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Encyclopedia > Veracruz, Veracruz
Veracruz from space, July 1997
Veracruz from space, July 1997

The city of Veracruz is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. The metropolitan area is Mexico's second largest on the Gulf coast (after Tampico, although the municipality itself is larger than that of Tampico) and an important port on Mexico's east coast. It is located 105 km(65 mi.) along Federal Highway 140 from the state capital Xalapa, and is the state's most populous city, with a population of 444,438 in the city and 512,310 in the municipality, according to the 2005 census [1]. The municipality has an area of 241 km² (93.05 sq mi) and includes such outlying communities as Valente Díaz and Las Amapolas. The metropolitan area, which includes the municipalities of Boca del Río and Alvarado, had a total population of 702,394, compared to metro Tampico's total of 803,196. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (639x639, 147 KB) Vista satelital de la ciudad y puerto de Veracruz, Veracruz, México - Julio de 1997. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (639x639, 147 KB) Vista satelital de la ciudad y puerto de Veracruz, Veracruz, México - Julio de 1997. ... Municipal Palace of Veracruz Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the estado, or state). ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... The state of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that comprise Mexico. ... The following is a list of the biggest metropolitan areas in Mexico: Mexico City (22. ... Tampico bridge (finished in October 1988) links the states of Tamaulipas and Veracruz and is a major element in the Gulf of Mexico highway system. ... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Toll roads are named after the parallel free road, with the letter D added; for example, Mexican Federal Highway 1D parallels Mexican Federal Highway 1. ... Xalapa Cathedral Xalapa (or Jalapa) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boca del Río is a city in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... Alvarado is a city in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. ...


It is often referred to as Puerto de Veracruz to distinguish it from the state. The people of Veracruz are known as Jarochos.

Contents

Activities

Anton Lizardo is located 23 km (14 mi) south of Veracruz, near Boca del Rio. This beautiful beach with fine sand and calm waters makes up part of the Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano (Veracruz Coral Reef System). These beaches are perfect for doing a wide variety of aquatic sports, especially for scuba diving at the incredible coral reefs. Boca del Río is a municipality in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ...


Isla de Sacrificios is located off the coast of Veracruz port. The island gets its name (Island of Sacrifices) from the sacrifices that were once carried out by its original inhabitants. The waters here make up part of the Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Marine Park, where you can go scuba diving and kayaking. It's currently closed to the public, and it is protected by the Secretary of the Navy.


Playa Chachalacas is located 50 km (31 mi) north of Veracruz, this long beach of fine sand and calm waters is ideal for doing all kinds of aquatic sports. Here you can take out an all-terrain vehicle on the big sand dunes.


Mocambo is Located 8 km (5 mi) south of the port of Veracruz. This is one of the most visited beaches and is ideal for relaxing or enjoying various water sports.


History

The sea port was founded by Hernán Cortés, who first landed there in 1519 at the start of his quest to conquer Mexico for Spain. It was named La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz ("The Rich Town of the True Cross"; the name is also occasionally given as La Rica Villa de la Vera Cruz). It was the main port of New Spain, the port where silver from the mines of Mexico was loaded onto the Spanish treasure fleets for shipment to Spain. The port was harassed by hostile powers and by pirates; pirate bands succeeded in pillaging the city in 1653 and in 1712. In response to such dangers the large fortress of San Juan de Ulúa was built on an island in the harbor, beginning in 1565 and substantially expanded several times later. Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... Hernán(do) Cortés Pizarro, 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485–December 2, 1547) was the conquistador who became famous for leading the military expedition that initiated the Spanish Conquest of Mexico. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... According to Christian tradition, the True Cross is the cross upon which Jesus was crucified. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Standard atomic weight 107. ... In the 16th century the Spanish treasure fleets brought the wealth of the Spanish colonies in Central and South America to Spain, in the form of silver, gold, gems, spices, cocoa and other exotic goods (Zarin, 2005). ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... San Juan de Ulúa is a large fortress on an island overlooking the seaport of Veracruz, Mexico. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ...


A natural harbor, Veracruz has been fought over throughout its history, and boasts the title "Four Times Heroic" in reference to the expulsion of the Spanish in 1815, the 1838 occupation of the French Navy in the Pastry War, and resistance to the United States's occupations of 1847 and 1914 (see: Siege of Veracruz and U.S. occupation of Veracruz, 1914). April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... Combatants France Mexico Strength 30,000 3,000 The Pastry War (Spanish: Guerra de los pasteles) was an invasion of Mexico by French forces in 1838. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Winfield Scott (Army) David Conner (Navy) Matthew C. Perry (Navy) Juan Morales Strength 12,000 3,360 Casualties 18 killed 62 wounded 180 killed and wounded 100 civilian The Battle of Veracruz was a 20-day siege of the key Mexican seaport of Veracruz, Veracruz... The United States Navy occupied the Mexican city of Veracruz for over six months in 1914, in response to the April 9, 1914 Tampico Affair, which involved the arrest of U.S. sailors by the regime of Mexican President Victoriano Huerta. ...


During the Mexican-American War, US forces led by Gen. Winfield Scott took the city on March 29, 1847 after a siege. It was captured by France in 1838 and again in 1861. In 1914 it was occupied by the United States for seven months because of the Tampico Affair, this time under Major General Frederick Funston. Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 18,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded... For other uses of Winfield Scott, see Winfield Scott (disambiguation). ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (89th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States Mexico Strength 9 sailors Approx. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Brig. ...


The railroad connecting Veracruz to Mexico City, 425 km (264 mi.) inland over mountain ranges, was constructed during the administration of Benito Juárez and inaugurated in 1873. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... Benito Pablo Juárez García () (March 21, 1806 – July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Amerindian who served five terms [1] (1858–1861), (1861–1865), (1865–1867), (1867–1871), and (1871–1872), as President of Mexico. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

The Carranza Lighthouse overlooks Veracruz's malecón
The Carranza Lighthouse overlooks Veracruz's malecón
The plaza in the center of the city of Veracruz
The plaza in the center of the city of Veracruz

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x751, 82 KB) Faro Carranza (malecón) Veracruz, Veracruz Photo taken by Hajor, Aug. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x751, 82 KB) Faro Carranza (malecón) Veracruz, Veracruz Photo taken by Hajor, Aug. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2304, 1659 KB) Summary Picture taken by user:asedzie summer 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2304, 1659 KB) Summary Picture taken by user:asedzie summer 2005. ...

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 500,000 people living in Veracruz City.


The racial makeup of the city was 60% Mestizo, 15% Black/Afro-Mexican, 15% Indian, 9% Mixed, the remaining 1% is composed by many immigrants, especially Middle-Easterns and Italians. The term Afro-Mexican (Spanish: afromexicano) refers to Mexican citizens who are black or of African descent. ...


Culture

The city is known for its rich traditions of music, including marimba bands, danzón and comparsa. A special kind of music called son jarocho, a mix of Mexican folk music and Cuban son, was developed in southern Veracruz state, in and around Veracruz, Veracruz. La Bamba is the most famous example of son jarocho. An equally rich dance tradition parallels Veracruz's unique musical styles. For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... The marimba is a musical instrument in the percussion family. ... Danzón is the official music of Cuba, and derives from a European-influenced ballroom dance played by Cuban ensembles. ... A comparsa (conga de comparsa) is the band which plays a conga during a Cuban Carnival celebration. ... Son is a style of Cuban music which became popular in the second half of the 19th century in the eastern province of Oriente. ... La Bamba is a traditional song created in the Mexican state of Veracruz over 300 years ago. ...


In downtown Veracruz, a large marble-tiled zócalo, called the Plaza de Armas or Plaza Lerdo, is the heart of the city's lively nightlife. It is lined with arcades that house bars and cafes. On a nearly nightly basis large groups of people sit outside in the plaza enjoying food, drinks and cigars, while they watch musicians and dancers that perform in the square. Veracruz's 18th century cathedral and 17th century Palacio Municipal are also located on the plaza.


The yearly Carnaval festival in Veracruz, a nine-day party in February or March, is the most spectacular festival of its kind, and it's also the oldest organized Carnaval in Mexico. The city also celebrates a yearly Afrocaribeño festival in July. These festivities illustrate the fact that the city is in many ways more connected to Caribbean culture than that of inland Mexico. West Indian redirects here. ...


The "Malecón harborfront walk along the docks draws many tourists, more from within Mexico than foreigners. The city has several beaches as well, like Villa del Mar and Mocambo.

Vercruz in 1854
Vercruz in 1854

Image File history File links Veracruz_1854. ... Image File history File links Veracruz_1854. ...

Trivia

As a bustling port city, Veracruz was the site of some of the most vicious pirate raids in the Gulf of Mexico. In 1683, the 5000 citizens of Veracruz were trapped in the city, when the pirates Laurens de Graff and Michel de Grammont held it under siege. Together their crew of 600 looted the city and terrorized the inhabitants and left unscathed several days later. Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Laurens de Graff, a Dutch pirate born Laurens Baldran in the late 17th century. ... Michel de Grammont (born c. ...


Secret tunnels are said to exist under the city. Local lore has it that they were built during the colonial era by a countess who used them to engage affairs with men in different locations in the city while her husband was away.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Veracruz, Veracruz (2408 words)
The city of Veracruz is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz.
Veracruz borders the states of Tamaulipas to the north, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, Tabasco to the southeast, Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosi to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east.
The city of Veracruz is a major port city on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz.
Veracruz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (592 words)
Veracruz borders the states of Tamaulipas to the north, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, Tabasco to the southeast, Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosi to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east.
With 6.9 million inhabitants, the state of Veracruz is the third most populous in the nation, after the Federal District and the state of México.
In Veracruz and Tabasco, unlike the rest of Mexico, the accent is considered Caribbean Spanish, partly due to the heavy Cuban influence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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