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Encyclopedia > Vermilion
Vermilion
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #E34234
RGBa (r, g, b) (227, 66, 52)
HSV (h, s, v) (5°, 77.1%, 89%)
a: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Vermilion, also spelled vermillion, when found naturally-occurring, is an opaque reddish orange pigment, used since antiquity, originally derived from the powdered mineral cinnabar. Chemically the pigment is mercuric sulfide, HgS. Like all mercury compounds it is toxic. Web colors are colors used in designing web pages, and the methods for describing and specifying those colors. ... The RGB color model is an additive model in which red, green and blue (often used in additive light models) are combined in various ways to reproduce other colors. ... Red may be any of a number of similar colours at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... Green is a color with many different shades, all within a wavelength of roughly 520–570 nm. ... The term Blue may refer any of a number of similar colors. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An image with the hue altered The hue of this Painted Bunting is adjusted over the spectrum. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Chromaticity. ... Brightness is an attribute of visual perception in which a source appears to emit a given amount of light. ... Red may be any of a number of similar colours at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... The colour orange occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum at a wavelength of about 585–620 nanometres. ... For animal and plant pigments, see Pigment, biology. ... Cinnabar, sometimes written cinnabarite, is a name applied to red mercury(II) sulfide (HgS), or native vermilion, the common ore of mercury. ... General Name, Symbol, Number Mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12 (IIB), 6 , d Density, Hardness liquid 13. ... Toxic redirects here, but this is also the name of a song by Britney Spears; see Toxic (song) Look up toxic and toxicity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Vermilion is not on the colour wheel since the colour is mixed with a slight amount of gray.


Today vermilion is most commonly artificially produced by reacting mercury with molten sulfur. Most naturally produced vermilion comes from cinnabar mined in China, giving rise to its alternative name of China red. General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Atomic mass 32. ...


As pure sources of cinnabar are rare, natural vermilion has always been extremely expensive. In the Middle Ages, vermilion was often as expensive as gilding. As of 2006 a 225ml tube of genuine Chinese Vermilion oil paint can cost £200 (US $300) [1]. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Gilding is the art of spreading gold, either by mechanical or by chemical means, over the surface of a body for the purpose of ornament. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The millilitre (ml or mL, also spelt milliliter) is a metric unit of volume that is equal to one thousandth of a litre. ... View of Delft in oil paint, by Johannes Vermeer. ...


In painting, vermilion has largely been replaced by the pigment cadmium red, a pigment that is less reactive due to the replacement of mercury with cadmium, especially in certain applications such as watercolors. The last mainstream commercial source in watercolors was from the Belgian artist's materials company Blockx, although the pigment can still be obtained in oils, where it is considered more stable. Unlike mercuric sulfide, cadmium sulfide is available in a large range of warm hues, including hues obtained by the addition of selenium or zinc. The range is from lemon yellow to a dull deep red, sometimes referred to as "cadmium purple". About 2/3 to 3/4 of Cadmium produced worldwide is used in the production of Ni-Cd Batteries. ...


Vermilion is also the name of the typical colour of the natural ground pigment, which is a bright red tinged with orange. It is somewhat similar to the colour scarlet. As with cadmium sulfide, mercuric sulfide can be found in a range from a bright orange-toned red to a duller slightly bluish red. The differences in hue are due to the range in the size of the ground particles. The larger the average crystal is, the duller and less orange-toned it appears. It has been theorized that the more coarsely ground "Chinese" form of vermilion is more permanent than the more orange "French" variety. It is also theorized that purification leads to increased stability, as with many other pigments. The colour orange occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum at a wavelength of about 585–620 nanometres. ... Scarlet (from the Persian saqirlat or latin astacus= crayfish) is a color with a hue between red and orange. ...

Contents

History

There is evidence of the use of cinnabar pigment in India and China since prehistory; It was known to the Romans; Pliny the Elder records that it became so expensive that the price had to be fixed by the Roman government. The synthesis of vermilion from mercury and sulfur may have been invented by the Chinese; the earliest known description of the process dates from the 8th century. The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19c portrait. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Atomic mass 32. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


The synthetically-produced pigment was used throughout Europe from the 12th century, mostly for illuminated manuscripts, although it remained prohibitively expensive until the 14th century when the technique for synthesizing vermilion was widely known in Europe. Synthetic vermilion was regarded early on as superior to the pigment derived from natural cinnabar. Cennino Cennini mentions that vermilion is World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts decorated with gold or silver, like this miniature of Christ in Majesty from the Aberdeen Bestiary (folio 4v), would be considered illuminated. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Cennino DAndrea Cennini (c. ...

"made by alchemy, prepared in a retort. I am leaving out the system for this, because it would be too tedious to set forth in my discussion all the methods and receipts. Because, if you want to take the trouble, you will find plenty of receipts for it, and especially by asking of the friars. But I advise you rather to get some of that which you find at the druggists' for your money, so as not to lose time in the many variations of procedure. And I will teach you how to buy it, and to recognize the good vermilion. Always buy vermilion unbroken, and not pounded or ground. The reason? Because it is generally adulterated, either with red lead or with pounded brick." [1] For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ... A retort. ...

Another red mercury pigment, mercuric iodide, briefly sold in the 19th century to artists as "Scarlet Lake" and "Iodide Scarlet", was more vivid than either vermilion or cadmium red, but it is very light sensitive and few artists used it. One who did was J.W. Turner, an artist infamous for his use of even the most fugitive paints. His response to criticism from a paint dealer was to point out that he was not the one who produced the paints.


Vermilion was frequently adulterated due to its high price, usually with red lead, an inexpensive bright lead oxide pigment that was too reactive to be trustworthy enough for use in art.


"American Vermilion" is the name for a historical vermilion imitation. The Portuguese word for the colour red (vermelho) derives from this term.


China red

The set used for news on BBC World is based on a similar design to that of BBC News 24, which both use China Red.
The set used for news on BBC World is based on a similar design to that of BBC News 24, which both use China Red.

"China red" is another name for the pigment vermilion, which is the traditional red pigment of Chinese art. Chinese name chops are printed with a red cinnabar paste, and vermilion (or cinnabar) is the pigment used in Chinese red lacquer. Cinnabar also has significance in Taoist culture, and was regarded as the colour of life and eternity. Image File history File links BBC_World_news_set. ... Image File history File links BBC_World_news_set. ... BBC News 24 is BBC News 24-hour news television channel in the UK, its international counterpart being BBC World. ... A Baiwen name seal, read up-down-right-left: Ye Hao Min Ying (lit. ... In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or coloured coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ... Taoism (sometimes written as and actually pronounced as Daoism (dow-ism)) is the English name for: Dao Jia [philosophical tao] philosophical school based on the texts the Tao Te Ching (ascribed to Laozi [Lao Tzu] and alternately spelled Dào Dé Jīng) and the Zhuangzi; a family of organized...


China red has a special significance in hacker culture. The documentation for Digital Equipment Corporation's VMS version 4 came in memorable, distinctively-colored orangish-red ring binders, and "China red" was Digital's official name for this colour. (According to http://www.inwap.com/pdp10/usenet/history.9612, Mark Crispin seems to claim Digital's name for the colour was Terracotta, at least in the context of PDP-10 machines running Tops-20.) To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The DEC logo Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering American company in the computer industry. ... OpenVMS V7. ... Mark Crispin (born 1956) is a staff member at the University of Washington, noted as the inventor of IMAP. He is the author or co-author of numerous RFCs; and is the principal author of UW IMAP, one of the reference implementations of the IMAP4rev1 protocol described in RFC 3501. ... Terra cotta is a hard semifired waterproof ceramic clay used in pottery and building construction. ... The PDP-10 was a computer manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from the late 1960s on; the name stands for Programmed Data Processor model 10. It was the machine that made time-sharing common; it looms large in hacker folklore because of its adoption in the 1970s by many... The TOPS-20 operating system by DEC was the second proprietary OS for the PDP-10. ...


Hindu Culture

It is a common practice among married Hindu women to apply a fine line of vermilion, on the mid parting line of their hairstyle, as a sign of being married. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Street haircut in Harbin, China For humans, haircut, hairstyle, or hairdo normally describe cutting or styling head hair. ...


References

  1. ^ Cennini, Cennino D' Andrea. Il Libro dell' Arte (The Craftsman's Handbook). Trans. Daniel V. Thompson, Jr. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1933.

See also

"Vermilion Line" - the upper edge of the lip, a medical designation. The fleshy brilliant red mucosa of the lips is called "vermilion" a term linked with ideas found in "vermin" and "worms" (because of a red dye made from insects). The curved outline of the upper edge of the vermilion of the upper lip is called "Cupid's bow" (as if blowing kisses is akin to shooting love arrows). Binomial name Dactylopius coccus Costa, 1835 Synonyms Coccus cacti Linnaeus, 1758 Pseudococcus cacti Burmeister, 1839 Cochineal is the name of both an expensive crimson or carmine dye and the cochineal insect (Dactylopius coccus), from which the dye is derived. ... Cupidon (French for Cupid), by William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1875. ...

The following is a partial list of colors with associated articles. ...

External links

  Shades of red  
Alizarin Burgundy Cardinal Carmine Cerise Chestnut Crimson Falu red Fuchsia Magenta Maroon Mauve
                       
Red Red-violet Rust Puce Sangria Scarlet Terra cotta Vermilion Amaranth Rose Hollywood Cerise Shocking Pink
                       
Coral Red
 
  Shades of orange  
Orange Amber Coral Dark salmon Gamboge International orange Mahogany Peach Peach-orange Peach-yellow Pink-orange Pumpkin
                       
Rust Safety orange Salmon Tangerine Tenné (Tawny) UNECE Amber Vermilion Burnt Orange Apricot Carrot Orange Orange Peel Orange (web)
                       

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Discover Vermilion Ohio - A Small Town On A Great Lake (387 words)
Vermilion restaurants offers a variety of choices — from homestyle favorites to ethnic specialties and regional fare.
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Vermilion, Ohio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1177 words)
Vermilion is a city in Erie and Lorain counties in Ohio, U.S.A. The population was 10,927 at the 2000 census.
Vermilion was initially settled in the early 19th century and formed as a village in 1834.
The Vermilion Area Archival Society established in 2000 collects, stores, and indexes archival materials for research from the Vermilion area and provides assistance, as well as monthly programs, regarding the history and records of the area.
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