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Encyclopedia > Vickers Vanguard
Type 950 Vanguard
Vickers Vanguard (G-APEC) at London Heathrow Airport in 1965. This aircraft was built in 1959 and was lost (broke up in flight) in 1971.
Type airliner
Manufacturer Vickers-Armstrong Aircraft
Maiden flight 20 January 1959
Introduced 1961
Retired 1996
Primary users British European Airways
Trans-Canada Airlines
Number built 43
Developed from Vickers Viscount
The name "Vanguard" had earlier been used on a civilian model of the Vickers Virginia bomber, other versions of the same aircraft being the Victoria and Valentia.

The Vanguard (Type 950) was a British short/medium-range turboprop airliner introduced in 1959 by Vickers-Armstrong, a development of their successful Viscount design with considerably more internal room. The Vanguard was introduced just before the first of the large jet-powered airliners, and was largely ignored by the market. Only 43 were built, ordered by Trans-Canada Airlines (TCA) and British European Airways (BEA). After only about 10 years service TCA experimentally converted one of theirs to a freighter configuration, calling it the Cargoliner. This was considered successful, and in the early 1970s most were converted to freighters, those from BEA becoming the Merchantman. These freighters remained in service for many years, with the last one (G-APEP) only retiring in 1996. Image File history File links Beschreibung A Vickers Vanguard of BEA an London (Heathrow). ... Heathrow redirects here. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1959: // Events Unknown The Canadian Golden Hawks aerobatic team is formed. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1961: Events February February 3 - Operation Looking Glass commences, meaning that the US Air Force Strategic Air Command would have a permanent, airborne command post. ... The Viscount was a medium-range turboprop airliner introduced in 1953 by Vickers-Armstrongs, making it the first such aircraft to enter service in the world. ... The Vickers Virginia was a biplane heavy bomber of the British Royal Air Force, developed from the Vickers Vimy. ... For other uses, see Bomber (disambiguation). ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1959: // Events Unknown The Canadian Golden Hawks aerobatic team is formed. ... The Vickers corporation, founded as the Vickers company in 1828, was a British manufacturer, primarily of military equipment. ... The Viscount was a medium-range turboprop airliner introduced in 1953 by Vickers-Armstrongs, making it the first such aircraft to enter service in the world. ... Air Canada Boeing 767 Air Canada Airbus A330 Another Air Canada A330 Air Canada is Canadas flag air carrier and recognised as one of the worlds safest airlines. ... For other uses of BEA see Bea British European Airways, or BEA, was formed in 1946 by an Act of Parliament. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1996: Events February the T-6 Texan II is selected as the new primary trainer for the United States armed forces. ...

Contents

History

The aircraft was designed to a BEA requirement for a 100-seat aircraft to replace their Viscounts. The original Type 870 design was then modified when TCA expressed their interest in the design as well, and Vickers returned the updated Type 950 that filled both requirements.


The main difference between the Viscount and Vanguard was the construction of the fuselage. The Vanguard started with the original Viscount fuselage, but cut it off about 1/2 of the way up from the bottom, and replaced the top section with a larger-diameter fuselage to give it a double bubble cross-section (similar to the Boeing Stratocruiser). The result of the larger upper portion was a roomier interior, with increased cargo capacity below the floor. The Boeing 377 Stratocruiser was airliner version of the 367 Boeing Stratofreighter, which in turn was the transport version of B-29 Superfortress. ...


With this larger, and heavier, fuselage came the need for a new engine to lift it. Rolls-Royce delivered their new Tyne design with a nominal 4,000 hp (3,000 kW) (as compared to the Viscount's Dart of about 1,700 hp (1,300 kW)). The Rolls-Royce Tyne was a 2 shaft turboprop developed in the late 1950s, primarily for the Vickers Vanguard airliner, but also later for the Dassault-Breguet Atlantique long-range reconnaissance aircraft, Canadair CL-44 and Transport Allianz Transall transport aircraft. ... The Rolls Royce Dart was a long-lived turboprop engine. ...


This allowed for a much higher service ceiling and cruise speed, the Vanguard had a service ceiling almost twice that of the Viscount. The Vanguard was one of the fastest turboprops ever and was faster than the present day Saab 2000 or de Havilland Canada Dash 8. Carpatair Saab 2000. ... The de Havilland Canada DHC-8, popularly known as the Dash 8, is a series of twin-engined, medium range, turboprop airliners introduced by de Havilland Canada (DHC) in 1984. ...


The first Type 950 prototype flew on 20 January 1959, entering service in 1961. The last Merchantman (Vanguard) was retired by Hunting Cargo Airlines on 30 September 1996 and donated to Brooklands Museum on 17 October. January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1961: Events February February 3 - Operation Looking Glass commences, meaning that the US Air Force Strategic Air Command would have a permanent, airborne command post. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1996: Events February the T-6 Texan II is selected as the new primary trainer for the United States armed forces. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Accidents and Incidents

  • On 27 October 1965 BEA Vickers Vanguard G-APEE flying from Edinburgh Airport to London Heathrow Airport, during a landing in poor visibility, attempted an overshoot but crashed on runway 28R. All on board died, 6 crew and 30 passengers.
  • On 2 October 1971 BEA Vickers Vanguard G-APEC crashed near Aarsele in Belgium. 8 crew and 55 passengers died.
  • On 10 April 1973 Invicta International Airways Vickers Vanguard G-AXOP crashed near Basel/Mulhouse Airport Switzerland. 4 crew and 104 passengers died.
  • On 6 February 1989 Inter Cargo Service Vickers Vanguard F-GEJE crashed on takeoff from Marseille-Marignane Airport, France. 3 crew died, no passengers carried.

is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1965: Events January January 2 - Denis Healey, the UKs Secretary of Defence cancels the nations fighter and military transport programmes and orders the purchase of the US-built F-4 Phantom and C-130 Hercules in their place. ... Edinburgh Airport (IATA: EDI, ICAO: EGPH) is located in Edinburgh, Scotland, and, in 2006, was the second-busiest airport in Scotland and the eighth-busiest airport in the UK by passengers and the fifth busiest in the UK by aircraft movments. ... Heathrow redirects here. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1971: Events January January 6 - the US Marine Corps takes delivery of its first AV-8 Harriers January 22 - a US Navy P-3 Orion sets a distance record of 7,010 miles (11,282 km) for an aircraft in its... Aarsele is a village in the Belgium Belgian province of West Flanders and a subdivision of the city of Tielt. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1973: Events Icelandair established. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1989: // Events January January 4 - US Navy F-14 Tomcats shoot down two Libyan Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23s January 8 - a British Midland Boeing 737-400 crashes on the M1 motorway near Kegworth, killing 32 people. ... Marseille Provence Airport has been managed since 1934 by the Marseille Provence Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI). ...

Variants

Type 951: BEA, 20 ordered, 6 delivered. All in 127 seat mixed class configuration (18 first and 109 economy)
Type 952: TCA, more powerful engine and stronger fuselage and wing for higher weights, 23 delivered
Type 953: BEA, Same engines as 951, but the stronger airframe of the 952. Mostly operated as 135 seater all economy, but some configured as 127 mixed class the same as 951. 14 delivered replacing an order for 951's
Type 953C Merchantman: 9 Conversions from Type 953

Operators

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Air Canada Boeing 767 Air Canada Airbus A330 Another Air Canada A330 Air Canada is Canadas flag air carrier and recognised as one of the worlds safest airlines. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Merpati Nusantara Airlines is an airline based in Indonesia that provides largely domestic and regional flights. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses of BEA see Bea British European Airways, or BEA, was formed in 1946 by an Act of Parliament. ...

Preserved Aircraft

Brooklands was a motor racing circuit built near Weybridge in Surrey, England. ... This article is about the English county. ...

Specifications (Type 952)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2-3
  • Capacity: 139 passengers
  • Length: 122 ft 10 in (37.50 m)
  • Wingspan: 118 ft 7 in (36.10 m)
  • Height: 34 ft 11 in (10.60 m)
  • Wing area: 1,527 ft² (142 m²)3
  • Empty weight: 82,500 lb (37,421 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 141,000 lb (63,977 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: lb (kg64410 in BEA service)
  • Powerplant: 4× Rolls-Royce Tyne RTy.11 Mk 512 turboprop, 5,545 hp(952) 4700 SHP/4950 EHP (951 & 953) (4,135 kW) each

Performance

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... The Rolls-Royce Tyne was a 2 shaft turboprop developed in the late 1950s, primarily for the Vickers Vanguard airliner, but also later for the Dassault-Breguet Atlantique long-range reconnaissance aircraft, Canadair CL-44 and Transport Allianz Transall transport aircraft. ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... In aerodynamics, wing loading is the loaded weight of the aircraft divided by the area of the wing. ... Power-to-weight ratio is a measure commonly used when comparing various vehicles (or engines), including automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft. ...

External link

  • Brooklands Motorsport and Aviation Museum

Related content

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Vickers_Vanguard

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Designation sequence

951 - 952 - 952 Varsity - Viscount - Vickers Type 667 - Valiant - Vanguard - VC-10 The Vickers Varsity T.Mk 1 was a twin-engined crew trainer based on the Vickers Valetta transport and operated by the Royal Air Force for twenty years from 1951. ... The Viscount was a medium-range turboprop airliner introduced in 1953 by Vickers-Armstrongs, making it the first such aircraft to enter service in the world. ... First prototype at Farnborough Air Show, 1951 The Vickers Valiant was a British four-jet bomber, once part of the RAFs V bomber force. ... The Vickers Valiant was a British four-jet bomber, once part of the RAFs V bomber force. ... The VC-10 airliner was designed and built by Vickers (part of the British Aircraft Corporation) in the 1960s. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vickers Vanguard - passenger (572 words)
The very considerable success of the Vickers Viscount in airline service was due to the smoothness, economy and reliability of its turbine engines.
First flight of the prototype Vanguard, as the new aircraft had been named, was made on 20 January 1959.
But because of the normal development programme of a new civil airliner - coupled with delays caused by problems with the new power plant - it was not until 1 February 1961 and 1 March 1961 that these aircraft began regular service with Trans-Canada Airlines and BEA respectively.
V - Авиация от A до Z (287 words)
Vickers F.B.27 Vimy, Vimy Commercial and Vernon (Виккерс F.B.27 Вими, Вими Коммершиал и Вернон)
Vickers Type 113 vespa (Виккерс Тип 113 Веспа)
Vickers Type 57 Virginia (Виккерс Тип 57 Вирджиния)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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