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Encyclopedia > Vereeniging

Vereeniging is a city in Gauteng province, South Africa, with a population of more than 350,000. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly situated in the Transvaal province. The name Vereeniging is derived from the Afrikaans word meaning "association" or "union". Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... The Vaal Triangle is a triangular area of land formed by Vereeniging, Vanderbijlpark and Sasolburg - three small cities that together comprise a substantial urban complex in South Africa. ... Flag of Transvaal The Transvaal was one of the provinces of South Africa from 1910 until 1994. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ...

Contents


History

The city was founded in 1892 and is situated on the banks of the northern loop of the Vaal River. Much of its early growth was due to the nearby coal mines. 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Vaal River is the largest tributary of the Orange River in South Africa. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground either by underground mining, open-pit mining or strip mining. ...


The city is well known for being the location where the Treaty of Vereeniging ending the Second Boer War (1899-1902) was negotiated. During this conflict, a concentration camp was set up by the British military in the area. The Treaty of Vereeniging was a treaty that the Boers signed May 31, 1902 to end the war with Britain. ... Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War There were two Boer wars, one from December 16, 1880-March 23, 1881 and the second from October 11, 1899-May 31, 1902 both between the British and the settlers of Dutch, French and German origin (called Boers, Afrikaners or Voortrekkers) in South... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A concentration camp is a large detention center created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ...


Nearby Vereeniging is the predominantly black community of Sharpeville, the site of the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960. Sharpeville is black township set up by the then apartheid government in southern Gauteng, South Africa between two large industrial cities of Vanderbijlpark and Vereeniging. ... The Sharpeville Massacre occurred on March 21, 1960, when South African police opened fire on a crowd of black protesters. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The present

The city is currently one of the most important industrial manufacturing centres in South Africa, with its chief products being iron, steel, pipes, bricks, tiles and processed lime. Several coal mines are also still situated in the area, with reserves being estimated at 4 billion tons. Other mines nearby extract fire-clay, silica and building stone. General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metal Group, Period, Block 8 (VIIIB), 4, d Density, Hardness 7874 kg/m3, 4. ... Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Lime has several meanings: Limestone Agricultural lime - a mineral soil additive Calcium oxide (also quicklime) - a chemical compound Calcium hydroxide (also slaked lime) - a chemical compound Lime (fruit) - a Citrus tree with a green fruit similar to a lemon, and the fruit of that tree. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground either by underground mining, open-pit mining or strip mining. ... Clay is a generic term for an aggregate of hydrous silicate particles less than 4 μm (micrometres) in diameter. ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ...


Vereeniging also has several Eskom thermal power plants that supply electricity to the nearby goldmines. Eskom is a South African electricity public utility company. ... A power station (also power plant) is a facility for the generation of electric power. ... Electricity is a property of certain subatomic particles (e. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ...


Since 1999, Vereeniging has been part of the Emfuleni Local Municpality.


Interesting facts

  • F.W. de Klerk was first elected to the South African parliament in 1969 as the member for Vereeniging.
  • Although named after Vereeniging, the Treaty of Vereeniging was actually signed at Melrose House, Pretoria.

F.W. de Klerk State President of South Africa 1989–1994 Frederik Willem de Klerk (born March 18, 1936) was the last State President of South Africa, serving from September 1989 to May 1994. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Melrose House is a stately Victorian mansion located in Pretoria, South Africa. ... The central area of Pretoria. ...

External links

  • Google Map
  • Emfuleni Municipality

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vereeniging (323 words)
Vereeniging, with the meaning of joining (uniting), is located at the rail and road crossing point between the two old republics: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State.
In the late 1800s the Vaal River was crossed at Viljoensdrift, on the Free State side of the present Vereeniging.
In 1878 coal was dicovered on the farm Leeuwkuil and a town developed around the mine on the northern bank of the Vaal River.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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