FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Verfassungsschutz

Verfassungsschutz (Constitution Protection) is the short name for any of Germany's federal and state-based secret services for the interior. The most prominent (and well-funded) example is the federal Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution). However, due to the federal structure of Germany, individual states (Bundesländer) have their own internal secret services. Coordination between the different services is an ongoing problem. The United States Secret Service is a United States federal government law enforcement agency that is part of the United States Department of Homeland Security (prior to the founding of that department in 2002, it was under the United States Department of the Treasury). ... Bundesland (plural Bundesländer), also known as Land (plural Länder) is the German language name for the Austria and Germany. ...


Presidents

  • 1950 - 1954 Otto John
  • 1955 - 1972 Hubert Schrübbers
  • 1972 - 1975 Günther Nollau
  • 1975 - 1982 Richard Meier
  • 1983 - 1985 Heribert Hellenbroich
  • 1985 - 1987 Ludwig-Holger Pfahls he submerged in July 1999, an international arrest warrant was issued
  • 1987 - 1991 Gerhard Boeden
  • 1991 - 1995 Eckart Werthebach
  • 1995 - 1997 Hansjörg Geiger
  • 1997 - 2000 Peter Frisch
  • since 2000 Heinz Fromm

Duties and responsibilities

The main job of the Verfassungsschutz is to observe organizations that are considered a threat to the "Free and democratic basic order" (Freiheitlich-demokratische Grundordnung) of the Federal Republic of Germany. While they do use all kinds of surveillance technology and infiltration, most of their information is assembled from publications of the observed organizations. The information is compiled into yearly reports (Verfassungsschutzbericht) which are made available to the public; presumably there are more detailed, non-public reports given to the governments. The Verfassungsschutz has no enforcement authority or capability - when it gains information about crimes being committed or planned, it must rely on police or prosecutors to deal with the perpetrators. Surveillance is close monitoring of behaviour. ... See: espionage, urban exploration, entryism, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. ... In countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system, the prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution. ...


The organizations being currently observed by the Verfassungsschutz fall into the following groups:

  • Right-wing political extremists (mainly Neo-Nazis, including the NPD and DVU political parties)
  • Left-wing political extremists (including the PDS political party)
  • Extremist organizations of foreigners living in Germany (most prominently islamist terrorists)
  • Scientology (considered by the German government an authoritarian, anti-democratic commercial organization rather than a religion)

Some of the Verfassungsschutz organizations have been given additional jobs by specific laws, such as the protection of government-related classified information, the monitoring of foreign secret services, or the monitoring of organized crime. The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... NPD can refer to: The National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD), a far-right party in Germany; after its German language name, Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands The New Democratic Party of Canada, through its French language acronym NPD, standing for Nouveau Parti Démocratique. ... Deutsche Volksunion (DVU) (German Peoples Union) is a German far right political party. ... PDS can refer to: Party of Democratic Socialism in Germany Party of Democratic Socialism in India Processor Direct Slot in some Macintosh computers Parkinsons Disease Society of the UK This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... A Scientology Center in Los Angeles, California. ... The United States Secret Service is a United States federal government law enforcement agency that is part of the United States Department of Homeland Security (prior to the founding of that department in 2002, it was under the United States Department of the Treasury). ... Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ...


External link

  • Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (http://www.verfassungsschutz.de/en/index_en.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (432 words)
Verfassungsschutz is the short name for Germany's federal and state-based domestic intelligence agency (Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz).
While they do use all kinds of surveillance technology and infiltration, most of their information is assembled from publications of the observed organizations.
Some of the Verfassungsschutz organizations have been given additional jobs by specific laws, such as the protection of government-related classified information, the monitoring of foreign secret services, or the monitoring of organized crime.
German Scientology News in Frankfurt, Germany (1292 words)
The Berlin Verfassungsschutz has a nice building in Gunewald behind whose portals is hatched the silent drama of secret government life.
Critics of the Verfassungsschutz, such as the faction leader of the Berlin Greens, Mrs.
Her analogy was that the Verfassungsschutz needed new heads to mount on the agency wall, and it was in this regard that Scientology was considered.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m