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Encyclopedia > Vermont State House
The Vermont State House

The Vermont State House, located in Montpelier, Vermont, is the capitol and seat of government of the U.S. state of Vermont. The current Greek revival structure is the third building on the same site to serve as the state house. It was designed in 1857 and opened in 1859. Restored in 1990, it remains largely in the same appearance as when it first opened. Download high resolution version (878x648, 95 KB)Front view of the Vermont State House (taken Sept. ... Download high resolution version (878x648, 95 KB)Front view of the Vermont State House (taken Sept. ... Montpelier, Vermont Montpelier is the capital of Vermont, a state of the United States of America. ... Capitol can refer to: A building that houses the administration of certain governments. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... State nickname: The Green Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Governor Jim Douglas Official languages None Area 24,923 km² (45th)  - Land 23,974 km²  - Water 949 km² (3. ... Personal residence of Catherine the Great Greek Revival was a style of classical architecture which became fashionable in Europe in the 18th century, and in the United Kingdom and United States in the early 19th century. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Description

The State House is located on State Street on the western edge of downtown Montpelier, several blocks north of the Winooski River. Set against a wooded hillside (which was deforested at times through the building's history), the building and its distinctive gold leaf dome are easily visible while approaching Montpelier. The small size of Montpelier (the smallest city to serve as the capital of a U.S. state) means that the dome is visible even before one reaches the city limit along U.S. Highway 2. The surrounding forested hillside contains a hiking path that leads upward from the small parking lot along the eastern side. The Winooski River is a tributary of Lake Champlain, approximately 90 miles (145 km) long, in northern Vermont in the United States. ... General Name, Symbol, Number Gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 (IB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19300 kg/m3, 2. ... United States Highway 2 is an east-west United States highway. ...

A tour guide at the State House waits for tourists in the front entrance. A portrait of a recent governor hangs in the stairwell at left

The current structure was designed by architect Thomas Silloway, following the design of an earlier structure (the second Vermont State House), designed by Montpelier architect Ammi B. Young, supervising architect of the U.S. Treasury, and constructed on the same site between 18331838. Young's earlier structure was also of Greek Revival design, in white Barre granite in a two-story cruciform design with a Doric portico and saucer dome lower than the existing one. Young's structure was nearly totally destroyed in a fire in January 1857. Silloway was able to salvage the portico, as well as portions of the granite walls, in his new design. Silloway also heightened the dome (copper with gold leaf) to its current level. The dome is topped by a statue of the Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture. The front entrance is flanked on the outside by a marble statue of Ethan Allen, a Vermont patriot during the American Revolutionary War. In the lobby of the Vermont State House, a tour guide waits for tourist looking out the front door. ... In the lobby of the Vermont State House, a tour guide waits for tourist looking out the front door. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the art of planning, designing and overseeing the construction of buildings, or more generally, the designer of a scheme or plan. ... The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department, a treasury, of the United States government established by an Act of U.S. Congress in 1789 to manage the revenue of the United States government. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Barre is the name of a Town and a City in Vermont: Barre (town), Vermont Barre (city), Vermont This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Granite is a common and widely-occurring group of intrusive felsic igneous rocks that form at great depths and pressures under continents. ... A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars intersecting each other at a 90° angle, dividing one or two of the lines in half. ... The uncompleted Doric temple at Segesta, Sicily, has been waiting for finishing of its surfaces since 430 - 420 BC The Doric order was one of the three orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. ... Categories: Architectural elements | Stub ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 , 4, d Density, Hardness 8920 kg/m3, 3. ... For the first asteroid to be discovered, see 1 Ceres For the Melbourne community environment park, see the Centre for Education and Research in Environmental Strategies CERES (Clouds and the Earths Radiant Energy System) is an on-going NASA metereological experiment in Earth orbit. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that existed in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East between 753 BC and its downfall in AD 476. ... Marble This page is about the metamorphic rock. ... Ethan Allen (January 21, 1738 – February 12, 1789) was an early American revolutionary and guerrilla leader during the era of the Vermont Republic and the New Hampshire Grants. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within the thirteen North American colonies. ...

Chamber of the House of Representatives, with portrait of George Washington of the speaker's chair

The State House contains two main floors accessible by all visitors the front staircase and doors. The main lobby is flanked by portraits of U.S. Presidents Calvin Coolidge and Chester Alan Arthur, both of whom were from Vermont. The lobby also contains a large portrait of Montpelier native Admiral Dewey on the bridge of his flagship during the Battle of Manila Bay. The office of the Governor of Vermont is located in the west wing of the building. Portraits of Vermont governors, including recent presidential candidate Howard Dean (who is shown in an idiosyncratic pose in a canoe amid a natural setting) are displayed through the first and second floors of the building. The chambers of the two bodies of the Vermont legislature are on the second floor. Unlike many statehouses, the chambers have no overhead galleries on a higher floor, and visitors are permitted to enter the chambers directly. Chamber of Vermont House of Representatives in the Vermont State House (taken Sept. ... Chamber of Vermont House of Representatives in the Vermont State House (taken Sept. ... This article is about George Washingtons general life. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829—November 18, 1886) was an American politician who served as 21st President of the United States. ... George Dewey (December 26, 1837–January 16, 1917) was an admiral of the United States Navy, best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. ... The Battle of Manila Bay took place on 1 May 1898 during the Spanish-American War. ... This is a list of Governors of Vermont: As an Independent Republic Thomas Chittenden (None) 1778-1789 Moses Robinson (None) 1789-1790 Thomas Chittenden (None) 1790-1791 As a State Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Vermont ... Democratic National Committee Chairman Howard Dean Howard Brush Dean III, M.D. (born November 17, 1948) is a prominent American Democratic politician, currently serving as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. ... Canoe at El Nido, Philippines A canoe is a relatively small human-powered boat. ...

Stained glass skylight of the state seal in the Cedar Creek Room

The west wing of the second floor holds the Cedar Creek Room, which contains a large wall-size painting depicting the Battle of Cedar Creek during the American Civil War. The painting highlights the contributions of Vermont troops in the battle. The room is illuminated by two stained glass windows in the ceilings, one of which depicts the Vermont State Seal, which is topped by the figure of a stag. Download high resolution version (663x853, 188 KB)Stained glass skylight in the Cedar Creek Room in the Vermont State House (taken Sept. ... Download high resolution version (663x853, 188 KB)Stained glass skylight in the Cedar Creek Room in the Vermont State House (taken Sept. ... Battle of Cedar Creek Conflict American Civil War Date October 19, 1864 Place Frederick County, Shenandoah County and Warren County Result Union victory The Battle of Cedar Creek, or The Battle of Belle Grove, October 19, 1864, was one of the last battles in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign (August-December... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ...


Many of the furnishings in the building date to the original opening, including the 30 black walnut chairs in the Vermont Senate chamber, used in 1859 and still used for the same purpose today. This article is about the walnut tree. ...


Use of the State House

Vermont's reputation for open state government is reflected in the State House, which is entirely open to visitors with few restrictions when the legislature is not in session. In addition, the front steps of the building serve as a well-used platform for peaceful demonstrations and press conferences for varioius official and non-official groups.


External link

  • National Park Service: Vermont State House (http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/centralvermont/cv20.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vermont Senate: Information from Answers.com (455 words)
The Vermont Senate is the upper house of the Vermont General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Vermont.
As in other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the federal U.S. Senate, the Senate is reserved with special functions such as confirming or rejecting gubernatorial appointments to executive departments, the state cabinet, commissions, boards, and electing members to the Vermont Supreme Court.
In addition, Vermont is one of the 14 states where the upper house of its state legislature serves at a two-year cycle, rather than the normal four-year term as in the majority of states.
Vermont State House - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2170 words)
The Vermont State House is located on State Street on the western edge of downtown Montpelier, a block north of the Winooski River.
Ethan Allen was a founder of Vermont and commander of the Green Mountain Boys, an early Vermont military infantry active during the Vermont Republic, (1777-1791).
Contrary to the tradition of decorating the upper house in red and the lower house in green, established by the House of Lords and House of Commons in the United Kingdom, Vermont reserves the state colors of green and gold for its upper house, the Vermont Senate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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