FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Victor Amadeus II.
Victor Amadeus II.

Victor Amadeus II, Italian Vittorio Amedeo II (May 14, 1666 - October 31, 1732) was the Duke of Savoy (1675-1730). His mother Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours was the regent from 1675 to 1684. He first became king of Sicily (1713-1718), but he was forced to exchange this title and instead became king of Sardinia (1720-1730). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 527 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (759 × 864 pixel, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vittorio Amedeo II (1666-1732), primo re di Sardegna dal 1720. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 527 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (759 × 864 pixel, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vittorio Amedeo II (1666-1732), primo re di Sardegna dal 1720. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy (a small region between Piedmont, Italy, and France). ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours (Paris, April 11, 1644 - Turin March 15, 1724), was regent of Savoy. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Year 1713 (MDCCXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... // The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the reigning mek and places one of their own ranks on the throne of Sennar. ... Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: ; Sardinian: or Sardinnya) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ...

Contents

Biography

Victor Amadeus was born in Turin to Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy and his second wife Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours. “Torino” redirects here. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I. Charles Emmanuel II (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia, June 20, 1634 – June 12, 1675) was the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine Marie of France until 1663. ... Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours (Paris, April 11, 1644 - Turin March 15, 1724), was regent of Savoy. ...


Internal reforms

Victor Amadeus II undertook sweeping administrative reforms within Savoy-Piedmont. In 1696 he established a system of intendents, based on the French model, responsible for collecting taxes and law enforcement. In 1697 he began a land survey which was largely completed by 1711, the Perequazione, to examine the land holdings and privileges of the Church and nobility. In 1717 he reformed the secretariat system in Turin establishing individual secretaries for war, internal affairs and foreign affairs. From the 1670s he also had a new administrative zone built in Turin, around the ducal palace. This zone included a military academy, the ministry of war, a mint, and a customs house. This work was still ongoing upon his death.


Victor Amadeus also undertook a number of military reforms. In 1690 he established a select militia within his territories, he later overhauled the militia system in 1714 and strictly codified it. From 1713 he also began to establish his own navy based on the limited Sicilian naval forces he had been granted.


Foreign policy

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I
Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I

Under his mother's regency Savoy, despite being a state of the Holy Roman Empire, was closely linked to and heavily dependent upon France, essentially becoming a French satellite. Victor Amadeus II broke this link with France by joining alliances against Savoy's neighbour in both the Nine Years War and the War of the Spanish Succession. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... The Nine Years War (also known as the War of the League of Augsburg, the War of the Grand Alliance, the Orleans War, the War of the Palatinian Succession, and the War of the English Succession) was a major war fought in Europe and America from 1688 to 1697, between... Combatants Holy Roman Empire, Great Britain,[1] Dutch Republic, Portugal, Others France, Spain, Bavaria, Others Commanders Eugene of Savoy, Margrave of Baden, Count Starhemberg, Duke of Marlborough, Earl of Galway, Count Overkirk, Marquês das Minas Duc de Villars, Duc de Vendôme, Duc de Boufflers, Duc de Villeroi, Duke...


Savoy was considered a valuable ally in both wars due to its geographical position, enabling a second front to be opened against France in the south. Savoy relied heavily on foreign subsidies particularly from England and the Dutch Republic in both wars to maintain its armies. During the War of the Spanish Succession foreign subsidies amounted for almost half of the revenue raised by Savoy to fight the war. In the War of the Spanish Succession Savoy faired particularly badly against the larger French forces resulting in a siege of Turin in 1706 which was only relieved by the intervention of an army of the Holy Roman Empire under Prince Eugene of Savoy. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... Combatants Duchy of Savoy Austrian Empire Prussia France Spain Commanders Victor Amadeus II of Savoy Eugene of Savoy Virico Daun Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau Philippe II, Duke of Orléans Louis dAubusson de la Feuillade Ferdinand de Marsin Sebastien la Preste de Vauban Strength 30,000[1... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Prince Eugen von Savoyen in a contemporary painting François-Eugène, Prince of Savoy-Carignan, known as Prinz Eugen von Savoyen in German and Eugenio, Principe di Savoia in Italian (October 18, 1663 – April 24, 1736) was arguable the greatest general to serve the Habsburgs. ...


As a result of his aid in the War of the Spanish Succession Victor Amadeus II was made King of Sicily in 1713 under the Treaty of Utrecht which ended the war. Victor Amadeus was forced to exchange Sicily for the less important kingdom of Sardinia in 1720 after objections from an alliance of four nations, including several of his former allies. The War of the Quadruple Alliance was a minor European war fought between 1718 and 1720, mostly in Italy, between Spain on the one side, and the Quadruple Alliance of Austria, France, Great Britain, and the United Provinces. ...


The Vaudois

Coat of Arms of Kings of Sardinia of House of Savoy after 1720.
Coat of Arms of Kings of Sardinia of House of Savoy after 1720.

Victor Amadeus II began a large scale persecution of the Vaudois (Piedmontese and Savoyard Protestants) in 1685. Due to his alliances with England and the Dutch Republic during the Nine Years War he was forced to cease this practice from 1688 and in 1694 granted an Edict of Toleration. Image File history File links Armoiries_Sardaigne_1720. ... Image File history File links Armoiries_Sardaigne_1720. ... The Waldensians, Waldenses or Vaudois are a Christian denomination believing in poverty and austerity, promoting true poverty, public preaching and the literal interpretation of the scriptures. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... An edict of toleration is a declaration made by a government or ruler and states that members of a given religion will not be persecuted for engaging in their religious practices and traditions. ...


Issue

Children of Victor Amadeus II by:


1. Anne Marie of Orléans (b. August 27, 1669- d. August 26, 1728) daughter of Philippe I of Orléans and his first wife Henrietta Anne Stuart. Anne Marie of Orléans (Saint Cloud, August 27, 1669 - Turin, August 26, 1728), was a Queen of Savoy and Sardinia and maternal grandmother of Louis XV of France. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (239th in leap years). ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... Philippe I, Duc dOrléans (September 21, 1640 – June 8, 1701) was the son of the Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria, and younger brother of Louis XIV of France. ... Henrietta Anne Stuart (June 16, 1644 - June 30, 1670), sometimes known familiarly as Minette, was the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England and Queen Henrietta Maria of France. ...

1. Marie Adelaide (b.1685-d.1712), married Louis, duc de Bourgogne and was the mother of Louis XV of France
2. Marie Anne (b.1687-d.1690)
3. Marie Louise (b.1688-d.1714), first wife of Philip V of Spain
4. Victor Amadeus (b.1699-d.1715), prince of Piedmont
5. Carlo Emanuele III (b.1701-d.1773)
6. Emanuele Philibert (1705) Duke of Chablais,

2. Anna Teresa Canalis di Cumiana (b.1679-d.1769) (morganatic). Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy (December 6, 1685-February 12, 1712) was the mother of King Louis XV of France. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Louis, Dauphin of France and Duke of Burgundy (August 16, 1682 - February 18, 1712) was the son of Louis, le Grand Dauphin, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. ... Louis XV of France (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 until his death. ... Maria Luisa of Savoy by Jean Garavaque, 1701, The Louvre Museum Maria Luisa of Savoy (November 17, 1688 - February 14, 1714) was the first wife of king Philip V of Spain. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. ... Charles Emmanuel III (April 27, 1701 _ February 20, 1773) was the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia from 1730 to 1773. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A morganatic marriage is a type of marriage which can be contracted in certain countries, usually between persons of unequal social rank (unebenbürtig in German), which prevents the passage of the husbands titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage. ...


3. Jeanne Baptiste d'Albret de Luynes, his mistress (b.1670-d.1736)

1. Vittorio Francesco di Savoie, Marchese di Susa. (b.1694-d.1762), his mistress Donna Lucretia de Castro dei Duchi di Taurisano., with issue.
1.1. Donna Caterina di Savoie, (b.1713-d.1779), married Conte Giorgio Magro.
2. Donna Maria Vittoria di Savoie, Marchesa di Susa. (b.1690-d.1766)
Preceded by
Charles Emmanuel II
Duke of Savoy
1675-1730
Succeeded by
Charles Emmanuel III
Preceded by
Emperor Charles VI
King of Sardinia
1720-1730
Preceded by
Philip V
King of Sicily
1713-1720
Succeeded by
Charles VI

Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Charles Emmanuel II (June 20, 1634 - June 12, 1675) was the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Maria Christina until 1663. ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy (a small region between Piedmont, Italy, and France). ... Medal of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia. ... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI Charles VI of Austria (October 1, 1685 – October 20, 1740) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1711 to 1740 and the second son of Leopold I with his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg, came first to the throne with the name Charles III of... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region between Piedmont, Italy, France and French-speaking Switzerland. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI Charles VI of Austria (October 1, 1685 – October 20, 1740) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1711 to 1740 and the second son of Leopold I with his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg, came first to the throne with the name Charles III of...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia Summary (1263 words)
Victor Amadeus II, Italian Vittorio Amedeo II (May 14 1666 - October 31 1732) was the Duke of Savoy (1675-1720, 1730-1732).
Victor Amadeus was born in Turin to Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy and his second wife Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours.
Victor Amadeus II began a large scale persecution of the Vaudois (Piedmontese and Savoyard Protestants) in 1685.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m