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Encyclopedia > Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of La Plata (in Spanish, Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. This article is about the year 1776. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ...


Its limits roughly contained the territories of present Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. The Captaincy General of Chile was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. It was mainly created because of security concerns on the increasing interest of other world powers on the area, mainly Portugal and -to some extent- Great Britain. Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. ... The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. ... The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. ... The Republic Eastern of the Uruguay (Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay), is a Spanish speaking country located in southern South America. ... Captaincy General (sp. ... The Republic of Chile is a country located on the southwestern coast of South America. ... Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río... The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. ... Great Britain lies between Ireland and continental Europe. ...

Contents

Origin and Creation

See Also: Viceroyalty of Peru Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río...


In 1680, Portuguese governor of Rio de Janeiro Manuel Lobo created the Department of Colonia and founded Colonia, a fort located in present Uruguay's coast and the department's capital. The main objective was to secure the region from Spanish expansionism. José de Garro quickly attacked and seized the fort for Spain, but on May 7, 1681 it was handed back to Portugal due to the Provisional Treaty of Lisbon. Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. ... A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ... Ipanema beach A NASA satellite image of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese) is the name of both a state and a city in southeastern Brazil. ... A colonia was a Roman outpost, usually established by veterans of a Roman Legion, who received land as a part of their retirement from the Legions. ... The Republic Eastern of the Uruguay (Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay), is a Spanish speaking country located in southern South America. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... Expansionism is the doctrine of expanding the territory or economic influence of a country. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... May 7 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. ...


On the other hand, the Viceroyalty of Peru required all commerce to be performed through Lima's port, which restrained the Buenos Aires natural port potential economy, a problem that also caused large contraband activities in the region, especially in Asunción, Buenos Aires and Montevideo. Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río... This article is about Lima, Peru. ... Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Contraband consists of items of which possession may be illegal, depending on the variety and the country or the age or sex of the possessor. ... Map of Paraguay Panteón de los Héroes in Asunción Asunción, population 500,939 ( 1992), is the capital of Paraguay. ... Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Montevideo, Minnesota, Montevideo is the capital, chief port and largest city in Uruguay (population 1. ...


Under these conditions, King Charles III of Spain requested former Governor of Rio de La Plata Cevallos to think a way of developing and securing the area, on April, 1776. Charles III (January 20, 1716 - December 14, 1788) was king of Spain from 1759 to 1788. ... The Government of Río de la Plata (spanish: Gobernación del Río de la Plata) was a Government created in 1617 by Spain in the District of Rio de La Plata. ... April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... This article is about the year 1776. ...


This meant a way of conquering Colonia and the islands of Santa Catalina from the Portuguese, in the Banda Oriental (East Bank of the Rio de la Plata, namely Uruguay), and modernizing the underdeveloped Buenos Aires. A colonia was a Roman outpost, usually established by veterans of a Roman Legion, who received land as a part of their retirement from the Legions. ... Categories: Philippines geography stubs | Municipalities in the Philippines ... This page discusses the estuary. ... Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ...


Early viceroyalty

See Also: Government of Rio de La Plata The Government of Río de la Plata (spanish: Gobernación del Río de la Plata) was a Government created in 1617 by Spain in the District of Rio de La Plata. ...


Portuguese prime minister Pombal continued to encourage the occupation of territory which had already been awarded to the Spanish in the Treaty of Paris in 1763. King Charles III quickly reacted to the advantageous conditions: France was bound to be an ally as a guarantor of the treaty, and England due to its own colony problems couldn't help being neutral. There are several treaties that have taken place in Paris: Treaty of Paris (1259) - between Henry III of England and Louis IX of France Treaty of Paris (1763) - ended Seven Years War Treaty of Paris (1783) - ended American Revolutionary War Treaty of Paris (1810) - ended war between France and Sweden... Events February 10 - French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Great Britain. ... Charles III (January 20, 1716 - December 14, 1788) was king of Spain from 1759 to 1788. ... France - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Official language None; English is de facto Capital London Capitals coordinates 51° 30 N, 0° 10 W Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831... Neutral means balanced between two or more opposites. ...


Cevallos sent a warning and started aggresions against Santa Catalina, from where the Portuguese had already fled, and it was conquered in less than a month with no casualties. Then Cevallos sailed towards Montevideo and with the aid of Buenos Aires governor Vertiz reclaimed Colonia, also without resistance. Cevallos advanced to Maldonado city, where he stopped his advance towards the Rio Grande, as he was informed of the Treaty of San Ildefonso which ended hostilities in the area. Categories: Philippines geography stubs | Municipalities in the Philippines ... Montevideo, Minnesota, Montevideo is the capital, chief port and largest city in Uruguay (population 1. ... A colonia was a Roman outpost, usually established by veterans of a Roman Legion, who received land as a part of their retirement from the Legions. ... Maldonado is a city in Uruguay. ... The Treaty of San Ildefonso (formally titled the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana) was a secretly negotiated treaty between France...


Cevallos was then free of other matters and started significant tranformations in the area, including free commerce (entablished on September 6, 1777) with the aid of the Potosí minerals which were meant to be the viceroyalty's main source of revenue. The Bourbonic reforms in 1778 also helped greatly with the region's development, and between 1792-1796 there was an unprecedented boom. This article needs cleanup. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... Events The Cornish language died out 2nd edition of Encyclopædia Britannica published January 3 - American general George Washington defeats British general Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton. ... Potosí is a city, the capital of the department of Potosí in Bolivia. ... Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... This article or section should include material from France: Wars of Religion - Bourbon Dynasty. ... Events The term Thoroughbred was first used in the United States in an advertisement in a Kentucky gazette to describe a New Jersey stallion called Pilgarlick . ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ...


Viceroyalty's decline

See Also: May Revolution, History of Argentina, History of Paraguay The May Revolution (Spanish Revolución de Mayo) was the first independence attempt in the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. ... This is the history of Argentina. ... This is the history of Paraguay. ...


Buenos Aires produced about 600,000 cattle a year, of which about 1/4 was consumed locally, which considerably helped the development of the area.


But wars with Great Britain meant a great setback for the region's economy as maritime communications were practically paralyzed. The Alto Peru region started to show contempt as the expenses of administration and defense of the Rio de la Plata estuary were mainly supported by the declining Potosí production. For instance, in the first years of the viceroyalty, around 75% of the expenses were covered with revenues that came from the north. The Alto Plata (mostly present Paraguay) also had problems with the Buenos Aires administration, particularly because of the monopoly of its port on embarcations. Great Britain lies between Ireland and continental Europe. ... This page discusses the estuary. ... Potosí is a city, the capital of the department of Potosí in Bolivia. ... The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. ...


By 1805, Spain had to help France because of their 1795 alliance, and had lost its navy in the Battle of Trafalgar, but the Spanish prime minister had warned the viceroyalty of the likelyhood of a British invasion, and that in such an event the city of Buenos Aires would be on its own. Events January 11 - Michigan Territory is created. ... France - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Events January 16 - French occupy Utrecht, Netherlands. ... An alliance can be: an agreement between two parties, particularly: a military alliance formed between states a business alliance formed between organisations a New Zealand political party, the Alliance a Canadian political party, the Canadian Alliance a Northern_Ireland political party, Alliance the former name of the Malaysian political coalition currently... Battle of Trafalgar Conflict Napoleonic Wars Date 21 October 1805 Place Cape Trafalgar Result Decisive British victory The Battle of Trafalgar, fought on 21 October 1805, was the most significant naval engagement of the Napoleonic Wars and the pivotal naval battle of the 19th century. ... Rio de la Plata invasions,sometimes called also South American War, refers to the British unsuccessful invasions in South America, 1806-1807 during the British forces invaded Spanish colonies in South America three times in 1806_1807. ...


In June 27th, 1806 a small British force of around 1,500 men under Col. William Carr Beresford successfully invaded Buenos Aires after a failed attempt to stop him from viceroy Rafael de Sobremonte, who fled to Córdoba. The British forces were thrown back by the criollos on December 1806, by a militia force under Santiago de Liniers' leadership. In February 1807, British reinforcemnts of about 8,000 men under Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captured Montevideo after a fierce fight, and in May Lt. Gen. John Whitelock arrived to take overall command and attacked Buenos Aires on July 5, 1807. After losing more than half his force killed and captured, Whitelock signed a cease-fire and left for Great Britain. June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Events January 8 - Cape Colony becomes a British colony January 10 - Dutch in Cape Town surrender to the British January 19 - The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope February 6 - Royal Navy victory off Santo Domingo - see:Action of 6 February 1806 March 23 - After traveling through the... A Colonel is also a non-military honorary title awarded by some U.S. Southern states. ... William Carr Beresford, Viscount Beresford (October 2, 1768 – January 8, 1854) British soldier and politician. ... Córdoba is a city located in the foothills of the Sierra Chica mountains on the Suquía river, the center of Argentinas most productive agricultural area. ... For the languages, see Creole language The term Creole is used with different meanings in different contexts, which can generate confusion. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Events January 8 - Cape Colony becomes a British colony January 10 - Dutch in Cape Town surrender to the British January 19 - The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope February 6 - Royal Navy victory off Santo Domingo - see:Action of 6 February 1806 March 23 - After traveling through the... A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Sir is an honorary title. ... Montevideo, Minnesota, Montevideo is the capital, chief port and largest city in Uruguay (population 1. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... John Whitelocke (1757 - December 23, 1833), British soldier, was doubtless a descendant of Sir James Whitelocke. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Great Britain lies between Ireland and continental Europe. ...


Thus, without the support of Spain and with newly gained confidence after prevailing in skirmishes over a world power, the region's independence feelings where certainly boosted. As of 1811, Argentina had been self-governed for about a year, Paraguay had already declared its independence and the viceroyalty was bound to be finished. It concluded with the independence of Argentina (1816), Uruguay (1822), and Bolivia (1825). The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. ... The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. ... Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. ... Events March 25 - Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck dies and is succeeded by the later Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, his son and founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. ... The Republic Eastern of the Uruguay (Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay), is a Spanish speaking country located in southern South America. ... Events March 30 - Florida becomes a United States territory. ... The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. ... Events January 4 - King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies dies and is succeeded by his son Francis I of the Two Sicilies. ...


By the end, it was clear that the Viceroyalty of La Plata was just several unrelated regions bound together in an attempt by the Spanish crown to maintain its power over the region. Lack of internal cohesion and support from Spain, among other reasons, led to the independence of a region which was initially loyal to the crown.


Viceroyalty's dependencies

1 Gobernación in spanish Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Paul Richter 11:17, 20 Jan 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Santa Fe, is a city in northeastern Argentina, It is the capital of the Santa Fe Province, near the junction of the Parana and Salado rivers, opposite the city of Parana, to which Santa Fe is linked by a sub-fluvial tunnel inaugurated in 1973. ... A government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. ... Montevideo, Minnesota, Montevideo is the capital, chief port and largest city in Uruguay (population 1. ... Montevideo, Minnesota, Montevideo is the capital, chief port and largest city in Uruguay (population 1. ... A colonia was a Roman outpost, usually established by veterans of a Roman Legion, who received land as a part of their retirement from the Legions. ... A government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. ... Map of Argentina highlighting the province Misiones is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the northeastern corner of the country. ... San Ignacio is a municipality in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. ... The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. ... Map of Paraguay Panteón de los Héroes in Asunción Asunción, population 500,939 ( 1992), is the capital of Paraguay. ... Córdoba most commonly means Córdoba, Spain, a famous city in Spain inhabited since the time of ancient Rome, and the seat of the Emir of Córdoba and the Caliph of Córdoba. ... Córdoba is a city located in the foothills of the Sierra Chica mountains on the Suquía river, the center of Argentinas most productive agricultural area. ... La Rioja is a town in Argentina. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Park of General San Martín in Mendoza. ... San Luis is a city in Argentina and is the capital of San Luis Province. ... San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca is a city in northwestern Argentina and capital of Catamarca Province, on the Río de Valle Catamarca near the Nevados del Aconquija mountains. ... Santiago del Estero is a city in northern Argentina, capital of Santiago del Estero Province, on the Río Dulce. ... Salta is a city in Argentina and the capital of Salta Province. ... San Salvador de Jujuy, city in northwestern Argentina, capital of Jujuy. ... A government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. ... Chuiquitos is a region of rain savannas in the eastern Bolivia. ... Potosí is a city, the capital of the department of Potosí in Bolivia. ... Potosí is a city, the capital of the department of Potosí in Bolivia. ... La Paz (Spanish: The Peace) is the name for: Capital city of Bolivia; see La Paz, Bolivia A deparment of Bolivia, La Paz Department State capital of Baja California Sur, Mexico; see La Paz, Baja California Sur Municipality in México state, Mexico; see La Paz, Mexico State City in Honduras... Central La Paz La Paz is the administrative capital of Bolivia, as well as the departmental capital of La Paz Department. ... Categories: South America geography stubs | Departments of Bolivia ... Categories: South America geography stubs | Departments of Bolivia ... This article is about the Bolivian city. ... A government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. ... Moxos (or the Llanos de Moxos) is a seasonally flooded tropical savanna located in the Bolivian Amazon. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ...


Viceroy List

This article is about the year 1776. ... Events The term Thoroughbred was first used in the United States in an advertisement in a Kentucky gazette to describe a New Jersey stallion called Pilgarlick . ... Events The term Thoroughbred was first used in the United States in an advertisement in a Kentucky gazette to describe a New Jersey stallion called Pilgarlick . ... Events January 6 - the Turks agree to Russias annexation of the Crimea in the Treaty of Constantinople January 14 - The US Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with England to end the American Revolutionary War February 27 – Count of St Germain dies of pneumonia in Schleswig-Holstein February 28... Events January 6 - the Turks agree to Russias annexation of the Crimea in the Treaty of Constantinople January 14 - The US Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with England to end the American Revolutionary War February 27 – Count of St Germain dies of pneumonia in Schleswig-Holstein February 28... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Events January 16 - French occupy Utrecht, Netherlands. ... Events January 16 - French occupy Utrecht, Netherlands. ... Events February-October - Irish Rebellion of 1798 April 7 - The Georgia and South Carolina and is later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain April 26 - France annexes Geneva May 24 - Irish nationalists rebel against British occupation forces believing that French troops were... Events February-October - Irish Rebellion of 1798 April 7 - The Georgia and South Carolina and is later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain April 26 - France annexes Geneva May 24 - Irish nationalists rebel against British occupation forces believing that French troops were... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Events January 1 - Legislative union of Ireland completed under the Act of Union 1800, bringing about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Events January 1 - Legislative union of Ireland completed under the Act of Union 1800, bringing about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... 1804 is a leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1804 is a leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1804 is a leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

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