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Encyclopedia > Victor Chang
Victor Peter Chang
Born 21 November 1936
Shanghai, China
Died 4 July 1991 (aged 54)
Mosman, New South Wales, Australia
Profession Surgeon
Institutions St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney
Specialism Cardiothoracic surgery
Heart transplantation
Known for Being a pioneer of heart transplantation
Years active 1960-1991
Education University of New South Wales
Notable prizes Order of Australia

Doctor Victor Peter Chang AC (Chang Yam Him 張任謙; pinyin: Zhāng Rènqiān; 21 November 19364 July 1991) was a Chinese-Australian heart surgeon, and one of the pioneers of modern heart transplantation. Born in Shanghai to Australian-born Chinese parents, he spent his childhood in Hong Kong, before coming to Australia in 1953 and completing his secondary schooling at Christian Brothers' High School, Lewisham. He studied medicine at the University of Sydney, graduating with a Bachelor of Medical Science with first class honours in 1960, and a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery in 1962, then worked for two years as an intern at St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney before leaving for further training in England. Chang apparently chose to study medicine because of his mother's death from breast cancer when he was 12 years old. is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Mosman is a suburb in the Municipality of Mosman on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about the medical specialty. ... St Vincents Hospital, Sydney is located in the inner city suburb of Darlinghurst. ... In medicine, the field of (cardio)thoracic surgery or cardiovascular surgery is involved in the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the thorax, i. ... The University of New South Wales, also known as UNSW or colloquially as New South, is a university situated in Kensington, a suburb in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia. ... Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... A Chinese Australian is an Australian of Chinese heritage. ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christian Brothers High School, Lewisham (also known as CBHS Lewisham), is a Catholic school located in Sydney, Australia, catering for boys in Years 5 - 12. ... The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... St Vincents Hospital, Sydney is located in the inner city suburb of Darlinghurst. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ...


After becoming a fellow of both the Royal College of Surgeons and American College of Surgeons, he returned to St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney in 1972 to join the cardiothoracic team there, which already included top surgeons Dr. Harry Windsor (who had performed Australia's first heart transplant in 1968) and Dr. Mark Shanahan. The advent of anti-rejection drugs in 1980 made heart transplants more feasible, and Chang lobbied politicians and businessmen to raise funds to establish a heart transplant program at St. Vincent's. The first transplant under the program was performed on the 14-year old Fiona Coote on 24 February 1984. The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients. ... The American College of Surgeons, located in Chicago, Illinois is a scientific and educational association of surgeons in the United States that was founded in 1913 to improve the quality of care for the surgical patient by setting high standards for surgical education and practice. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Immunosuppression is the medical suppression of the immune system. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... St Vincents Hospital, Sydney is located in the inner city suburb of Darlinghurst. ... Fiona Coote was, famously, the first person in Australia to undergo a heart transplant. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Between 1984 and 1990 Dr. Chang's unit performed over 197 heart transplants and 14 heart-lung transplants. The unit had a high rate of success with 90% of those receiving transplants from the unit surviving beyond the first year. In 1986, Victor Chang was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia for his highly commendable deeds. This article is about the year. ... A heart-lung transplant is a procedure carried out to replace both heart and lungs in a single operation. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia. ...


Concerned about a shortage of organ donors, he arranged financing and assembled a team of scientists and engineers from around the world to develop an artificial heart. That team, working in Singapore, Guangzhou and Sydney, also developed mechanical and tissue heart valves called the St. Vincent's Heart Valves, which were widely implanted throughout Asia. Dr. Chang and his team also made significant progress on the design of an artificial heart. Tragically, his research projects ended with his untimely death.


Chang was murdered on 4 July 1991, following an extortion attempt on his family. He was shot twice in the head with a .32 calibre pistol in Mosman after a heated argument with his attackers on his way to work. After a 10 day investigation, 15 police raids, and the questioning of over 30 people, Chiew Seng Liew was charged with the murder and pleaded guilty. A number of weeks later, Phillip Lim was arrested in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and charged as an accessory. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Mosman is a suburb in the Municipality of Mosman on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ...


On 15 February 1994 the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, a body intended to focus on research into "the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart muscle diseases," was launched by Prime Minister Paul Keating, funded by the Federal Government, as well as public donations (including $3 million from the late Kerry Packer). Professor Robert M. Graham was named as the Executive Director of the Institute following an international search. is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute or VCCRI is a scientific institution based in Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia. ... The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. ... For other persons named Paul Keating, see Paul Keating (disambiguation). ... Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer AC (17 December 1937 – 26 December 2005) was an Australian publishing, media and gaming tycoon. ...


In 2001, ten years after his death, Chang's daughter Vanessa published the biography Victor Chang: A tribute to my father, with all proceeds from the sale of the book going to The Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute. This article is about the year. ... the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute or VCCRI is a scientific institution based in Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia. ...


Today the new science labs at Christian Brothers' High School, Lewisham are named in memory of Dr Victor Chang. The naming of the building upholds the gift and greatness of his work so that it can be honoured and be an inspiration to the students and staff that use the labs to learn and teach.


External links

  • http://abc.net.au/schoolstv/australians/chang.htm
  • http://www.victorchang.edu.au
  • http://whatsthenumber.com/oz-p/victor-chang.htm
Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Victor Chang (545 words)
Victor Chang's specialty is in giving people new hearts, or heart transplants.
Victor Peter Chang Yam Him was born in China in 1936, and came to Australia when he was fifteen years old.
Early in his career, Victor Chang was inspired by Dr. Mark Shanahan, who was one of only three heart surgeons in Australia at the time.
Victor Chang at AllExperts (642 words)
Victor Peter Chang AC (Chang Yam Him 張任謙; pinyin: Zhāng Rènqiān; 21 November, 1936–4 July, 1991) was an Australian heart surgeon, and one of the pioneers of modern heart transplantation.
Chang apparently chose to study medicine because of his mother's death from breast cancer when he was 12 years old.
On 15 February, 1994 the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, a body intended to focus on research into "the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart muscle diseases," was launched by Prime Minister Paul Keating, funded by the Federal Government, as well as public donations (including $3 million from patron Kerry Packer).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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