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Encyclopedia > Vic Toews
Hon. Victor Toews
Image:Victoews.jpg
President of the Treasury Board
Incumbent
Riding Flag of Manitoba Provencher
In office since 2000 election
Preceded by David Iftody
Born September 10, 1952 (1952-09-10) (age 54)
Filadelfia, Paraguay
Residence Steinbach, Manitoba
Political party

Conservative The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable ( or formerly The Honble) is a title of quality attached to the names of certain classes of persons. ... The position of President of the Treasury Board was created as a ministerial position in the Canadian Cabinet in 1966 when the Treasury Board became a fully-fledged department. ... The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Manitoba. ... Provencher is the name of a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada. ... The 2000 Canadian federal election was held on November 27, 2000, to elect 301 Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of Canada. ... David Iftody (June 15, 1956—February 5, 2001) was a Canadian politician. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Main road of Filadelfia Filadelfia is a town in the Gran Chaco desert of western Paraguay and is the capital of the Boquerón department. ... Coordinates: Country Canada Province Manitoba Region Eastman Established 1874 Government  - City Mayor Chris Goertzen  - Governing Body Steinbach City Council  - MP (Provencher) Vic Toews  - MLA (Steinbach) Kelvin Goertzen Area  - City 25. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ...

Profession(s) Counsel, lawyer
Religion Mennonite
Spouse Lorraine Toews

Victor "Vic" Toews, PC, MP [teıvz] (born September 10, 1952) is a Canadian politician. He has represented Provencher in the Canadian House of Commons since 2000, and currently serves in the cabinet of Prime Minister Stephen Harper as President of the Treasury Board. Toews previously served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1995 to 1999, and was a senior cabinet minister in the government of Gary Filmon. He is a member of the Conservative Party of Canada. Look up counsel in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after and influenced by the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons (1496-1561). ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Provencher is the name of a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cabinet of Canada plays an important role in the Canadian government in accordance with the Westminster System. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... The position of President of the Treasury Board was created as a ministerial position in the Canadian Cabinet in 1966 when the Treasury Board became a fully-fledged department. ... The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Alternate meanings in cabinet (disambiguation) A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... The Honourable Gary Albert Filmon, PC, P.Eng. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Toews was born to a Mennonite family in Filadelfia, Paraguay, and moved to Manitoba with his family in 1956. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in History from the University of Winnipeg in 1973, and a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Manitoba in 1976.[1] The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after and influenced by the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons (1496-1561). ... Main road of Filadelfia Filadelfia is a town in the Gran Chaco desert of western Paraguay and is the capital of the Boquerón department. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... HIStory - Past, Present and Future, Book I is a double-disc album (one half greatest hits, one half studio album) by American musician Michael Jackson released in June of 1995 by the Epic Records division of Sony BMG. The first disc, (HIStory Begins) contains fifteen hit singles from the past... The University of Winnipeg received its charter in 1967 but its roots date back more than 130 years. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in the majority of common law countries other than the United States, where it has been replaced by the Juris Doctor degree. ... The University of Manitoba is the largest university of the province of Manitoba, most comprehensive and only research-intensive post-secondary educational institution. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Toews joined the provincial Ministry of Justice in 1976, and became a Crown attorney the following year. He was promoted to Director of Constitutional Law for Manitoba in 1987, and in this capacity advised the Manitoba government on the Meech Lake Accord. He also presided over an expansion of police powers in matters relating to drunk driving offenses.[2] The Ministry of Justice is a department of the government of Manitoba. ... Crown Attorney or Crown Counsel are the public prosecutor in the legal system of Canada. ... The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the provincial premiers, including Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ...


Toews was hired by the University of Manitoba as a lecturer in 1987, and taught classes in labour law and employment law. He left the Attorney-General's office in 1991 to become an associate counsel for Great-West Life Assurance, and was given a leave of absence in 1995 when he entered political life.[3]


In 1994, Toews spoke out against a decision by Ontario's New Democratic Party government to prohibit protests outside abortion clinics. He described the decision as "almost unbelievable" and argued that the Rae government was "challenging ... a constitutionally held right", in a manner "consistent with their social agenda."[4] Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Ontario Cooperative Commonwealth Federation) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ...


Provincial politician

Toews joined the Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba in 1989, and first campaigned for office in the 1990 provincial election.[5] He ran in the northwest Winnipeg constituency of Elmwood, historically a safe seat for the New Democratic Party, and lost to incumbent Jim Maloway. Toews campaigned for the Progressive Conservatives a second time in the 1995 provincial election, and narrowly defeated NDP incumbent Harry Schellenberg in the north-end Winnipeg constituency of Rossmere. The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The election of September 11, 1990 in Manitoba, Canada was won by the Progressive Conservatives, who took 30 out of 57 seats. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Elmwood is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The New Democratic Party of Manitoba is a social democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Peter James (Jim) Maloway (November 10, 1952-) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba, Canada general election of 1995 was won by the Progressive Conservatives, who won 31 seats out of 57. ... Harry Schellenberg is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Rossmere is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ...


Minister of Labour

Toews was appointed to the Filmon cabinet immediately after the election, becoming Minister of Labour on May 9, 1995. He was also given responsibility for the Civil Service Act, Civil Service Superannuation Act, Civil Service Special Supplementary Severance Benefit Act, Public Servants Insurance Act and Workers Compensation Act. During his debut speech to the legislature, Toews said that his political philosophy was partly influenced by leaders of Canada's social democratic movement.[6] The Minister of Labour and Immigration of the Canadian province of Manitoba is a member of the Executive Council of Manitoba, which is informally known as the Cabinet. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... The Executive Council of Manitoba includes a Minister responsible for the Workers Compensation Act. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ...


Toews had a difficult relationship with organized labour, and was sometimes accused of promoting anti-labour policies. He introduced the controversial Bill 26 in early 1996, which required unions to disclose the salaries of their officials and indicate how membership dues were spent.[7] It further required that union certification votes take place within seven days of an application, and granted employees the right to prevent their dues from being donated to political parties.[8] The last proposal was strongly opposed by the New Democratic Party, which had historically received significant union donations. NDP leader Gary Doer argued that the bill unfairly targeted his party, and suggested that corporate shareholders should be given the same right to shield their investments from party donations (an initiative more likely to weaken Progressive Conservative fundraising efforts).[9] Toews denied that his bill was anti-labour, and argued that it provided greater autonomy to individual workers. Gary Albert Doer, MLA (March 31, 1948) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ...


Toews's ministry proposed the privatization of home-care delivery services in 1996. This initiative was opposed by many in the field, and led to an extended protest strike from sector workers.[10] Some opposition members suggested Toews may have been in a conflict-of-interest situation on this issue, as Great-West Life Assurance had plans to enter the home-care industry once privatization was completed.[11] Several other strikes occurred throughout 1996, leading one journalist to describe it as "the busiest year for picketing since the 1919 Winnipeg General Strike".[12] A conflict of interest is a situation in which someone in a position of trust, such as a lawyer, a politician, or an executive or director of a corporation, has competing professional or personal interests. ... Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919 The Winnipeg General Strike was Canadas most influential labour protest. ...


Toews cancelled the provincial Payment of Wages Fund in July 1996, arguing that it was not achieving its stated purpose. The fund had been created to allow workers to collect revenues from employers who had gone into bankruptcy or receivership.[13]


Minister of Justice

On January 6, 1997, Toews was promoted to Minister of Justice, Attorney General and Keeper of the Great Seal, with further responsibility for Constitutional Affairs. January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ministry of Justice is a department of the government of Manitoba. ... See 1986, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs. ...


Approach to crime and the judiciary

Toews quickly earned a reputation for focusing on "law and order" issues. One of his first ministerial decisions was to grant jail superintendents the right to institute complete smoking bans and random drug tests on inmates, and to monitor prisoners's calls.[14] Soon after, he introduced measures targeting prison gangs and the drug trade.[15] In August 1998, Toews announced that his ministry would hire more Crown attorneys and construct more than seventy new beds for the Headingley Correctional Institution, in an attempt to incarcerate more dangerous offenders.[16] Toews opposed conditional sentencing, and discouraged its practice in Manitoba.[17]


Toews also introduced legislation to make parents legally responsible for the crimes of their children. Members of the opposition New Democratic Party argued that the plan would be ineffective, citing past experiments in the United States as evidence.[18] In early 1998, the Filmon government proclaimed a Victims' Rights Act.[19] Both the Justice Ministry and the opposition New Democrats subsequently endorsed the principle of a Victims' Bill of Rights, which was passed into law later in the year.[20]


Toews often criticized the federal Liberal government's record on crime issues, but he nevertheless gave his support to a number of federal proposals. In March 1997, he endorsed a plan by federal Justice Minister Allan Rock to give the police greater powers to target outlaw biker gangs.[21] The following year, he stood with federal minister Lloyd Axworthy to announce a plan discouraging court sentences for non-violent aboriginal offenders. Toews argued that the proposal was "sensitive to the needs of the aboriginal community", and would reduce the number of repeat offenders.[22] He later supported a proposal for the integration of an aboriginal healing lodge into the provincial prison system.[23] The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... The Minister of Justice (French: Ministre de la Justice) of Canada is the minister in the Cabinet of Canada who is responsible for the Department of Justice and is also Attorney General of Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian statesman. ... The Honourable Lloyd Norman Axworthy, PC , OC , OM, Ph. ...


Toews was more reluctant to cooperate with the federal government on other issues. He announced in 1997 that Manitoba would not enforce or administer the newly-created Canadian gun registry.[24] Two years later, he described changes to the federal Young Offenders Act as both ineffective and too expensive.[25] The Canadian gun registry is a government-run registry of all legally-owned guns in Canada. ... The Young Offenders Act was a 1984 act of the Parliament of Canada, now obsolete, that regulated the criminal prosecution of Canadian youths. ...


Toews's relationship with the judiciary was often fractious. He delivered a speech to the Alberta Summit on Justice in 1999 that criticized judges for intervening in political matters. He was quoted as saying that judges, unlike parliamentarians, "are not well-placed to understand and represent the social, economic and political values of the public". Some attendees criticized his speech, and a representative of the Legal Aid Society of Alberta described it as "inflammatory and sensational".[26] Later in the year, a provincial judge criticized Toews for what she described as "misleading and inaccurate" remarks about judicial appointments and the daily schedules of judges.[27]


Other policy decisions

In May 1999, Toews announced that Manitoba would accept a Supreme Court of Canada decision granting spousal benefits to same-sex couples.[28]


Criticism

Both Toews and his ministry were frequent targets of opposition criticism between 1997 and 1999. The New Democrats alleged that Crown offices were underfunded, and suggested that the Crown's ability to perform its prosecutorial duties was compromised. These concerns became especially prevalent after June 1997, when the Manitoba Court of Appeal allowed a man who admitted to having sexual intercourse with a twelve-year old girl serve his sentence in the community rather than in prison. In making its decision, the court argued that the girl was a willing participant and possessed enough sophistication to consent. Toews expressed serious concerns about the trial's outcome, and filed leave to appeal the case to the Supreme Court of Canada.[29] The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ...


Toews's decision to appeal was not controversial, but the Crown's handling of the original case soon became a source of debate. NDP Justice Critic Gord Mackintosh observed that the Crown never challenged defence claims that the girl consented to the act.[30] The New Democrats argued that departmental underfunding had led to a lax prosecution, and suggested that Toews should take ministerial responsibility for the failure. Four years later, an internal review found that the Crown's performance in the case had been substandard.[31] Gord Mackintosh (born July 7, 1955) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ...


Toews was also accused of misusing the powers of his office on at least two occasions. In May 1998, he was accused of interfering with the work of a judicial appointment committee by requesting that two names be added to a list of proposed judges. He denied any wrongdoing, and said he had only acted to ensure that more bilingual judges would be appointed to the bench.[32]


The second controversy was potentially more serious. During a legislative debate in June 1999, Toews accused NDP Justice Critic Gord Mackintosh of repeatedly calling the province's Street Peace gang hotline only to hang up before leaving a message. The announcement itself was not particularly noteworthy, but questions soon surfaced as to how Toews had obtained the information, as calls to the hotline were meant to be confidential and anonymous. He eventually acknowledged that calls from government buildings had been tracked, and that he had received Mackintosh's name from a member of his department. Premier Filmon described Toews's conduct as inappropriate, but did not remove him from office.[33] Toews was also forced to admit that the hotline itself had gone unanswered for several months.


These controversies notwithstanding, Toews remained one of the most prominent figures in the Filmon government.


1999 election

The Progressive Conservatives were defeated in the 1999 provincial election and Toews was personally defeated in Rossmere, losing to Harry Schellenberg by 294 votes. Redistribution had added a number of NDP-leaning polls to the constituency, and likely contributed to Schellenberg's victory.[34] Toews returned to work with Great-West Life Assurance in 1999-2000.[35] The election of September 21, 1999 in Manitoba, Canada returned to power the New Democratic Party (NDP), which had been out of power since 1988. ...


Federal politician

Party alignment

After leaving provincial politics, Toews turned his attention to the federal scene and Canada's "unite-the-right" movement. He had previously called for cooperation between the right-wing Reform Party of Canada and the centre-right Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, although he did not openly endorse the United Alternative initiative when it was first announced in 1999.[36] In May 2000, he expressed interest in working with the Canadian Alliance, a newly-formed successor to the Reform Party that sought to build support among Blue Tory Progressive Conservatives. Toews endorsed Tom Long's bid for the Alliance leadership in June 2000, and later supported Brian Pallister's efforts to bring the Progressive Conservatives into cooperation with the new party.[37] The Reform Party of Canada was a Canadian federal political party founded in 1987, originally as a Western Canada-based protest party, but attempted to expand eastward in the 1990s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Unite the Right, also referred to as the United Alternative, was a Canadian political movement from 1997 until 2003. ... The Canadian Alliance, formally the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, was a Canadian conservative political party that existed from 2000 to 2003. ... Blue Tories are, in Canadian politics, members of the former Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and current Conservative Party of Canada who are more ideologically Right wing. ... Tom Long (born 1958) is a Canadian political strategist. ... Brian William Pallister (born July 6, 1954) is a Canadian politician. ...


Toews formally joined the Alliance in the buildup to the 2000 federal election, and defeated four other candidates to win the party's nomination for Provencher, a predominantly rural riding in southeastern Manitoba.[38] He defeated Liberal incumbent David Iftody by a significant margin in the general election. The Liberals won a national majority, and Toews was appointed Justice Critic in the opposition shadow cabinet.[39] The 2000 Canadian federal election was held on November 27, 2000. ... Provencher is the name of a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... David Iftody (June 15, 1956—February 5, 2001) was a Canadian politician. ... The Parliamentary Opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ... The Shadow Cabinet (also called the Shadow Front Bench) is a senior group of opposition spokespeople in the Westminster system of government who together under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition (or the leader of other smaller opposition parties) form an alternative cabinet to the governments, whose...


The Canadian Alliance was weakened by internal divisions in mid-2001, as several MPs called for party leader Stockwell Day's resignation. Toews did not take a strong position for or against Day's leadership, but called for party discipline pending a formal review.[40] When Day resigned, Toews worked on Grant Hill's unsuccessful campaign to become the new party leader.[41] Stockwell Burt Day Jr. ... The Honourable Dr. Grant Hill, PC , MD (born September 20, 1943) was a Canadian Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party of Canada (2004), and a former member of the Canadian Alliance (2000-2004) and the Reform Party of Canada (1993-2000). ...


In 2003, Toews recommended that Alliance members purchase Progressive Conservative membership cards to support the candidacy of Jim Prentice, a PC leadership candidate who favoured cooperation with the Alliance. Toews denied this constituted interference, and said that members of the two parties should be encouraged to work together.[42] P. E. James Jim Prentice, PC, MP (born July 20, 1956, in South Porcupine, Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician. ...


Policy views

As Justice Critic from 2001 to 2005, Toews frequently accused the Liberal government of being unfocused on crime issues.[43] He supported the government's decision to create a national sex offender registry in 2002, but later criticized the registry for not being made retroactive to include the names of previously convicted offenders.[44] He called for mandatory minimum sentences, and stricter parole requirements for violent offenders. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Toews criticized some Supreme Court decisions, and on one occasion accused former Chief Justice Antonio Lamer of overseeing a "frenzy of constitutional experimentation".[45] He also called for official reviews of judicial appointments, arguing that the policy views of judges should be known to the public before they take office.[46] The Supreme Court of Canada consists of the Chief Justice of Canada (French: Juge en chef du Canada) and eight puisne Justices appointed by the Governor in Council (Governor General of Canada) from among superior court judges or from among barristers of at least ten years standing at the Bar... The Right Honourable Antonio Lamer, PC , CC , CD , LL.D , D.U., (born July 8, 1933 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada). ...


The 20th anniversary of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was marked in 2002. Toews spoke favourably of the Charter as "a powerful check on the power of government to unreasonably intrude on our rights and freedoms", and also called for governments to demonstrate more willingness to use the Charter's Notwithstanding Clause to overrule court decisions. Toews specifically argued that the Clause should have been used to overturn a court decision that weakened Canada's child pornography laws.[47] (The Liberal government brought forward remedial legislation to address the decision, without resorting to the Notwithstanding Clause.) The Charter, signed by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1981. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Section Thirty-three of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is part of the Constitution of Canada. ... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ...


Initially considered a moderate in the Canadian Alliance, Toews he later became known for endorsing several socially conservative causes. He is a vocal opponent of same-sex marriage, and has argued that changing the definition of marriage in Canada could result in bigamy being legalized.[48] In 2005, he launched an extended filibuster to delay committee work on the same-sex marriage issue.[49] Toews was also a vocal opponent of Bill C-250, which was brought forward in 2003 to make sexual orientation a protected category under Canada's hate crime legislation. He argued that the bill could restrict freedom of expression and religion, and was quoted as saying that a "homosexual activist" could sue a hotel chain for the removal of Bibles as hate literature.[50] Social conservatism is a belief in traditional morality and social mores and the desire to preserve these in present day society, often through civil law or regulation. ... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ... Polygamy, literally many marriages in ancient Greek, is a marital practice in which a person has more than one spouse simultaneously (as opposed to monogamy where each person has a maximum of one spouse at any one time). ... As a form of obstructionism in a legislature or other decision making body, a filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ...


Toews also argued that religious organizations should be permitted to deny gay organizations the use of their facilities, and supported increasing the age of sexual consent in Canada from fourteen to sixteen.[51] He continued to oppose the federal gun registry, and opposed the decriminalization of cannabis.[52] GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... Look up Cannabis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Conservative MP

The Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative parties merged to form the Conservative Party of Canada in 2004. Toews joined the new party, and worked as a Manitoba organizer for Stephen Harper in the latter's successful bid to become its first elected leader.[53] He was easily returned in the 2004 general election, in which the Liberals were reduced to a minority government, and was retained as Justice Critic in the parliament that followed. The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... A Canadian federal election (more formally, the 38th general election) was held on June 28, 2004. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Toews delivered a speech to the National Pro-Life Conference entitled "Abuse of the Charter by the Supreme Court" in September 2004. He criticized judicial implementation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, argued that judges were implementing social policy, and called on his audience to build organizations to challenge the courts.[54]


On January 25, 2005, Toews pleaded guilty to the charge of exceeding personal campaign expense limits in the 1999 provincial election.[55] Toews claimed that the overspending resulted from a miscommunication between his campaign and the provincial party as to how some expenses were accounted.[56] There were some calls for him to resign as his party's justice critic, but nothing came of this.[57] Toews received a $500 fine, and the charge remains on his record.[58] is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A Winnipeg Free Press poll taken in late December 2005 showed Toews as the most popular choice to replace Stuart Murray as leader of the Manitoba Progressive Conservatives. He declined to contest the position, however, and was instead returned without difficulty in the 2006 Canadian federal election.[59] Stuart Murray (born November 24, 1954) is a Manitoba politician. ... Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election. ...


Federal Minister of Justice

The Conservatives won a minority government in the 2006 election. On February 6, 2006, Prime Minister Stephen Harper appointed Toews to cabinet as Canada's Minister of Justice and Attorney-General. Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... The Minister of Justice (French: Ministre de la Justice) of Canada is the minister in the Cabinet of Canada who is responsible for the Department of Justice and is also Attorney General of Canada. ...


Criminal justice

As Justice Minister, Toews introduced a total of twelve bills relating to Canada's criminal justice system. He introduced two bills in May 2006, requiring mandatory minimum prison sentences for persons convicted of gun crimes and eliminating conditional sentences for various offenses.[60] Some opposition MPs and journalists have criticized these measures, arguing that such reforms in other jurisdictions have not resulted in lower crime rates. Toews has questioned this assessment.[61] Opposition parties amended the second bill in October 2006, keeping the ban on conditional sentences for serious violent and sexual offenders but giving the option of house arrest for non-violent property offenders. NDP Justice Critic Joe Comartin argued that this change addresses the legitimate concerns of Canadians, while removing what he described as "the radical, extreme over-reaction" of the Conservatives. Toews has called for the bill to be passed in its original form.[62] Joe Comartin (born 1947) is a Canadian labour lawyer and politician. ...


In November 2006, Toews introduced a bill to toughen bail conditions for persons accused of gun-related crimes. The bill includes a "reverse-onus" clause which requires the accused to demonstrate why they should not be held in custody. Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty and Toronto Mayor David Miller have indicated their support for the proposal.[63] Image:Mcguinty77. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr. ... This is a list of mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... David Raymond Miller (born December 26, 1958) is a Canadian politician. ...


Toews has also moved to raise the age of sexual consent from fourteen to sixteen. "Sexual consent" under Canadian law covers all activities from kissing to intercourse. Liberal MP Irwin Cotler has argued that the Conservative Party is misrepresenting the issue to the Canadian public, noting that the sexual exploitation of persons under eighteen is already illegal under Canadian law. Other interested parties, including Manitoba Justice Minister Gord Mackintosh, support the age increase.[64] The bill was introduced in June 2006, and included an exemption for adolescents who have sexual relations with persons no more than five years older than themselves.[65] Irwin Cotler, PC , MP , OC , BA , BCL , LL.D , Ph. ...


Toews introduced a "three strikes" bill to the House of Commons in October 2006, stipulating that persons found guilty of three sexual or violent crimes will automatically be categorized as dangerous offenders unless they can convince a judge otherwise. Persons labeled as dangerous offenders under Canadian law may be kept in prison indefinitely.[66] Critics argue that the proposed law is too broad in its scope, and includes vaguely-defined categories in its list of serious offences.[67] Civil libertarian groups have also argued that the bill threatens the constitutional principle of accused persons being presumed innocent until proven guilty, suggesting that it may not withstand a court challenge. Three strikes laws are statutes enacted by state governments in the United States which require the state courts to hand down a mandatory and extended period of incarceration to persons who have been convicted of a serious criminal offense on three or more separate occasions. ...


In August 2006, Toews told reporters that he was willing to consider lowering the age of criminal responsibility in Canada from twelve to ten. He indicated that his focus was on treatment rather than jail time for the youngest offenders, although he did not rule out jail sentences for ten year-olds.[68] A Justice Department spokesman later indicated that there were no plans for such legislation, and that Toews was simply musing aloud on plans for youth justice reform.[69]


In October 2006, Toews announced plans to introduce more severe sentencing provisions under the Youth Criminal Justice Act.[70] Media reports indicate that Toews's proposals include the possibility of jail sentences for children as young as twelve.[71] This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Toews has introduced other reforms. In June 2006, he brought forward amendments to expand Canada's collection of DNA samples from convicted criminals.[72] He also confirmed that his government will arm guards posted at the Canada-United States border,[73] and has said that the Conservatives will not revive plans by the previous Liberal administration to decriminalize simple possession of cannibis. Arrests for cannabis possession were reported to have increased following the Conservative Party's 2006 victory.[74] In November 2006, MPs from all parties fast-tracked passage of a bill toughening penalties for street racing.[75] In November 2006, Toews introduced a bill to give police extra powers against persons who drive while under the influence of drugs.[76] The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions for the development and function of living organisms. ...


Later in the same month, Toews introduced a bill intended to crack down on drug-impaired driving. The Liberals had introduced a similar bill while in government, although the Conservative proposal has more severe penalties. One of the bill's most controversial aspects is its stipulation of jail sentences for drivers who refuse to provide blood or urine samples, a provision which some in the legal community consider invasive and unconstitutional. Others have argued that testing methods for drugs such as marijuana are unreliable. Toews has dismissed these criticisms, arguing that the bill is based on legislation introduced in the United States of America during the 1980s.[77]


Provincial justice ministers have expressed concern about the costs of Toews's proposed sentencing reforms.[78] Toews acknowledges that his government's gun laws will cost $246 million per year for new prison space and $40 million for operating costs, but argues that the changes are necessary and have been requested by police and provincial officials.[79]


Liberal MP Michael Ignatieff has argued that adding thousands of people to Canada's prison system will lead to young offenders becoming hardened adult criminals, and will not make Canada safer in the long term. He has said, "If the net effect of (federal Justice Minister) Vic Toews' criminal justice measures is to add 3,000 or 4,000 people to the federal prison system in Canada, then a whole bunch more to the provincial system, can we honestly say we're going to be safer?"[80] Former Ontario Chief Justice Patrick LeSage has also criticized Toews's approach to crime issues, arguing that the country is not experiencing a "crime wave" and does not need "draconian" laws to ensure its safety.[81] Michael Grant Ignatieff, M.P. () (born May 12, 1947 in Toronto) is a public intellectual, historian and social philosopher. ... Patrick LeSage is a former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Ontario. ...


Generally, opposition parties often complained that Toews's proposed reforms were too ideological in nature. Only two of Toews's bills were passed by parliament during his tenure as Justice Minister.[82]


Judicial appointments

Soon after he assumed office, Toews announced that public hearings would be held for the next justice appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada.[83] This policy change was criticized by Supreme Court Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin and former justice John Major, who expressed concern that such hearings could foment the "political warfare" associated with American judicial appointments.[84] In late February, Prime Minister Harper nominated Marshall Rothstein from a shortlist prepared by the previous Liberal administration. MPs were permitted to ask questions of Rothstein, although the ultimate power of appointment continued to rest with the prime minister.[85] Rothstein was supported by Liberal members of the judicial committee, and was quickly confirmed to the bench. The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... The Rt. ... Mr. ... Marshall E. Rothstein, QC , LL.B , B.Comm (born December 25, 1940) is a Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. ...


Toews announced in November 2006 that police representatives would be appointed to provincial judicial advisory committees, which review the qualifications of potential judges. This proposal was widely criticized by the Canadian media and by opposition MPs, some of whom believe that Toews's intent is to stack the courts with right-wing judges.[86] In an unprecedented move, Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin and the Canadian Judicial Council issued a statement that Toews's proposal would "compromise the independence of the Advisory Committees", and calling for the minister to consult with judicial and legal representatives before making any changes.[87] The Federation of Law Societies of Canada has also criticized Toews's plan, arguing that the government had "politicized" the judicial appointments process.[88]


Toews indicated that he would proceed with his changes despite the opposition. However, he was removed from the Justice portfolio before the new system was implemented.[89] Ontario Chief Justice Roy McMurtry and Attorney General Michael Bryant added their opposition to Toews's proposals in early 2007, with Bryant arguing that the "the forces of legal populism" were threatening to "tear asunder the basic principle of judicial independence".[90] Roy McMurtry (right) accompanied by his wife, daughter, and a sample of his art work Roland Roy McMurtry (born May 31, 1932) is a judge and former politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Ministry of the Attorney General of Ontario is responsible for providing a fair and accessible justice system which reflects the needs of the diverse communities it serves across government and the province. ... There have been several well-known people named Michael Bryant, including: Michael Bryant (actor) Michael J. Bryant, politician This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In January 2007, the Conservatives appointed two powerful Ontario police union leaders to the advisory committees.[91]


Other matters

In late October 2006, an Ontario Superior Court Judge struck down part of Canada's Security of Information Act as unconstitutional. The law was previously used to permit the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to obtain search warrants for the home and office of Ottawa journalist Juliet O'Neill, who received and published leaked information about the case of Maher Arar. Later in the same week, an Ottawa judge struck down as unconstitutional a section of the Anti-terrorism Act that defined terrorism as crime motived by religion, politics or ideology.[92] Toews later announced that his government would not appeal the O'Neill decision.[93] No decision has been made on the second ruling. RCMP redirects here. ... A Canadian journalist, Juliet ONeill was the subject of controversy when the RCMP raided her house on January 21st 2004, in an attempt to find the source of an internal leak giving her access to privileged documents related to the Maher Arar case. ... Maher Arar (Arabic: ‎; born 1970 in Syria) is a Canadian software engineer. ...


Toews called a judicial inquiry into the 1985 Air India bombing in late February 2006.[94] He later introduced legislation allowing provincial governments to regulate Canada's burgeoning payday loan industry.[95] Toews abolished the Law Commission of Canada in late 2006, arguing that the government could commission other agencies to do its research work.[96] Air India Flight 182 was a Boeing 747 that exploded on June 23, 1985 while at an altitude of 31,000 feet (9500 m) above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland; all 329 on board were killed, of whom 82 were children and 280 were Canadian citizens. ...


In December 2006, the House of Commons defeated a motion to reopen the debate on same-sex marriage. Toews supported reopening the debate, but later said that his government would not revisit the issue again.[97] Later in the same month, Toews and Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Jim Prentice announced plans to repeal Section 67 of the Canadian Human Rights Act. The ministers argued that this section often prevented status aboriginals and on-reserve workers from registering human rights complaints, and said that its repeal would extend full rights protection to all First Nations people.[98] In the Cabinet of Canada, The Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (French: Ministre des Affaires indiennes et du Nord canadien) heads two different departments. ... P. E. James Jim Prentice, PC, MP (born July 20, 1956, in South Porcupine, Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician. ... The Canadian Human Rights Act is a statute originally passed by the Government of Canada in 1977 with the express goal of extending the law to ensure equal opportunity to individuals who may be vicitims of discriminatory practices based on a set prohibited grounds such as gender, disability, or religion. ...


During 2006, Toews was involved in the preparation of draft legislation relating to religious rights and freedom of speech in relation to same-sex marriage. There has been speculation that this legislation was meant to protect the free-speech rights of religious leaders and others who criticize homosexual behaviour. The legislation was never brought forward.[99]


President of the Treasury Board

Prime Minister Stephen Harper shuffled his cabinet on January 4, 2007, and named Toews as President of the Treasury Board. Some commentators argued that Toews's hardline approach to law-and-order issues was damaging the Conservative Party's image among centrist voters, and described Rob Nicholson, his replacement, as a more moderate figure.[100] One of Toews's most important priorities is oversight of the Federal Accountability Act, which was recently passed into law by parliament.[101] In his first major speech as President of the Treasury Board, Toews announced increased penalties and longer jail terms for bureaucrats who commit fraud against the government.[102] In the parliamentary system a cabinet shuffle is an informal term for an event that occurs when a Head of Government rotates or changes the composition of ministers in his or her cabinet. ... The position of President of the Treasury Board was created as a ministerial position in the Canadian Cabinet in 1966 when the Treasury Board became a fully-fledged department. ... For the musician, better known as Blasko, see Rob Nicholson (musician). ... The Federal Accountability Act (full title: An Act providing for conflict of interest rules, restrictions on election financing and measures respecting administrative transparency, oversight and accountability) is a statute introduced as Bill C-2 in the first session of the 39th Canadian Parliament on April 11, 2006, by the President...


Toews was criticized in February 2007 after Public Safety Minister Stockwell Day appointed Patricia Haasbeek to the National Parole Board of Canada. Haasbeek's husband is a former leader of the Winnipeg police union, and has been a prominent aide to Toews over a period of several years.[103] Toews has said that he did not interfere in the appointments process.[104] The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness (French: Ministre de la Sécurité publique et de la Protection civile) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing the federal governments domestic security department, Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada. ... Stockwell Burt Day Jr. ...


Also in February 2007, the Treasury Board has doubled the official wait time for government polls and surveys to be released to the public,[105] and Toews announced that the Canadian Wheat Board would be subject to the Access to Information Act.[106] The following month, Toews received a recommendation for a $170-million pilot project to reduce inefficiencies in the government's internal administration system. If accepted, the plan will require five departments to share administration services and technology systems.[107] The Canadian Wheat Board (known at times as the Canada Wheat Board or by the acronym CWB) was established by the Parliament of Canada in 1935 as a producer marketing system for wheat and barley. ...


Toews was invited to speak at an event marking the 25th anniversity of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, but declined.[108]


Trivia

  • When asked in 1996 about his reading preferences, Toews said that he recently re-read Paul Bowles's The Sheltering Sky.[109] He is also a fan of the Winnipeg Fringe Festival.[110]
  • Toews bears a passing physical resemblance to Jack Layton, leader of the federal New Democratic Party. He temporarily shaved off his moustache in 2003 to prevent confusion.[111] He later took part in a comic sketch with Layton at the 2004 Parliamentary Press Gallery Dinner.
  • Toews is an avid long-distance runner, and has participated in several marathons.[112]

Paul Frederic Bowles (December 30, 1910 - November 18, 1999), was an American composer, author, and traveler. ... John Gilbert Jack Layton, PC, MP, PhD (born July 18, 1950) is a social democratic Canadian politician and current leader of Canadas New Democratic Party (since 2003). ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ...

Table of offices held

28th Ministry - Government of Stephen Harper
Cabinet Posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
John Baird President of the Treasury Board
(2007-)
incumbent
Irwin Cotler Minister of Justice
(2006-2007)
Rob Nicholson
Provincial Government of Gary Filmon
Cabinet Posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
Rosemary Vodrey Minister of Justice and Attorney General
(1997—1999)
Gord Mackintosh
Darren Praznik Minister of Labour
(1995—1997)
Harold Gilleshammer
Special Cabinet Responsibilities (6)
Predecessor Title Successor
Rosemary Vodrey Minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs
(1997—1999)
Gord Mackintosh
Darren Praznik Minister responsible for the Civil Service Act
(1995—1997)
Harold Gilleshammer
Darren Praznik Minister responsible for the Civil Service Superannuation Act
(1995—1997)
Harold Gilleshammer
Darren Praznik Minister responsible for the Civil Service Special Supplementary Severance Benefit Act
(1995—1997)
Harold Gilleshammer
Darren Praznik Minister responsible for the Public Servants Insurance Act
(1995—1997)
Harold Gilleshammer
Darren Praznik Minister responsible for the Workers Compensation Act
(1995—1997)
Harold Gilleshammer
Preceded by
David Iftody, Liberal
Member of Parliament for Provencher
2000-present
Succeeded by
incumbent
Preceded by
Harry Schellenberg
Member of the Legislative Assembly for Rossmere
1995-1999
Succeeded by
Harry Schellenberg

The federal Canadian Cabinet of Prime Minister Stephen Harper was sworn in on February 6, 2006, exactly two weeks after the 2006 election, and nine weeks and six days after the fall of the 38th Canadian Parliament. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... John Russell Baird, PC, MP (born May 26, 1969) is a Canadian politician. ... The position of President of the Treasury Board was created as a ministerial position in the Canadian Cabinet in 1966 when the Treasury Board became a fully-fledged department. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Irwin Cotler, PC , MP , OC , BA , BCL , LL.D , Ph. ... The Minister of Justice (French: Ministre de la Justice) of Canada is the minister in the Cabinet of Canada who is responsible for the Department of Justice and is also Attorney General of Canada. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... For the musician, better known as Blasko, see Rob Nicholson (musician). ... The Honourable Gary Albert Filmon, PC, P.Eng. ... Rosemary Vodrey is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Ministry of Justice is a department of the government of Manitoba. ... Gord Mackintosh (born July 7, 1955) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Darren Praznik (born May 9, 1961) is a Manitoba politician. ... The Minister of Labour and Immigration of the Canadian province of Manitoba is a member of the Executive Council of Manitoba, which is informally known as the Cabinet. ... Harold Gilleshammer (born April 8, 1942) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Rosemary Vodrey is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... See 1986, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs. ... Gord Mackintosh (born July 7, 1955) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Darren Praznik (born May 9, 1961) is a Manitoba politician. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... Harold Gilleshammer (born April 8, 1942) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Darren Praznik (born May 9, 1961) is a Manitoba politician. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... Harold Gilleshammer (born April 8, 1942) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Darren Praznik (born May 9, 1961) is a Manitoba politician. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... Harold Gilleshammer (born April 8, 1942) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Darren Praznik (born May 9, 1961) is a Manitoba politician. ... Since 1973, the Executive Council of Manitoba has included a minister or ministers responsible for the provincial Civil Service. ... Harold Gilleshammer (born April 8, 1942) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... Darren Praznik (born May 9, 1961) is a Manitoba politician. ... The Executive Council of Manitoba includes a Minister responsible for the Workers Compensation Act. ... Harold Gilleshammer (born April 8, 1942) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... David Iftody (June 15, 1956—February 5, 2001) was a Canadian politician. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Provencher is the name of a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harry Schellenberg is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ... Rossmere is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Harry Schellenberg is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Cabinet of Canada plays an important role in the Canadian government in accordance with the Westminster System. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ... Ronalee Rona Ambrose, PC, BA, MA, MP (born March 15, 1969 in Valleyview, Alberta) is Canadas current Minister of the Environment. ... John Russell Baird, PC, MP (born May 26, 1969) is a Canadian politician. ... Maxime Bernier, PC is Canadas Minister of Industry. ... Jean-Pierre Blackburn (born July 6, 1948 in Jonquière, Quebec) is a Canadian politician. ... Hon. ... Anthony Peter Tony Clement, PC, BA, LL.B., MP (born January 27, 1961 in Manchester, England) is a Canadian politician, federal Minister of Health, Minister for the Federal Economic Initiative for Northern Ontario (FedNor) and member of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Stockwell Burt Day Jr. ... David Lee Emerson, PC, Ph. ... Diane Finley PC, MP (born October 3, 1958 in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... James Michael Jim Flaherty, PC, BA, LL.B, MP (born December 30, 1949) is Canadas Minister of Finance; he had formerly served as Ontarios Minister of Finance. ... Michael M. Fortier, PC (born January 10, 1962) is the Canadian Minister of Public Works and Government Services and a Conservative senator from Quebec. ... Hon. ... Marjory LeBreton, P.C. (born July 4, 1940) is a Canadian Senator and vice-chair of Mothers Against Drunk Driving in Canada. ... Hon. ... Peter Gordon MacKay, PC, BA, LL.B, MP (born September 27, 1965) serves as the member of Parliament (MP) for Central Nova, Nova Scotia, Canadas Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. ... For the musician, better known as Blasko, see Rob Nicholson (musician). ... Gordon James OConnor, PC, OMM, CD, BA, B.Sc. ... Hon. ... P. E. James Jim Prentice, PC, MP (born July 20, 1956, in South Porcupine, Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician. ... Hon. ... Monte Kenton Solberg PC, MP (born September 17, 1958 in Calgary, Alberta) is a Canadian Member of Parliament, representing the riding of Medicine Hat in the Canadian House of Commons as a member of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Charles Strahl, PC, MP (born February 25, 1957 in New Westminster, British Columbia) is a politician in British Columbia, Canada. ... Gregory Francis Thompson (born March 28, 1947 in St. ... Peter Van Loan, PC, MP (born April 18, 1963) (sometimes referred to as PVL) is a Canadian politician. ... Josée Verner is a Canadian politician. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... Helena C. Guergis, PC (pronounced: DZHOR-dzhis) (born February 19, 1969) is a Canadian politician. ... Hon. ... Jason Kenney (born May 30, 1968 in Oakville, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... Christian Paradis (born January 1, 1974) is the Conservative Member of Parliament in the Canadian House of Commons for Mégantic—LÉrable. ... Gerry Ritz (born August 19, 1951) is a Canadian Member of Parliament for Battlefords—Lloydminster, a largely rural riding in Saskatchewan. ...

External links

  • Official website
  • Manitoba MP says he can't interfere in lost bus contract

Electoral record

2006 federal election : Provencher edit
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
     Conservative (x)Vic Toews 25,199 65.68 $41,347.71
     Liberal Wes Penner 6,077 15.84 $75,239.46
     New Democratic Party Patrick O'Connor 5,259 13.71 $2,266.71
     Green Janine Gibson 1,830 4.77 $87.31
Total valid votes 38,365 100.00
Total rejected ballots 157
Turnout 38,522 65.05
Electors on the lists 59,216
2004 federal election : Provencher edit
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
     Conservative (x)Vic Toews 22,694 63.02 $70,851.00
     Liberal Peter Epp 8,975 24.92 $64,895.23
     New Democratic Party Sarah Zaharia 3,244 9.01 $1,472.79
     Green Janine Gibson 1,100 3.05 $480.59
Total valid votes 36,013 100.00
Total rejected ballots 155
Turnout 36,168 59.67
Electors on the lists 60,617
2000 federal election : Provencher edit
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
     Canadian Alliance Vic Toews 21,358 52.76 $65,896.75
     Liberal (x)David Iftody 14,419 35.62 $60,917.43
     Progressive Conservative Henry C. Dyck 2,726 6.73 $7,780.05
     New Democratic Party Peter Hiebert 1,980 4.89 $210.45
Total valid votes 40,483 100.00
Total rejected ballots 148
Turnout 40,631 70.03
Electors on the lists 58,020
1999 Manitoba provincial election : Rossmere edit
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
     New Democratic Party Harry Schellenberg 5,097 49.21 $25,409.00
     Progressive Conservative (x)Vic Toews 4,803 46.37 $30,765.70
     Liberal Cecilia Connelly 396 3.82 $766.92
     Libertarian Chris Buors 62 0.60 $353.40
Total valid votes 10,358 100.00
Rejected and discarded votes 54
Turnout 10,412 79.47
Registered voters 13,102

Note: A subsequent investigation by Elections Manitoba found that Toews overspent by $7,500
in the 1999 campaign.
Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election. ... Provencher is the name of a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... The Liberal Party of Canada ran a full slate of 308 candidates in the 2006 federal election, and won 103 seats to form the Official Opposition against a Conservative minority government. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The New Democratic Party won fielded a full slate of 308 candidates in the 2006 federal election, and won 29 seats to become the fourth-largest party in parliament. ... The Green Party of Canada is a Canadian federal political party founded in 1983. ... Janine Gibson is a politician and organic inspector in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Canadian federal election, 2004 (more formally, the 38th general election), was held on June 28, 2004 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Provencher is the name of a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Peter Epp (born 1969 in Manitoba, Canada) is a lawyer and politician. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The New Democratic Party ran a full slate of candidates in the 2004 federal election, and elected nineteen members to become the fourth largest party in the legislature. ... The Green Party of Canada is a Canadian federal political party founded in 1983. ... Janine Gibson is a politician and organic inspector in Manitoba, Canada. ... The 2000 Canadian federal election was held on November 27, 2000, to elect 301 Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of Canada. ... Provencher is the name of a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Canadian Alliance, formally the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, was a Canadian conservative political party that existed from 2000 to 2003. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... David Iftody (June 15, 1956—February 5, 2001) was a Canadian politician. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada elected twelve candidates in the 2000 federal election, and emerged as the fifth-largest party in the Canadian House of Commons. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The New Democratic Party elected thirteen candidates in the 2000 federal election, emerging as the fourth-largest party in the Canadian House of Commons. ... The election of September 21, 1999 in Manitoba, Canada returned to power the New Democratic Party (NDP), which had been out of power since 1988. ... Rossmere is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The New Democratic Party of Manitoba is a social democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Harry Schellenberg is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party elected one member to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba in the 1999 provincial election. ... The Libertarian Party of Manitoba is a political party which runs candidates in Manitobas provincial elections. ... Chris Buors is a Manitoba politician and activist. ...

1995 Manitoba provincial election : Rossmere edit
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
     Progressive Conservative Vic Toews 4,318 45.97 $20,855.00
     New Democratic Party (x)Harry Schellenberg 4,201 44.72 $22,807.00
     Liberal Cecilia Connelly 875 9.31 $6,262.74
Total valid votes 9,394 100.00
Rejected and discarded votes 37
Turnout 9,431 77.08
Registered voters 12,235
1990 Manitoba provincial election : Rossmere edit
Party Candidate Votes %
     New Democratic Party (x)Jim Maloway 4,127 46.98
     Progressive Conservative Vic Toews 3,035 34.55
     Liberal Ed Price 1,623 18.47
Total valid votes 8,785 100.00
Rejected ballots 35
Turnout 8,820 71.63
Registered voters 12,313

All electoral information is taken from Elections Canada and Elections Manitoba. Provincial election expenditures refer to individual candidate expenses. Italicized expenditures refer to submitted totals, and are presented when the final reviewed totals are not available. The Manitoba, Canada general election of 1995 was won by the Progressive Conservatives, who won 31 seats out of 57. ... Rossmere is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The New Democratic Party of Manitoba is a social democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Harry Schellenberg is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party elected one member to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba in the 1999 provincial election. ... The election of September 11, 1990 in Manitoba, Canada was won by the Progressive Conservatives, who took 30 out of 57 seats. ... Rossmere is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The New Democratic Party of Manitoba is a social democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Peter James (Jim) Maloway (November 10, 1952-) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party won seven out of 57 seats in the 1990 provincial election, making the party the third-largest in the legislature. ... Elections Canada is the non-partisan agency of the Government of Canada responsible for the conduct of federal elections and referendums. ... Elections Manitoba is the non-partisan agency of the Government of Manitoba, responsible for the conduct of provincial elections. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Mary Nersessian, "Key players who may form a Conservative cabinet", CTV News report, 2006.
  2. ^ Peter Bakogeorge, "Cracking down on drunk driving", Toronto Star, 8 April 1990, B1.
  3. ^ Jim Carr, "Mostly they dance with NDP", Winnipeg Free Press, 21 April 1995, Editorial.
  4. ^ "Ontario move stuns pro-lifers", Winnipeg Free Press, 9 January 1994, City Page.
  5. ^ Glen MacKenzie, "Labour pains", Winnipeg Free Press, 6 October 1996, B4.
  6. ^ Manitoba Hansard, "Orders of the Day", 36th parliament, Second day of Throne Speech Debate.
  7. ^ Alice Krueger, "PCs plan to raise pay veil", Winnipeg Free Press, 6 December 1995, A1.
  8. ^ Paul McKie, "Strike funds secret", Winnipeg Free Press, 27 May 1996, A4.
  9. ^ Alice Krueger, "Union workers can say no", Winnipeg Free Press, 13 April 1996, A4.
  10. ^ Alice Krueger, "Home care plan deserts workers", Winnipeg Free Press, 18 April 1996, A1.
  11. ^ "Manitoba hospitals feeling strike's squeeze", Globe and Mail, 26 April 1996, A4.
  12. ^ "Tories agenda for '96", Winnipeg Free Press, 31 December 1996, A8.
  13. ^ Paul Samyn, "Tories kill wage life raft", Winnipeg Free Press, 3 July 1996, A1.
  14. ^ Alice Krueger, "Corrections crackdown called minor tinkering", Winnipeg Free Press, 29 January 1997, A4.
  15. ^ "Man correctional staff provided with more tools to enhance safety, security", Canadian Occupational Health & Safety News, 10 February 1997, Volume 20 Number 5.
  16. ^ David Kuxhaus, "Tories to keep more offenders behind bars", Winnipeg Free Press, 15 August 1998, A3.
  17. ^ Bruce Owen, "Do the crime, avoid the time", Winnipeg Free Press, 9 March 1997, B1.
  18. ^ "Law holds Manitoba parents responsible for kids' crimes", Toronto Star, 23 September 1997, A2.
  19. ^ "Victims' rights better protected with proclamation of new Act", Manitoba government publication, 11 January 1998.
  20. ^ David Kuxhaus, "NDP pushing for victims' bill of rights", Winnipeg Free Press, 3 March 1998, A7. See also "Victim Impact Statement Program introduced", Manitoba government document, 22 September 1998.
  21. ^ "Rock starts war on gangs", Winnipeg Free Press, 21 March 1997, A1.
  22. ^ Kevin Rollason, "Natives get new justice", Winnipeg Free Press, 10 March 1998, A1.
  23. ^ John Lyons, "Justice minister likes idea of aboriginal healing lodge", Winnipeg Free Press, 16 October 1998, A6.
  24. ^ Alice Krueger, "Manitoba blanks gun-control law", 25 April 1997, A3.
  25. ^ David Kuxhaus, "New YOA ineffective, too costly, Toews says", Winnipeg Free Press, 9 June 1999.
  26. ^ Carol Harrington, "Manitoba minister riles justice conference", Globe and Mail, 30 January 1999, A16.
  27. ^ Paul McKie, "Top judge takes shot at justice boss", 10 June 1999, City Page.
  28. ^ Paul Samyn, "Manitoba to follow same-sex", Winnipeg Free Press, 21 May 1999, A1.
  29. ^ News briefs, Associated Press, 9 June 1997, 20:13 report.
  30. ^ Scott Edmonds, "Girl scared into silence", Globe and Mail, 10 June 1997, A3.
  31. ^ Leah Janzen, "Prosecutors' office a mess, review says", Winnipeg Free Press, 15 October 2000, A1.
  32. ^ David Roberts, "Manitoba bar raps justice minister", Winnipeg Free Press, 8 May 1998, A17.
  33. ^ Douglas Nairne, "Filmon calls Toews' actions 'inappropriate'", 22 June 1999, City Page.
  34. ^ Douglas Nairne, "Boundary change puts Rossmere up for grabs", Winnipeg Free Press, 15 September 1999, A12.
  35. ^ Glen MacKenzie, "MLA to moonlight with investment firm", Winnipeg Free Press, 13 November 1999, A10.
  36. ^ Bud Robertson, "Toews decides to play wait-and-see with unite-the-right movements", Winnipeg Free Press, 15 February 1999, A6.
  37. ^ Paul Samyn, "Long borrows Tory office for mailout", Winnipeg Free Press, 18 June 2000, A1; David Kuxhaus, "Pallister continues hunt for way to unite the right", Winnipeg Free Press, 27 July 2000, A8.
  38. ^ Helen Fallding, "Ex-PC Toews wins Alliance bid", Winnipeg Free Press, 31 October 2000, A1.
  39. ^ Greg Joyce, "Canadian Alliance Leader Stockwell Day announces shadow cabinet", Canadian Press, 5 January 2001, 17:57 report.
  40. ^ Paul Samyn, "Alliance revolt escalates", Winnipeg Free Press, 16 May 2001, B1.
  41. ^ Bruce Cheadle, "Day stepping down as Alliance leader", Canadian Press, 11 December 2001, 18:24 report.
  42. ^ Bill Curry and Sheldon Alberts, "MP calls on party to join with Tories", National Post, 8 March 2003, A12.
  43. ^ For example, Tonda MacCharles, "Liberal bill to reform Young Offenders Act", Toronto Star, 6 February 2001, p. 1.
  44. ^ Mia Rabson, "Convicted pedophiles will have to enter their addresses", Winnipeg Free Press, 14 February 2002, A5; Sue Bailey, "Sex offender registry law introduced", Canadian Press, 11 December 2002, 18:53 report. The non-retroactive approach followed the model of previous legislation in the United Kingdom.
  45. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Lamer attacks Alliance 'yelping'", National Post, 14 April 2001, A01.
  46. ^ Nahlah Ayed, "Charter at 20 still brews a storm in Canadian politics as it did at birth", Canadian Press, 11 April 2002, 16:07 report.
  47. ^ Luiza Chwialkowska, "Charter's anniversary stokes familiar debate: Courts v. Parliament", National Post, 18 April 2002, A04.
  48. ^ Sandra Cordon, "Gays, lesbians slam Ottawa for appeal of same-sex marriage ruling", Canadian Press, 29 July 2002, 16:31 report.
  49. ^ "Parties may unite to end Conservative same-sex filibuster", Edmonton Journal, 30 May 2005, A5.
  50. ^ Sharon Boase, "Protection of gays pits the Bible vs. Bill C-250", Hamilton Spectator, 8 February 2003, A01.
  51. ^ Helen Fallding, "Camp should have right to deny gays: Alliance MP", Winnipeg Free Press, 22 November 2002, A5, "Drawing the line at 16", National Post, 11 March 2005, A18.
  52. ^ Paul Samyn, "Pot bill fate confronts lethal mix of dissent", Winnipeg Free Press, 29 May 2003, A11.
  53. ^ Daniel Lett, "Stronach firing up the right", Winnipeg Free Press, 22 January 2004, A1.
  54. ^ Frances Russell, "Toews is Conservatives' weak link", Winnipeg Free Press, 8 February 2006, A13.
  55. ^ Helen Fallding, "Toews charged in election financing", Winnipeg Free Press, 5 December 2001, A3.
  56. ^ David Kuxhaus, "Toews guilty of overspending in provincial election", Winnipeg Free Press, 26 January 2005, A3.
  57. ^ Alexander Panetta, "Liberals demand resignation of Tory critic who broke election rules", Canadian Press, 26 January 2005, 21:36 report.
  58. ^ "Toews fined for breaking election rule", Winnipeg Free Press, 5 February 2005.
  59. ^ Mia Rabson, "Toews, Pallister for Murray's job: poll", Winnipeg Free Press, 27 December 2005, B2.
  60. ^ Scott Deveau, "Crime bill sets mandatory minimum sentences", Globe and Mail, 4 May 2006 (breaking news).
  61. ^ See Jeffrey Simpson, "The real crime's the Tories' take on sentencing", Globe and Mail, 5 May 2006, A25; Dan Gardner, "Tories have 'faith' in get-tough gun sentences, but no evidence they'll work", Ottawa Citizen, 11 May 2006, A1. See Jim Brown, "New sentencing rules will put more criminals in jail, at hefty cost", Canadian Press, 4 May 2006, 13:14 report [Day].
  62. ^ Jim Brown, "Tory crime-fighting bill gutted by combined opposition forces", Canadian Press, 24 October 2006, 16:11 report.
  63. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Harper to announce gun-crime bill in Toronto", National Post, 23 November 2006, A16.
  64. ^ "Tory government to raise age of consent to 16 to target sex predators", Canadian Press, 7 February 2006, 21:31 report. See also Kate Heartfield, "Age, sex, consent -- and the facts", Vancouver Sun, 21 February 2006, A11; "The age of consent" [editorial], Globe and Mail, 21 April 2006, A20.
  65. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Tory bill makes exceptions for teen romance", Montreal Gazette, 2 June 2006, A1.
  66. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Three-strike law will start Tory attack on crime", Montreal Gazette, 21 September 2006, A12; Chris Wattie, "PM pushes three-strikes law", Montreal Gazette, 13 October 2006, A1.
  67. ^ Jim Brown, "Three-strike legislation draws heat from critics", Toronto Star, 18 October 2006, A8.
  68. ^ Tracey Tyler, "Minister: Goal is treatment, not jail", Toronto Star, 15 August 2006, A1.
  69. ^ Alexander Panetta, "Toews retreats on kid convicts", Calgary Herald, 16 August 2006, A4.
  70. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Young offenders to face tougher treatment", Vancouver Sun, 18 October 2006, A4.
  71. ^ "Jail time may stem tide of youth violence: Toews", Hamilton Spectator, 30 October 2006, A3; "Toews wants to imprison 12-year-olds", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 30 October 2006, A3.
  72. ^ "Federal justice minister proposes changes to national DNA databank", Canadian Press, 9 June 2006, 19:52 report.
  73. ^ "Border guards renew call to carry guns", Edmonton Journal, 12 February 2006, A7.
  74. ^ "Conservatives not interested in relaxing marijuana laws", Winnipeg Free Press, 8 March 2006, A11; Peter Edwards, "Police crack down on marijuana users", Toronto Star, 3 April 2006, A1.
  75. ^ Peter O'Neil, "MPs speed passage of anti-racing laws", Vancouver Sun, 2 November 2006, A3.
  76. ^ Carly Weeks, "New legislation 'unfairly targets marijuana users'", Vancouver Sun, 23 November 2006, A9.
  77. ^ Alex Dobrota, "Ottawa faces heat on impaired driving legislation", Globe and Mail, 22 November 2006, A5.
  78. ^ "New tough-on-crime laws will require new funding", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 14 October 2006, A3.
  79. ^ "Tougher gun laws will mean $246 million needed for new prison space: minister", Canadian Press, 7 November 2006, 17:19 report.
  80. ^ Bartley Kives, "Ignatieff targets Toews on crime", Winnipeg Free Press, 31 October 2006, B1.
  81. ^ Tracey Tyler, "There is no crime epidemic, says former chief justice", Toronto Star, 4 November 2006, A23.
  82. ^ Paul Vieira, "Nicholson is New Face Of Law And Order: Likely to be more Moderate Than outgoing Toews", National Post, 5 January 2007, A5.
  83. ^ Susan Delacourt and Sean Gordon, "Shock and awe, Tory style", Toronto Star, 7 February 2006, A1.
  84. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Public scrutiny of nominees risks 'warfare': former judge", National Post, 8 February 2006, A5.
  85. ^ Terry Weber, "Rothstein tapped as Supreme Court nominee", Globe and Mail, 23 February 2006 (Breaking News).
  86. ^ "The judges were right to slam Toews's plan" [editorial], Globe and Mail, 13 November 2006, A18; "Justice seen to be done", Ottawa Citizen, 14 November 2006, A14; "Toews should at least be honest about his attacks on judicial independence" [editorial], Vancouver Sun, 14 November 2006, A14; "Ottawa's justice fiasco" [editorial], Toronto Star, 15 November 2006, A22.
  87. ^ Kirk Makin, "Top judges rebuke Tories", Globe and Mail, 10 November 2006, A1.
  88. ^ Kirk Makin, "Senior lawyers criticize Toews", Globe and Mail, 16 November 2006, A10.
  89. ^ Alex Dobrota, "Lawyers want minister to review plan allowing police to help select judges", Globe and Mail, 12 January 2007, A4.
  90. ^ "Meddling with courts", Toronto Star, 12 January 2007, A18.
  91. ^ John Duncanson, "Police officers on panels picking judges seen as 'political' move", Toronto Star, 22 January 2007.
  92. ^ Don Butler, "Security law violates charter, judge rules", Montreal Gazette, 20 October 2006, A12; Ian Macleod, "Anti-terror law suffers new setback", 25 October 2006, A4; Alex Dobrota and Gloria Galloway, "Portion of law on terror struck down", Globe and Mail, 25 October 2006, A1.
  93. ^ Ian MacLeod, "Ottawa won't appeal anti-terror law ruling", National Post, 4 November 2006, A2.
  94. ^ "Air India inquiry will go ahead: report", Edmonton Journal, 1 March 2006, A5.
  95. ^ "Legislation gives provinces power over payday lenders", Guelph Mercury, 7 October 2006, A7.
  96. ^ "Toews defends turfing law commission", Edmonton Journal, 7 November 2006, A7.
  97. ^ Gloria Galloway, "Same-sex marriage file closed for good, PM says", Globe and Mail, 8 December 2006, A1.
  98. ^ "Introduction of legislation to repeal Section 67 of the Canadian Human Rights Act" [media advisory], Canada NewsWire, 13 December 2006, 05:16; "Canada's new Government introduces legislation to strengthen human rights protection for Aboriginal Canadians", Canada NewsWire, 13 December 2006, 10:19.
  99. ^ Bill Curry, "Tories drafted law on religious rights", Globe and Mail, 2 April 2007, A7.
  100. ^ Andrew Coyne, "The man sent to kill the issue: Baird posting is all about appearances", National Post, 5 January 2007, A1; Paul Vieira, "Nicholson is New Face Of Law And Order: Likely to be more Moderate Than outgoing Toews", National Post, 5 January 2007, A5.
  101. ^ Kathryn May, "Toews' appointment 'scary thought' for PS: Get-tough approach worries bureaucrats", Ottawa Citizen, 5 January 2007, A1.
  102. ^ Kathryn May, "MPs consider perjury charges for sponsorship witnesses", Ottawa Citizen, 8 February 2007, A1.
  103. ^ "Libs, NDP cry foul over Tories' giving post to wife of Toews' right-hand man", Canadian Press, 12 February 2007, 20:12; Paul Samyn, "Patronage charges fly: Wife of Toews' senior aide gets $124,600-a-year parole board plum", Winnipeg Free Press, 13 February 2003, A3.
  104. ^ "Vic Toews defends parole board hiring of his top aide's wife", Canadian Press, 13 February 2007, 13:27.
  105. ^ Jack Aubry, "Tories double wait time to release polls", Edmonton Journal, 15 February 2007, A6.
  106. ^ "Agents of Parliament, Canadian Wheat board and foundations brought under Access to Information" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 22 February 2007, 09:30.
  107. ^ Peter O'Neil, "Ottawa may spend millions to cut government waste", National Post, 14 March 2007, A14.
  108. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Conservatives skip out on Charter events", Montreal Gazette, 11 April 2007, A4.
  109. ^ "On the night table", Winnipeg Free Press, 18 August 1996, B5.
  110. ^ Glen MacKenzie, "Labour pains", Winnipeg Free Press, 6 October 1996, B4.
  111. ^ "Canadian Alliance politician shaves to avoid confusion with NDP leader", lol.... i'm so sexy! Canadian Press, 30 September 2003, 20:34 report.
  112. ^ Paul Samyn, "Toews in familiar territory", Winnipeg Free Press, 7 February 2006, A5.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vic Toews - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3769 words)
Toews was hired by the University of Manitoba in 1987 as a lecturer, and taught classes in labour law and employment law.
Toews argued that the proposal would reduce the number of repeat offenders, and said that it was "sensitive to the needs of the aboriginal community".
Toews formally joined the Alliance in the buildup to the 2000 federal election and defeated four other candidates to win the party's nomination for Provencher, a mostly rural riding in southeastern Manitoba.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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