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Encyclopedia > Vesica piscis
The Vesica Piscis
The Vesica Piscis

The vesica piscis is a symbol made from two circles of the same radius, intersecting in such a way that the center of each circle lies on the circumference of the other. The name literally means the bladder of the fish in Latin. In the Christian tradition, it is a reference to Christ, as in ichthys. The shape is called a mandorla ("almond") in India and known in the early Mesopotamian, African, and Asian civilizations. Image File history File links Vesica_Piscis. ... Image File history File links Vesica_Piscis. ... Circle illustration This article is about the shape and mathematical concept of circle. ... A giant grouper at the Georgia Aquarium Fish are aquatic vertebrates that are typically cold-blooded; covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant (see Hebrews 8:6). ... Christ is the English translation of the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... The ichthys or fish symbol represents Christianity Ichthys (Greek: ; also transliterated and latinized as ichthys, icthus, ichthus or ikhthus; ichthus, spelled: Iota Chi Theta Upsilon Sigma), is the Ancient and Classical Greek word for fish. ... This is an article about the ancient middle eastern region. ...

Construction diagram of the Vesica Piscis, showing the extension to form the Ichthys
Construction diagram of the Vesica Piscis, showing the extension to form the Ichthys

Contents

Image File history File links Vesica-P-Constr-Diagram. ... The ichthys or fish symbol represents Christianity Ichthys (Greek: ; also transliterated and latinized as ichthys, icthus, ichthus or ikhthus; ichthus, spelled: Iota Chi Theta Upsilon Sigma), is the Ancient and Classical Greek word for fish. ...

Geometry

The symbol is formed from the almond-shaped area in the overlap between the circles, as shown in black in the diagram — for certain purposes also including the upper arcs as far as the edges of a rectangle whose sides coincide with the widest points of the almond (as shown in light blue in the diagram). The resulting figure looks like a stylized fish, or in the extended version like a flattened Greek letter alpha. Block quote |}Insert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text here-- For other uses, see Almond (disambiguation). ... In Euclidean geometry, an arc is a closed segment of a differentiable curve in the two-dimensional plane; for example, a circular arc is a segment of a circle. ... The Greek alphabet is an alphabet that has been used to write the Greek language since about the 9th century BCE. It was the first alphabet in the narrow sense, that is, a writing system using a separate symbol for each vowel and consonant alike. ... Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. ...


Mystical and religious significance

It has been the subject of mystical speculation at several periods of history, perhaps first among the Pythagoreans, who considered it a holy figure. The mathematical ratio of its width (measured to the endpoints of the "body", not including the "tail") to its height was reportedly believed by them to be 265:153. This ratio, equal to 1.73203, was thought of as a holy number, called the measure of the fish. The geometric ratio of these dimensions is actually the square root of 3, or 1.73205... (since if you draw straight lines connecting the centers of the two circles with each other, and with the two points where the circles intersect, then you get two equilateral triangles joined along an edge, as shown in light red in the diagram). The ratio 265:153 is an approximation to the square root of 3, with the property that no better approximation can be obtained with smaller whole numbers. The number 153 appears in the Gospel of John (21:11) as the exact number of fish Jesus caused to be caught in a miraculous catch of fish, which is thought by some to be a coded reference to Pythagorean beliefs. The Pythagoreans were a Hellenic organization of astronomers, musicians, mathematicians, and philosophers who believed that all things are, essentially, numeric. ... In mathematics, the principal square root of a non-negative real number is denoted and represents the non-negative real number whose square (the result of multiplying the number by itself) is . ... In mathematics, a continued fraction is an expression such as where a0 is some integer and all the other numbers an are positive integers. ... One hundred fifty-three is the natural number following one hundred fifty-two and preceding one hundred fifty-four. ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the canon of the New Testament, traditionally ascribed to John the Evangelist. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Catch of 153 fish is an episode in the appendix of the Gospel of John, in which seven of the Twelve Apostles were out fishing when they unexpectedly witness one of the resurrection appearances of Jesus. ... The Pythagoreans were a Hellenic organization of astronomers, musicians, mathematicians, and philosophers who believed that all things are, essentially, numeric. ...

Jesus shown within a vesica piscis shape in medieval illuminated manuscript
Jesus shown within a vesica piscis shape in medieval illuminated manuscript

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1336x1824, 2306 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christian views of Jesus Vesica piscis Merkabah ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1336x1824, 2306 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Christian views of Jesus Vesica piscis Merkabah ...

Uses of the shape

Other uses of the shape include that by some early peoples of the almond-shaped central area as a representation of the female genitals, and the use of a similar (horizontally-oriented) fish symbol called the Ichthys by early Christians. In Christian art, some aureolas are in the shape of a vertically oriented vesica piscis, and the seals of ecclesiastical organizations can be enclosed within a vertically oriented vesica piscis (instead of the more usual circular enclosure). A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in an complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... The ichthys or fish symbol represents Christianity Ichthys (Greek: ; also transliterated and latinized as ichthys, icthus, ichthus or ikhthus; ichthus, spelled: Iota Chi Theta Upsilon Sigma), is the Ancient and Classical Greek word for fish. ... Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant (see Hebrews 8:6). ... Christian art is art that spans many segments of Christianity. ... Images of Mary, mother of Jesus are often surrounded by an aureole, as in this image of Our Lady of Guadalupe. ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ...


See also

In iconography, a Mandorla is an almond-shaped aureola which surrounds the figure of Christ in traditional Christian art. ... A lens contained between two cirular arcs of radius R, and centers at O1 and O2 The shape of the portion of Kenny McCormicks face visible through his hood is almost a lens, although the arcs are either elliptical or parabolic rather than circular. ... The Flower of Life (click image for links to further images). ... In geometry, given an arbitrary point on a torus, four circles can be drawn through it. ... Close-up of a triquetra on one of the Funbo Runestones. ... Chalice Well is a holy well situated at the foot of Glastonbury Tor in the county of Somerset, England. ... A vesicle pisces is the name that author Philip K. Dick gave to a symbol he saw (on February 2, 1974) on the necklace of a delivery woman. ... The Catch of 153 fish is an episode in the appendix of the Gospel of John, in which seven of the Twelve Apostles were out fishing when they unexpectedly witness one of the resurrection appearances of Jesus. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vesica Piscis Chapel (95 words)
Vesica Piscis Chapel is the newest and most elegant venue in the Tulsa area.
It is an old world style European chapel and banquet hall located in Catoosa, Oklahoma.
It is an exquisite testimony to the style of it’s owners whose vision was to create a special place for bride and groom to become one.
The Rorian Tradition: The Vesica Piscis (1029 words)
The proportions of the width and length of the Vesica Piscis are 153 to 265, significantly containing a very close approximation of the square root of three (1.732...).
(Again,the Planter's zodiac sign is Sagittarius, the man-horse centaur; the Forestress's is Pisces, the Mermaid or Fish.) Vesica Piscis, the "bladder of the fish," is probably a euphemism for the "vagina of the fish," as the Planter and the Forestress's divine center is the Sex chakra.
The Vesica Piscis symbol (bisected by a vertical line!) adorns the wrought-iron cover of the sacred Chalice Well of Glastonbury; the cover was designed after WW I by the clairvoyant architect Frederick Bligh Bond.
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