Last Stand, Thank You For Smoking) was born in Victoria. Nelly Kim Furtado (born December 2, 1978) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, record producer, and instrumentalist, who also holds Portuguese citizenship. ... For other persons named David Foster, see David Foster (disambiguation). ... Bryce Soderberg Bryce Dane Soderberg (born April 10, 1980 in Victoria, British Columbia) is the bassist for Los Angeles rock band Lifehouse. ... Swollen Members is a Canadian hip hop hip/hop group hailing from Vancouver, British Columbia, consisting principally of the duo Mad Child and Prevail. ... The Armchair Cynics are a Canadian rock band from Victoria, British Columbia. ... Hot Hot Heat is an indie rock band from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Atom Egoyan at the Third Golden Apricot Film Festival. ... Cameron Douglas Bright (born January 26, 1993[1]) is a Canadian child actor. ... For other uses, see Ultraviolet (disambiguation). ... Thank You for Smoking is a 2006, Golden Globe nominated film satire directed by Jason Reitman and produced by David O. Sacks. ...


Attractions

The Christ Church Cathedral in Victoria, British Columbia
The Christ Church Cathedral in Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria, British Columbia

Beacon Hill Park is the central city's main urban green space. Its area of 75 hectares adjacent to Victoria's southern shore includes numerous playing fields, manicured gardens, exotic species of plants and animals such as wild peacocks, a petting zoo, and views of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Olympic mountain range. The sport of cricket has been played in Beacon Hill Park since the mid-nineteenth century.[18] Each summer, Beacon Hill Park plays host to several outdoor concerts, and the Luminara Community Lantern Festival. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (5000 × 5000 pixel, file size: 18. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (5000 × 5000 pixel, file size: 18. ... The Christ Church Cathedral in Victoria, British Columbia Christ Church Cathedral is the Anglican cathedral in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x346, 187 KB)[edit] Summary I (Adrian Denegar) took this photograph on July 26, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x346, 187 KB)[edit] Summary I (Adrian Denegar) took this photograph on July 26, 2006. ... The totem pole in Beacon Hill Park. ... The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ... The Olympic Mountains The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ... This article is about the sport. ...


The extensive system of parks in Victoria also includes a few areas of natural Garry oak meadow habitat, an increasingly scarce ecosystem that once dominated the region. Binomial name Quercus garryana The Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana), also known as Garry Oak, has a range from northern California to British Columbia. ...

Part of Victoria's skyline in May 2006 from Thunderbird Park.
Part of Victoria's skyline in May 2006 from Thunderbird Park.

In the heart of downtown are the British Columbia Legislative Buildings, The Empress Hotel, the gothic Christ Church Cathedral, and the Royal British Columbia Museum/IMAX National Geographic Theatre, with large exhibits on local Aboriginal peoples, natural history, and modern history, along with travelling international exhibits. In addition, the heart of downtown also has the Emily Carr House, Royal London Wax Museum, Victoria Bug Zoo, Market Square and the Pacific Undersea Gardens, which showcases marine life of British Columbia. The oldest (and most intact) Chinatown in Canada is located within downtown. The Art Gallery of Greater Victoria is located close to downtown in the Rockland neighbourhood several city blocks from Craigdarroch Castle built by industrialist James Dunsmuir and Government House, the official residence of the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 939 KB) Summary I (Bryan Wittal) took this photo of Victorias skyline on May 31, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 939 KB) Summary I (Bryan Wittal) took this photo of Victorias skyline on May 31, 2006. ... The Parliament Buildings Another view The British Columbia Parliament Buildings are located in Victoria, British Columbia and serve as the seat of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. ... The Empress Hotel The Fairmont Empress (most commonly known as The Empress) is one of the oldest and most famous hotels in Victoria, British Columbia. ... The Christ Church Cathedral in Victoria, British Columbia Christ Church Cathedral is the Anglican cathedral in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Historical museum located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Aboriginal peoples in British Columbia can be designated into two groups, First Nations and Métis. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now often viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines of integrative organismal biology. ... Modern history describes the history of the Modern Times, the era after the Middle Ages. ... Emily Carr Emily Carr (December 13, 1871 – March 2, 1945) was a Canadian artist and writer. ... The Victoria Bug Zoo is a two-room minizoo that is located in downtown Victoria, just one block north from the Fairmont Empress Hotel. ... Market Square is one of Victoria, British Columbias oldest landmarks and also one of its most visited tourist attractions. ... The Pacific Undersea Gardens is located at the Inner Harbour in the heart of downtown Victoria. ... This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... The Art Gallery of Greater Victoria is a Canadian art gallery located in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Plaque in front of the castle. ... James Dunsmuir (b July 8, 1851, Fort Vancouver – d June 6, 1920, Cowichan Bay, British Columbia) was a British Columbian industrialist and politician. ...


Numerous other buildings of historic importance or interest are also located in central Victoria, including: the 1845 St. Ann's Schoolhouse; the 1852 Helmcken House built for Victoria's first doctor; the 1863 Temple Emanuel, the oldest synagogue in continuous use in Canada; the 1865 Angela College built as Victoria's first Anglican Collegiate School for Girls, now housing retired nuns of the Sisters of St. Ann; the 1871 St. Ann's Academy built as a Catholic school; the 1874 Church of Our Lord, built to house a breakaway congregation from the Anglican Christ Church cathedral; the 1890 St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church; the 1890 Metropolitan Methodist Church (now the Victoria Conservatory of Music; the 1892 St. Andrew's Cathedral; and the 1925 Crystal Gardens, originally a saltwater swimming pool, restored as a conservatory and most recently a tourist attraction called the B.C. Experience, which closed down in 2006. Helmcken House is a museum in Victoria, British Columbia. ...


CFB Esquimalt navy base, in the adjacent municipality of Esquimalt, has a base museum dedicated to naval and military history, located in the Naden part of the base. CFB Esquimalt is Canadas West Coast (Pacific) naval base. ... The Township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. ...


North of the city on the Saanich Peninsula is Butchart Gardens, one of the biggest tourist attractions on Vancouver Island, as well as the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, part of the National Research Council of Canada, Victoria Butterfly Gardens and Centre of the Universe planetarium.[19] Notable museums in Victoria include the Royal British Columbia Museum and the Maritime Museum of British Columbia. There are also numerous National Historic Sites in close proximity to Victoria, such as the Fisgard Lighthouse, Craigflower Manor and Schoolhouse, Hatley Castle and Hatley Park and Fort Rodd Hill, which is a coastal artillery fort built in the late 1890s, located west of the city in Colwood. Also located west of the city is Western Speedway, a 4/10th-mile oval vehicular race track and the largest in Western Canada. Sunken Garden The Butchart Gardens is a floral display tourist attraction located in the neighbourhood Brentwood Bay, British Columbia, a small village on the Saanich Peninsula in the municipality of Central Saanich, which is part of Greater Victoria on Vancouver Island. ... Front of the main telescope building Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, located on Little Saanich Mountain, in Saanich, British Columbia, was completed in 1918 by the Canadian Government. ... -1... The Victoria Butterfly Gardens is located in the Greater Victoria region of Brentwood Bay and is one of the most popular tourist sites in the Victoria area. ... Center of the universe may refer to: axis mundi, the cosmological or religious concept of a world center center of the universe is a misconception of the big bang. ... Historical museum located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... The Maritime Museum of British Columbia is located in Victoria, British Columbia. ... The National Historic Sites of Canada component of Parks Canada is responsible for Canadas programme of historical commemoration, which recognizes nationally significant places, persons and events. ... Fisgard Lighthouse Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Site is a historic site located in Victoria, British Columbia, adjacent to Fort Rodd Hill. ... A view of modern Craigflower Farm, now know as Kosapsom Park. ... Hatley Castle Legacy The centrepiece of Hatley Estate is a magnificent 40-room replica of a 15th century Edwardian castle. ... Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site is a 19th-century coastal artillery fort in Esquimalt, British Columbia. ... Colwood is a city located on Vancouver Island to the southwest of Victoria, capital of British Columbia. ... Western Speedway is located just outside of Victoria BC, in the All Fun Recreation Park. ...


Sports

Victoria Cougars logo from 1990-1994 The Victoria Cougars were a Pacific Coast Hockey Association (and after its merger with the Western Canadian Hockey League, the Western Hockey League) hockey team based in Victoria, British Columbia. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... The Pacific Coast Hockey Association was a professional ice hockey league in western Canada, operating from 1911 to 1924 when it merged with the Western Canada Hockey League. ... Vancouver Island Jr B The Vancouver Island Junior Hockey League is a Junior B ice hockey league in British Columbia, Canada, sanctioned by Hockey Canada. ... The Victoria Cougars were a major junior ice hockey team based in Victoria, British Columbia that played in the Western Hockey League between 1971 and 1994. ... The Western Hockey League is one of the three hockey Major Junior Tier I leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... The Prince George Cougars are a major junior hockey team of the Western Hockey League. ... The Victoria Salmon Kings are a professional ice hockey team in the ECHL which began play in the 2004-2005 season. ... The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and Canada, generally regarded as a tier below the American Hockey League. ... The Victoria Grizzlies are a Tier II Junior A ice hockey team from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... BCHL Emblem The British Columbia Hockey League is a tier II Junior A ice hockey league under Hockey Canada, a subsection of the Canadian Junior A Hockey League. ... The Victoria Shamrocks are a Senior A box lacrosse club, based in Victoria, British Columbia. ... The Western Lacrosse Association, or WLA, is a non-professional, mens Senior A box lacrosse league. ... The Victoria Rebels are a Canadian Junior Football team based in Victoria, British Columbia. ... The CJFL (Canadian Junior Football League) is a junior league of Canadian Football with teams from BC, The Prairies and Ontario. ... Victoria United is a football (soccer) club based in Victoria, British Columbia playing in the Pacific Coast Soccer League, they play at the Royal Athletic Park. ... The Pacific Coast Soccer League (PCSL) is a soccer league for men and women based out of the Pacific Northwest. ... The Victoria Vikes are the athletic teams that represent the University of Victoria of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada in Canadian Interuniversity Sport. ... The University of Victoria (usually known as UVic, though originally as U of V) is located in Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (northeast of Victoria). ... Camosun College is located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ...

Defunct teams

Sport personalities from Victoria include: The Victoria Capitals were members of the Canadian Baseball League that lasted two months before the league ceased operations in 2003. ... The Canadian Baseball League, Canadas first professional baseball league, was an Independent minor league that operated in 2003. ... The Canadian Soccer League (CSL) is Canadas top professional soccer league, featuring teams based in Ontario and Quebec. ... The Western Hockey League is one of the three hockey Major Junior Tier I leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ...

Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Rick ODell (born on October 26, 1948 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada) is a former NASCAR driver. ... NBA redirects here. ... The National Basketball Association (NBA) first named a Most Valuable Player after the 1955-56 NBA season. ... Stephen John Nash, OC, OBC (born February 7, 1974),[1][2][3] is a Canadian professional basketball player who plays point guard for the Phoenix Suns of the National Basketball Association (NBA). ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... James Richard (Rich) Harden (born November 30, 1981) is a Canadian pitcher for the Oakland Athletics. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Russ Courtnall Russ Courtnall (born on January 2, 1965 in Duncan, British Columbia) is a former National Hockey League player. ... Geoffrey Geoff Courtnall (born 18 August 1962) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player in the National Hockey League (NHL) from 1983 to 2000. ... Gary Charles Gait (b. ... Paul Gait was born in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Deborah (Deb) Whitten (born December 5, 1966 in Victoria, British Columbia) is a former field hockey goalkeeper from Canada, who represented her native country at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. ... Matt Pettinger (born October 22, 1980 in Edmonton, Alberta) is a professional ice hockey left winger who currently plays for the Washington Capitals of the NHL. Pettinger was drafted in the 2nd round, 43rd overall by the Washington Capitals in the 2000 NHL Entry Draft. ... Don Barber (born December 2, 1964 in Victoria, British Columbia) is a retired National Hockey League forward. ... Hockey Hall of Fame logo The Hockey Hall of Fame, located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is dedicated to the history of ice hockey with exhibits featuring memorabilia and NHL trophies (including the Stanley Cup) along with interactive activities. ... Lynn Patrick (February 3, 1912 in Victoria, British Columbia - January 26, 1980) was a Canadian professional ice hockey center who played for the New York Rangers in the National Hockey League. ... Murray Muzz Patrick (born on June 28, 1916 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada) Died: July 23, 1998, is a former NHL player. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Bruce Twamley (b. ... Olympic can mean: Olympic Games, an international multi-sport event: Olympic Games, the modern games held since 1896 Ancient Olympic Games, the ancient games held in Olympia, Greece between 776 BC and 393 AD Olympic (band), a Czech rock band Olympic (MTR) A MTR station in Hong Kong Olympic Airlines... Silken Laumann is a Canadian rower, born on November 14, 1964 in Mississauga, Ontario Silken had early plans to compete as a gymnast due to her idol, Nadia Comaneci, although her size (5 feet 10 inches, 110 pounds, precluded those dreams. ... Olympic can mean: Olympic Games, an international multi-sport event: Olympic Games, the modern games held since 1896 Ancient Olympic Games, the ancient games held in Olympia, Greece between 776 BC and 393 AD Olympic (band), a Czech rock band Olympic (MTR) A MTR station in Hong Kong Olympic Airlines... The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. ... For other persons named David Anderson, see David Anderson (disambiguation). ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Len Barrie (born June 14, 1969 in Kimberley, British Columbia) is a retired professional ice hockey forward who played 184 games in the National Hockey League. ... Bear Mountain is the blanket term for a new golf resort and adjacent lifestyle community straddling the boundary between the City of Langford and the District of Highlands, in the Western Communities of Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Langford is a city of 22,459 residents on southern Vancouver Island, within the province of British Columbia, Canada. ...

Infrastructure

Local public transportation is run by the Victoria Regional Transit System, which is part of BC Transit. In 2000, they introduced double decker buses. Rider fare payments can be made in cash, monthly bus passes, disability yearly passes, or tickets. Victoria Regional Transit System is a transportation organization which services transportation needs of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... BC Transit is a provincial crown agency responsible for coordinating the delivery of public transportation within British Columbia, Canada, outside of Greater Vancouver. ... A double decker is a bus, airplane, train, tram, ferry, or any public transit vehicle that has two levels for passengers, one deck above the other. ...


Passenger rail service to Victoria is provided by VIA Rail Canada, which operates the Malahat train north, along the eastern coast of Vancouver Island, to the cities of Nanaimo, Courtenay, and points between. There is one daily round trip, departing Victoria in the morning, and returning from Courtenay in the evening. VIA Rail Canada (also referred to as VIA Rail and VIA; pronounced vee-ah) is an independent Crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail services in Canada. ... The Malahat is a passenger train service operated by Via Rail between Victoria, Nanaimo and Courtenay . ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... There are several federal and provincial electoral districts with the name Nanaimo. ... Courtenay is a city on the east coast of Vancouver Island, in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ...


The Victoria International Airport has non-stop flights to and from Toronto, Salt Lake City, Seattle and many cities throughout Western Canada. Multiple scheduled helicopter and seaplane flights are available daily from Victoria's Inner Harbour to Vancouver International Airport, Vancouver Harbour, and Seattle. The BC Ferries Swartz Bay Ferry Terminal, located 29 kilometres north of Victoria, has bi-hourly sailings to Tsawwassen (a ferry terminal south of Vancouver) and to many of the Gulf Islands. The Washington State Ferry terminal in Sidney provides ferry service to Friday Harbor, Orcas Island, and ultimately Anacortes, Washington. In Victoria's Inner Harbour, an international ferry terminal provides car ferry service (M/V Coho) to Port Angeles, Washington, high-speed catamaran service (Victoria Clipper) to downtown Seattle, and seasonal passenger ferries to destinations in Washington including Friday Harbor, Port Angeles, and Bellingham. Victoria also serves as the western terminus (Mile Zero) for Canada's Trans-Canada Highway, the longest national highway in the world. The Mile Zero is located in the southern part of the city at the corner of Douglas Street and Dallas Road, where there is a small monument. Victoria International Airport (IATA: YYJ, ICAO: CYYJ) serves Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... This article is about the region in Canada. ... Victoria Inner Harbour Airport or Victoria Harbour Water Aerodrome, (IATA: YWH, ICAO: CYWH), is located adjacent to Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVR, ICAO: CYVR) is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 15 kilometres from downtown Vancouver. ... British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. ... Map showing the location of the Southern Gulf Islands The Gulf Islands is the name collectively given to the islands in the Strait of Georgia between Vancouver Island and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... A Washington State Ferry arrives in Downtown Seattle. ... Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Cars at the entrance to the ferry dock at Friday Harbor. ... Orcas Island is the largest of the San Juan Islands in San Juan County, Washington. ... Anacortes is a city located in Skagit County, Washington. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Early morning photograph from the pier tower Port Angeles is a city in Clallam County, Washington, United States. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... The Victoria Clipper is a fleet of high-speed catamarans that serve Seattle, Washington, Victoria, British Columbia, and Friday Harbor, Washington. ... Downtown Seattle, from top of Space Needle (looking south) Map of downtown Seattle Downtown is a neighborhood in Seattle, Washington. ... Bellingham, Washington is the county seat of Whatcom County in the U.S. state of Washington. ... For the Boards of Canada record, see Trans Canada Highway (EP). ... Douglas Street is a road in Victoria, British Columbia. ...


Direct flights between Victoria and the San Francisco Bay Area (San Francisco, Oakland, Silicon Valley) will begin service on June 5, 2008 (Victoria Times Colonist, February 6, 2008). Trips will be 2 hours instead of the usual 6 hours because there will be no stop overs in Seattle, as with other flights. The service will be operated by United Airlines, using 66 seat Bombardier CRJ700 aircraft. The same newspaper article also mentions the Victoria Airport Authority's plans for further capacity expansions at the Victoria International Airport. These are expected to offer extended economic benefits to the region, especially the Tourism and High Tech industries. Bay Area redirects here. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Oakland is the name of several places in the United States of America: Oakland, Alabama Oakland, California (The best-known city with this name) Oakland, Florida Oakland, Maine Oakland, Maryland Oakland, Michigan Oakland, Missouri Oakland, Nebraska Oakland, New Jersey Oakland, Oklahoma Oakland, Oregon Oakland, Pennsylvania Oakland, Rhode Island Oakland, Tennessee... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... The Times Colonist is an English-language daily newspaper in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ... For other uses, see Bombardier (disambiguation). ... Victoria International Airport (IATA: YYJ, ICAO: CYYJ) serves Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ...


Education

The city of Victoria lies entirely within the Greater Victoria School District. There is one high school located within the city boundaries, Victoria High School, founded in 1876, making it the oldest High School in North America north of San Francisco and west of Winnipeg, Manitoba. Most of the elementary schools in Victoria now offer the popular French immersion programmes in addition to programs in English. The educational needs of the local Francophone community are served by the recently-completed Ecole Victor Brodeur. In addition, within the city proper there are several smaller schools serving segments of the community such as the Chinese School in Chinatown, St. Andrew's Elementary School or the Anglican School adjacent to Christ Church Cathedral. Numerous other private schools are located in the municipalities adjacent to Victoria, including St. Michael's University School, Glenlyon Norfolk School, St. Patrick's Elementary School, St. Margaret's and Pacific Christian School. British Columbia is also the province farthest west in all Canada. School District 61 Greater Victoria is a school district in British Columbia. ... Victoria High School is a high school located in Victoria, British Columbia. ... French immersion is a form of bilingual education in which a child who does not speak French as his or her first language receives instruction in school in French. ... St. ... Glenlyon Norfolk is a private school in Victoria, British Columbia. ... St. ...


The Greater Victoria area has three public post secondary educational institutions: University of Victoria (UVic), Camosun College, and Royal Roads University. There is one international school, in Metchosin Municipality, devoted to the ideals of a united world of peaceful cooperation and coexistence, Lester B. Pearson College of the Pacific. Pearson College is named after former Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson, a winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and architect of the United Nations Peace Keeping program. There are also several private vocational and English (ESL) training schools available for people who want to learn the English language or upgrade new job market skills. University Canada West is a private degree granting school headed by former UVic President David Strong. The University of Victoria (usually known as UVic, though originally as U of V) is located in Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (northeast of Victoria). ... Camosun College is located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Royal Roads University (RRU) is a public university located in Colwood, a suburb of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... The District of Metchosin is a small, coastal community (fewer than 5000 people) in Greater Victoria, British Columbias Western Communities. ... Aerial View of Lester B. Pearson College Lester B. Pearson College, United World College of the Pacific is one of the twelve United World Colleges around the world. ... Mike Pearson redirects here. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Peacekeeping is a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace. ... ESL is a common abbreviation for: English as a Second Language. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... David Strong is an American philosopher. ...


Media

Print
Radio
Television

There are two local stations and a community access channel in Victoria: The Times Colonist is an English-language daily newspaper in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Monday Magazine is an alternative newspaper in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... The Martlet is a weekly student newspaper at the University of Victoria in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Black Press is a publication newspapers in the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia in Canada and the states of Washington and Hawaii in the United States. ... The Nexus refers to the now-defunct restaurant officially named Village Shwarma, an Israeli-owned storefront falafel and shwarma eatery that was located in New York Citys Greenwich Village, directly outside the West 4th Street subway station (across the street from the famous basketball playground known as The Cage. ... CFB Esquimalt is Canadas West Coast (Pacific) naval base. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... CKMO is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting on AM 900 in Victoria, British Columbia. ... Camosun College is located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... CFAX 1070 AM is a news-talk radio station in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Talk Radio. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... CBUX-FM is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts SRCs Espace musique network at 90. ... CBCV is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts the programming of the CBC Radio One network in Victoria, British Columbia. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CJZN-FM, known as The Zone @ 91-3 or The Zone, is a Canadian broadcast radio station in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Modern rock is term commonly used to describe a rock music format found on American commercial radio. ... CBU-FM is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts the programming of the CBC Radio Two network in Vancouver, British Columbia. ... CBC Radio Two is an FM radio network in Canada, operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CIOC (identified on air as The Ocean 98. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CKKQ-FM, known as 100. ... Active rock is a radio format used by many commercial radio stations in Canada and the United States. ... CFUV is a campus/community radio station serving Greater Victoria and, via cable, Vancouver Island and many areas in the lower mainland. ... The University of Victoria (usually known as UVic, though originally as U of V) is located in Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (northeast of Victoria). ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... CHTT is a radio station in Victoria, British Columbia, which airs at 103. ... Jack FM logo Jack FM is the moniker and on-air brand of several radio stations in Canada, the United States and now the United Kingdom. ... Adult hits (sometimes also called variety hits or classic hits) is a radio format that does not adhere to a specific music genre but rather a true mix of programming styles. ... CHBE is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 107. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ...

Victoria is the only Canadian provincial capital without a local CBC TV affiliate. The region is considered to be a part of the Vancouver television market, receiving most stations that broadcast from across the Strait of Georgia, including the CBC, CTV, and Global networks. CHEK-TV is a television station in Victoria, British Columbia. ... E! is a Canadian English language privately owned television system owned by CanWest MediaWorks Inc. ... CIVI-TV (A-Channel Victoria; formerly known as The New VI) is a television station based in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... A-Channel, previously known as the NewNet, is a Canadian English language privately owned television system owned by CTVglobemedia. ... Shaw Communications Inc. ... Community Channel Community Channel broadcasts across the UK on digital cable (NTL and Telewest) and digital terrestrial television (Freeview), and also both the UK and Republic of Ireland on digital satellite television (Sky). ... Strait of Georgia at sunset The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... CBUT is the CBCs television station in Vancouver, British Columbia, and the flagship CBC-TV station for the Pacific Time zone. ... CIVT-TV (also known internally as CTV British Columbia or CTV 9) is a Canadian television station in Vancouver, British Columbia which broadcasts on channel 32 (cable channel 9 in most areas). ... CHAN-TV is a television station in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, broadcasting over-the-air on channel 8, and available via cable providers in the area on channel 11. ...

See also: List of Vancouver media outlets#TV Stations

This is a list of media outlets in the Canadian city of Vancouver, British Columbia. ...

Sister cities

Victoria has four Sister Cities: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Morioka (盛岡市; -shi) is the capital city of Iwate prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The T & G Building (Atkin & Mitchell, Wellington, 1936) Napier (Ahuriri in Māori) is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Government Country District Krai Russia Far Eastern Federal District Khabarovsk Krai Established 1858 Mayor Alexandr Sokolov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 372 km² Population  - City (2005) 579,000 Coordinates Other Information Postal Code 680xxx Dialing Code +7 4212 Website: www. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... List of mayors of Victoria, British Columbia: 1862 - 1865 Thomas Harris 1865 - 1866 Lumley Franklin 1866 - 1867 William J. MacDonald 1867 - 1870 Dr. James Trimble 1870 - 1871 Alexander R. Robertson 1871 William J. MacDonaldCanadian 1872 Richard Lewis 1872 - 1873 James E. McMillan 1873 James D. Robinson 1873 - 1875 William Dalby... This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, Iona Campagnolo. ... School District 61 Greater Victoria is a school district in British Columbia. ... The Hartland landfill is the waste disposal site for the city of Victoria, British Columbia and the greater Victoria area. ...

References

  1. ^ City of Victoria - History
  2. ^ a b 2001 Community Profiles. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-04-27.
  3. ^ Tourism Victoria
  4. ^ City of Victoria - History
  5. ^ Thunderbird Park – A Place of Cultural Sharing. Royal British Columbia Museum. Retrieved on 2006-06-24. House built by Mungo Martin and David Martin with carpenter Robert J. Wallace. Based on Chief Nakap'ankam's house in Tsaxis (Fort Rupert). The house "bears on its house-posts the hereditary crests of Martin's family." It continues to be used for ceremonies with the permission of Chief Oast'akalagalis 'Walas 'Namugwis (Peter Knox, Martin's grandson) and Mable Knox. Pole carved by Mungo Martin, David Martin and Mildred Hunt. "Rather than display his own crests on the pole, which was customary, Martin chose to include crests representing the A'wa'etlala, Kwagu'l, 'Nak'waxda'xw and 'Namgis Nations. In this way, the pole represents and honours all the Kwakwaka'wakw people."
  6. ^ Hansard - Tuesday, February 19, 1974 - Afternoon Sitting.. Queen's Printer, Victoria, B.C., Canada. Retrieved on 2008-01-11.
  7. ^ World Climates after Köppen-Geiger. Retrieved on 2007-02-15.
  8. ^ Kottek, M.; J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel. "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated". Meteorol. Z. 15: 259-263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved on 2007-02-15. 
  9. ^ Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000
  10. ^ BC Municipal Population Estimates, 1996-2006. BC Stats. Province of British Columbia. Retrieved on 2007-04-27.
  11. ^ 2006 Census Results, Capital Region (PDF). Capital Regional District. Retrieved on 2007-04-27.
  12. ^ Population Counts, Land Area, Population Density and Population Rank, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2006 Census - 100% Data
  13. ^ Victoria, B.C. a Mecca for elderly: census CTV.ca. Retrieved on 17 July 2007.
  14. ^ http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5917034&Geo2=PR&Code2=59&Data=Count&SearchText=victoria&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=
  15. ^ http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5917034&Geo2=PR&Code2=59&Data=Count&SearchText=victoria&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=
  16. ^ http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5917034&Geo2=PR&Code2=59&Data=Count&SearchText=victoria&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=
  17. ^ http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5917034&Geo2=PR&Code2=59&Data=Count&SearchText=victoria&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=
  18. ^ Cricket in Canada/Daily Colonist, March 16, 1863
  19. ^ BRC-HIA: Centre of the Universe - Public Observatory and Astronomy Centre

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CTV is a Canadian English language television network. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

Coordinates: 48°25′20″N 123°21′57″W / 48.422151, -123.3657 (Victoria) Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Victoria, British Columbia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2017 words)
Victoria is a Canadian city, and the provincial capital of British Columbia.
Victoria is located on Vancouver Island, and is a major tourist destination for many people visiting the province of British Columbia.
Victoria is served by Victoria International Airport and ferry terminals to Vancouver, the Gulf Islands, and Washington state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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