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Encyclopedia > Vicodin
Two variations of Vicodin, with different amounts of hydrocodone / paracetamol (acetaminophen) in each
Two variations of Vicodin, with different amounts of hydrocodone / paracetamol (acetaminophen) in each

Vicodin is a trademarked brand of narcotic analgesics (painkillers) containing hydrocodone and paracetamol (acetaminophen). It is usually found in tablet form with either the names "Vicodin", "Vicodin ES", or "Vicodin HP" imprinted on one side. Analgesics with the same chemical composition and a similar physical appearance are found under many other trade names, including Anexsia, Anolor DH5, Bancap HC, Dolacet, Hydro, Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, T-Gesic, Tramacet and Vadunk. The hydrocodone/paracetamol drug formula is also available under generic brands. The paracetamol in the formula increases the effects of the hydrocodone in relieving pain. Oral hydrocodone is considered 4-7 times as potent as oral morphine, though the equianalgesic dose varies between patients.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Brand (disambiguation). ... 19th century Heroin bottle This article is about the drug classification. ... An analgesic (colloquially known as a painkiller) is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain (achieve analgesia). ... Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. ... Paracetamol (INN) (IPA: ) or acetaminophen (USAN), is the active metabolite of phenacetin, a so-called coal tar analgesic. ... A trade name, also known as a trading name or a business name, is the legal name of a business, or the name which a business trades under for commercial purposes. ... Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. ... Paracetamol (INN) (IPA: ) or acetaminophen (USAN), is the active metabolite of phenacetin, a so-called coal tar analgesic. ... A generic drug (pl. ... Pain redirects here. ... MSIR(r) is the brand name of a formulation of morphine sulfate. ...

Contents

Manufacture

Other trade names of Vicodin; they have the same ingredients as Vicodin, but vary in the amount of milligrams of each ingredient per tablet
Other trade names of Vicodin; they have the same ingredients as Vicodin, but vary in the amount of milligrams of each ingredient per tablet

Manufacturers of Vicodin (generic or otherwise) include Abbott Laboratories (makers of trademark Vicodin), Amerisource Health Services Corp, Cardinal Health, Drx Pharmaceutical Consultants Inc, Eckerd Corp, Hospira Inc, Knoll Laboratories Div Knoll Pharmaceutical Co, Mallinckrodt Pharm. Quality Care, Pdrx Pharmaceuticals Inc, Physicians Total Care Inc, Rx Pak Div of Mckesson Corp, Sandhills Packaging Inc, and Watson Pharmaceuticals. Generic Vicodin by some of the aforementioned manufacturers is often substituted by pharmacies for prescriptions for trademark Vicodin from Abbott Labs. The generic prescriptions are much more affordable for consumers.[2] Aggregated, Vicodin production reportedly approaches twenty tons annually. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abbott Laboratories (NYSE: ABT) is a diversified pharmaceuticals and health care company. ... Mallinckrodt Incorporated is a set of pharmaceutical, chemical, imaging, and respiratory equipment suppliers based in the St. ... Watson Pharmaceuticals, Incorporated (NYSE: WPI) is one of the 20 largest pharmaceutical companies in the United States. ...


Regulation and scheduling

In the United States, Vicodin production is regulated in part by the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. This guarantees that all manufacturing, importing, possession, and distribution of drugs is to be overseen and regulated by the federal government, which is also responsible (along with the Department of Justice and state governments) for the conviction and sentencing of anyone who breaks drug laws.[3] This box:      The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. ... This article is about the federal government of the United States. ... Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building, Washington, D.C. For animal rights group, see Justice Department (JD) The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the...


In the U.S., Vicodin is on the Schedule III list of drugs. Other drugs on this list include anabolic steroids, dihydrocodeine, dronabinol, ergine, ketamine, paregoric, and Xyrem; codeine and hydrocodone are also Schedule III but only when compounded with paracetamol or with an NSAID. Schedule III drugs are classified by the U.S. government as potentially causing moderate or low physical dependence or a high psychological dependence if abused. Anabolic steroids are a class of natural and synthetic steroid hormones that promote cell growth and division, resulting in growth of muscle tissue and sometimes bone size and strength. ... Dihydrocodeine, also called DHC, Drocode, Paracodeine and Parzone and by the brand names of Synalgos DC, Panlor DC, Panlor SS, SS Bron, Drocode, Paracodin, Codidol, Didor Continus, Dicogesic, Codhydrine, Dekacodin, DH-Codeine, Didrate, Dihydrin, Hydrocodin, Nadeine, Novicodin, Rapacodin, Fortuss, Dico, and DF-118 amongst others, is a semi-synthetic opioid... Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, Δ9-THC, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinol (using an older numbering scheme), or dronabinol, is the main psychoactive substance found in the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. ... LSA, also known as d-lysergic acid amide, d-lysergamide, ergine, and LA-111, is an alkaloid of the ergoline family that occurs in various species of vines of the Convolvulaceae and some species of fungi. ... Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic for use in human and veterinary medicine developed by Parke-Davis (1962). ... Paregoric, or camphorated tincture of opium, is a medication known for its antidiarrheal, antitussive, and analgesic properties. ... GHB redirects here. ... Codeine (INN) or methylmorphine is an opiate used for its analgesic, antitussive and antidiarrheal properties. ... Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. ... Paracetamol (INN) (IPA: ) or acetaminophen (USAN), is the active metabolite of phenacetin, a so-called coal tar analgesic. ... Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, usually abbreviated to NSAIDs, are drugs with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects - they reduce pain, fever and inflammation. ...


Indications

Vicodin, like other opioid analgesics, is used to manage pain. It is most commonly prescribed for relief of mild to moderate pain of acute, chronic, or post-operative types. An opioid is a chemical substance that has a morphine-like action in the body. ...


Side effects

Side effects for Vicodin include an allergic reaction, seizures, clammy skin, severe weakness, dizziness, hyperventilation, unconsciousness, yellowing of eyes or skin, unusual fatigue, bleeding, bruising, constipation, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, muscle twitches, sweating, hot flashes, itching, tinnitus, hearing loss, decreased urination, and decreased sex drive.[4] Vicodin (in terms of hydrocodone) also has depressant effects on the central nervous system.[5] However, some of the less mundane effects can be desirable effects that are sought after by some. Those effects include euphoria and drowsiness, as well as slowing of the pulse.[6] Vicodin may also be a cause of stomach ulcers, although this is assumed to be due to the addition of other non-narcotic analgesics to hydrocodone preparations (e.g., aspirin, and ibuprofen) Paracetamol does not cause ulcers, unlike NSAIDS. Allergy is an abnormal reaction to a substance foreign to the body that is acquired, predictable and rapid. ... This article is about epileptic seizures. ... Many different terms are often used to describe what is collectively known as dizziness. ... In medicine, hyperventilation (or hyperpnea) is the state of breathing faster or deeper (hyper) than necessary, and thereby reducing the carbon dioxide concentration of the blood below normal. ... Unconsciousness is the absence of consciousness. ... Exhaustion redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bleeding (disambiguation). ... A bruise, also called a contusion or ecchymosis, is a kind of injury to biological tissue in which the capillaries are damaged, allowing blood to seep into the surrounding tissue. ... Constipation or irregularity, is a condition of the digestive system where a person (or animal) experiences hard feces that are difficult to egest; it may be extremely painful, and in severe cases (fecal impaction) lead to symptoms of bowel obstruction. ... Xerostomia is the medical term for a dry mouth due to a lack of saliva. ... For other uses, see Nausea (disambiguation). ... Heaving redirects here. ... This article is about the symptom of decreased appetite. ... A top-down view of skeletal muscle A muscle contraction (also known as a muscle twitch or simply twitch) occurs when a muscle fiber generates tension through the action of actin and myosin cross-bridge cycling. ... Perspiration (also called sweating or sometimes transpiration) is the production and evaporation of a fluid, consisting primarily of water as well as a smaller amount of sodium chloride (the main constituent of table salt), that is excreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Itch (disambiguation). ... Tinnitus (pronounced or ,[1] from the Latin word for ringing[2]) is the perception of sound in the human ear in the absence of corresponding external sound(s). ... A hearing impairment or hearing loss is a full or partial decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds. ... Manneken Pis of Brussels. ... For other uses, see Libido (disambiguation). ... Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. ... A depressant, referred to in slang as a downer, is a chemical agent that diminishes the function or activity of a specific part of the body. ... A diagram showing the CNS: 1. ... Euphoria (Greek ) is a medically recognized emotional state related to happiness. ... Somnolence (or drowsiness) is a state of near-sleep, a strong desire for sleep, or sleeping for unusually long periods. ... A benign gastric ulcer (from the antrum) of a gastrectomy specimen. ... 19th century Heroin bottle This article is about the drug classification. ... An analgesic (colloquially known as a painkiller) is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain (achieve analgesia). ... This article is about the drug. ... Ibuprofen (INN) (IPA: ) (from the earlier nomenclature iso-butyl-propanoic-phenolic acid) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) originally marketed as Nurofen and since under various trademarks, including Act-3, Advil, Brufen, Dorival, Herron Blue, Panafen, Motrin, Nuprin and Burana (Finland), Ipren or Ibumetin (Denmark and Sweden), Ibuprom... Paracetamol (INN) (IPA: ) or acetaminophen (USAN), is the active metabolite of phenacetin, a so-called coal tar analgesic. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


References

  1. ^ http://endoflife.stanford.edu/M11_pain_control/doses_m01.html Pain Control: Opioid Conversion
  2. ^ We're Sorry![dead link]
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ Vicodin's Effects and Dangers
  5. ^ 21 CFR - Section 13001.01 Definitions relating to controlled substances
  6. ^ Vicodin Side Effects, Vicodin Detox

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