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Encyclopedia > Verizon FiOS

FiOS (Fiber Optic Service) is a fiber to the premises (FTTP) telecommunications service, originally piloted in Keller, Texas, and now offered in many areas of the United States by Verizon. According to Verizon, "Fios" is an Irish (Gaelic) word for "knowledge".[citation needed] In mailings to New Jersey customers, however, Verizon states that it stands for "fiber-optic service." Verizon has attracted consumer and media attention in the area of broadband Internet access as the first major U.S. carrier to offer such a service. In their rapidly expanding coverage areas, FiOS provides telephone, internet and video services to the subscriber's premises. Some areas do not have the video service, at this time. // Fiber to the premises (FTTP) is a form of fiber-optic communication delivery in which an optical fiber is run directly onto the customers premises. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Keller is a city located in Tarrant County, Texas. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... “NJ” redirects here. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term that refers to a signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies, which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... Internet public access point. ...

Contents

Internet access

Internet throughput speeds are highly variable depending upon service territory and are affected by such factors as customer location, cost, and the offerings of the competing broadband providers. End customers usually have three or more choices for internet bandwidth. The lowest bandwidth tier is typically 5 Mbit/s/2 Mbit/s in most territories, considerably faster than Verizon's fastest DSL plans. Most customers may double or triple their download speed (leaving the upload bandwidth unchanged) for a small additional fee (in most East coast territories, ten dollars is typical as of late 2007). For example, customers in the new Baltimore service area may upgrade to 15Mbit/s/2 Mbit/s for $10 per month. A third (or higher) service tier, when available for residential service, tends to provide a very considerable--nearly commercial--bandwidth (50 Mbit/s/10Mbit/s). Upgrading to the highest tier of service costs substantially more per month, and is rarely selected by household users.


Common Bandwidth Tiers
  • 5 Mbit/s Downstream / 2 Mbit/s Upstream
  • 15 Mbit/s Downstream / 2 Mbit/s Upstream
  • 20 Mbit/s Downstream / 5 Mbit/s Upstream
  • 30 Mbit/s Downstream / 5 Mbit/s Upstream

Other Bandwidth Tiers
  • 10 Mbit/s Downstream / 2 Mbit/s Upstream
  • 50 Mbit/s Downstream / 10 Mbit/s Upstream
  • 20 Mbit/s Downstream / 20 Mbit/s Upstream (Limited availability)
  • Higher speeds tend to be available only in the highly-competitive areas, such as the Tri-State Region, Greater Boston, and Northern Virginia.[1]
  • Residential FiOS service blocks inbound TCP/80 and TCP/25. UDP/80 and UDP/25 are allowed.
  • Business FiOS service is available in some areas, with higher upload speeds, static IP addresses and no blocked ports (for the static IP option).

The Tri-State Area The Tri-State Region is commonly used in the area surrounding New York City to unambiguously refer to the greater metropolitan area. ... Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ... Map of Northern Virginia Northern Virginia (NoVA) consists of Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William counties and the independent cities of Alexandria, Falls Church, Fairfax, Manassas, and Manassas Park. ...

Television (FiOS TV)

Service tiers include:

  • Basic — includes 15 to 46 channels
  • Premier — includes 175 to 270 channels
  • La Conexión — Spanish-language package, includes 130 to 150 channels
  • Movie Package — 45 movie channels (Starz!, Showtime, Encore, TMC, Flix and Sundance)
  • Sports Package — More than a dozen sports channels including Fox College Sports, Outdoor Channel, Gol TV, and the Golf Channel
  • Movie & Sports Package — All the channels from both the Sports and Movie Packages
  • Premium Channels — HBO and/or Cinemax
  • International Channels — Individually priced international channels including ART, TV Japan, RAI, and TV5
  • Spanish Language Package — More than 20 channels of news, sports, and movie telenovelas in Spanish
  • On Demand library (with over 1000 Free programs) (not including movie channel subscriptions)

All service tiers beyond basic require a digital set-top box or CableCard to receive the television signal and decode for display on the television set. This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) is a device that connects to a television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into content which is then displayed on the television screen. ... CableCARD is a plug in card approximately the size of a credit card that allows consumers to view and record digital cable on televisions, digital video recorders, and personal computers without the use of other equipment provided by a cable company. ...


TV is not available on FiOS business installations, though in some circumstances Verizon will install a second ONT to provide TV to a location that already has business FiOS.


Some customers have claimed that Verizon is slow in its deployment of additional channels.


Telephone

Verizon also offers analog service, or POTS, over FiOS. The common model optical network terminals have 2 or 4 analog phone jacks. Verizon does not do anything that would affect or disable the pre-existing copper lines that carried phone service or DSL, though the official company policy is that customers cannot retreat back to copper service without higher level management approval [citation needed]. However, there have in fact been reports in various markets that Verizon has physically deinstalled the copper lines at the time that FiOS was installed, effectively removing any "path of retreat" to copper based services.[2] Verizon is required by law to share copper media with competing service providers, but no such requirement exists for fiber media. Analog transmission is a method of conveying voice, data, image, signal or video information using a continuous signal which varies in amplitude, phase, or some other property in proportion to that of a variable. ... Plain old telephone service, or POTS, are the services available from analogue telephones prior to the introduction of electronic telephone exchanges into the public switched telephone network. ...


Power outages may affect service availability. Unlike standard phone lines, the FiOS service depends on power at the customer premises. The replaceable FiOS backup battery will power the phone lines for 4 to 8 hours of call time per battery (reports vary). This may be an issue for sites that experience extended power outages that depend on analog phone lines for remote monitoring, alarm systems, and/or emergency calls. Burglar (or intrusion), fire and safety alarms are found in electronic form today. ...


Technology

Verizon FIOS is a passive optical network. Voice, video, and data travel over three wavelengths in the infrared spectrum. To serve a home, a single-mode optical fiber extends from an optical line terminal (OLT) at a FIOS central office or head end out to the neighborhoods where an optical splitter fans out the same signal on up to 32 fibers- thus serving up to 32 subscribers. At the subscriber's home, an optical network terminal (ONT) transfers data onto the corresponding copper wiring for phone, video and internet access[3]. . A passive optical network (PON) is a point-to-multipoint, fiber to the premises network architecture in which unpowered optical splitters are used to enable a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises, typically 32. ... The wavelength is the distance between repeating units of a wave pattern. ... For other uses, see Infrared (disambiguation). ... In fiber optics, a single-mode optical fiber is an optical fiber in which only the lowest order bound mode can propagate at the wavelength of interest. ... . An optical line termination in an asynchronous transfer mode, comprising: a downstream frame processing means for receiving and churning an asynchronous transfer mode cell to generate a downstream frame, and converting a parallel data of the downstream frame into a serial data thereof; a wavelength division multiplexing means for performing... In the field of telecommunications, a central office or telephone exchange houses equipment that is commonly known as simply a switch, which is a piece of equipment that connects phone calls. ... Cable television headend is a master facility for receiving television signals for processing and distribution over a cable television system. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


One of the three wavelength bands is devoted to carrying television channels that are compatible with Cable television products. The other two wavelengths are devoted to all other data, one for outbound and the other for inbound data. This includes IPTV video, telephone and internet data. The lists of television channels are grouped by name, country or language: For an alphabetical list see Television station. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... This article is about internet protocol television. ...


This allocation of wavelengths adhere to the ITU-T G.983 standard, also known as APON or BPON. Verizon initially installed slower BPONs but now only installs gigabit PONs [GPON] specified in the ITU-T G.984 standard. These bands and speeds are: The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) coordinates standards for telecommunications on behalf of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... ITU-T Recommendation G.983 is a family of recommendations that defines broadband passive optical network (BPON) telecommunications access networks. ... ATM Passive Optical Network. ... Broadband Passive Optical Network = Broadband PON This is an expanded version of APON, that supports WDM, dynamic and higher upstream bandwidth allocation, and suvivability. ... The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) coordinates standards for telecommunications on behalf of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... ITU-T Recommendation G.984 is a family of recommendations that defines gigabit passive optical network (GPON) telecommunications access networks. ...

  • 1310nm for upstream data at 155 Mbit/s (1.2 Gbit/s with GPON)
  • 1490nm for downstream data at 622 Mbit/s (2.4 Gbit/s with GPON)
  • 1550nm for RF (non IPTV) video with 870 MHz of bandwidth

One misconception[citation needed] about FIOS's support for IPTV video support is that it is assumed to be the same as support for internet video. Another common[citation needed] misconception about FIOS television is that it is all IPTV, when in fact only pay per view, video on demand, and guide data services are delivered via IP. All other video originates from a traditional cable head end that combines analog channels with digital QAM channels. The RF signal occupies 870 MHz and is modulated onto the 1550 nm wavelength. This optical signal is then coupled with the two other wavelengths passing data between the OLT and ONT. At the ONT located at the subscriber's home, the RF video is sent over a coax connection most typically to a FIOS hybrid set-top box that handles both RF and IPTV video. The ONT provides internet connectivity via an RJ45 connector, but also transfers IPTV video and internet IP packets onto coax using a 1.1 GHz channel to provide 100 Mbit/s of bandwidth as specified by the MoCA standard. Alternately, analog video may be played by any cable ready device, and traditional digital video may be accessed by any Cablecard certified television or digital video recorder such as a Tivo Series 3. However, services such as VOD and PPV are delivered by IPTV and are only accessible through use of one of FIOS's hybrid set top boxes manufactured by Motorola to support RF as well as the IPTV video. The FIOS STBs play IPTV only from FIOS delivered via MoCA and not from video sources on the internet. FIOS's IPTV implementation does not follow cable television formats and conventions for two way television and instead follows the DVB standard[4]. A nanometre (American spelling: nanometer, symbol nm) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand-millionth of a metre, which is the current SI base unit of length. ... A megabit per second (mbps or mbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000 bits per second. ... A gigabit per second (gbps or gbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 megabits per second or 1,000,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000,000 bits per second. ... A nanometre (American spelling: nanometer, symbol nm) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand-millionth of a metre, which is the current SI base unit of length. ... A megabit per second (mbps or mbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000 bits per second. ... A gigabit per second (gbps or gbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 megabits per second or 1,000,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000,000 bits per second. ... A nanometre (American spelling: nanometer, symbol nm) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand-millionth of a metre, which is the current SI base unit of length. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... QAM is a TLA that may stand for: Quadrature amplitude modulation Quality Assurance Management (qam. ... A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) is a device that connects to a television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into content which is then displayed on the television screen. ... A megabit per second (mbps or mbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000 bits per second. ... The Multimedia over Coax Alliance develops specifications for home networking over in-home coaxial cable, which is commonly used for antenna connections to TVs and radios, and cable TV. The goal of the Multimedia over Coax Alliance, (MoCA® for short), is to enable interoperable products that will tap into the... CableCARD is a plug in card approximately the size of a credit card that allows consumers to view and record digital cable on televisions, digital video recorders, and personal computers without the use of other equipment provided by a cable company. ... TiVo (pronounced tee-voh, IPA: ) is a popular brand of digital video recorder (DVR) in the United States. ... The Multimedia over Coax Alliance develops specifications for home networking over in-home coaxial cable, which is commonly used for antenna connections to TVs and radios, and cable TV. The goal of the Multimedia over Coax Alliance, (MoCA® for short), is to enable interoperable products that will tap into the... Official DVB logo, found on compliant devices DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted open standards for digital television. ...


MoCA is also used by FiOS for streaming video from the FIOS's "media hub" for the home, whose role is currently filled by Motorola's QIP6416 hybrid QAM/IPTV digital video recorder (DVR). There are several limitations to video connectivity in the home via FIOS. Only streaming of standard definition (SD) resolution video to STBs is allowed. Shows recorded in High Definition (HDTV) may be accessed, but only after first being converted to lower resolution SD video. Transfers of shows between DVRs or is also not allowed. Transfers to DTCP compliant devices via firewire is possible, but nearly all digital content except ABC, CBS, FOX, NBC and locals are flagged via CGMS-D as "copy once" and so may not be transferred. The Multimedia over Coax Alliance develops specifications for home networking over in-home coaxial cable, which is commonly used for antenna connections to TVs and radios, and cable TV. The goal of the Multimedia over Coax Alliance, (MoCA® for short), is to enable interoperable products that will tap into the... Foxtel IQ, a digital video recorder and a satellite cable set-top box. ... Standard-definition television or SDTV refers to television systems that have a lower resolution than HDTV systems. ... Display standards comparison The display resolution of a digital television or computer display typically refers to the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... DTCP, or Digital Transmission Content Protection, which was issued by DTLA (Digital Transmission Licensing Administrator) to protect the multimedia distribution in the Digital Home. ... The 6-pin and 4-pin FireWire Connectors The alternative ethernet-style cabling used by 1394c FireWire is Apple Inc. ... Copy Generation Management System - Analog (CGMS-A) is a copy protection mechanism for analog television signals. ...


Most of the optical network terminals (ONT) being deployed by Verizon are Tellabs 1600 series ONT. This ONT provides up to four provisionable voice telephone ports, a 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface for data traffic, and one coaxial connector for CATV services. The Motorola ONT1000V is rarely used. Tellabs, Inc. ... Ethernet is a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies that operate at many speeds for local area networks (LANs). ... Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in...


Verizon includes the Actiontec MI424-WR coax-enabled broadband home wireless-G router with installation of the service. This device is used for both FiOS TV and FiOS internet. Verizon initially used the D-Link DI-624 router but has since switched to the Actiontec for the added MoCA capabilities. The Actiontec MI424WR wireless router. ... D-Link Corporation is a Taiwanese company that manufactures wireless and Ethernet computer networking products for both consumer and SOHO users. ... The Multimedia over Coax Alliance develops specifications for home networking over in-home coaxial cable, which is commonly used for antenna connections to TVs and radios, and cable TV. The goal of the Multimedia over Coax Alliance, (MoCA® for short), is to enable interoperable products that will tap into the...

See also

  • Fiber-optic communication - High-speed broadband used by Verizon's FiOS infrastructure.
  • DOCSIS 3.0 - High-speed broadband specifications for use over Cable lines.
  • VDSL2 - High-speed broadband specifications for increased speeds over copper telephone lines.
  • Dynamic Spectrum Management - Attempt to achieve Fiber-Optic speeds over copper telephone lines.

Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending light through an optical fiber. ... Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications (DOCSIS) is an international standard developed by CableLabs and contributing companies that include: ARRIS, BigBand Networks, Broadcom, Cisco, Conexant, Correlant, Intel, Motorola, Netgear, Terayon, and Texas Instruments. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into VDSL. (Discuss) VDSL2 (Very-High-Bit-Rate Digital Subscriber Line 2, ITU-T G.993. ... Dynamic Spectrum Management (DSM) is a technique being researched to improve Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) performance over ordinary copper phone lines by reducing or eliminating crosstalk between DSL phone lines that are close together. ...

Notes

  1. ^ BroadbandReports–Fios Speeds Increased. (URL accessed 1 May 2006).
  2. ^ Yao, Deborah: "Verizon's Copper Cutoff Traps Customers," Associated Press, July 2007. (URL accessed 20 September 2007).
  3. ^ Article: "Verizon's last mile" appearing in Test & Measurement World 30 April 2007 . (URL accessed 6 July 2007).
  4. ^ Verizon Ex Parte Filing with the FCC, 20 October 2005. (URL accessed 6 July 2007).

is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

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